Ohio Women's Suffrage, Amendment 23 (September 1912)
The Ohio Women's Suffrage Amendment, also known as Amendment 23, was on the September 3, 1912 ballot in Ohio as a constitutional convention referral, where it was defeated. The measure would have given women the right to vote.
Amendment 23 was a proposed amendment to Article V, Section 1 of the Ohio Constitution. Amendment 23 was one of 42 proposed constitutional amendments on the September 3, 1912 ballot; all of the proposals were the result of a state constitutional convention held because Ohio voters approved the Ohio Constitutional Convention Question of 1910.
The same year that Ohio male voters rejected Amendment 23, Wisconsin male voters also rejected the idea of giving women the right to vote when they rejected Question 4, the Wisconsin Women's Suffrage Referendum. However, male voters in Arizona overwhelmingly approved Questions 300 and 301, giving women in Arizona the right to vote, while male voters in Oregon also approved Measure 1, Suffrage for Women.
Two years later, Ohio's male voters again rejected giving women the right to vote, when they voted down Amendment 3, the Women's Suffrage Amendment of 1914. The 1914 proposal received less than 40% of the vote.
After the federal constitution was amended in 1920 to give women the right to vote, Ohio voters approved 1923's Amendment 2. It eliminated the phrase "white male" from the Ohio Constitution in order to provide universal suffrage and conform with the Federal Constitution.
|Ohio Amendment 23 (September 1912)|
Official results via: Cleveland-Marshall College of Law Library
Text of measure
The ballot title read as follows:
|“||Article V, Section 1.
Woman's Suffrage. 
The full text of the measure can be read here.
- Ohio 1912 ballot measures
- 1912 ballot measures
- List of Ohio ballot measures
- History of Initiative & Referendum in Ohio
- Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, "Ohio Constitution: Table of Proposed Amendments," accessed February 3, 2015
- Supreme Court of Ohio, "Amendments to the Constitution of Ohio," accessed February 3, 2015
- Supreme Court of Ohio, "Vote on Amendments Submitted to the People by the Convention," accessed February 3, 2015
- Supreme Court of Ohio, "Official Ballot," September 3, 1912
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
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|historical ballot measure article requires that the text of the measure be added to the page.|