State Legislative Tracker: Ohio incumbent commits filing error

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February 24, 2014

Edited by Joel Williams

This week’s tracker includes a look at a filing controversy in Ohio.

Weekly highlight

Last week, no state began a legislative session. Here is a brief look at issues making headlines across the country:

  • Ohio: An Ohio legislator has found himself out of the 2014 election after a filing error, but he could be back in contention with help from his wife. Rex Damschroder, a Republican representative from Fremont looking to win a third term, withdrew from the race after it became clear that not adding his signature to two of his five petitions would have invalidated his candidacy. Damschroder would have likely been entirely unopposed, as Democrats did not field a candidate. On Friday, Damschroder's wife, Rhonda, filed to run as a write-in candidate in the Republican primary. Should she win, she would withdraw from the general election, presumably allowing GOP officials to place her husband on the ballot in November. However, the foul-up could lead to a more challenging race. Bill Reineke, Jr., CEO of an area Ford dealership, said he is looking to join the Republican primary as a write-in, and 2012 opponent Bill Young could become a write-in candidate in the Democratic primary. The deadline for write-in candidates is today. Damschroder, the incumbent, expressed regret and embarrassment, admitting that the omission was his fault and that having his wife run was the only legal option available. He said he does not believe party officials would nominate a different replacement candidate. This is not the first time Rhonda Damschroder has been involved in her husband's campaign; a former teacher, she served as campaign treasurer in previous years.[1][2][3][4][5]
  • Utah: State legislators are reviewing at least 27 bills this week that would confront the state’s air quality issues. Rep. Patrice Arent (D) said it was the first instance in her time in the legislature that an issue has been more pressing to her constituents than education. A poll in January showed that 59 percent of Utah residents were more concerned about pollution in comparison to five years ago. Air quality in the Beehive State has worsened significantly in the past few years, with Salt Lake City ranking among the nation’s most polluted cities. The bills are being reviewed in the House Clean Air Caucus by a group of bipartisan lawmakers. One of the bills being reviewed would grant the state $20 million to replace the engines in the state’s school buses, another would expand the authority of the state’s environmental agency, the Utah Department of Environmental Quality and another encourages public transportation. A large portion of Utah residents heat their homes with wood burning stoves, a significant source of pollution within the state; one of the bills being reviewed would provide subsidies to homeowners to upgrade their stoves. The number of bills being considered by the caucus this session is higher than the last several legislative session combined. The Senate Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment Committee barely moved a bill forward that would allow the state to impose stricter air standards than the federal Clean Air Act. This bill, Senate Bill 164, has the support of Sen. Gene Davis (D) and would repeal a 1989 measure that allows the state to limit how far Utah’s Division of Air Quality can go in enforcing the Clean Air Act. Citizens have also been pushing for stricter air quality standards for industry within the state, despite industry only supplying 11 percent of the states’ pollution.[6][7][8][9][10]
  • Washington: The Washington State Legislature has passed Senate Bill 6523, which gives financial aid to undocumented college students that have received a high school diploma in Washington and have lived in the state for at least three years before receiving aid. The Senate bill allocates $5 million through June 30, 2015, from the general fund to pay for the increase in financial aid payments from the new legislation. The house passed the bill on February 18, 2014, with a 75-22 bipartisan vote. Rep. Mark Hargrove (R) opposed the legislation because, "Right now, the taxpayers of the state are on the hook for the children of 6.6 million Washingtonians. If we pass this, they're on the hook for the education of the kids of 7 billion people in the world." The bill passed the Senate earlier, with a 35-10 vote, and four abstentions. The four abstentions were all Republicans. This is the first bipartisan bill that the Legislature has passed this year. Governor Jay Inslee (D) is expected to sign the legislation. After the bill passed the House, Inslee said, "This bill ensures that the young men and women we’ve invested in at our high schools and who aspire to become productive American citizens will now have fair access to the financial support they need to turn their dreams into reality." Once Inslee has signed the legislation, Washington will join California, Texas and New Mexico as the only four states that have passed similar legislation that allows undocumented college students to receive financial aid.[11][12][13][14]
  • Wisconsin: Democratic lawmakers in Wisconsin's state legislature hope to overturn the constitutional amendment that bans gay marriage, which was approved by 59 percent of voters in 2006. Republican leaders, however, seem uninterested in the proposal. According to Assembly Speaker Robin Vos (R), the proposal "seems to be about making a political statement" rather than about getting it passed due to it being presented toward the end of the session. Vos argued that he believes voters' opinions regarding gay marriage to be "fairly similar" to the 2006 opinion. Marquette Law School's poll last month showed 53 percent of voters were supportive of gay marriage, while nineteen percent of voters were opposed to legal recognition of same-sex unions. Senator Tim Carpenter (D) said in a statement that "a growing majority of Wisconsinites believe the ban on marriage equality does not reflect their beliefs in how the state should recognize our families. It is time to give the people of [Wisconsin] the opportunity to remove unwanted constitutional barriers to marriage equality." According to Carpenter, gay couples that marry in another state and return to Wisconsin could face a $10,000 fine and up to nine months in prison. The bill currently does not have Republican support, although the fifteen Democratic senators have signed as coauthors. Chris Taylor (D) said that "there are Republicans that do support it quietly." The amendment must be approved in a statewide referendum after being passed in both houses before the gay marriage ban can be repealed.[15][16][17][18][19]
[edit]

Regular sessions

Current sessions capture for the week of February 24, 2014
See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions
Click here to see a chart of each state's 2014 session information.

Currently 36 out of 50 state legislatures are meeting in regular session. One state, Wisconsin, is in special session but currently recessed.

