Vote button trans.png
April's Project of the Month
It's spring time. It's primary election season!
Click here to find all the information you'll need to cast your ballot.




State Legislative Tracker: Hawaii legalizes same-sex marriage

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
SLP badge.png
Join Our Mailing List
Email:
For Email Marketing you can trust

Donate.png

November 18, 2013

Edited by Joel Williams
This week’s tracker includes a look at Hawaii's legalization of same-sex marriage.

Weekly highlight

Last week, Wisconsin ended its legislative session. Here is a brief look at issues making headlines across the country:

  • California: The four members of the Senate Rules Committee voted unanimously last week to strip two-term Sen. Ronald S. Calderon (D) of his committee assignments. The suspension comes less than a month after Calderon’s removal from the California Film Commission amid a federal investigation into allegations that the senator accepted more than $60,000 in bribe money from an undercover FBI agent posing as a film studio owner. Investigators are also looking into claims that Calderon accepted an additional $28,000 from a Long Beach hospital executive in exchange for his support of workers compensation legislation, according to an FBI affidavit posted by Al Jazeera America in October. In a filing with the Sacramento federal court, Calderon contends that the sealed FBI affidavit was purposely leaked to media sources after he refused to wear a wire in a sting operation targeting Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg and Sen. Kevin de León. "I am profoundly disappointed by the Senate Rules Committee decision to strip me of my committee assignments," Calderon said, noting that he has not been charged with any crime. The committee’s decision, he said, “sends a risky and unsuitable message regarding our fundamental constitutional rights and the presumption of innocence.” Calderon has also been removed from the California Latino Legislative Caucus’ executive board. Sen. Ricardo Lara, caucus chairman, said the decision was made “to protect the integrity of a distinguished caucus.” Lara said the allegations against Calderon, “threaten to overshadow our accomplishments and undermine the integrity of the caucus as a whole."[1][2][3]
  • Hawaii: Last week, the Tracker reported on the Illinois State Legislature passing a bill legalizing same-sex marriage. While the bill waits for a signature due Wednesday, Hawaii's legislature not only passed its own bill, but it was signed, challenged and upheld. Senate Bill 1, extending marriage rights to same-sex couples, passed by a Senate vote of 19-4 last Tuesday. Earlier in the month, the House voted 30-19 to pass an amended version. Gov. Neil Abercrombie (D), who called a special session in response to the nullification of the federal Defense of Marriage Act in June, signed the bill on Wednesday, proclaiming it to be in line with the state's welcoming nature. The law, which is estimated to bring $217 million in additional tourist revenue over the next three years, will permit the issue of marriage licenses beginning December 2. State representative Bob McDermott (R) immediately sought a temporary restraining order, arguing that a 1998 constitutional amendment allowing the legislature to ban same-sex marriage was intended to only permit the limitation of marriage, not expansion. Hawaii Attorney General David M. Louie (D) disagreed, as did circuit court judge Karl Sakamoto, who ruled Thursday that the legislature was allowed to pass the bill. The national marriage debate can be traced back to Hawaii, where two women attempted to marry in 1990; their legal challenge went to the Hawaii Supreme Court, which ruled in their favor in 1993. The following year, the legislature statutorily banned same-sex marriage, and in the ensuing years, many states passed constitutional bans.[4][5][6][7]
  • Idaho: Ada County Sheriff Gary Raney has sent an email to House Speaker Scott Bedke (R), alleging that two Idaho lawmakers committed possible ethics violations and crimes in relation to an 1974 rape case in Florida. The two lawmakers in question are state representatives Mark Patterson (R) and Judy Boyle (R). Raney revoked Rep. Patterson's concealed weapons permit after he failed to disclose his withheld judgment in the case. Raney alleges that Patterson and Boyle used taxpayer funded legal advice from Lawrence Wasden, the Attorney General of Idaho, to determine if Patterson should have lost his weapons permit for not disclosing his past crime. In the email, Raney writes "because Rep. Patterson procured and used this advice for his personal benefit, this is a violation of the Idaho Ethics in Government Act." Boyle maintains that she asked for help from the attorney general on behalf of constituents, and not Patterson. Patterson contends that Raney's research into his past stems from Patterson's sponsorship of a gun-rights bill that the two clashed over earlier this year. Bedke has acknowledged that he received Raney's email, but that only complaints from House members can start an Ethics Committee inquiry into Raney's allegations.[8][9][10][11]
  • Wisconsin: The Wisconsin State Assembly voted 53-39 to approve a proposed constitutional amendment that would make recall elections in Wisconsin more difficult. Currently, state law allows for the recall of any elected official who has served at least one year, as long as a set amount of signatures are collected within a 60-day time frame. The proposed amendment would limit recalls to elected officials charged with a serious crime or accused of an ethics violation. Representative David Craig (R) supports the bill, stating that "elections have consequences," and there is currently no standard for a recall election. Craig also argued that stricter recall regulations has financial benefits as the failed recall of Governor Scott Walker cost Wisconsin taxpayers $13.5 million. Representative Frederick Kessler (D) questioned why the amendment is trying to limit the ability of the voters to recall an elected official, adding that it is a "right of the people to be heard," which should not be suppressed. Representative Peter Barca (D) said that he hoped a constitutional amendment "would either be to protect or enhance the rights of citizens, not to take away their right" to hold elected officials accountable for their actions. Wisconsin is currently one of twenty-nine states that allows voters to recall elected officials. Fifteen of these states limit recalls by requiring specific grounds for recall, such as a state ethics violation or a crime punishable by at least one year is prison. The proposed amendment must pass the Assembly again and the Senate twice before facing a statewide vote. The earliest the amendment could be approved is 2015.[12][13][14][15][16]
[edit]

