Public education in New Mexico

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K-12 Education in New Mexico
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Education facts
State Superintendent: Hanna Skandera
Number of students: 337,225[1]
Number of teachers: 21,957
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15.4
Number of school districts: 135
Number of schools: 866
Graduation rate: 70%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $9,070[3]
See also
New Mexico Public Education Department
New Mexico school districts
List of school districts in New Mexico
New Mexico
School boards portal
Policypedia
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Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in New Mexico
Glossary of education terms
The New Mexico public school system (prekindergarten-grade 12) operates within districts governed by locally elected school boards and superintendents. In 2012 New Mexico had 337,225 students enrolled in a total of 866 schools in 135 school districts. While the national ratio of teachers to students was 1:16, in New Mexico there were 21,957 teachers in the public schools, or roughly one teacher for every 15 students. There was roughly one administrator for every 253 students, compared to the national average of one administrator for every 295 students.[4] On average New Mexico spent $9,070 per pupil in 2011, which ranked it 37th in the nation. The state's graduation rate was 70 percent in 2012. This was the Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate reported to the United States Department of Education for all students in 2011-2012.[5]

State agencies

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State Education Departments

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See also
New Mexico Secretary of Education
New Mexico school districts
List of school districts in New Mexico
Public education in New Mexico
School board elections portal
The New Mexico Public Education Department is led by the New Mexico Secretary of Education. Hanna Skandera currently serves in that role.[6]

The New Mexico Public Education Commission is comprised of 10 members, elected from state districts. They serve staggered, four-year terms. As a partner to the New Mexico Public Education Department, the Public Education Commission works in three committees: the Public Education Department's Strategic Plan, Charter Schools and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical federal fund for career technical programs.[7]

The vision statement of both the New Mexico Public Education Department and the New Mexico Public Education Commission reads:[7]

A world-class education system in which all New Mexico students are prepared to succeed in a diverse, increasingly complex world.[8]

Common Core

Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The New Mexico Public Education Department adopted these standards on November 29, 2010.[9] In addition to the Common Core State Standards, New Mexico added state-specific standards that focused on culturally relevant texts and instruction. The standards were phased in starting in 2012 and will be fully implemented by 2015.[10]

Regional comparison

See also: General comparison table for education statistics in the 50 states and Education spending per pupil in all 50 states

The following chart shows how New Mexico compares to three neighboring states with respect to number of students, schools, the number of teachers per pupil, and the number of administrators per pupil. Further comparisons between these states with respect to performance and financial information are given in other sections of this page.

Regional Comparison
State Schools Districts Students Teachers Teacher/pupil ratio Administrator/pupil ratio Per pupil spending
New Mexico 866 135 337,225 21,957 1:15.4 1:253.4 $9,070
Arizona 2,252 662 1,080,319 50,800 1:21.3 1:419.5 $7,666
Colorado 1,813 259 854,265 48,078 1:17.8 1:301.9 $8,724
Utah 1,020 126 598,832 25,970 1:23.1 1:450.2 $6,212
United States 98,328 17,992 49,521,669 3,103,263 1:16 1:295.2 $10,994
Sources: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey", 2011-12 v.1a.

National Center for Education Statistics, Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12
U.S. Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011,Governments Division Reports," issued May 2013

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in New Mexico as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[11]

Demographic Information for New Mexico's K-12 Public School System
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 34,287 10.17% 1.10%
Asian 4,110 1.22% 4.68%
African American 6,816 2.02% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students 276 0.08% 0.42%
Hispanic 200,483 59.45% 24.37%
White 87,381 25.91% 51.21%
Two or More 3,872 1.15% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

Enrollments by region type

See also: Student distribution by region type in the U.S.

A plurality of students in New Mexico attend city schools. This is similar to students in Arizona and Colorado. However, students in Utah are more likely to attend suburban schools than city schools.

Student distribution by region type, 2011 - 2012 (as percents)
State City schools Suburban schools Town schools Rural Schools
New Mexico 32.6% 11.9% 27.4% 28.1%
Arizona 48.5% 16.3% 10.0% 25.2%
Colorado 33.3% 32.6% 10.3% 23.8%
Utah 16.5% 50.9% 12.9% 19.7%
U.S. average 28.9% 34.0% 11.6% 25.4%
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD)

Academic performance

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Academic bankruptcyAcademic EarthAcademic performanceBlaine AmendmentCharter schoolsCommon CoreDropout rateNAEPProgressive educationRegulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation RateSchool vouchersTeacher merit pay
See also

NAEP scores

See also: NAEP scores by state

The National Center for Education Statistics provides state-by-state data on student achievement levels in mathematics and reading in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Compared to three neighboring states (Arizona, Colorado, and Utah), New Mexico had the lowest percentage of students score at or above proficient in math and reading in fourth grade and eighth grade.[12]

Percent of students scoring at or above proficient, 2012-2013
Math - Grade 4 Math - Grade 8 Reading - Grade 4 Reading - Grade 8
New Mexico 31 23 21 22
Arizona 40 31 28 28
Colorado 50 42 41 40
Utah 44 36 37 39
U.S. average 41 34 34 34
NAEP assessment data for all students 2012-2013

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Graduation, ACT and SAT scores

See also: Graduation rates by groups in state and ACT and SAT scores in the U.S.

