Patty Murray

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Patty Murray
Patty Murray.jpg
U.S. Senate, Washington
Incumbent
In office
1993-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 21
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorBrockman Adams (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
First elected1992
Next generalNovember 2016
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sWashington State University
Personal
BirthdayOctober 11, 1950
Place of birthBothell, WA
Net worth$850,008.50
Websites
Office website
Patty Murray (b. October 11, 1954, in Bothell, WA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Washington. Murray was first elected to the Senate in 1992 and is currently serving her third term.[1] Murray is set to run for re-election in Washington in November 2016.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Murray is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Murray, née Johns, was born in 1950 in Bothell, WA. She graduated from Washington State University.[3] Prior to her election in the Senate, Murray served as Democratic Whip of the Washington State Senate from 1990-1992.[4]

Career

  • 1985-1989: Shoreline School District Board of Directors
  • 1988-1992: Washington State Senate
    • 1990-1992: Democratic whip
  • 1992-Present: U.S. Senate

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Murray serves on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Murray served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Murray's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Murray voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[10] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in if or when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Murray joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Murray voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.[12][13]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Neutral/Abstain Murray did not vote on H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[15]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[16] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Murray voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[17]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Murray voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[18]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Murray voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[19]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Yea3.png Murray voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[20]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Murray's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Murray is a Moderate Liberal. Murray received a score of 66 percent on social issues and 34 percent on economic issues.[21]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[22]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[21]

Elections

Full history

2010

On November 2, 2010, Patty Murray won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated Dino Rossi (R) in the general election.[23]

U.S. Senate, Washington General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngPatty Murray incumbent 52.4% 1,314,930
     Republican Dino Rossi 47.6% 1,196,164
Total Votes 2,511,094

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Murray attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor information for Murray is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Murray raised a total of $30,147,102 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[27]

Patty Murray's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 U.S. Senate (Washington) Won $17,124,667
2004 U.S. Senate (Washington) Won $13,022,435
Grand Total Raised $30,147,102

2010


Murray won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Murray's campaign committee raised a total of $17,124,667 and spent $17,279,813.[28]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Murray's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $350,019 to $1,349,998. That averages to $850,008.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senate members in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Murray ranked as the 67th most wealthy senator in 2012.[29] Between 2004 and 2012, Murray's calculated net worth[30] increased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[31]

Patty Murray Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$800,369
2012$850,008
Growth from 2004 to 2012:6%
Average annual growth:1%[32]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[33]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Murray is the chair of the United States Senate Committee on the Budget. Murray received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 1991-2014, 14.96 percent of Murray's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[34]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Patty Murray Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $46,326,385
Total Spent $45,165,435
Chair of the United States Senate Committee on the Budget
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$1,988,213
Retired$1,682,838
Women's Issues$1,201,352
Lobbyists$1,153,953
Computers/Internet$904,690
% total in top industry4.29%
% total in top two industries7.92%
% total in top five industries14.96%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Murray is a "far-left Democrat" as of August 2014.[35] This was the same rating Murray received in August 2013.[36]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[37]

Murray most often votes with:

Murray least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Murray missed 151 of 7,266 roll call votes from February 1993 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[38]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Murray paid her congressional staff a total of $2,633,861 in 2011. She ranked 22nd on the list of the lowest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 59th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Washington ranked 25th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[39]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Murray was one of two members of the Senate who ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[40]

2012

Murray ranked 5th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[41]

2011

Murray was one of two members of the Senate who ranked 22nd in the liberal rankings in 2011.[42]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Murray voted with the Democratic Party 97.3 percent of the time, which ranked 9th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of August 2014.[43]

2013

Murray voted with the Democratic Party 97.0 percent of the time, which ranked 9th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of July 2013.[44]

Personal

Murray is married to Rob Murray. They have two children and one grandchild.[3]

2013 best year

Murray was named by The Hill as a member of Congress who had one of the best years in 2013.[45]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Patty + Murray + Washington + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Patty Murray News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. The New York Times, "The 1992 Election: Congress," accessed August 1, 2013
  2. U.S. Senate Website, "Senators Up for Re-election in 2016”
  3. 3.0 3.1 Official Senate website, "Biography," accessed October 13, 2011
  4. Votesmart, “Patty Murray Biography,” accessed August 1, 2013
  5. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 18, 2013
  6. Official Senate website, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 13, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  10. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  16. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  17. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  20. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 On The Issues, "Murray Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  22. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Patty Murray," accessed April 25, 2013
  28. Open Secrets, "Patty Murray 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 26, 2011
  29. OpenSecrets, "Murray, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  30. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  31. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  32. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  33. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  34. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Patty Murray," accessed October 2, 2014
  35. GovTrack, "Patty Murray," accessed August 27, 2014
  36. GovTrack, "Patty Murray," accessed August 1, 2013
  37. OpenCongress, "Rep. Patty Murray," accessed August 27, 2014
  38. GovTrack, "Patty Murray," accessed August 28, 2014
  39. LegiStorm, "Patty Murray"
  40. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," August 28, 2014
  41. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  42. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  43. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  44. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  45. The Hill, "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Brock Adams
U.S. Senate - Washington
1993-Present
Succeeded by
-