Signature requirements for ballot measures in Ohio
|Laws • History|
|List of measures|
For constitutional amendments, petitioners must submit signatures equal to 10% of the votes cast for governor in the most recent election.
For statutes, signatures equaling 3% of these votes must be submitted in order to place the proposal before the Ohio State Legislature. If the legislature fails to enact the proposed legislation, additional signatures equaling 3% of the last gubernatorial vote must be collected in order to place the measure the ballot. Put simply, if initiative sponsors believe that the legislature will not enact their proposed law, they should plan to collect signatures equaling 6% of the last gubernatorial vote.
Veto referendums also require 6%. In addition, every type of measure requires 1000 preliminary signatures with the initial filing.
|Year||Initial signatures||Initiated amendment||Initiated statute Round 1||Initiated statute Round 2||Veto referendum|
Basis for calculation
- In 2006, 4,022,754 votes were cast for the Office of Governor.
- See also: Distribution requirement
- For a constitutional amendment, signatures must be gathered from 44 of Ohio's 88 counties. From each of these 44 counties, signatures must equal 5% of the vote cast for governor in that county in the last election.
- The signatures for an initiated statute must come from at least 44 of 88 counties as well. Signatures equaling 1.5% of the vote cast for governor in each of 44 counties must be collected. If the legislature does not enact the proposed law, then signatures equaling 1.5% of the vote cast for governor in each of 44 counties must be collected in the supplemental signature-gathering phase.
- Signatures for a veto referendum must also be from 44 of Ohio's 88 counties, and signatures equal to 3% of the votes cast for governor must be from each of those 44 counties.
- See also: Laws governing recall in Ohio
ORC §705.92, which allows the recall of elected officials of cities, counties, townships, villages and other municipal corporations in the state, calls for signatures equalling "15% of the total votes cast at the most recent regular municipal election" to force a recall election.
- See also: Petition drive deadlines, 2014
The filing deadline for constitutional amendments and statutes proposed by initiative petitions is July 2, 2014.
- For a statute, the first round of signatures had to be filed at least ten days before the 2012 session of the Ohio General Assembly begins on the first Monday in January (January 2, 2012). This made the first filing deadline December 23, 2011. If the legislature does not act on the proposal as submitted, a second round of signatures were required to be filed 125 days before the general election or July 4, 2012. For a constitutional amendment, the deadline was July 4, 2012 (125 days before the general election).
- For a statute, the first round of signatures had to be filed at least ten days before the 2011 session of the Ohio General Assembly begins (This was the first Monday in January, or January 3, 2011). The recommended deadline was December 24, 2010. If the legislature does not act on the proposal as submitted, a second round of signatures must be filed 125 days before the general election or July 6, 2011. For a constitutional amendment, the deadline is also July 6, 2011 (125 days before the general election).
The signature filing deadlines for the November 2010 ballot were:
- June 30, 2010 for a constitutional amendment.
- For a statute, signatures had to be filed ten days before the 2010 session of the Ohio State Legislature began, which was on the first Monday in January 2010, or January 4. The recommended filing deadline was December 23, 2009.
- For a veto referendum, signatures had to be filed within ninety (90) days after the law or section of law to be referred had been filed with the Secretary of State by the Governor and any petition that was filed within that window of opportunity, but 125 days before the next election, would go on the next general election ballot that occurred over a year later.
- Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Ohio
- Laws governing the initiative process in Ohio
- States where signature requirements are based on votes cast for governor
- Petition drive deadlines, 2009
- Petition drive deadlines, 2010
- Procedures for statewide ballot issues, from the Ohio Secretary of State
- Procedure for an initiated statute
- Procedure for an initiated amendment
- Procedure for a veto referendum
- NCSL signature chart for 2008
- Ohio signature requirements collated by the Citizens in Charge Foundation
- Ohio Secretary of State, "2010 Election Results-Governor/Lt. Governor"
- Governor of Ohio's Race % chart for 2006
- ORC §705.92
- Ohio Secretary of State, "2014 Election Calendar," accessed December 27, 2013
- Confirmed via telephone with OH SOS, 21 Jan. 2011
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