The following table shows the graduation rates and average composite ACT and SAT scores for New Mexico and surrounding states.[12][13][14]

Comparison table for graduation rates and test scores*
State Graduation rate, 2012 Average ACT Composite, 2012 Average SAT Composite, 2013
Percent Quintile ranking** Score Participation rate Score Participation rate
New Mexico 70% Fifth 19.9 75% 1626 12%
Arizona 76% Fourth 19.7 35% 1551 35%
Colorado 75% Fourth 20.6 100% 1721 14%
Utah 80% Third 20.7 97% 1684 6%
U.S. average 80% 21.1 1498
*Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Rate (except for Idaho, Kentucky, Oklahoma, which did not report “Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate,” but instead used their own method of calculation).
**Graduation rates for states in the first quintile ranked in the top 20 percent nationally. Similarly, graduation rates for states in the fifth quintile ranked in the bottom 20 percent nationally.
Source: United States Department of Education, ED Data Express

Dropout rate

See also: Public high school dropout rates by state for a full comparison of dropout rates by group in all states

The high school event dropout rate indicates the proportion of students who were enrolled at some time during the school year and were expected to be enrolled in grades 9–12 in the following school year but were not enrolled by October 1 of the following school year. Students who have graduated, transferred to another school, died, moved to another country, or who are out of school due to illness are not considered dropouts. The average public high school event dropout rate for the United States remained constant at 3.3 percent for both SY 2010–11 and SY 2011–12. The event dropout rate for New Mexico was higher than the national average at 5.0 percent in the 2010-2011 school year, and 5.9 percent in the 2011-2012 school year.[15]

Educational choice options

See also: School choice in New Mexico

School choice options in New Mexico include: charter schools, homeschooling, online learning, private schools and multiple public school open enrollment policies.

Education funding and expenditures

See also: New Mexico state budget
Breakdown of expenditures by function in FY 2012.
Source: National Association of State Budget Officers

According to the National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO), the state spent approximately 19.7 percent of its fiscal year 2012 budget on elementary and secondary education. This is down 0.1 percentage points, a 0.5 percent decrease in the share of the budget from fiscal year 2008, when the state spent 19.8 percent of its budget on elementary and secondary education.[16][17][18][19][20] Over 65 percent of New Mexico's education revenue comes from state funding. Federal funding accounts for 17.66 percent, and local funding accounts for 16.55 percent.

Comparison of financial figures for school systems
State Percent of budget (2012) Per pupil spending (2011) Revenue sources (2011)
Percent federal funds Percent state funds Percent local funds
New Mexico 19.7% $9,070 17.66% 65.78% 16.55%
Arizona 19% $7,666 14.69% 41.22% 44.09%
Colorado 25.3% $8,724 11.18% 40.41% 48.41%
Utah 24.7% $6,212 12.02% 51.19% 36.79%
Sources:NASBO, "State Expenditure Report," Table 8: Elementary and Secondary Education Expenditures As a Percent of Total Expenditures
U.S. Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011,Governments Division Reports," issued May 2013

Revenue breakdowns

See also: Public school system revenues in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, public school system revenues in New Mexico totaled approximately $3.6 billion in fiscal year 2011. The table and chart below present further detail, including revenue sources, for New Mexico and surrounding states.[21]

Revenues by source, FY 2011 (amounts in thousands)
Federal revenue State revenue Local revenue Total revenue
New Mexico $641,925 $2,390,635 $601,508 $3,634,068
Arizona $1,367,644 $3,839,130 $4,105,899 $9,312,673
Colorado $979,904 $3,543,208 $4,245,132 $8,768,244
Utah $519,547 $2,211,870 $1,589,706 $4,321,123
U.S. total $74,943,767 $267,762,416 $264,550,594 $607,256,777
Public school revenues by source, FY 2011 (as percents)

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Expenditure breakdowns

See also: Public school system expenditures in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, public school system expenditures in New Mexico totaled approximately $3.7 billion in fiscal year 2011. The table and chart below present further detail, including expenditure types, for New Mexico and surrounding states.[21]

Expenditures by type, FY 2011 (amounts in thousands)
Current expenditures** Capital outlay Other*** Total expenditures
New Mexico $3,045,075 $621,504 $66,091 $3,732,670
Arizona $8,157,006 $796,052 $634,413 $9,587,471
Colorado $7,338,499 $836,045 $521,460 $8,696,004
Utah $3,600,074 $693,458 $234,361 $4,527,893
U.S. total $520,577,893 $52,984,139 $29,581,293 $603,143,325
**Funds spent operating local public schools and local education agencies, including such expenses as salaries for school personnel, student transportation, school books and materials, and energy costs, but excluding capital outlay, interest on school debt, payments to private schools, and payments to public charter schools.
***Includes payments to state and local governments, payments to private schools, interest on school system indebtedness, and nonelementary-secondary expenditures, such as adult education and community services expenditures.
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
Public school expenditures, FY 2011 (as percents)

