Pork barrel spending
Pork barrel spending is the act of using government funds on local projects that are primarily used to bring more money to a specific representative's district. Here, the politician benefits from his or her constituents in return for their support or vote.
Criteria for "pork"
In 1991, Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW) and the Congressional Porkbusters Coalition developed seven criteria for a project to qualify as pork:
- Requested by only one chamber of Congress;
- Not specifically authorized;
- Not competitively awarded;
- Not requested by the President;
- Greatly exceeds the President’s budget request or the previous year’s funding;
- Not the subject of congressional hearings; or
- Serves only a local or special interest.