Portal:Federal judiciary

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    Vacancy Warning System

    April 29, 2015

History of the federal courts


The only court created by Article III of the United States Constitution was the Supreme Court of the United States. "Inferior courts," per Article III, were created by the United States Congress, starting with the Judiciary Act of 1789. For an overview of how the structure and jurisdiction of the federal courts have changed since inception, see United States court reorganization legislation.

Types of federal courts

Federal Circuit Courts by District

Ninth CircuitTenth CircuitNinth CircuitEighth CircuitSeventh CircuitSixth CircuitFifth CircuitEleventh CircuitFourth CircuitThird CircuitSecond CircuitFirst CircuitFirst CircuitUnited States District Court for the U.S. Virgin IslandsUS Court of Appeals and District Court map 2.png
For more details about the courts, click on the relevant district in the map.

Judges nominated by President Obama

President Barack Obama has nominated 380 judges during his term.
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See also: Federal judicial nominations by president

For a comparison of vacancies and nominations by year, see one of the following Federal Vacancy Warning System articles: 201420132012201120102009

For a comparison of vacancies and nominations by Congress, see: 113th Congress112th Congress111th Congress

Major cases of the Supreme Court

Find out how the justices ruled in some of the nation's most high-profile cases. Topics the Court is covering in the October 2014 term include: Same sex marriage, lethal injection, redistricting, the Affordable Care Act, discrimination and more.