North Dakota Constitutional Initiative Referendum (1914)

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The North Dakota Constitutional Initiative Referendum was on the November 3, 1914 ballot in North Dakota as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved. The measure created the initiative process for constitutional amendments in North Dakota. Prior to its passage, North Dakota lacked a process for initiated constitutional amendments.[1][2][3]

Election results

North Dakota Referendum (1914)
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Yes 43,111 66.40%
No21,81533.60%

Election results via: Legislative Manual, Official vote of North Dakota, 1914

Text of measure

Summary

The measure created the process of initiated constitutional amendments for North Dakota. The process was quite cumbersome. Petitions for an amendment had to be filed with the Colorado Secretary of State six months before the election. The signature requirement was at least 25 percent of the legal voters in at least half of the counties of the state.

If the voters approved the amendment, it would be referred to the North Dakota Legislative Assembly. If the assembly approved the measure, it would become part of the North Dakota Constitution. If not, it would be returned to the next election ballot. If the voters approved it again, it would become a part of the constitution.

In 1918, this process was simplified 1918 to requiring 20,000 signatures to be filed 120 days before the election. It also changed the requirement to only voter approval, without a second legislative approval.[3]

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