Oregon Ballot Measure 46, Regulation of Campaign Contributions (2006)
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If Measure 46 had been approved, it would have amended the Oregon Constitution to allow laws limiting or prohibiting election contributions and expenditures, if any such laws were to be adopted by the state's initiative process or by a 3/4 supermajority vote of both houses of the Oregon State Legislature.
Measure 46, if adopted, would have allowed laws to be passed or amended that would prohibit or limit contributions and expenditures of any kind to influence the outcome of any election. Under the measure, laws could be passed that prohibit or limit how much an individual or entity can give to a candidate for state or local(but not federal) office or other political campaign and how much an individual, entity, candidate or other political campaign can spend to influence the outcome of any state or local election.
Background and summary
At present, Article 1, section 8, of the Oregon Constitution does not allow laws that prohibit or impose limits on political campaign contributions or expenditures in elections for state or local public office. Under this measure, the Oregon legislature or voters by initiative would have the authority to restrict or limit political campaign contributions and expenditures, subject to federal law.
Ballot Measure 46 requires a three-fourths (¾) vote of both the Oregon Senate and the Oregon House of Representatives to amend previously enacted laws, or pass new laws, prohibiting or limiting political campaign contributions or expenditures. Ordinarily, a simple majority vote of both the Oregon Senate and Oregon House is required to amend existing laws or pass new laws. Under the measure, voters by a simple majority may adopt new laws or amend existing laws prohibiting or limiting political campaign contributions or expenditures.
The measure would not apply to elections for federal offices, which are President of the United States, United States Senator, and United States Representative. Federal law does not currently allow states to prohibit or limit contributions or expenditures for or against ballot measures. The measure does not affect the free speech guarantee under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.
Many in favor of Measure 46 argued that the measure would get "big money" out of Oregon politics. Oregon Secretary of State
- Sierra Club
- Democratic Party of Clackamas County
- Alliance for Democracy
- Northwest Progressive Community
- Pacific Green Party
- Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
- Utility Reform Project
Organizations working to defeat Measure 46 included:
- ACLU of Oregon
- American Federation of Teachers-Oregon
- Basic Rights Oregon
- Ecumenical Ministries of Oregon
- Eugene Springfield Solidarity Network
- NARAL Pro-Choice Oregon
- Oregon Action
- Oregon AFL-CIO
- Oregon Education Association
- Oregon School Employees Association
- Our Oregon
- Planned Parenthood Advocates of Oregon
- SEIU/OPEU Locals 49 and 503
- Stand for Children
Those who opposed Measure 46 did so on the argument that the measure would violate free speech rights. Oregon Secretary of State
$1,540,180 was donated to the campaign in favor of a "no" vote on Ballot Measure 46 through nine different campaign committees. The same nine committees filed in opposition to Measure 47.
Donors of $50,000 and over were:
|Oregon City Federation of Teachers||$360,000|
|Oregon School Employees Association||$275,840|
|SEIU Local 503||$100,167|
|Northwest Grocery Association||$80,000|
|Oregon Restaurant Association||$50,000|
- List of Oregon ballot measures
- Oregon 2006 ballot measures'
- 2006 ballot measures
- Procedures for qualifying an initiative in Oregon
- Laws governing the initiative process in Oregon
- Oregon Ballot Measure 47 (2006)
- Oregon State Senate
- Oregon House of Representatives