Governor of South Dakota
|South Dakota Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$48,426,683|
|Term limits:||Two consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||South Dakota Constitution, Article IV, Section I|
|Assumed office:||January 8, 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other South Dakota Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Commissioner of School and Public Lands • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Duties
- 6 Elections
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 History
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of February 2015, South Dakota is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Under Article IV, Section I:
The executive power of the state is vested in the Governor.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for the office of the governor must be:
- a citizen of the United States
- at least 21 years old
- a resident of South Dakota for at least two years as of the election
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article IV, Section 6.
Any time the Governor dies, resigns, is removed or convicted, the Lieutenant Governor succeeds to office with the full powers and duties of the Governor.
If the Governor is absent or unable to discharge the office, the Lieutenant Governor serves as Governor until the disability is removed or for the residue of the term.
In matters of determining that the Governor is continuously absent or unable to discharge for the office, the Supreme Court of South Dakota shall have "original and exclusive jurisdiction."
The governor serves as a spokesman for the state, oversees the executive branch, appoints the members of his cabinet, is the commander-in-chief of the South Dakota National Guard, and may grant pardons to those convicted of criminal offenses under state law, except in cases of treason and impeachment (§ 3).
He is also actively involved in the legislative process. He may introduce legislation and has the power to veto bills passed by the legislature (§ 4).
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Commissioning all offices of the state (§ 3)
- Requiring written information from any state officer on any aspect of her office and duties (§ 3)
- Addressing the General Assembly at the beginning of each regular session and at other times she deems necessary on the state of the state and making recommendations for legislation (§ 3)
- Convening special sessions of the legislature or of either chamber alone (§ 3)
- Making changes in the organization of "offices, boards, commissions, agencies and instrumentalities, and in allocation of their functions, powers and duties, as he considers necessary for efficient administration" (§ 8)
- Acting as supervisor of each principle department in the executive branch and appointing the executive to each department (§ 9)
- Appointing all offices not otherwise provided for, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and making interim appointments when the Senate is in recess (§ 9)
South Dakota elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For South Dakota, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Tuesday after the first Monday in the January following an election.
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota, 2014|
|Republican||Dennis Daugaard/Matthew Michels Incumbent||70.5%||195,477|
|Democratic||Susan Wismer/Susan Blake||25.4%||70,549|
|Indpendent||Mike Myers/Lora Hubbel||4.1%||11,377|
|Election Results via South Dakota Secretary of State.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
South Dakota governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|Commencing with the 1974 general election, no person shall be elected to more than two consecutive terms as Governor...|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2002 for the office of Governor/Lt. Governor of South Dakota, Click [show] to expand the section.
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of South Dakota has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: South Dakota state budget and finances
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in June and July of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
- Agency hearings are held in September and October.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in December.
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in March. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The fiscal year begins July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2013 was $48,426,683.
See statutes: SD Codified L § 3-8-2.1 (2014)
The governor's annual compensation is set by Title 3, Chapter 8, Section 2 (§ 3-8-2.1) of the South Dakota Codified Laws and it may not be raised or diminished effective during his term in office, pursuant to Article XII, Section 3 of the South Dakota Constitution.
As is the case for all of South Dakota's elected executives, the governor's base salary is subject to annual rate increases under the General Appropriations Act for each corresponding year.
In 2013, the governor's salary was $100,972.
In 2010, the Governor of South Dakota was paid $115,331 a year, the 33rd highest gubernatorial salary in America.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1889-Present|
|1||Arthur Calvin Mellette||1889 - 1893||Republican|
|2||Charles Henry Sheldon||1893 - 1897||Republican|
|3||Andrew Ericson Lee||1897 - 1901||People's Party/Fusion Party|
|4||Charles N. Herreid||1901 - 1905||Republican|
|5||Samuel Harrison Elrod||1905 - 1907||Republican|
|6||Coe Isaac Crawford||1907 - 1909||Republican|
|7||Robert Scadden Vessey||1909 - 1913||Republican|
|8||Frank M. Byrne||1913 - 1917||Republican|
|9||Peter Norbeck||1917 - 1921||Republican|
|10||William Henry McMaster||1921 - 1925||Republican|
|11||Carl Gunderson||1925 - 1927||Republican|
|12||William John Bulow||1927 - 1931||Democratic|
|13||Warren Everett Green||1931 - 1933||Republican|
|14||Thomas Matthew Berry||1933 - 1937||Democratic|
|15||Leslie Jensen||1937 - 1939||Republican|
|16||Harlan John Bushfield||1939 - 1943||Republican|
|17||Merrell Quentin Sharpe||1943 - 1947||Republican|
|18||George T. Mickelson||1947 - 1951||Republican|
|19||Sigurd Anderson||1951 - 1955||Republican|
|20||Joseph Jacob Foss||1955 - 1959||Republican|
|21||Ralph E. Herseth||1959 - 1961||Democratic|
|22||Archie Gubbrud||1961 - 1965||Republican|
|23||Nils Andreas Boe||1965 - 1969||Republican|
|24||Frank Leroy Farrar||1969 - 1971||Republican|
|25||Richard Francis Kneip||1971 - 1978||Democratic|
|26||Harvey Wollman||1978 - 1979||Democratic|
|27||William J. Janklow||1978 - 1987||Republican|
|28||George S. Mickelson||1987 - 1993||Republican|
|29||Walter D. Miller||1993 - 1995||Republican|
|30||William J. Janklow||1995 – 2003||Republican|
|31||Mike Rounds||2003 - 2011||Republican|
|32||Dennis Daugaard||2011 – present||Republican|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
During every year from 1992-2013 there were Republican governors in office for South Dakota. South Dakota is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. South Dakota was under Republican trifectas for the final 19 years of the study.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the South Dakota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. For all but two years of the study, South Dakota had Republican trifectas. For over half the years of the study South Dakota was ranked in the top-10. Its best ranking, finishing 5th, occurred in 2010, and its worst, finishing 14th, occurred in 2000.
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Office of the Governor
500 E. Capitol Ave.
Pierre, SD 57501
- Governor of South Dakota, "About Dennis," accessed July 23, 2012
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- South Dakota Bureau Finance and Management, "Budget in Brief FY 2013," accessed April 8, 2013
- Justia.com, "2014 South Dakota Codified Laws: Title 3 - PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES: Chapter 08 - Compensation of Officers and Employees § 3-8-2.1: Adjustment of salaries of constitutional officers and judges," accessed February 24, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 8, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, " Former governors of South Dakota," accessed June 17, 2013
State of South Dakota
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Secretary of Education | Director of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources | Secretary of Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |