School choice in New York
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|School choice state information|
New York has the sixth highest private school attendance rate in the United States. Other school choice options in the state include charter schools, homeschooling, online learning and voluntary inter-district public school open enrollment.
Educational choice options
- See also: Charter schools in New York
Charter schools in New York are publicly funded and open to all students via an admissions lottery. The schools are governed by a nonprofit board of trustees. Unlike state public schools, charter schools can design their own educational programs. During the 2012-2013 school year, New York had 209 charter schools.
Charter school authorizers are, according to the National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NACSA), the organizations "designated to approve, monitor, renew, and, if necessary, close charter schools." As of June 2014, the organizations in the following table were listed by NACSA as charter school authorizers in New York:
|New York charter school authorizers|
|Organization||Authorizer type||Number of schools overseen|
|Buffalo Public Schools||Local education agency||2|
|New York City Chancellor's Office||Local education agency||69|
|New York State Education Department||State education agency||45|
|State University of New York Charter Schools Institute||Higher education institution||102|
| Note: If the total number of charter schools accounted for in this table differs from the total number listed elsewhere on this page, the discrepancy owes to differing calculation methods and data sources.|
Source: National Association of Charter School Authorizers, "New York Charter Authorizers," accessed June 18, 2014
Magnet schools, sometimes called theme-based schools, are public schools of choice that use a specialized subject area or innovative learning approach to attract students from more diverse backgrounds. In fact, magnet schools began as a way to desegregate public schools through choice rather than force. Magnet schools can reach beyond the barriers of school districts, but they are still managed and funded publicly by local districts, even though they are centered around specialized themes and subjects.
According to the education website PublicSchoolReview.com, referred to hereafter as PSR, New York had about 115 magnet schools serving 74,514 students as of December 2014. The PSR site does not cite the date this data was taken from or the agency from which it was obtained. The National Center for Education Statistics, the national organization that was used to corroborate the data from other states, explains that New York did not meet reporting standards and left out at least 20 percent of schools and students in the state.
An estimated 82,588 students were home-schooled in New York during the 2012-2013 school year, which represented approximately 2.67 percent of all students in the state.
In order to homeschool their children in New York, parents and guardians must file written notice to the superintendent of schools in their school district by July 1 every year the children will be educated at home. The school district will then send the parents an individualized home instruction plan (IHIP) form for each child that will be taught at home. The parents must then send the completed forms back to the school district within four weeks. The IHIP form must contain the child's name, age and grade level, a syllabus, a list of curriculum materials, the names of individuals providing instruction and a statement that the child will be meeting compulsory educational requirements.
In New York, full-time online schools are prohibited by law. Though there are no fully online schools in the state, students do have online and blended learning options through the Board of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) and through some district-developed programs.
In the 2011-2012 school year 408,520 students, or 15.12 percent of school age children, were enrolled in 1,725 private schools. New York ranks sixth highest in the United States in private school attendance.
Public school open enrollment
New York has a voluntary inter-district public school open enrollment policy.
Education ballot measures
Ballotpedia has tracked no statewide ballot measures relating to school choice in New York.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "New York + Education + Choice"
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- New York state budget and finances
- New York Department of Education
- Charter schools in New York
- New York school districts
- New York
- Education Policy in the U.S.
- New York State Education Department
- New York State Board of Regents
- New York State School Boards Association
- New York Charter Schools
- New York Education Budget
- New York Education Audit Reports
- New York Public School Ratings by PSK12
- New York Public School Ratings by Great Schools
- New York State Education Department, "What is a Charter School?," accessed September 10, 2009
- National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, "Total Number of Schools: 2012-2013 New York," accessed June 25, 2014
- National Association of Charter School Authorizers, "New York Charter Authorizers," accessed June 18, 2014
- Public School Review, "What is a magnet school?" accessed December 9, 2014
- Magnet Schools of America, "What are magnet schools?" accessed December 9, 2014
- Public School Review, "New York public magnet schools," accessed December 17, 2014
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Number of operating public elementary and secondary schools, by school type," accessed December 17, 2014
- A2Z Home's Cool - Home Education from A to Z, "How Many Homeschoolers in America?" updated February 3, 2014
- A2Z Home's Cool - Home Education from A to Z, "New York Home School Laws," accessed June 25, 2014
- Keeping Pace with K-12 Online & Blended Learning, "Data & Information: New York," accessed June 25, 2014
- U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Private School Universe Survey (PSS)", 2011-12 ; "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey", 2011-12 v.1a; "State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey", 2011-12 v.1a.," accessed May 12, 2014
- Education Commission of the States, "50-State Analysis," accessed June 25, 2014
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