Regular sessions

Current sessions capture for the week of November 18, 2013
See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
Click here to see a chart of each state's 2013 session information.

Currently four out of 50 state legislatures are meeting in regular session. One state is meeting in special session.

As of April 8, all states states have convened their 2013 legislative sessions.[17]

The following states have ended their regular session:[18]

Special sessions

Snapshot of State Legislatures:
Wednesday, April 16, 2014
There are 7,387 Total State Legislators
Total Democratic state legislators 3,447 (46.7%)
Total Republican state legislators 3,813 (51.6%)
There are 99 Total State Legislative Chambers
Total Democratic Party-controlled chambers 40
Total Republican Party-controlled chambers 57
Total tied or nonpartisan chambers 2
2013 Session Information
Total Special Elections 74
Total Special Sessions 23
New Hampshire

New Hampshire's legislature convened a two-week special session on November 7. This session will be used to discuss the expansion of Medicaid across the state. The Republican-led senate and Democratic-led house each filed different expansion bills last week, and will be seeking to reach a compromise this week before the special session ends.[19]

In recess

As of today, November 18, there are 2 state legislatures currently in recess:[20]

Redistricting Roundup.jpg

State news

Redistricting Facts
Maps submitted for vote: 140 out of 142 (98.6%)** No votes on initial maps in the following: MT (2)
States that have completed Congressional Maps 42/43 (Maps ordered redrawn: TX)
States that have completed State Legislative Maps 46/50 (Maps unfinished: ME, MT; Maps ordered redrawn: AK, TX)
**With 50 states, there are 142 possible maps. 50 State Senate, 49 State House (No House in Nebraska), and 43 Congressional (7 states have 1 seat)
See also: Status of redistricting maps after the 2010 census

While the great majority of states have completed their redistricting following the 2010 census, the issue still remains for a handful of states. Maine and Montana are not required to have their maps completed until 2014. Alaska and Texas, however, saw their maps rejected for legal reasons and will have to take up the drawing of maps once again.

Alaska

The Alaska Redistricting Board has withdrawn a request to delay a potential court hearing until January. The board will instead prepare to meet on the proposed dates of December 9 through 16.[21]









See also: State legislative elections, 2013

A total of 3 of the 99 chambers will hold state legislative elections on November 5, 2013.

The 3 chambers with elections in 2013 are in 2 states. They are:

Louisiana and Mississippi also typically hold elections in odd years. However, legislators are elected to 4-year terms in those states and those will not be up for election again until 2015.

