Richard Hudson

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Richard Hudson
Richard Hudson.jpg
U.S. House, North Carolina, District 8
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyRepublican
PredecessorLarry Kissell (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$9.41 in 2014
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$3,025,577
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolMyers Park High School
Bachelor'sUNC Charlotte
Personal
Date of birthNovember 4, 1971
Place of birthFranklin, Virginia
Net worth(2012) $170,503
ReligionChristian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Richard Hudson campaign logo
Richard Hudson (b. November 4, 1971, in Franklin, VA) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing North Carolina's 8th Congressional District.

Hudson was first elected to the House on November 6, 2012.[1] Hudson is currently serving his second consecutive term.

Hudson won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary election on May 6, 2014.[2] He went on to defeat Antonio Blue (D) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

Prior to his election to the House, Hudson served as Chief of Staff for Rep. Mike Conaway (Texas), Rep. John Carter and Rep. Virginia Foxx.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Hudson is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Hudson grew up in Charlotte, North Carolina. He got started in politics early on, helping with his grandfather's city council campaign in Roanoke Rapids. He also served as the student-body president at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte. He graduated with degrees in history and political science. After graduation, he worked as a staffer in Washington, D.C.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Hudson's academic, professional and political career:[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Hudson serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Hudson served on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Hudson's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Yea3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, voted against the resolution. Hudson voted with 225 other Republicans to approve the bill.[10][11][12]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Nay3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Hudson voted with 18 other Republican representatives against the bill.[13][14]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[15] For more information pertaining to Hudson's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[16]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Hudson voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[17]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Hudson voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[18]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Hudson voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[19]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[20] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[21] Hudson voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[22]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Hudson voted against HR 2775.[24]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Hudson voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[25]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Hudson voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[26] The vote largely followed party lines.[27]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Hudson voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[28]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Hudson voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[29]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[30] Hudson joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[31][32]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Richard Hudson's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Hudson is a Hard-Core Conservative. Hudson received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 86 percent on economic issues.[33] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Campaign themes

2012

Hudson's campaign website listed the following issues:[34]

  • Jobs
Excerpt: "Richard knows the importance of getting this economy growing and creating jobs. He is committed to conservative, pro-business principles that will help create jobs: cutting taxes, reducing excessive regulations and fully funding worker retraining programs at our community colleges."
  • Life
Excerpt: "Richard is 100% Pro-Life and will fight for legislation which protects life from conception until natural death. He knows that life is a precious gift from God and should be protected at all stages. As our Congressman, Richard will defend the ban on partial birth abortions and fight against any legislation which seeks to legalize euthanasia."
  • Taxes and Spending
Excerpt: "As a solid conservative, Richard is certain of one thing: Washington has a spending problem, not a revenue problem. That’s why Richard has pledged to never increase taxes as a member of Congress."
  • Second Amendment Rights
Excerpt: "A lifelong hunter, sportsman and member of the National Rifle Association, Richard knows the Second Amendment is America’s First Freedom. As our Congressman, he will vigorously defend the rights of all law-abiding citizens to keep and bear arms. Richard knows that our God-given rights ensure that Americans can own firearms for hunting, shooting sports, self-defense or any other lawful purpose."
  • Traditional Marriage
Excerpt: "Richard believes that marriage should always be a sacred union between one man and one woman. As our Congressman, he will support a Constitutional Amendment to Protect Traditional Marriage. Richard understands this is a necessary measure to stop radical federal judges from imposing their extreme agenda on our society."

Elections

2014

See also: North Carolina's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Hudson won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary election on May 6, 2014, and defeated Antonio Blue (D) in the general election.[2][3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, North Carolina District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRichard Hudson Incumbent 64.9% 121,568
     Democratic Antonio Blue 35.1% 65,854
Total Votes 187,422
Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections

2012

See also: North Carolina's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Hudson won election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing North Carolina's 8th District. Hudson defeated Scott Keadle in the July 17 Republican primary runoff election.[35] He faced Larry Kissell (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

Hudson previously served under Rep. Robin Hayes. Hudson said that his previous experience would allow him to take over the office without the learning curve that others would need. At the same time, he stressed he was not a Washington insider and was still connected to his district, saying, “The inability to find sweet tea or Cheerwine made Washington, D.C.—it was never going to be a permanent situation for me.”[36]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in North Carolina in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[37] North Carolina was rated eighth on the list.[37]

Kissell did not received the monetary assistance set aside for him from the Democratic Party, while the Republican Party poured money into Hudson's campaign.[38] Despite the fact that the majority of voters in this district were registered Democrats, the district had a history of voting Republican, and after redistricting, the ratio of Democrats to Republicans decreased.[38] The disparity of funds and the new political demographic had analysts favoring Hudson in this race. However, Kissell had won against long odds in the past; in 2006, he won the primary for the Democratic nomination without the support of the party.[39]

Hudson's campaign reported that Kissell declined to schedule a final debate between the two candidates and claimed that he was reluctant to engage in debates throughout his campaign.[40]

U.S. House, North Carolina District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Larry Kissell Incumbent 45.4% 137,139
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRichard Hudson 53.2% 160,695
     Write-In N/A 1.5% 4,446
Total Votes 302,280
Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

The primary took place on May 8, 2012.[41]

U.S. House, North Carolina District 13 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRichard Hudson 32.1% 21,451
Scott Keadle 22% 14,687
Vernon Robinson 18.2% 12,181
Fred F. Steen II 14.5% 9,670
John M. Whitley 13.3% 8,894
Total Votes 66,883

Ads

On March 20, 2012, Hudson released his first TV ad, entitled, "Hoover."


