Stanley Matthews

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Stanley Matthews
Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Justice
Position:   Seat #6
Appointed by:   James Garfield
Active:   5/12/1881-3/22/1889
Preceded by:   Noah Haynes Swayne
Succeeded by:   David Josiah Brewer
Personal History
Born:   July 21, 1824
Hometown:   Cincinnati, OH
Deceased:   March 22, 1889
Undergraduate:   Kenyon College, 1840
Law School:   Read law, 1842
Military service:   Twenty-third Ohio Infantry, 1861-1862
Fifty-first Ohio Volunteers, 1862-1863

Stanley Matthews (1824-1889) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He joined the court in 1881 after a nomination from President James Garfield. Matthews served the Supreme Court until his death on March 22, 1889. Prior to joining the court, he was a United States Senator from Ohio. [1]

Matthews was one of five justices nominated to the Supreme Court by President Garfield, though only one was confirmed. He served during The Waite Court and The Fuller Court.[2]


Matthews received an undergraduate degree from Kenyon College in 1840. He received his legal education by reading law.[1]

Military service

  • Lieutenant-Colonel, Twenty-third Ohio Infantry, 1861-1862
  • Colonel, Fifty-first Ohio Volunteers, 1862-1863[1]

Professional career

  • 1877-1881: United States Senator from Ohio
  • 1876: Counsel for Rutherford B. Hayes before electoral commission
  • 1863-1865: Judge, Ohio Superior Court, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1858-1861: U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Ohio
  • 1855-1857: Member, Ohio State Senate
  • 1851-1853: Judge, Hamilton County Court of Common Pleas, Ohio
  • 1848-1851: Clerk, Ohio State Legislature
  • 1844-1851: Attorney in private practice, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1842-1844: Editor, Tennessee Democrat
  • 1842-1844: Attorney in private practice, Columbia, Tennessee[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Matthews was nominated by President James Garfield on March 14, 1881, to fill the vacancy left by Justice Noah Haynes Swayne. He was confirmed by the Senate on May 12, 1881, and received commission that same day. He served until his death on March 22, 1889.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Justice David Josiah Brewer.

See also

External links


Political offices
Preceded by:
Noah Haynes Swayne
Supreme Court
Seat #6
Succeeded by:
David Josiah Brewer