Ohio Metropolitan Federations, Issue 1 (1958)

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The Ohio Metropolitan Federations Amendment, also known as Issue 1, was on the November 4, 1958 ballot in Ohio as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was defeated.[1] This amendment would have permitted the electors of Ohio counties to form metropolitan federations.

Election results

Ohio Issue 1 (1958)
ResultVotesPercentage
Defeatedd No1,410,27755.99%
Yes 1,108,383 44.01%

Election results via the Ohio Secretary of State.[2]

Text of measure

See also: Ohio Constitution, Article X

The language appeared on the ballot as:[3]

Proposing to amend Article X of the Constitution of the State of Ohio by adopting Sections 5 and 6 to read as follows:

Sec. 5. In the entire area of any county in which the most populous city based upon the latest preceding federal decennial census has a population of more than fifty thousand, a metropolitan federation of all townships, municipalities, and the county may be formed by charter to serve the entire area. In any lesser area within one county which area includes the most populous city of such county which, based upon the latest preceding federal decennial census has a population of more than fifty thousand, a metropolitan federation of townships or municipalities or both may be formed by charter to serve such area. Within the area proposed to be included in the metropolitan federation, the legislative authority of the most populous city or the Board of County Commissioners of the county may, by a two-thirds vote of its members, or shall, upon a petition stating the area to be included and signed by the number of electors of such stated area not less in number than ten per cent of the total number of votes cast for governor at the last preceding election therefor, by resolution stating the area to be included, submit to such electors of the area the question, "Shall a metropolitan federation charter commission be chosen?" The question shall be voted upon at the next general or primary election, occurring not sooner than ninety days after the adoption of the resolution. The ballot containing the question shall bear no party designation, and provision shall be made thereon for the election from the area at large of fifteen electors of such area as such commission if a majority of the electors voting on the question shall have voted in the affirmative. Candidates for such commission shall be nominated by petition of not less than one hundred and not more than five hundred electors of the metropolitan area, which shall be filed with the election authorities not less than sixty days prior to such election. Candidates shall be declared elected in the order of the number of votes received, beginning with the candidate receiving the largest number: but not more than seven i candidates residing in the same municipality or township shall be eligible to be declared elected. Within twelve months after its election, such commission shall frame a charter for the area stated in the resolution and shall then by resolution order the submission of the same to the electors of such area. Such charter shall be voted upon in such area at the next general election occurring not sooner than ninety days after the adoption of the resolution, and the commission shall mail or otherwise distribute a copy thereof to each of the electors of the area as far as may be reasonably possible.
Every such charter shall provide the form of government of the metropolitan federation and shall determine which of its officers shall be elected and the manner of their election. Any such charter shall designate the powers vested in and the duty or duties to be performed by the metropolitan federation. Any such charter shall provide for the election by the electors of the metropolitan federation of the officers exercising legislative powers thereunder and the principal officer exercising executive powers thereunder. Such charter may provide for the exercise by the federation of any of the powers vested by the Constitution or laws of Ohio in townships and municipalities and in counties where an entire county is to be included within the area. Only such powers as are designated in the charter may be exercised by the federation and those powers not designated shall be reserved to the townships, municipalities, and any county, included therein. Such charter may provide for the concurrent or exclusive exercise by the metropolitan federation, in all or part of its area, of all or any of the designated powers. It may provide for the succession by the federation to the rights, properties, and obligations of townships, municipalities, and any county therein incident to the township, municipal and county power vested in the federation, and for the division of the federation into districts for purposes of administration or of taxation or of both. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other article of this constitution, township and municipal powers and duties and the powers and duties of any county included in the area may be delegated to the metropolitan federation and to the extent that such powers and duties are so delegated as provided in the charter, such metropolitan federation shall participate in the distribution of township, municipal, and county revenues.
No such charter or amendment thereto shall become effective until it shall have been approved by a majority of those voting thereon (1) in the entire area included by the provisions of the charter (2) in the most populous city in the included territory and (3) in the area outside the most populous city, in the area. Every charter or amendments thereto shall take effect on the thirtieth day after such approval unless another date be fixed therein. A copy of such charter or amendment shall be filed with the secretary of state.
The legislative authority provided in the charter, may, by a two-thirds vote or shall upon petition signed by the number of electors of such area not less in number than ten per cent of the total, number of votes cast for governor in the area at the last preceding election therefor, submit amendments to the charter to the electors of the area for approval or disapproval in the same manner provided for the adoption of the charter. Such legislative authority shall mail or, otherwise distribute a copy thereof to each of the electors of the area at far as may be reasonably possible. When more than one amendment is submitted at the same time, they shall be so submitted to as to enable the electors to vote on each separately. In case of conflict between the provisions of two or more amendments approved at the same time that provision shall prevail which received the highest affirmative vote.
Upon petition signed by the number of electors of any municipality or township contiguous to a metropolitan federation within the same county not less in number than ten per cent of the total number of votes cast for governor at the last preceding election therefor, with the consent of the legislative authority of the metropolitan federation, the question "shall the municipality or township be joined to the metropolitan federation?" Shall be submitted to the electors of such political subdivision proposed to be joined. In any area contiguous to a metropolitan federation within the same county in which a majority of the electors approve joining the federation, the charter shall become effective.
Section 6. The exercise of any power vested in municipal corporations under Article Eighteen of this constitution by any county or metropolitan federation under the provisions of section three or section five of this article shall be subject to the constitutional limitations which apply to municipal corporations.


SHALL THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE X OF THE CONSTITUTION, TO PERMIT VOTERS IN A METROPOLITAN AREA WITH ANY COUNTY CONTAINING A CITY OF 50,000 POPULATION TO FORM A FEDERATION OF CONTINUOUS TOWNSHIPS AND MUNICIPALITIES WHERE THE MOST POPULOUS MUNICIPALITY IS INCLUDED, AND TO FORM FEDERATIONS WHICH MAY INCLUDE THE COUNTY GOVERNMENT IF THE ENTIRE AREA OF THE COUNTY IS INCLUDED, SUCH FEDERATION TO EXERCISE THE POWERS AND DUTIES AS ARE DESIGNATED BY A CHARTER FRAMED BY AN ELECTED COMMISSION AND APPROVED BY A MAJORITY OF THOSE VOTING IN THE LARGEST MUNICIPALITY AND A MAJORITY IN THE BALANCE OF THE AREA OUTSIDE SUCH MUNICIPALITY, BE ADOPTED? [4]

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