North Dakota Constitution
|North Dakota Constitution|
- 1 Features
- 2 Preamble
- 3 Article I: Declaration of Rights
- 4 Article II: Elective Franchise
- 5 Article III: Powers Reserved to the People
- 6 Article IV: Legislative Branch
- 7 Article VI: Judicial Branch
- 8 Article VII: Political Subdivisions
- 9 Article VIII: Education
- 10 Article IX: Trust Lands
- 11 Article X: Finance and Public Debt
- 12 Article XI: General Provisions
- 13 Article XII: Corporations Other than Municipal
- 14 Article XIII: Compact with the United States
- 15 Schedule
- 16 Amending the constitution
- 17 History
- 18 See also
- 19 External links
- 20 Additional reading
- 21 References
The North Dakota Constitution consists of a preamble followed by 13 articles and a schedule.
- See also: Preambles to state constitutions
The preamble of the North Dakota Constitution states:
The constitution begins with Article I establishing the basic rights of North Dakota's citizens. Article I of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Declaration of Rights and consists of 24 sections.
Article II of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Elective Franchise and consists of two sections.
Article III of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Powers Reserved to the People and consists of ten sections.
Article IV of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Legislative Branch and consists of 46 sections, 29 of which have been repealed.
Article VI of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Judicial Branch and consists of 14 sections.
Article VII of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Political Subdivisions and consists of 11 sections.
Article VIII of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Education and consists of six sections.
Article IX of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Trust Lands and consists of 13 sections.
Article X of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Finance and Public Debt and contains 25 sections.
Article XI of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled General Provisions and contains 29 sections.
Article XII of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Corporations Other Than Municipal and consists of 17 sections.
Article XIII of the North Dakota Constitution is entitled Compact with the United States and consists of four sections.
The Transition Schedule of the North Dakota Constitution follows 13 articles and a preamble. It consists of 26 sections, the first 25 of which have been repealed.
Amending the constitution
- Sections 1-9 are about how an initiated constitutional amendment can alter the state's constitution. These sections define how many signatures are required, who is legally allowed to circulate initiative petitions, and other features of the laws governing the initiative process in North Dakota.
- Section 1 of Article III explicitly says that the initiative petition process can be used to call a constitutional convention. It is unusual for a constitution to explicitly address this issue. The North Dakota Constitution provides no mechanism under which the state legislature can initiate a call for a convention.
- Section 16 of Article IV is about legislatively-referred constitutional amendments. It very simply says, "Any amendment to this constitution may be proposed in either house of the legislative assembly, and if agreed to upon a roll call by a majority of the members elected to each house, must be submitted to the electors and if a majority of the votes cast thereon are in the affirmative, the amendment is a part of this constitution." Unlike any other state constitution, the North Dakota Constitution defines the process of the legislatively-referred constitutional amendment in the article of the state constitution that, overall, has to do with the rights and perogatives of the state's legislative branch. Nearly every other state constitution has a separate article of the constitution just to do with how that constitution can be amended.
North Dakota became U.S. territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. The region was originally part of the Minnesota and Nebraska territories, until, along with South Dakota, it was organized into the Dakota Territory in 1861. The state was very sparsely populated until the arrival of the railroads in the late 1800s, and finally became a state in 1889. During the run-up to statehood, there was an intense rivalry between North and South Dakota over which state would be admitted to the union first. When the time came for their formal admission, President Benjamin Harrison selected at random which bill to sign first and did not record the order in which the bills were signed, though North Dakota is traditionally listed first. North Dakota gained statehood on November 2, 1889, when President Benjamin Harrison approved the admission of North Dakota to the Union.
- State constitution
- Constitutional article
- Constitutional amendment
- Constitutional revision
- Constitutional convention
- North Dakota State Legislature, "North Dakota Constitution"
- State Historical Society of North Dakota, "History of North Dakota"
- Leahy, James (2003). The North Dakota State Constitution: A Reference Guide, Praeger Publishing
- Robinson, Elwyn B. (1995). History of North Dakota, North Dakota State University Press