Public education in South Dakota

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

K-12 Education in South Dakota
Flag of South Dakota.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Melody Schopp
Number of students: 128,016[1]
Number of teachers: 9,247
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:13.8
Number of school districts: 171
Number of schools: 704
Graduation rate: 83%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $8,805[3]
See also
South Dakota Department of Education
South Dakota school districts
List of school districts in South Dakota
South Dakota
School boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in South Dakota
Glossary of education terms
Note: The statistics on this page are mainly from government sources, including the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Center for Education Statistics. Figures given are the most recent as of June 2014, with school years noted in the text or footnotes.
The South Dakota public school system (prekindergarten-grade 12) operates within districts governed by locally elected school boards and superintendents. In 2012 South Dakota had 128,016 students enrolled in a total of 704 schools in 171 school districts. There were 9,247 teachers in the public schools, or roughly one teacher for every 14 students, compared to the national average of 1:16. There is roughly one administrator for every 310 students, compared to the national average of one administrator for every 295 students.[4] On average South Dakota spent $8,805 per pupil in 2011, which ranks it 41st highest in the nation. The state's graduation rate was 83 percent in 2012.[5]

State agencies

School Board badge.png
State Education Departments

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming

See also
South Dakota Secretary of Education
South Dakota school districts
List of school districts in South Dakota
Public education in South Dakota
School board elections portal
The mission statement of the South Dakota Department of Education reads:[6]
The South Dakota Department of Education is dedicated to enhancing learning through leadership and service.[7]

The state's chief education official is the Secretary of Education. The Secretary of Education is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the governor, with the advice and consent of the state senate. The current officeholder is Melody Schopp.[8][9]

The South Dakota Board of Education is comprised of nine members, all of whom are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the state senate. Members serve four-year terms.[10]

Common Core

Common Core, or Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The South Dakota Board of Education adopted the standards on November 29, 2010. Full implementation is scheduled to be achieved in the 2014-15 academic year.[11][12]

Regional comparison

See also: General comparison table for education statistics in the 50 states
See also: Education spending per pupil in all 50 states

The following chart shows how South Dakota compares to three neighboring states with respect to number of students, schools, the number of teachers per pupil, and the number of administrators per pupil. Further comparisons between these states with respect to performance and financial information are given in other sections of this page.

Regional comparison
State Schools Districts Students Teachers Teacher/pupil ratio Administrator/pupil ratio Per pupil spending
South Dakota 704 171 128,016 9,247 1:13.8 1:309.8 $8,805
Montana 826 500 142,349 10,153 1:14 1:274 $10,639
Nebraska 1,090 288 301,296 22,182 1:13.6 1:291.5 $10,825
North Dakota 513 223 97,646 8,525 1:11.5 1:216.4 $11,420
United States 98,328 17,992 49,521,669 3,103,263 16 295.2 $10,994
Sources: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey", 2011-12 v.1a.

National Center for Education Statistics, Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12
U.S. Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011,Governments Division Reports," issued May 2013

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in South Dakota as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[13]

Demographic information for South Dakota's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 14,950 11.68% 1.10%
Asian 1,966 1.54% 4.68%
African American 3,390 2.65% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students 124 0.10% 0.42%
Hispanic 4,993 3.90% 24.37%
White 100,417 78.44% 51.21%
Two or more 2,176 1.70% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

Enrollments by region type

See also: Student distribution by region type in the U.S.

A plurality of students in South Dakota attend rural schools. Approximately 74 percent of the state's students attend rural or town schools, compared to approximately 26 percent who attend city or suburban schools.

Student distribution by region type, 2011 - 2012 (as percents)
State City schools Suburban schools Town schools Rural schools
South Dakota 25.8% 0.8% 27% 46.5%
Montana 23.8% 1.9% 35% 39.4%
Nebraska 33.9% 12.2% 23.5% 30.4%
North Dakota 26% 8.9% 20.2% 45%
U.S. average 28.9% 34% 11.6% 25.4%
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD)

Academic performance

Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy terms
Academic bankruptcyAcademic EarthAcademic performanceBlaine AmendmentCharter schoolsCommon CoreDropout rateNAEPProgressive educationRegulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation RateSchool vouchersTeacher merit pay
See also

NAEP scores

See also: NAEP scores by state

The National Center for Education Statistics provides state-by-state data on student achievement levels in mathematics and reading in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Compared to three neighboring states (Montana, Nebraska, and North Dakota), South Dakota has the smallest share of fourth grade students who scored at or above proficient in both math and reading.[14]

Percent of students scoring at or above proficient, 2012-2013
Math - Grade 4 Math - Grade 8 Reading - Grade 4 Reading - Grade 8
South Dakota 40 38 32 36
Montana 45 40 35 40
Nebraska 45 36 37 37
North Dakota 48 41 34 34
U.S. average 41 34 34 34
Source: United States Department of Education, ED Data Express, "State Tables," accessed May 13, 2014
NAEP assessment data for all students 2012-2013

pChart

Graduation, ACT and SAT scores

See also: Graduation rates by groups in state
See also: ACT and SAT scores in the U.S.

