Signature requirements for ballot measures in Nevada
|Laws • History|
|List of measures|
Proponents must collect signatures equal to 10% of the total votes cast in last general election. Nevada does not require a higher percentage for constitutional amendments than it requires for statutory initiatives, veto referendums, or statute affirmations.
|Year||Amendment||Statute||Veto referendum||Statute affirmation|
Basis for calculation
- See also: Distribution requirements
Under Nevada's distribution requirement, proponents must collect signatures equal to 10% of the total votes cast in last general election in each of the state's congressional districts. Nevada's current rule developed in response to several legal challenges.
In 2006, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the state's "13 counties rule" was unconstitutional in ACLU v. Lomax. The rule required that initiative petitions be signed by a number of registered voters equal to 10% of the total votes cast in the preceding general election in each of 13 of Nevada's 17 counties. The court found that it was unconstitutional because it diluted the preferences of residents of densely populated counties.
In 2007, the Nevada State Legislature passed Nevada Senate Bill 549. SB 549 tweaked the previous distribution requirement by requiring these signatures from all of the state's 17 counties. The law did implement a formula to adjust the county requirement for county populations, but the formula only compensated for differences in the percentage of the population which voted--not for differences in population density or other factors. The American Civil Liberties Union challenged the new law in February of 2008 and succeeded in having the US District Court for Nevada overturn the law in Marijuana Policy Project v. Miller.
In 2009, the Nevada State Legislature passed Senate Bill 212. The law created the existing requirement, but gave it a sunset date of July 1, 2011. The bill required the Legislature to establish petition districts for use after that date. On July 13, 2011, the Governor of Nevada, Brian Sandoval (R), signed Senate Bill 133 which retained congressional districts as the basis of the distribution requirement.
- To recall an elected official in Nevada, 25% of registered voters who lives in the district represented by the officeholder being recalled are required.
- At the end of 2010, there are 1,139,406 voters that have an active registration on file with the Secretary of State.
- In order to recall a statewide officer 284,852 signatures are required.
- See also: Petition drive deadlines, 2014
- For an indirect initiated state statute to be placed on the 2012 ballot, all petitions had to be submitted to the Secretary of State by November 9, 2010. An initiated constitutional amendment however, required signature petitions to be submitted by August 8, 2012. To qualify a veto referendum signatures were required by July 9, 2012..
- For a proposed amendment, the signature filing deadline for the November 2010 ballot was June 15, 2010. All signatures were required to be submitted to county clerks/registrars. County clerks then had to verify and submit the signatures to the secretary of state by no later than August 4, 2010. For an initiated state statute, the signature filing deadline was 30 days before the 2010 session of the state legislature began in January 2010.
- Nevada Secretary of State, "Voter Turnout Report"
- Nevada Secretary of State, "2010 Voter Registration Statistics"
- Nevada Secretary of State, "2014 Initiative Dates," accessed December 27, 2013
- Nevada Secretary of State, "Important 2010 Initiative Dates"
- Nevada Secretary of State, "Important 2010 Initiative Dates," accessed June 1, 2010
State of Nevada
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