40 of the country's 1,972 state senate seats are up for re-election in November 2013, and 180 of the country's 5,411 state house seats are up for re-election. Altogether, 220 of the country's 7,383 state legislative seats are up for re-election on November 5, 2013.

Signature filing deadlines

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2013 state legislative elections

The state legislative filing deadlines were as follows:

  • New Jersey:
  • April 1, 2013 (Major party)
  • June 4, 2013 (Independent)

Nomination petitions must contain the signatures of at least 100 voters in the legislative district. Candidates are required to disclose any criminal convictions.[22]

  • Virginia:
  • March 28, 2013 (Major party)
  • June 11, 2013 (Independent)

Nomination petitions must contain the signatures of at least 125 qualified voters in the legislative district. Major party candidates are required to submit a primary filing fee equal to 2% of the annual salary for the office sought in effect in the year in which the candidate files. In 2013, the primary filing fee was $352.80.[23]

Primaries

The state primaries were as follows:

  • New Jersey:
  • June 4, 2013
  • Virginia:
  • June 11, 2013

Results

New Jersey had a quiet election, with all competing incumbents winning their primaries.

There were only three hotly contested races, all in the Senate, but none resulted in the ousting of an incumbent:[24]

Republican PartyDistrict 13: Incumbent Joe Kyrillos, Jr. defeated challenger Leigh-Ann Bellew.
Democratic PartyDistrict 20: Incumbent Raymond Lesniak defeated challenger Donna Obe.
Democratic PartyDistrict 34: Incumbent Nia H. Gill defeated challengers Mark C. Alexander and Vernon Pullins, Jr..

Virginia experienced two upsets in an otherwise quiet day of primaries for the House of Delegates. Voter turnout was expected to fall below 5 percent based on projections at polling locations.[25]

Virginia's legislative primaries yielded a pair of defeats for incumbent legislators. The defeated incumbents were supporters of a recently passed transportation bill that increases sales and gas taxes to improve roadways.[26][27] The successful challengers lodged primary challenges in part to protest the bill's passage, which they called the biggest tax increase in the state's history.[28]

Republican Party Mark J. Berg defeated Beverly Sherwood in District 29.
Republican Party Dave A. LaRock defeated Joe T. May in District 33.

Five incumbents were able to fend off primary challenges in the June 11 primaries:

Republican Party C. Todd Gilbert defeated Mark W. Prince in District 15.
Republican Party Bill Howell defeated Craig E. Ennis in District 28.
Republican Party Bobby Orrock defeated Dustin R. Curtis in District 54.
Democratic Party Roz Dance defeated Evandra D. Thompson in District 63.
Democratic Party Algie Howell defeated Richard James in District 90.

General election

New Jersey

Democratic activists expressed concern that Governor Chris Christie's "coattails" would lead to a Republican state legislature and allow him to successfully promote a conservative agenda ahead of a presidential run in 2016. The Fund for Jobs, Growth and Security super PAC won a legal battle allowing it to spend unlimited amounts on state legislative campaigns in New Jersey. It was founded to prevent Christie's popularity from creating Republican majorities in New Jersey's 2013 elections. The super PAC's president is Susan McCue, who was dubbed by POLITICO as one of U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) "closest confidantes," is the organization's president.[29]

New Jersey State Senate
Party As of November 4, 2013 After the 2013 Election
     Democratic Party 24 24
     Republican Party 16 16
Total 40 40
New Jersey General Assembly
Party As of November 4, 2013 After the 2013 Election
     Democratic Party 48 48
     Republican Party 32 32
Total 80 80

Democrats were able to stop any strong gains by Republican candidates in the 2013 election. There were no changes to the partisan balance of the State Senate. Republicans in General Assembly were able to pick up two seats from the Democratic majority. In the Senate, every incumbent who ran in 2013 won re-election. Two Democratic incumbents from the General Assembly were defeated on November 5, 2013.

The following are a few races that turned up extremely close under unofficial election results.

Senate District 14
Democratic Party June 4 Democratic primary:
Republican Party June 4 Republican primary:

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party Linda R. Greenstein Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Peter A. Inverso
Libertarian Party Don Dezarn

Note: Unofficial results put Greenstein ahead of Inverso by a margin of 30,999 to 29,759 votes. Dezarn obtained 1,001 according to unofficial results.[30]

Senate District 38
Democratic Party June 4 Democratic primary:
  • Bob Gordon Approveda - Incumbent Gordon first assumed office in 2008.
Republican Party June 4 Republican primary:

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party Bob Gordon Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Fernando A. Alonso

Note: Unofficial results put Gordon ahead of Alonso by a margin of 26,168 to 24,579 votes.[30]

Assembly District 38
Democratic Party June 4 Democratic primary:

Note: Assemblywoman Connie Terranova Wagner (D) withdrew from election on June 11, citing family reasons.[31]

Republican Party June 4 Republican primary:

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party Timothy J. Eustace
Democratic Party Joseph Lagana Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Joan Fragala
Republican Party Joseph J. Scarpa Green check mark transparent.png

Note: Unofficial results put Scarpa ahead of Eustace by a margin of 24,716 to 24,545 votes. Lagana obtained 24,838 according to unofficial results.[30]

Virginia

In the 2013 elections for the Virginia House of Delegates, the Democrats were looking to make inroads into the Republican majorities built up during the 2009 and 2011 state legislative elections. Democratic candidates needed to win a net of 19 seats from Republican officeholders or the Republican candidates seeking to succeed them. In the 2013 elections for the Virginia House of Delegates, all 100 seats were up for election.


Virginia House of Delegates
Party As of November 4, 2013 After the 2013 Election
     Democratic Party 32 33
     Republican Party 65 67
     Independent 1 0
     Vacancy 2 0
Total 100 100


Republican majorities ultimately held strong, with Democrats gaining one seat and Republicans bolstering their majority by an additional two seats. Two seats were previously vacant and one seat, previously held by independent Lacey Putney, was won by a Republican candidate. The following are some interesting elections and races that turned up extremely close under unofficial election results.

District 2
Democratic Party June 11 Democratic primary:
Republican Party June 11 GOP primary:

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party Michael Futrell Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Mark Dudenhefer

Note: Unofficial results put Futrell ahead of Dudenhefer by a margin of 8,183 to 7,960 votes.[32]

District 31
Democratic Party June 11 Democratic primary:
Republican Party June 11 GOP primary:

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party Jeremy McPike
Republican Party Scott Lingamfelter Green check mark transparent.png

Note: Unofficial results put Lingamfelter ahead of McPike by a margin of 11,506 to 11,272 votes.[32]

District 86
Democratic Party June 11 Democratic primary:
Republican Party June 11 GOP primary:
  • Tom Rust Approveda - Incumbent Rust first assumed office in 2002.

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party Jennifer B. Boysko
Republican Party Tom Rust Green check mark transparent.png

Note: Unofficial results put Rust ahead of Boysko by a margin of 10,383 to 10,327 votes.[32]

District 93
Democratic Party June 11 Democratic primary:
Republican Party June 11 GOP primary:

November 5 General election candidates:

Democratic Party T. Monty Mason Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Michael Watson

Note: Unofficial results put Mason ahead of Watson by a margin of 12,138 to 11,102 votes.[32]

SLP badge.png
See also: State legislative special elections, 2013

There are five special elections scheduled this week: one in California, one in Iowa, one in Tennessee and two in Wisconsin.

California State Assembly District 45

Rep. Bob Blumenfield (D) resigned on July 1 after winning election to the Los Angeles City Council. A blanket primary took place on September 17 and because no candidate received more than 50 percent of the vote, a runoff will take place on November 19.[33][34][35]

November 19 Runoff candidates:
Democratic Party Matt Dababaneh
Republican Party Susan Shelley

Iowa State Senate District 13

Sen. Kent Sorenson (R) resigned on October 2 after allegations of violating ethics rules. A special election has been called for November 19. Democrats caucused to select their nominee on October 21, while Republicans selected theirs on October 17.[36][37][38][39]

