Rufus Wheeler Peckham

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Rufus Wheeler Peckham
Rufus Wheeler Peckham cph.3b30513.jpg
Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Justice
Position:   Seat #4
Appointed by:   Grover Cleveland
Active:   12/9/1895-10/24/1909
Preceded by:   Howell Edmunds Jackson
Succeeded by:   Horace Harmon Lurton
Past post:   State of New York Court of Appeals
Past term:   1886-1895
Past post 2:   Supreme Court of the State of New York
Past term 2:   1883-1886
Personal History
Born:   November 8, 1838
Hometown:   Albany, NY
Deceased:   October 24, 1909
Law School:   Read law, 1859

Rufus Wheeler Peckham (1838-1909) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He joined the court in 1895 after a nomination from President Grover Cleveland. He served until his death on October 24, 1909. Prior to joining the court, he was a justice on the State of New York Court of Appeals.[1]

Peckham was one of six justices nominated to the court by President Cleveland, though only four were confirmed. He served during The Fuller Court.[2]


Peckham received his legal education by reading law.[1]

Professional career

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Peckham was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Grover Cleveland on December 3, 1895, to a seat vacated by Justice Howell Edmunds Jackson. He was confirmed by the Senate on December 9, 1895, and received commission that same day. He served until his death on October 24, 1909.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Justice Horace Harmon Lurton.

Notable cases

Author: Rufus Wheeler Peckham

Vote Count: 5-4

Majority Justices: Brewer, McKenna, Brown, Fuller

Minority Justices: Harlan I, White, Day, Holmes

Lochner v. New York (1905)

In 1897, New York passed the Bakeshop Act, which said “no employee shall be ... permitted to work in a biscuit, bread, or cake bakery or confectionery establishment more than sixty hours in any one week.” When the owner of Lochner’s Home Bakery, Joseph Lochner, was fined $50.00 and sentenced to jail time of fifty days until he paid the fine for allowing an employee to work over sixty hours, he appealed to the New York Court of Appeals. On April 17, 1905, the Supreme Court issued a 5-4 ruling stating that freedom to contract was protected by the Fourteenth Amendment's substantive due process clause.[3]

See also

External links


Political offices
Preceded by:
Howell Edmunds Jackson
Supreme Court
Seat #4
Succeeded by:
Horace Harmon Lurton