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Personnel salaries

See also: Public school teacher salaries in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the average national salary for classroom teachers in public elementary and secondary schools has declined by 1.3 percent from the 1999-2000 school year to the 2012-2013 school year. During the same period in New Mexico, the average salary increased by 4.7 percent.[22]

Estimated average salaries for teachers (in constant dollars**)
1999-2000 2009-2010 2011-2012 2012-2013 Percent difference
New Mexico $44,488 $49,378 $46,381 $46,573 4.7%
Arizona $50,430 $50,119 $49,501 $49,885 -1.1%
Colorado $52,153 $52,520 $49,865 $49,844 -4.4%
Utah $47,757 $48,980 $48,961 $49,393 3.4%
U.S. average $57,133 $58,925 $56,340 $56,383 -1.3%
**"Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis. The CPI does not account for differences in inflation rates from state to state."

Organizations

Unions

In 2012, the Fordham Institute and Education Reform Now assessed the power and influence of state teacher unions in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Their rankings were based on 37 different variables in five broad areas, including: resources and membership, involvement in politics, scope of bargaining, state policies and perceived influence. New Mexico ranked 37th overall, or weak, which was in the fourth tier of five.[23]

The main unions related to the New Mexico school system are the National Education Association of New Mexico, an affiliate of the National Education Association (NEA), and AFT New Mexico, an affiliate of the American Federation of Teachers. The National Education Association of New Mexico is the largest education association in the state.

List of local New Mexico school unions:[24]

Taxpayer-funded lobbying

See also: New Mexico government sector lobbying

The main education government sector lobbying organization is the New Mexico School Boards Association.

Transparency

As of 2009, New Mexico did not have a statewide spending transparency database. The Albuquerque Journal had several lists of the salaries of top state officials on their Watchdog resources page. A listing of the New Mexico state payroll from 2009 is posted here.

In 2009, Senate Bill 159, known as the "Budget Transparency Act," passed the New Mexico State Senate. However, it died in committee in the spring of 2009. It was introduced by Sen. Sander Rue.[25][26]

Education ballot measures

See also: Education on the ballot and List of New Mexico ballot measures


Ballotpedia staff have tracked 8 statewide ballot measures relating to education.

  1. New Mexico Amendment 1, Creation of a Public Education Commission (September 2003)
  2. New Mexico Amendment 2, Public Education Funding Act (September 2003)
  3. New Mexico Amendment 2 (1996)
  4. New Mexico Board of Regents Amendment (2014)
  5. New Mexico Dates for School Elections Amendment (2014)
  6. New Mexico Higher Education Capital Improvements and Acquisitions Bonds, Question B (2006)
  7. New Mexico Higher Education and Special Schools Bonds, Bond Question C (2012)
  8. New Mexico School Board, Amendment 1 (2008)

Studies and reports

State Budget Solutions education study

See also: State spending on education v. academic performance (2012)

State Budget Solutions examined national trends in education from 2009 to 2011, including state-by-state analysis of education spending, graduation rates, and average ACT scores. The study showed that the states which spent the most did not have the highest average ACT test scores, nor did they have the highest average graduation rates. A summary of the study is available here. The full report can be accessed here.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "New Mexico + Education "

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Mexico+education&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss New Mexico Education News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD); Table 2.—Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011-12," accessed May 12, 2014
  5. United States Department of Education, "ED Data Express," accessed May 12, 2014
  6. New Mexico Public Education Department, "Welcome," accessed June 2, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 New Mexico Public Education Department, "The Public Education Commission," accessed June 2, 2014
  8. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  9. Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State," accessed July 12, 2014
  10. New Mexico Common Core Standards, "Making New Mexico Students Competitive in a Global Economy," accessed June 17, 2014
  11. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 United States Department of Education, ED Data Express, "State Tables," accessed May 13, 2014
  13. ACT, "2012 ACT National and State Scores," accessed May 13, 2014
  14. Commonwealth Foundation, "SAT Scores by State 2013," October 10, 2013
  15. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Dropout and Graduation Rate Data File, School Year 2010-11, Provision Version 1a and School Year 2011-12, Preliminary Version 1a," accessed May 13, 2014
  16. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2011-2013," accessed February 21, 2014
  17. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2009-2011," accessed February 24, 2014
  18. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditures Report, 2010-2012," accessed February 24, 2014
  19. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2009," accessed February 24, 2014
  20. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2008," accessed February 24, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2010–11," accessed May 13, 2014
  22. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 211.60. Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13," accessed May 13, 2014
  23. Thomas E Fordham Institute, "How Strong Are U.S. Teacher Unions? A State-By-State Comparison," October 29, 2012
  24. Center for Union Facts, "New Mexico teachers unions," accessed April 11, 2010
  25. Rio Grande Foundation, "New Mexico Votes: Progress of 2009 Senate Bill 159"
  26. New Mexico Legislature, New Mexico Senate Bill 159