Richard Hanna

From Ballotpedia
(Redirected from Richard L. Hanna)
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard L. Hanna
Richard L. Hanna.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 22
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PredecessorMaurice Hinchey (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.41 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,453,885
Term limitsN/A
Bachelor'sReed College
BirthdayJanuary 25, 1951
Place of birthUtica, New York
Net worth$28,038,576.50
Office website
Campaign website
Richard L. Hanna (b. January 25, 1951, in Utica, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 22nd Congressional District. Hanna was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, after winning re-election on November 6, 2012. Before redistricting in 2012, Hanna had previously served the New York's 24th Congressional District.

Hanna is a 2014 Republican and Independence Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 22nd Congressional District of New York.[1] He received the Republican and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

Hanna graduated Reed College with honors in economics and political science. Prior to beginning his congressional career, he started his own company, Hanna Construction.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Hanna is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.


Hanna was born in Utica, New York. He earned a B.A. from Reed College in 1976.[3]


Prior to his political career, Hannah founded Hanna Construction, which "grew to employ more than 450 people – many from the construction trades – and successfully complete a myriad of multi-million dollar commercial and municipal projects in Upstate New York."[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Hanna serves on the following committees:[5]

Joint Economic Committee


Hanna served on the following committees:[6]

  • Transportation and Infrastructure Committee
    • Subcommittee on Highways and Transit (Vice Chair)
    • Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management
    • Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials
  • Education and the Workforce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education
    • Subcommittee on Higher Education and Workforce Training
    • Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions
  • Small Business Committee
    • Subcommittee on Healthcare and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Tax, and Capital Access
    • Subcommittee on Investigations, Oversight, and Regulations

Key votes

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Hanna's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security


Yea3.png Hanna voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Hanna voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.pngHanna voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Hanna voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]


Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Hanna voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[11] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[12]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[13] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[14] Hanna voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[15]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[16] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Hanna voted for HR 2775.[17]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Hanna supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[18] The vote largely followed party lines.[19]


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Hanna supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[20]

Social issues

House vote on abortion ban

Nay3.png On June 18, 2013, the House voted 228-196, mostly along party lines, to approve a ban on late-term abortions, or abortions occurring after 20 weeks of pregnancy[21][22] A number of members crossed over party lines in their votes. The vote was largely symbolic as the Senate is not expected to take up the bill and the White House has threatened to veto the legislation.[23] Hanna was one of six Republican members who voted against the ban.

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[24] Hanna joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[25][26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Hanna voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]


On The Issues Vote Match

Richard Hanna's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Hanna is a Moderate Libertarian Conservative. Hanna received a score of 47 percent on social issues and 63 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Neutral
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[28]

Political positions

In 2012, the American Conservative Union rated Hanna the lowest in their ranking of House Republicans' voting records based on adherence to Conservative values.[30]



See also: New York's 22nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Hanna is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 22nd District. Hanna won the Republican nomination and also ran unopposed for the Independence Party nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 22 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRichard Hanna Incumbent 53.5% 16,119
Claudia Tenney 46.5% 14,000
Total Votes 30,119
Source: New York State Board of Elections - Official Election Results


Hanna has been endorsed by the following:


Hannah released the first ad for his 2014 re-election campaign on May 6, 2014.[32]

Richard Hanna 2014 campaign ad


See also: New York's 24th Congressional District elections, 2012

Hanna ran for re-election in 2012 on the Republican and Conservative tickets.[33] He defeated Michael Kicinski Sr. in the June 26 Republican primary.[34] Hanna was re-elected in November.[35]

Hanna had the obvious advantage of being an incumbent, along with having campaign funds far exceeding those of any competitors.[36]

Kicinski, who founded a local Tea Party group, said that Hanna had not made good on his campaign promises to reduce the budget and uphold the debt limit.[37] Kicinski supported more immediate changes, while Hanna had worked toward 20- or 30-year plans.[37] Kicinski also pledged not to raise the debt ceiling, while he said Hanna voted three times to raise the debt ceiling.[38]

Neither candidate supported federal subsidies for wind energy, and both supported hydrofracking, a controversial method of extracting oil and natural gas, although Kicinski said he would only support it if done responsibly. Both opposed the nationalized health care bill known as Obamacare, but Hanna saw some good parts of the bill, particularly those requiring coverage for pre-existing conditions.[37]

Kicinski was endorsed by two state pro-life groups.[39][40] Hanna, who was backed by the Conservative Party in his 2010 takeover of a Democratic-held seat, failed to receive the Conservative endorsement in 2012 due to his moderate voting record. Hanna stated, "I think both parties are owned by their extremes.... So, someplace the solutions are going to come out of that 70, 80 percent of people who don't fit those outer places."[41]

U.S. House, New York District 22 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRichard Hanna Incumbent 56.4% 157,941
     Democratic Dan Lamb 36.4% 102,080
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 7.2% 20,168
Total Votes 280,189
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S. House, New York District 22 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRichard Hanna Incumbent 70.7% 9,806
Michael Kicinski 29.3% 4,069
Total Votes 13,875

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Hanna attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Hanna is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Hanna raised a total of $3,453,885 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[43]

