Rob Andrews

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Rob Andrews
Rob Andrews.jpeg
U.S. House, New Jersey, District 1
Former Representative
In office
November 6, 1990-February 2014
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJim Florio (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$6.89 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 1990
Campaign $$9,853,373
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Camden County Board of Chosen Freeholders
1986-1990
Education
High schoolTriton High School
Bachelor'sBucknell University
J.D.Cornell University
Personal
BirthdayAugust 4, 1957
Place of birthCamden, New Jersey
ProfessionAttorney, Professor
Net worth$814,004
ReligionEpiscopalian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Robert Ernest "Rob" Andrews (b. August 4, 1957, in Camden, NJ) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey. Andrews was elected by voters from New Jersey's 1st Congressional District. Andrews ran for re-election in 2012 and won.[1]

Andrews resigned from Congress in February 2014 to take a job with the Dilworth Paxson law firm, a prominent firm in Philadelphia.[2][3][4] On February 28, 2014, governor Chris Christie announced that there would be a special election to fill the seat, which would take place on November 4, 2014.[5]

Andrews was under investigation by the House Ethics Committee, after allegations were made in 2012 that he used funds from his re-election campaign to pay for a trip to Scotland for his family.[4] Andrews maintained that his decision to resign was unrelated to these investigations.[6]

Biography

Andrews was born in Camden, New Jersey. He graduated with a B.S. from Bucknell University in 1975, and earned his J.D. from Cornell Law School in 1979.[7]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Andrews' academic, professional and political career:[8][7]

  • 1975: Graduated from Triton High School, Runnemede, NJ
  • 1979: Earned B.S. from Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA
  • 1982: Earned J.D. from Cornell Law School, Ithaca, NY
  • 1986-1990: Camden County chosen freeholder
  • 1988-1990: Camden County freeholder director
  • 1990-2014: U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 1st Congressional District
  • 2014-Present: Head of government affairs at the Dilworth Paxson law firm[9]

Prior to his congressional career, Andrews worked as an attorney and adjunct professor at Rutgers University School of Law.[10]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Andrews served on the following committees:[11]

2011-2012

Andrews served on the following committees:[12]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[13] For more information pertaining to Andrews's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[14]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Andrews supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[15]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Andrews voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[15]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Andrews voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[15]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Andrews voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[16] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[15]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Nay3.png Andrews voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[17] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[18]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Andrews voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Andrews voted for HR 2775.[22]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Andrews voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Andrews has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[25]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Andrews voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Andrews voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Rob Andrews' Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Andrews is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Andrews received a score of 68 percent on social issues and 18 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Neutral
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[28]

Campaign finance investigation

In 2012, Andrews faced an FEC investigation over his use of campaign funds, some of which he spent on seemingly non-campaign-related travel and a speeding ticket, among other things.[30][31][4]

According to the congressional ethics office, Andrews may have violated federal law by using campaign funds to pay for personal trips to Scotland and Los Angeles and by using a graduation party for his daughter to raise money for his campaign.[32]

The report stated that Andrews, "refused to provide requested documents" and released credit card statements "after making significant redactions." Andrews denied charges, stating, "the record will show that I have followed all rules and met all standards of the House."[33]

On March 19, 2013, the House Ethics Committee advanced the investigation by appointing an investigative panel to further examine the allegations. Such a panel had the power to compel testimony through subpoenas, and was charged with thoroughly investigating the legislator in question before the House Ethics Committee decided whether to dismiss the case, or to punish any non-compliance that may have been be found.[33]The chairman of the Andrews investigative subcommittee was Trey Gowdy (R-S.C.) with Del. Pedro Pierluisi (D-Puerto Rico) serving as its ranking member.[34]

On May 28, 2014, the complaint was dismissed.[35] The committee admitted that Andrews had likely used funds for purposes unrelated to his campaign, but the decision stated, "Given the fact that Andrews reimbursed the Committee and Committee to Strengthen America for the expenses incurred by the Andrews family during the trip prior to receiving notice from the Commission of the Complaint filed in this matter, the Commission, in consideration of Commission resources, exercises its prosecutorial discretion and dismisses the allegations."[36]

Elections

2014

See also: New Jersey's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

Andrews resigned from Congress in February 2014 to take a job with a prominent Philadelphia law firm.[3][4] His resignation forced a special election for his seat.[4][5]

He was under investigation by the House Ethics Committee, after allegations were made in 2012 that he used funds from his re-election campaign to pay for a trip to Scotland for his family.[4]

2012

See also: New Jersey's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Andrews ran for re-election in 2012.[37] He defeated Francis Tenaglio in the Democratic primary and defeated Republican Greg Horton in the November general election.[38][39]

U.S. House, New Jersey District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngRob Andrews Incumbent 68.2% 210,470
     Republican Greg Horton 30% 92,459
     Green John William Reitter 1.4% 4,413
     Independent Margaret Chapman 0.4% 1,177
Total Votes 308,519
Source: New Jersey Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, New Jersey District 1 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRobert Andrews Incumbent 88.4% 21,318
Francis Tenaglio 11.6% 2,797
Total Votes 24,115

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Andrews is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Andrews raised a total of $11,558,765 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 18, 2013.[50]

Rob Andrews's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $1,510,757
2010 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $1,455,172
2008 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $3,629,256
2006 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $2,218,353
2004 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $1,039,835
2002 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $821,172
2000 US House (New Jersey, District 1) Won $884,220
Grand Total Raised $11,558,765

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below were Andrews' reports before he announced his resignation.[51]

Rob Andrews (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[52]April 15, 2013$491,519.32$76,647.97$(230,008.34)$338,158.95
July Quarterly[53]July 15, 2013$338,158.95$288,842.01$(135,749.10)$491,251.86
October Quarterly[54]October 15, 2013$491,251.86$187,782.51$(168,613.17)$510,421.20
Year-End Quarterly[55]December 31, 2013$510,421$213,235$(91,188)$567,375
Running totals
$766,507.49$(625,558.61)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Andrews' campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Andrews won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Andrews' campaign committee raised a total of $1,510,757 and spent $1,449,947.[56]

Cost per vote

Andrews spent $6.89 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Andrews' campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Andrews was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,455,172 and spent $1,293,841.[57]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Andrews' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $483,008 and $1,145,000. That averages to $814,004, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Andrews ranked as the 228th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58] Between 2004 and 2012, Andrews' calculated net worth[59] increased by an average of 14 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[60]

Rob Andrews Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$380,544
2012$814,004
Growth from 2004 to 2012:114%
Average annual growth:14%[61]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[62]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Andrews received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 1989-2014, 24.83 percent of Andrews' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[63]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Rob Andrews Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $16,192,082
Total Spent $15,248,865
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$1,524,512
Education$774,085
Health Professionals$653,355
Building Trade Unions$564,123
Insurance$504,851
% total in top industry9.42%
% total in top two industries14.2%
% total in top five industries24.83%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Andrews was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014.[64] This was the same rating Andrews received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Andrews most often voted with:

Andrews least often voted with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Andrews missed 846 of 15,066 roll call votes from January 1991 to February 2014. This amounted to 5.6 percent, which was worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[64]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Andrews paid his congressional staff a total of $816,097 in 2011. Overall, New Jersey ranked 42nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[66]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Andrews was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Andrews's staff was given an apparent $14,629.66 in bonus money.[67]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Andrews ranked 84th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[68]

2012

Andrews ranked 118th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[69]

2011

Andrews ranked 120th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[70]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2013

Andrews voted with the Democratic Party 96.2 percent of the time, which ranked 25th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[71]

Personal

Andrews is married to Camille Spinello Andrews, Associate Dean of Enrollment and Projects at Rutgers School of Law in Camden and Managing Director at Context Capital Partners. The Andrews have two daughters, Jackie and Josie. The Andrews family lives in Haddon Heights. While he was a member of Congress, Andrews did not keep an apartment in Washington, D.C. but instead commuted each day by train.[8]

Andrews lists his religious affiliation as Episcopalian.[72]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Rob + Andrews + New Jersey + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Rob Andrews News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Robert Andrews


References

  1. Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  2. Politico, "Rob Andrews to resign," accessed February 4, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Philly.com, "Source: Rob Andrews to leave Congress," accessed February 4, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Roll Call, "New Jersey’s Rob Andrews to Resign From Congress (Updated)," accessed February 4, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 State of New Jersey Department of State, "Writ of Election," accessed March 27, 2014
  6. NJ Spotlight, "U.S. Rep. Rob Andrews Resigns, State Sen. Donald Norcross Will Seek Seat," accessed March 27, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "ANDREWS, Robert Ernest, (1957 - )," accessed October 15, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 1st District of New Jersey, Congressman Robert E. Andrews, "Biography," accessed November 27, 2011
  9. Philly, "Rob Andrews to leave Congress," accessed October 15, 2014
  10. OpenSecrets, "Andrews, Robert E," accessed October 15, 2014
  11. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  12. 1st District of New Jersey, Congressman Robert E. Andrews, "Committee Assignments," accessed November 27, 2011
  13. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rob Andrews' Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 30, 2013
  16. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "Andrews on agriculture," accessed September 30, 2013
  18. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rob Andrews' Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 30, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rob Andrews' Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 30, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Andrews on abortion," accessed September 30, 2013
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Rob Andrews Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  30. New Jersey Star-Ledger, "U.S. congressman under fire for campaign expenses turns to high-powered law firm," accessed April 17, 2012
  31. CBS Philly, "Rep. Andrews Says He’ll Open Books For Election Spending Probe," accessed December 5, 2011
  32. The Washington Post, "Report offers new details in campaign fund ethics probe of Rep. Rob Andrews," accessed August 31, 2012
  33. 33.0 33.1 NYTimes.com, "House Ethics Panel Finds Cause to Investigate 2 Lawmakers," accessed March 20, 2013
  34. Thehill.com, "Ethics Committee investigating Dem leader, Alaskan Republican," accessed March 20, 2013
  35. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, "FEC Decision on Rob Andrews," accessed July 30, 2014
  36. NJ.com, "Complaint against Rob Andrews for alleged misuse of campaign funds is dismissed," accessed July 30, 2014
  37. phillyBurbs, "New congressional map favors Runyan," accessed December 24, 2011
  38. WYNC, "Live! NJ Election Results," accessed June 5, 2012
  39. New Jersey Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results," accessed July 27, 2012
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Rob Andrews," accessed April 18, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Andrews 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2014
  52. FEC, "Rob Andrews," accessed July 22, 2012
  53. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2012
  54. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2012
  55. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  56. Open Secrets, "Rob Andrews 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "Rob Andrews 2010 Election Data," accessed November 26, 2011
  58. Open Secrets, "Rob Andrews (D-NJ), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  60. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  62. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  63. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Robert E. Andrews," accessed September 25, 2014
  64. 64.0 64.1 GovTrack, "Rob Andrews," accessed July 30, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Rob Andrews," accessed July 30, 2014
  66. LegiStorm, "Robert E. Andrews," accessed October 8, 2012
  67. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  68. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 30, 2014
  69. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013
  70. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  71. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  72. The Pew Forum, "The religious affiliation of each member of Congress," accessed October 15, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Florio
U.S. House of Representatives - New Jersey District 1
1990-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Camden County Board of Chosen Freeholders
1986-1990
Succeeded by
'