"Hoover"

Endorsements

Hudson received the following endorsements:

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Hudson attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Hudson is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Hudson raised a total of $3,025,577 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[46]

Richard Hudson's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 2) Won $1,507,108
2012 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 8) Won $1,518,469
Grand Total Raised $3,025,577


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Hudson won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Hudson's campaign committee raised a total of $1,507,108 and spent $1,143,349.[47] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[48]

Cost per vote

Hudson spent $9.41 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, North Carolina District 8, 2014 - Richard Hudson Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,507,108
Total Spent $1,143,349
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $15,690
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $6,278
Top contributors to Richard Hudson's campaign committee
Hendrick Motorsports$16,200
Hendrick Automotive$16,100
Cox Brothers Farms$11,000
Ernst & Young$11,000
Wallace & Graham$10,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Insurance$71,207
Crop Production & Basic Processing$67,584
Lawyers/Law Firms$56,750
Oil & Gas$51,250
Securities & Investment$48,075

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Hudson’s reports.[49]

2012

Hudson won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Hudson's campaign committee raised a total of $1,518,469 and spent $1,443,064.[59]

Cost per vote

Hudson spent $8.99 per vote received in 2012.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Hudson's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $6,008 and $334,998. That averages to $170,503, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Hudson ranked as the 357th most wealthy representative in 2012.[60] Between 2011 and 2012, Hudson's calculated net worth[61] increased by an average of 28 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[62]

Richard Hudson Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$133,201.00
2012$170,503.00
Growth from 2011 to 2012:28%
Average annual growth:28%[63]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[64]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Hudson received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Leadership PACs industry.

From 2011-2014, 26.03 percent of Hudson's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[65]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Richard Hudson Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,669,962
Total Spent $2,096,206
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$298,704
Lobbyists$100,800
Insurance$99,257
Lawyers/Law Firms$98,500
Crop Production & Basic Processing$97,759
% total in top industry11.19%
% total in top two industries14.96%
% total in top five industries26.03%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Hudson was a "rank-and-file Republican" as of August 2014.[66] Hudson was rated as a "centrist Republican" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[67]

Hudson most often votes with:

Hudson least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Hudson missed 22 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 2.0 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[66]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Hudson ranked 12th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[68]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Hudson voted with the Republican Party 94.0 percent of the time, which ranked 130th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[69]

2013

Hudson voted with the Republican Party 94.1 percent of the time, which ranked 111th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[70]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Richard + Hudson + North Carolina + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Richard Hudson News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Political Tracker has an article on:
Richard Hudson

References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, North Carolina," accessed November 7, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "2014 primary results," accessed May 6, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Politico, "North Carolina House Election Results by District," accessed November 6, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 National Journal, "North Carolina, 8th House District: Richard Hudson (R)," November 6, 2012
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HUDSON, Richard, (1971 - )," accessed February 11, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  10. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  11. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  12. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  13. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  14. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  15. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  16. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  17. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  31. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  32. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  33. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  34. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed September 13, 2013
  35. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nc
  36. Roll Call, “Hill Experience Could Help Staffers Win Seats,” accessed November 28, 2011
  37. 37.0 37.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  38. 38.0 38.1 Fay Observer, "Rep. Larry Kissell faces fight from Richard Hudson in Congressional District 8," accessed October 17, 2012 (dead link)
  39. Charlotte Observer, "Robert Pittenger's $3 million dwarfs rival war chests," accessed October 17, 2012 (dead link)
  40. Fay Observer, "U.S. Rep. Larry Kissell won't commit to debate against challenger Richard Hudson," accessed October 17, 2012 (dead link)
  41. North Carolina State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results," accessed October 10, 2012
  42. Myrtle Beach online, "Hudson, Keadle vie for conservative votes in NC," accessed July 13, 2012
  43. Raleigh News & Observer, "Paul Ryan backs Richard Hudson," accessed July 13, 2012
  44. National Journal, "Cantor-Supported Super PAC Goes Up Against Club for Growth," accessed July 13, 2012
  45. www.ncdp.org, "More Washington Republicans Line Up Behind Richard Hudson," accessed July 13, 2012
  46. Open Secrets, "Richard Hudson," accessed April 16, 2015
  47. Open Secrets, "Richard Hudson 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 10, 2015
  48. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 10, 2015
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hudson Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  59. Open Secrets, "Richard Hudson 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Richard Hudson (R-NC), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  61. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  62. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  63. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  64. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  65. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Richard Hudson," accessed September 29, 2014
  66. 66.0 66.1 GovTrack, "Richard Hudson," accessed August 18, 2014
  67. OpenCongress, "Richard Hudson," accessed August 18, 2014
  68. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 18, 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Larry Kissell
U.S. House of Representatives - North Carolina District 8
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'