The South Dakota Native American Suffrage Referendum was on the November 4, 1890 ballot in South Dakota as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was defeated. The measure would have prohibited Native Americans who sustained tribal relations, received government support or held untaxable land in severality from voting in elections held under the state constitution.
| South Dakota Native American Suffrage (1890)|
|Yes|| 29,053|| 43.10%|
Election results via: South Dakota Political Almanac, Table 7. Results of Elections Concerning State Constitutional Amendments and Initiated and Referred Laws, 1889-1968
Text of measure
If the measure had been approved, the following text would have been added to the South Dakota Constitution.
|No Indian who sustains tribal relations, receives support in whole or in part from the government of the United States, or holds untaxable land in severalty, shall be permitted to vote at any election held under this constitution.
According to a historical article from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), there was confusion regarding the ballot language and many thought they were voting against it when they were actually voting for it.
Path to the ballot
- See also: Amending the South Dakota Constitution
The South Dakota State Legislature can refer a proposed amendment to the state's voters through a majority vote.
- ↑ South Dakota Political Almanac, "Table 7. Results of Elections Concerning State Constitutional Amendments and Initiated and Referred Laws, 1889-1968," accessed May 19, 2014
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Laws passed at the First Session of the Legislature of the State of South Dakota, "Chapter 43," accessed May 19, 2014
- ↑ Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- ↑ UCLA Social Sciences Division, "South Dakota Campaign, 1890," accessed May 16, 2014