Public education in Connecticut
School revenues, expenditures and budget
- See also: Connecticut state budget
Connecticut’s General Fund budget for FY 2010 was $17.375 billion and $17.591 billion for FY 2011. Education accounted for approximately $2.68 billion, or 15.4 percent, of the 2009-2010 general fund. According to reports, the state of Connecticut has the highest tax-supported debt at $4,490 per person.
The cost per pupil is $13,848, the sixth highest the nation according the U.S. Census Bureau 2007-2008 report.
According to the Connecticut Department of Education, in the 2008-2009 school year the average teacher salary in the state was $64,848. Elementary school teachers averaged a salary of approximately $63,481; Middle school salary averaged $65,905; and high school salary averaged $66,168.
|School Year||Average Elementary Salary||Average Middle School Salary||Average High School Salary||State average salary|
Role of unions
The main unions related to the Connecticut school system are Connecticut Education Association (CEA), an affiliate of the National Education Association (NEA), and AFT Connecticut, an affiliate of the American Federation of Teachers. For the 2003 tax period, CEA had: $16.56 million in total revenue, $12.45 million in total expenses and $32.22 million in total assets. AFT Connecticut had: $4.36 million in total revenue, $4.53 million in total expenses and $3.75 million in total assets.
The teacher unions have repeatedly brought the "Project Opening Doors" program to court for offering financial incentives for passing AP tests to students and teachers.
List of local Connecticut school unions:
Role of school boards
The State Board of Education is comprised of eleven members, all of whom are appointed by the governor and approved by the General Assembly. Nine of the eleven members are appointed to four-year terms, the other two members are student nonvoting members that are appointed to one-year terms. The Commissioner of Education, more commonly known as the Superintendent of Education, serves as the secretary to the board and is appointed by the board.
- See also: Connecticut government sector lobbying
The main education government sector lobbying organization is the Connecticut Association of Boards of Education and Connecticut Association of School Personnel Administrators.
Connecticut currently does not have a statewide, official spending database online. However, several bills have been introduced to move forward with greater transparency throughout the state. Approximately thirteen bills have been filed in the House and eight in the Senate.
The chart below details the number of schools that made and did not make the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for school years 2005 through 2009. AYP is used by the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) program to determine the academic performance of schools. In the 2008-2009 school year 84.1 percent of students were proficient in mathematics and 77.6 percent were proficient in reading. However, the state of Connecticut only met AYP requirements for mathematics and fell short of the reading requirements by 1.4 percent.
|School Year||Mathematics (% proficient)||AYP requirement||Reading (% proficient)||AYP requirement|
State Budget Solutions study
State Budget Solutions examined national trends in education from 2009-2011, including state-by-state analysis of education spending, graduation rates, and average ACT scores. The study shows that states that spend the most do not have the highest average ACT test scores, nor do they have the highest average graduation rates. A summary of the study is available here. Download the full report here.
School choice options include:
- Charter schools: there are approximately 18 charter schools throughout Connecticut. Charter schools are authorized by the State Board of Education. Public charter schools are public, nonsectarian schools that are organized as nonprofit corporations. The schools are operated independently of the local and regional boards of education.
City School Grades Enrolled Total Enrollment Bridgeport Achievement First Bridgeport Academy 5-6 166 Bridgeport The Bridge Academy 7-12 260 Bridgeport New Beginnings Family Academy K-8 360 Bridgeport Park City Prep Charter School 6-8 220 Hamden Highville Charter School, Inc. PK-8 300 Hartford Achievement First Hartford Academy K, 1 & 5 252 Hartford Charter School For Young Children On Asylum Hill PK-K 136 Hartford Jumoke Academy Charter Schools PK-8 412 Manchester Odyssey Community School 4-8 175 New Haven Amistad Academy K-2, 5-8, 9-11 675 New Haven Elm City College Preparatory School K-5, 6-8 & 9 514 New Haven Common Ground High School 9-12 150 New London Interdistrict School for Arts and Communication 6-8 180 Norwich Integrated Day Charter School PK-8 330 South Norwalk Side By Side Community School PK-8 236 Stamford Stamford Academy 9-12 135 Stamford Trailblazers Academy 6-8 150 Winsted Explorations Charter School 10-12 85
- Public school open enrollment: the state of Connecticut offers interdistrict enrollment options, interdistrict magnet schools, state technical high schools, regional agriculture science and technology education centers and interdistrict cooperative grant programming.
- Online learning: The Connecticut Virtual Learning Center (CTVLC) is Connecticut's state-led online program. Approximately 60 high schools participate in the Virtual High School Global Consortium.
- Connecticut State Department of Education
- State Board of Education
- Connecticut School Choice
- Connecticut School & District Data
- Connecticut Education Staff Data & Salaries
- Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium
- Connecticut Virtual Learning Center
- Connecticut Public School Rankings by PSK12
- Connecticut Public School Rankings by Great Schools
- Connecticut Constitution "Article 8, Section 1," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Legislative Office of Fiscal Analysis “Fiscal Note for H.B. 6802”
- Connecticut General Assembly "Bill No. 6802," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Hartford Courant "State Debt At Staggering Level: Leads Nation," January 5, 2010
- Maine Watchdog "Education Spending Per Child," July 6, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "2008-2009 Average Salaries of Connecticut's Staff by Level," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "2007-2008 Average Salaries of Connecticut's Staff by Level," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "2006-2007 Average Salaries of Connecticut's Staff by Level," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "2005-06 Average Salaries of Connecticut's Staff by Level," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Center for Union Facts "Connecticut Education Association," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Center for Union Facts "AFT Connecticut," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Watchdog "Union challenges teacher bonuses for AP scores," Nov. 10, 2010
- Center for Union Facts "Connecticut teachers unions," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "About the State Board of Education," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) School Report: 2008-09 School Year," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) School Report: 2007-08 School Year," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) School Report: 2006-07 School Year," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut Department of Education "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) School Report: 2005-06 School Year," retrieved January 3, 2010
- Connecticut State Department of Education "Public School Choice in Connecticut 2009-2010," retrieved January 3, 2010