Online voter registration in the 50 states

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The availability of online voter registration has increased significantly in recent years. For the 2008 elections, only two states, Arizona and Washington, offered online registration. As of December 2014, 20 states had implemented full online voter registration, three had implemented partial online voter registration and four states had passed legislation authorizing full online voter registration.[1]

Proponents of online voter registration advocate it as a convenient, simplified and more reliable approach that brings more people into the voting process, while at the same time saving money for taxpayers and cash-strapped state and local governments. Proponents argue that the online process can reduce problems common in paper registration. Advocates also argue that because online systems can prevent polling place delays and overuse of provisional ballots. In addition, a study of Arizona's online registration system showed that processing a paper registration cost 83 cents, while an online registration cost as little as 3 cents. Maricopa County, Arizona saved $1.4 million in processing expenses between 2008 and 2013 due to the online registration system.[2][3][4]

Online registration has also proven to be an effective tool to increase voter participation among young people. In Arizona, registration rates among 18 to 24 year olds rose from 29 percent to 53 percent after the introduction of online registration. A study in California estimated that of the 244,049 new youth registrants in the 2012 presidential election over 2008, 154,054 of them, or 63 percent, registered online. In Maryland, although 18 to 29 year olds comprised only 19 percent of registered voters in the state, they made up 42 percent of online registrants since the system became available.[3]


As of December 2014:[1]

  • 20 states had implemented full online voter registration
  • Three states had implemented partial online voter registration
  • Four states had passed legislation authorizing full online voter registration
Online voter registration by state
State Active online registration Link
Alabama No
Alaska No
Arizona Yes EZ Voter Registration
Arkansas No
California Yes California Online Voter Registration
Colorado Yes Go Vote Colorado
Connecticut Yes Connecticut Online Voter Registration
Delaware Yes I Vote Delaware
Florida No
Georgia Yes Georgia Online Voter Registration
Hawaii Enacted in 2012, but not implemented as of December 2014
Idaho No
Illinois Yes Illinois Online Voter Registration
Indiana Yes Indiana Online Voter Registration
Iowa No
Kansas Yes Kansas Online Voter Registration
Kentucky No
Louisiana Yes Geaux Vote
Maine No
Maryland Yes Maryland Online Voter Registration
Massachusetts Enacted in 2014, but not implemented as of December 2014
Michigan Partial online voter registration
Minnesota Yes Register to Vote
Mississippi No
Missouri Yes Vote Missouri
Montana No
Nebraska Enacted in 2014, but not implemented as of December 2014
Nevada Yes Nevada Online Voter Registration
New Hampshire No
New Jersey No
New Mexico Partial online voter registration
New York Yes New York State Voter Registration Form
North Carolina No
North Dakota No
Ohio Partial online voter registration
Oklahoma No
Oregon Yes OreStar
Pennsylvania No
Rhode Island No
South Carolina Yes S.C. Online Voter Registration
South Dakota No
Tennessee No
Texas No
Utah Yes Utah Online Voter Registration
Vermont No
Virginia Yes Virginia Voter Registration
Washington Yes MyVote
West Virginia Enacted in 2013, but not implemented as of December 2014
Wisconsin No
Wyoming No
Source: National Conference of State Legislatures, "Online Voter Registration," December 10, 2014

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External links

Additional reading

See also