Richard Hanna's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 22) Won $1,071,314
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 24) Won $1,289,710
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 24) Won $1,092,861
Grand Total Raised $3,453,885

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Individual breakdown


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Hanna’s reports.[44]

Richard Hanna (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[45]April 15, 2013$37,025.30$29,563.39$(33,450.14)$33,138.55
July Quarterly[46]July 15, 2013$33,138.55$237,268.37$(49,831.41)$220,575.51
October Quarterly[47]October 14, 2013$220,575.51$64,729.18$(45,592.25)$239,712.44
Year-End Quarterly[48]December 31, 2013$239,712$61,100$(18,413)$523,438
April Quarterly[49]April 15, 2014$523,438.61$123,814.63$(62,829.66)$584,423.58
Running totals


Hanna won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Hanna's campaign committee raised a total of $1,071,315 and spent $854,032.[50]

Cost per vote

Hanna spent $5.41 per vote received in 2012.


Hanna was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,289,710 and spent $1,260,258.[51]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Hanna's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $14,367,153 and $41,710,000. That averages to $28,038,576.50, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Hanna ranked as the 356th most wealthy representative in 2012.[52] Between 2009 and 2012, Hanna's calculated net worth[53] increased by an average of 6 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[54]

Richard Hanna Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:18%
Average annual growth:6%[55]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[56]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Hanna received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Securities & Investment industry.

From 2007-2014, 19.95 percent of Hanna's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[57]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Richard Hanna Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $4,591,284
Total Spent $3,931,948
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$242,200
Leadership PACs$217,831
General Contractors$201,262
Lawyers/Law Firms$113,245
% total in top industry5.28%
% total in top two industries10.02%
% total in top five industries19.95%


Ideology and voting

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Hanna is a "centrist Republican" as of August 2014.[58] Hanna was rated as a "rank-and-file Republican" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Hanna most often votes with:

Hanna least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Hanna missed 150 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014. This amounts to 5.5 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Hanna paid his congressional staff a total of $762,404 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Hanna ranked 201st in the liberal rankings in 2013.[61] Though Republican, Hanna scored higher in the liberal rankings than in the conservative rankings.


Hanna ranked 211th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[62]


Hanna ranked 198th in the liberal rankings in 2011. Though Republican, Hanna scored higher in the liberal rankings than in the conservative rankings.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Hanna voted with the Republican Party 88.4 percent of the time, which ranked 217th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[64]


Hanna voted with the Republican Party 87.3 percent of the time, which ranked 219th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]


Hanna is a licensed pilot with high performance and sea plane certifications. Hanna and his wife, Kim, live in Barneveld, New York, and have two children.[4]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Richard + Hanna + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Richard Hanna News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Political Tracker has an article on:
Richard Hanna


  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HANNA, Richard, (1951 - )"
  4. 4.0 4.1 U.S. Representative Richard Hanna, Proudly Serving New York's 24th District, "Biography"
  5., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. U.S. Representative Richard Hanna, Proudly Serving New York's 24th District, "Committees"
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Hanna's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 10, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Vote Smart, "Hanna on agriculture," accessed October 10, 2013
  12. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  13. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  17. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Hanna's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 10, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Hanna's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 10, 2013
  21. CNN, "House passes late term abortion ban," accessed June 20, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "June 18 Roll Call Vote," accessed June 20, 2013
  23. Politico, "House OKs 20-week abortion ban bill," accessed June 20, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Richard Hanna Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  30. Herkimer Telegram, "Minor party lines mostly absent in 22nd Congressional race," May 31, 2012
  31. NY State of Politics, "NRA Backs Hanna For Re-Election," accessed May 8, 2014
  32. NY State of Politics, "Hanna’s First TV Ad: ‘Home’," accessed May 8, 2014
  33. WBNG, "Hanna Opens His Door," accessed January 5, 2012
  34. AP/CSPAN "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012
  35. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  36. Little Falls Times, "Hanna leads congressional fundraising in new 22nd District," accessed June 19, 2012
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Oneida Dispatch, "Hanna, Kicinski vie for 22nd Congressional District GOP bid," accessed June 20, 2012
  38. News Channel 34, "Kicinski Says "No New Debt Limit," accessed June 21, 2012 (dead link)
  39. Utica Observer-Dispatch, "NYS Right To Life Committee endorses Kicinski," June 11, 2012
  40. Utica Observer-Dispatch, "Kicinski endorsed by pro-life PAC," June 20, 2012
  41. Central NY YNN, "Hanna faces challenging race," accessed May 22, 2012
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Richard Hanna" March 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hanna Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hanna April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hanna July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hanna October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hanna Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Richard Hanna April Quarterly," accessed April 28, 2014
  50. Open Secrets, "Richard Hanna 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Richard L Hanna 2010 Election Data," accessed December 24, 2011
  52., "Richard Hanna (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  53. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  54. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  55. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  56. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  57., "Rep. Richard Hanna," accessed September 26, 2014
  58. 58.0 58.1 GovTrack, "Richard Hanna," accessed August 12, 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Richard Hanna," accessed August 12, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Richard L. Hanna," accessed October 1, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 12, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Maurice Hinchey
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 22
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Michael Arcuri
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 24
Succeeded by
Dan Maffei