November 19 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Mark Davitt
Republican Party Julian B. Garrett

Tennessee House of Representatives District 91

Rep. Lois DeBerry (D) passed away on July 28, 2013, from pancreatic cancer. A special election was called for November 21, with a primary on October 8 if necessary. Candidates had until August 29 to file certified nomination papers.[40][41][42][43]

November 21 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Raumesh Akbari
Libertarian Party Jim Tomasik

Wisconsin State Assembly District 21

. Mark Honadel (R) resigned on September 16, 2013, to take a job in the private sector. A special election has been called for November 19, with a primary on October 22 if necessary. Candidates had until September 24 to file certified nomination papers.[44][45][46]

November 19 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Elizabeth Coppola
Republican Party Jessie Rodriguez

Wisconsin State Assembly District 69

Rep. Scott Suder (R) resigned on September 2, 2013, to take a job as an administrator with the state Public Service Commission. A special election has been called for November 19, with a primary on October 22 if necessary. Candidates had until September 24 to file certified nomination papers.[47][48][49]

November 19 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Kenneth A. Slezak
Republican Party Bob Kulp
Independent Tim Swiggum (Putting People Ahead of Politics)

Recent election results

November 12, 2013

UncheckedBox.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 104
SenRep. Jim Barton (R) resigned on August 7, 2013, to work for the Kinney Capitol Group. A special election was called for December 3, but pushed back to January 28, 2014. A primary took place on October 15, with a runoff on December 3.[50][51]

Democratic Party November 12, 2013, Democratic runoff:
Republican Party November 12, 2013, GOP runoff:

January 7, 2014 Special election:

Democratic Party Steve Rockwell
Republican Party John Cooper
November 16, 2013

CheckedBoxOffset.jpgLouisiana House of Representatives District 87
Rep. Girod Jackson, III (D) resigned on August 22, 2013, after being charged with tax fraud and failing to file taxes. A special election has been called for November 16, with a runoff on December 14 if necessary. Candidates had from October 2 to October 4 to file certified nomination papers.[52][53][54]

November 16 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Ebony Woodruff Green check mark transparent.png

Looking ahead

Upcoming special elections include:

  • November 26: Mississippi House of Representatives 5 (Runoff)
  • November 26: Mississippi House of Representatives 110 (Runoff)
  • December 3: Alabama House of Representatives District 74
  • December 3: California State Assembly District 54
  • December 3: Georgia State Senate District 14 (Runoff)
  • December 3: Georgia House of Representatives District 104 (Runoff)
  • December 3: Georgia House of Representatives District 127 (Runoff)
  • December 10: Kentucky State Senate District 13
  • December 10: Kentucky House of Representatives District 7
  • December 10: Texas House of Representatives District 50 (Runoff)
  • December 17: New Hampshire House of Representatives Sixth Strafford District

