Oregon school districts

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K-12 Education in Oregon
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Education facts
State Superintendent: Rob Saxton
Number of students: 568,208[1]
Number of teachers: 26,791
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:21.2
Number of school districts: 221
Number of schools: 1,261
Graduation rate: 68%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $9,682[3]
See also
Oregon Department of Education
Oregon school districts
List of school districts in Oregon
Oregon
School boards portal
Policypedia
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Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Oregon
Glossary of education terms

Oregon is home to 221 school districts, 1,261 schools and 568,208 K-12 students.[4]

Quick facts

State school administrators

  • State Board of Education[5]
    • Samuel Henry, Chair, Third Congressional District
    • Serilda Summers-McGee, Vice-Chair, At-Large Member
    • Angela Bowen, At-Large Member
    • Miranda Summer, First Congressional District
    • Vacant, Second Congressional District
    • Vacant, Fourth Congressional District
    • Anthony Veliz, Fifth Congressional District

Two seats on the State Board of Education are vacant and awaiting appointment from Governor John Kitzhaber.

Statistics

The following table details the top 10 school districts by enrollment and per-pupil spending.

Student enrollment, 2011-2012 Average spent per pupil from 1999-2009[6]
1.) Portland Public Schools 1.) Ashwood School District
2.) Salem-Keizer Public Schools 2.) Double O School District
3.) Beaverton School District 3.) Troy School District
4.) Hillsboro School District 4.) Plush School District
5.) North Clackamas School District 5.) Brothers School District 15
6.) Eugene School District 6.) Juntura School District
7.) Bend-La Pine Schools 7.) Black Butte School District
8.) Medford School District 8.) Long Creek School District
9.) Tigard-Tualatin School District 9.) Monument School District
10.) Gresham-Barlow School District 10.) Jewell School District

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Montana as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[7]

Demographic information for Oregon's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 10,247 1.80% 1.10%
Asian 22,274 3.92% 4.68%
African American 14,404 2.53% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students 3,690 0.65% 0.42%
Hispanic 119,790 21.08% 24.37%
White 371,294 65.34% 51.21%
Two or more 26,509 4.67% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

In the news

Improving teacher training

In June 2014, the National Council on Teacher Quality published a report that criticized teacher training programs across the United States. For Oregon, the report said teacher training programs were not selective enough and did not give future teachers the training they need, specifically in reading education. In response to the report's criticisms, education leaders, teaching professors and school officials in Oregon met to discuss ways to improve teacher training.[8]

One of those ways will be through the edTPA (Education Teacher Performance Assessment), a test involving more than 24 content areas that new teachers will have to pass in order to get certified. The edTPA was developed at Stanford University and is now used by teacher training programs in 34 states. Oregon will join that number after a four-year rollout of the test. That time will be used for planning the implementation of the test, and afterwards it will be required for students to finish a teaching degree.[8]

State law

Common Core

Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Oregon State Board of Education adopted the standards on October 29, 2010. Full implementation is scheduled to be achieved in the 2014-2015 academic year.[9][10]

School board composition

School board members in Oregon are elected to office by residents of the school district, either by geographic zone or at-large. School boards can have a total of five or seven members, but if the school district has a population of more than 300,000, the school board must have seven members. School board members serve four-year terms.[11]

School district types

Oregon has three types of school districts: common school districts, joint school districts and union high school districts. All school districts are governed by an elected school board that has the power to levy taxes and issue general obligation bonds with voter approval.[12]

Term limits

Oregon does not impose statewide term limits on school boards.[13]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: Oregon school board elections, 2014

No top enrollment districts in Oregon are scheduled to hold elections in 2014.

Path to the ballot

In order to qualify to be a school board candidate in Oregon, an individual must:[11]

  • Not be an employee of the school district the candidate seeks to represent
  • Be a registered voter of the school district the candidate seeks to represent for at least one year immediately preceding the election.

To get on the ballot, school board candidates must file a petition and a declaration of candidacy. The petition must be signed by registered voters of the school district the candidate seeks to represent, and if the candidate is seeking a seat elected by geographic zone, the petition must be signed by registered voters in that geographic zone.[11]

Campaign finance

School board candidates who do not intend to spend or receive more than $750 for the calendar year, including personal funds, do not have to file campaign finance reports. If candidates do not intend to spend or receive more than $3,500 for the calendar year, including personal funds, they must only file a Statement of Organization, a campaign account information form and a Certificate of Limited Contributions and Expenditures. Those expecting to receive or spend more than $3,500 must file a Statement of Organization, a campaign account information form and file all campaign finance transactions electronically. Candidates who are required to file a Statement of Organization must do so within three days of receiving a contribution or making an expenditure after filing for office.[14][15]

See also

External links

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References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. United States Department of Education, "2012 EDFacts State Profile," accessed August 13, 2013
  5. Oregon Department of Education, "State Board Members," accessed June 13, 2014
  6. State of Oregon, "Average Cost Per Student by District," accessed July 10, 2014
  7. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 Northwest Public Radio, "Oregon Teachers To Face Exit Exams In Years To Come," July 8, 2014
  9. Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State," accessed June 12, 2014
  10. Oregon Department of Education, "Common Core Standards - District Resources," accessed June 17, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Oregon Revised Statutes, "Chapter 332 — Local Administration of Education," accessed July 10, 2014
  12. United States Census Bureau, "Oregon," accessed July 10, 2014
  13. National School Boards Association, "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 10, 2014
  14. Oregon Secretary of State, "County, City and District Initiative and Referendum Manual," accessed July 10, 2014
  15. Oregon Secretary of State, "Run for Public Office," accessed July 10, 2014