The following table shows the graduation rates and average composite ACT and SAT scores for South Dakota and surrounding states.[14][15][16]

Comparison table for graduation rates and test scores*
State Graduation rate, 2012 Average ACT Composite, 2012 Average SAT Composite, 2013
Percent Quintile ranking** Score Participation rate Score Participation rate
South Dakota 83% Second 21.8 81% 1,760 3%
Montana 84% Second 22 61% 1,595 25%
Nebraska 88% First 22 78% 1,734 4%
North Dakota 87% First 20.7 100% 1,799 2%
U.S. average 80% 21.1 1,498
*Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Rate (except for Idaho, Kentucky, Oklahoma, which did not report “Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate,” but instead used their own method of calculation).
**Graduation rates for states in the first quintile ranked in the top 20 percent nationally. Similarly, graduation rates for states in the fifth quintile ranked in the bottom 20 percent nationally.
Source: United States Department of Education, ED Data Express

Dropout rate

See also: Public high school dropout rates by state for a full comparison of dropout rates by group in all states

The high school event dropout rate indicates the proportion of students who were enrolled at some time during the school year and were expected to be enrolled in grades 9–12 in the following school year but were not enrolled by October 1 of the following school year. Students who have graduated, transferred to another school, died, moved to another country, or who are out of school due to illness are not considered dropouts. The average public high school event dropout rate for the United States remained constant at 3.3 percent for both SY 2010–11 and SY 2011–12. The event dropout rate for South Dakota was lower than the national average at 2.6 percent in the 2010-2011 school year, and 3.1 percent in the 2011-2012 school year.[17]

Educational choice options

See also: School choice in South Dakota

School choice options in South Dakota include: inter-district and intra-district open enrollment policies and online learning programs. In addition, about 8.68 percent of school age children in the state attended private schools in the 2011-12 academic year, and an estimated 2.67 percent were homeschooled in 2012-13.

Education funding and expenditures

See also: South Dakota state budget
Breakdown of expenditures by function in FY 2012.
Source: National Association of State Budget Officers

According to the National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO), the state spent approximately 14.3 percent of its fiscal year 2012 budget on elementary and secondary education. As a share of the budget, this is down 2.40 percentage points, or 14.4 percent, from fiscal year 2008, when the state spent 16.7 percent of its budget on elementary and secondary education.[18][19][20][21][22]

Comparison of financial figures for school systems
State Percent of budget (2012) Per pupil spending (2011) Revenue sources (2011)
Percent federal funds Percent state funds Percent local funds
South Dakota 14.3% $8,805 20.26% 28.93% 50.81%
Montana 15.5% $10,639 16.35% 44.1% 39.55%
Nebraska 15.3% $10,825 15.04% 30.33% 54.63%
North Dakota 13.8% $11,420 14.8% 49.93% 35.27%
Sources: NASBO, "State Expenditure Report," Table 8: Elementary and Secondary Education Expenditures As a Percent of Total Expenditures
U.S. Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011,Governments Division Reports," issued May 2013

Revenue breakdowns

See also: Public school system revenues in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, public school system revenues in South Dakota totaled approximately $1.3 billion in fiscal year 2011. The table and chart below present further detail, including revenue sources, for South Dakota and surrounding states.[23]

Revenues by source, FY 2011 (amounts in thousands)
Federal revenue State revenue Local revenue Total revenue
South Dakota $262,395 $374,648 $658,100 $1,295,143
Montana $264,594 $713,886 $640,138 $658,100
Nebraska $571,969 $1,153,077 $2,076,882 $3,801,928
North Dakota $186,844 $630,430 $445,402 $1,262,676
U.S. total $74,943,767 $267,762,416 $264,550,594 $607,256,777
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
Public school revenues by source, FY 2011 (as percents)

pChart

Expenditure breakdowns

See also: Public school system expenditures in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, public school system expenditures in South Dakota totaled approximately $1.3 billion in fiscal year 2011. The table and chart below present further detail, including expenditure types, for South Dakota and surrounding states.[23]

Expenditures by type, FY 2011 (amounts in thousands)
Current expenditures** Capital outlay Other*** Total expenditures
South Dakota $1,105,964 $199,636 $34,799 $1,340,399
Montana $1,506,467 $103,728 $25,691 $1,635,886
Nebraska $3,222,194 $349,683 $85,120 $3,656,997
North Dakota $1,099,271 $124,967 $28,501 $1,252,739
U.S. total $520,577,893 $52,984,139 $29,581,293 $603,143,325
**Funds spent operating local public schools and local education agencies, including such expenses as salaries for school personnel, student transportation, school books and materials, and energy costs, but excluding capital outlay, interest on school debt, payments to private schools, and payments to public charter schools.
***Includes payments to state and local governments, payments to private schools, interest on school system indebtedness, and nonelementary-secondary expenditures, such as adult education and community services expenditures.
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
Public school expenditures, FY 2011 (as percents)

pChart

Personnel salaries

See also: Public school teacher salaries in the U.S.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the average national salary for classroom teachers in public elementary and secondary schools has declined by 1.3 percent from the 1999-2000 school year to the 2012-2013 school year. During the same period in South Dakota, the average salary decreased by 0.4 percent.[24]