See also

References

  1. "LA Times," "Sen. Ronald Calderon stripped of committee assignments amid inquiry," accessed November 15, 2013
  2. "Sacramento Bee - Capitol Alert," "Ron Calderon says FBI asked him to secretly record conversations with Steinberg, de León," accessed September 15, 2013
  3. "NBC News," "California pol claims FBI targeted him when he wouldn't 'sting' top Democrats," accessed September 15, 2013
  4. Los Angeles Times, "Hawaii judge refuses to block law permitting same-sex marriage," November 14, 2013
  5. Associated Press, "Gov. Signs Bill Legalizing Gay Marriage In Hawaii," November 13, 2013
  6. Christian Science Monitor, "Gay marriage: With state Senate vote to legalize, Hawaii closes the circle," November 12, 2013
  7. Los Angeles Times, "With Hawaii vote, same-sex marriage wave continues to grow," November 9, 2013
  8. www.kboi2.com, "Raney e-mail sheds light on ethics allegations," accessed November 14, 2013
  9. newsradio1310.com/, "Idaho Legislator Still in Hot Water," accessed November 14, 2013
  10. www.idahostatesman.com, "Ada sheriff alleges ethics violation against Reps. Patterson, Boyle," accessed November 14, 2013
  11. www.sfgate.com, "Idaho sheriff files complaint against lawmaker," accessed November 14, 2013
  12. Journal Sentinel, "Elections overhaul, 'revenge porn' ban on GOP legislators' agenda," November 10, 2013
  13. Reuters, "Wisconsin Assembly approves measure to make recall elections tougher," November 14, 2013
  14. Washington Post, "After spate of recalls, Wisconsin Republicans hope to raise the bar," November 14, 2013
  15. Huffington Post, "Wisconsin Assembly Approves Measure Limiting Recall Elections," November 14, 2013
  16. PR Watch, "Wisconsin Republicans Roll Anti-Democratic Measures Through Assembly," November 15, 2013
  17. Stateside Associates, " Session Calendar 2013," accessed November 18, 2013
  18. Stateside Associates, " Session Calendar 2013," accessed November 18, 2013
  19. boston.com, "NH House, Senate offer 2 ways to expand Medicaid," November 7, 2013
  20. Statenet.com, "Daily Session Summary," accessed November 18, 2013
  21. ktoo.org, "Redistricting board withdraws request for delay," November 5, 2013
  22. New Jersey Department of State, "Petition filing instruction sheet," accessed January 14, 2013
  23. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Candidacy Requirements for House of Delegates," accessed January 16, 2013
  24. NJ.com "Polls close in 2013 N.J. primary elections as votes are tallied," June 4, 2013
  25. Washington Post, "Voter turnout sparse for down-ticket races in Virginia," June 11, 2013
  26. CBS DC, "Virginia Primary Results Roll In," June 11, 2013
  27. Fredericksburg.com, "Howell’s transportation PAC helping candidates," June 7, 2013
  28. WRIC, "Virginia Primary Round Up," June 11, 2013
  29. POLITICO, "Democrats eye super PACs for state races," September 22, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Associated Press, "New Jersey - Summary Vote Results," November 6, 2013
  31. nj.com, "N.J. Assemblywoman in crucial district drops bid for re-election," June 11, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Virginia Board of Elections, "Unofficial Results - General Election," accessed November 5, 2013
  33. scpr.org, "Special elections set for Asssembly, Senate seats are costly, draw few voters," July 4, 2013
  34. sos.ca.gov, "AD 45 Special Primary Election - Official Certified List of Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  35. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named sep17
  36. desmoinesregister.com, "Special election to replace Sorenson in Senate is Nov. 19," October 8, 2013
  37. caffeinatedthoughts.com, "Julian Garrett Nominated for Iowa Senate District 13 Special Election," October 18, 2013
  38. desmoinesregister.com, "Davitt to represent Democrats in Iowa Senate District 13 race," October 21, 2013
  39. Iowa Secretary of State - Official Candidate List
  40. memphisdailynews.com, "Political Season Heats Up With District 91 Deadline," August 28, 2013
  41. memphisdailynews.com, "11 File For State House District 91 Special Election," August 30, 2013
  42. shelbyvote.com, "Certified Candidate List," accessed September 6, 2013
  43. memphisdailynews.com, "Akbari Wins Democratic State House Primary," October 9, 2013
  44. wrn.com, "Special election called for 21st Assembly District," September 18, 2013
  45. "Official candidate list," accessed September 25, 2013
  46. wuwm.com, "Fields Finalized For Special Elections," October 23, 2013
  47. gab.wi.gov, "2013 Assembly District 69 Special Election," accessed September 5, 2013
  48. "Official candidate list," accessed September 25, 2013
  49. wuwm.com, "Fields Finalized For Special Elections," October 23, 2013
  50. timesdaily.com, " Special elections set for Ala. House districts," August 8, 2013
  51. blog.al.com, "Hightower, Wilcox to face off in GOP primary for state House seat (updated, photos)," October 15, 2013
  52. nola.com, "Jefferson Parish special election to replace ex-Rep. Girod Jackson set Nov. 16," August 30, 2013
  53. sos.la.gov, "Official candidate list," accessed October 8, 2013
  54. nola.com, "Lawyer Ebony Woodruff of Harvey elected to 87th District House seat," November 4, 2013