Estimated average salaries for teachers (in constant dollars**)
1999-2000 2009-2010 2011-2012 2012-2013 Percent difference
South Dakota $39,728 $41,456 $39,450 $39,580 -0.4%
Montana $43,896 $48,845 $49,354 $49,999 13.9%
Nebraska $45,421 $49,345 $48,955 $48,931 7.7%
North Dakota $40,810 $45,862 $46,825 $47,344 16%
U.S. average $57,133 $58,925 $56,340 $56,383 -1.3%
**"Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI), prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis. The CPI does not account for differences in inflation rates from state to state."

Organizations

Unions

In 2012 the Fordham Institute and Education Reform Now assessed the power and influence of state teacher unions in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Their rankings were based on 37 different variables in five broad areas, including: resources and membership, involvement in politics, scope of bargaining, state policies and perceived influence. South Dakota ranked 34th overall, or "weak," which was in the fourth of five tiers.[25]

The main union related to the South Dakota school system is the South Dakota Education Association (SDEA), an affiliate of the National Education Association (NEA). SDEA is the largest education association in the state.[26] For the 2003 tax period SDEA had: $2.31 million in total revenue, $2.10 million in total expenses and $655,432 in total assets.[27]

Taxpayer-funded lobbying

See also: South Dakota government sector lobbying

The main education government sector lobbying organization is the Associated School Boards of South Dakota.

Transparency

Open.SD.gov is South Dakota's transparency website. Information pertaining to contracts, revenues, expenditures, and more is accessible here.[28]

Education ballot measures

See also: Education on the ballot and List of South Dakota ballot measures


Ballotpedia staff have tracked 14 statewide ballot measures relating to education.

  1. South Dakota Abolish Regents' Board of Trustees (1896)
  2. South Dakota Amendment A, Investment of Education Funds (1996)
  3. South Dakota Educational Funds Amendment (1994)
  4. South Dakota Investment of School Funds by Counties (1900)
  5. South Dakota Investment of School Money (1904)
  6. South Dakota Kids and Teachers First Transparency Act (2008)
  7. South Dakota Labor Day Measure (1984)
  8. South Dakota Lower Interest Rate on School Funds (1902)
  9. South Dakota Measure 3, Definition of First Day of School (2006)
  10. South Dakota Northern Normal School Course of Study (1914)
  11. South Dakota Prohibit Property Taxes from Funding Schools (1998)
  12. South Dakota School Services for all Children (2004)
  13. South Dakota State University Relocation (1922)
  14. South Dakota Use State Funds to buy Stocks (2000)

Studies and reports

State Budget Solutions education study

See also: State spending on education v. academic performance (2012)

State Budget Solutions examined national trends in education from 2009 to 2011, including state-by-state analysis of education spending, graduation rates, and average ACT scores. The study showed that the states which spent the most did not have the highest average ACT test scores, nor did they have the highest average graduation rates. A summary of the study is available here. The full report can be accessed here.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "South Dakota + Education "

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

South Dakota Education News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD); Table 2.—Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011-12," accessed May 12, 2014
  5. United States Department of Education, "ED Data Express," accessed May 12, 2014
  6. South Dakota Department of Education, "About the Department," accessed June 4, 2014
  7. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  8. South Dakota Department of Education, "Staff Directory - Office of the Secretary," accessed June 4, 2014
  9. South Dakota Constitution, "Article IV, Section 9," accessed June 4, 2014
  10. South Dakota Department of Education, "South Dakota Board of Education Policy," accessed June 4, 2014
  11. Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State,” accessed June 12, 2014
  12. South Dakota Department of Education, "Common Core State Standards," accessed June 17, 2014
  13. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 United States Department of Education, ED Data Express, "State Tables," accessed May 13, 2014
  15. ACT, "2012 ACT National and State Scores," accessed May 13, 2014
  16. Commonwealth Foundation, "SAT Scores by State 2013," October 10, 2013
  17. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Dropout and Graduation Rate Data File, School Year 2010-11, Provision Version 1a and School Year 2011-12, Preliminary Version 1a," accessed May 13, 2014
  18. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2011-2013," accessed February 21, 2014
  19. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2009-2011," accessed February 24, 2014
  20. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditures Report, 2010-2012," accessed February 24, 2014
  21. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2009," accessed February 24, 2014
  22. National Association of State Budget Officers, "State Expenditure Report, 2008," accessed February 24, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2010–11," accessed May 13, 2014
  24. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 211.60. Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2012-13," accessed May 13, 2014
  25. Thomas E Fordham Institute, " How Strong Are U.S. Teacher Unions? A State-By-State Comparison," October 29, 2012
  26. Center for Union Facts, "South Dakota," accessed December 1, 2009
  27. Center for Union Facts, "South Dakota Education Association," accessed December 1, 2009
  28. Open SD, "Welcome to OPEN SD," accessed June 4, 2014