The following states have convened their 2014 regular session:[20]

The following states have adjourned their 2014 regular session:[21]

Special sessions

Snapshot of State Legislatures:
Thursday, October 2, 2014
There are 7,387 Total State Legislators
Total Democratic state legislators 3,423 (46.4%)
Total Republican state legislators 3,819 (51.7%)
There are 99 Total State Legislative Chambers
Total Democratic Party-controlled chambers 41
Total Republican Party-controlled chambers 57
Total tied or nonpartisan chambers 1
2014 Session Information
Total Special Elections 11
Total Special Sessions 1
Wisconsin

Gov. Scott Walker (R) called the legislature into special session on January 22. Walker asked the legislature to find a way to fund $500 million worth of property and income tax cuts.[22]

In recess

As of today, February 24, there are three state legislatures currently in recess:[23]









See also: State legislative elections, 2014

A total of 87 of the 99 chambers will hold state legislative elections on November 4, 2014.

The 87 chambers with elections in 2014 are in 46 states. They are:

The Kansas, Minnesota, New Mexico and South Carolina senates also typically hold elections in odd years. However, senators are elected to 4-year terms in those states and those will not be up for election again until 2015.

1090 of the country's 1,972 state senate seats are up for re-election in November 2014, and 4,958 of the country's 5,415 state house seats are up for re-election. Altogether, 6,048 of the country's 7,387 state legislative seats are up for re-election on November 4, 2014.

Primary Information

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state legislative elections

The state legislative filing deadlines and primary dates are as follows:

Note: Ballot access is a complicated issue. The dates in the table below are primarily for candidates filing for access to the primary. For more detailed information about each state's qualification requirements -- including all relevant ballot access dates for the primary and general election -- click to our detailed pages in the state column.

2014 State Legislative Primary Information
State Filing Deadline Primary Date Days from Deadline to Primary
Alabama Red padlock.png 2/7/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 116
Alaska Red padlock.png 6/2/2014[24] Red padlock.png 8/19/2014 78
Arizona Red padlock.png 5/28/2014[25] Red padlock.png 8/26/2014 90
Arkansas Red padlock.png 3/3/2014[26][27] Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 78
California Red padlock.png 3/7/2014[28][29][30] Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 88
Colorado Red padlock.png 3/31/2014[31][32] Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 85
Connecticut Red padlock.png 6/10/2014[33] Red padlock.png 8/12/2014 90
Delaware Red padlock.png 7/8/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 63
Florida Red padlock.png 6/20/2014[34][35] Red padlock.png 8/26/2014 67
Georgia Red padlock.png 3/7/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 74
Hawaii Red padlock.png 6/3/2014[36][37] Red padlock.png 8/9/2014 67
Idaho Red padlock.png 3/14/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 78
Illinois Red padlock.png 12/2/2013 Red padlock.png 3/18/2014 106
Indiana Red padlock.png 2/7/2014 Red padlock.png 5/6/2014 88
Iowa Red padlock.png 3/14/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 81
Kansas Red padlock.png 6/2/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 65
Kentucky Red padlock.png 1/28/2014[38][39] Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 112
Maine Red padlock.png 3/17/2014[40] Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 85
Maryland Red padlock.png 2/25/2014[41] Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 119
Massachusetts Red padlock.png 6/3/2014[42] Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 98
Michigan Red padlock.png 4/22/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 105
Minnesota Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 Red padlock.png 8/12/2014 70
Missouri Red padlock.png 3/25/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 133
Montana Red padlock.png 3/10/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 85
Nebraska Red padlock.png 3/3/2014[38] Red padlock.png 5/13/2014 85
Nevada Red padlock.png 3/14/2014 Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 88
New Hampshire Red padlock.png 6/13/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 88
New Mexico Red padlock.png 2/4/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 119
New York Red padlock.png 7/10/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 61
North Carolina Red padlock.png 2/28/2014 Red padlock.png 5/6/2014 67
North Dakota Red padlock.png 4/7/2014 Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 64
Ohio Red padlock.png 2/5/2014 Red padlock.png 5/6/2014 90
Oklahoma Red padlock.png 4/11/2014 Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 74
Oregon Red padlock.png 3/11/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 70
Pennsylvania Red padlock.png 3/11/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 70
Rhode Island Red padlock.png 6/25/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 76
South Carolina Red padlock.png 3/30/2014 Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 72
South Dakota Red padlock.png 3/25/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 70
Tennessee Red padlock.png 4/3/2014 Red padlock.png 8/7/2014 126
Texas Red padlock.png 12/9/2013 Red padlock.png 3/4/2014 85
Utah Red padlock.png 3/20/2014 Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 96
Vermont Red padlock.png 6/12/2014 Red padlock.png 8/26/2014 75
Washington Red padlock.png 5/17/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 80
West Virginia Red padlock.png 1/25/2014 Red padlock.png 5/13/2014 108
Wisconsin Red padlock.png 6/2/2014 Red padlock.png 8/12/2014 71
Wyoming Red padlock.png 5/30/2014 Red padlock.png 8/19/2014 81


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See also: State legislative special elections, 2014

There are three special elections scheduled this week: one each in Connecticut, Rhode Island and Virginia.

Connecticut State Senate District 10

See also: Connecticut state legislative special elections, 2014

Gary Holder-Winfield (D) defeated Steven Mullins (R) in the special election, which took place on February 25.[43][44][45]

The seat was vacant following Toni Harp's (D) election as Mayor of New Haven.[46]

A special election for the position of Connecticut State Senate District 10 was called for February 25. Candidates were nominated by their party rather than chosen through a primary. The filing deadline for candidates was January 21.[46]

Connecticut State Senate, District 10, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngGary Holder-Winfield 75.6% 3,236
     Republican Steven Mullins 24.4% 1,045
Total Votes 4,281
February 25 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Gary Holder-Winfield
Republican Party Steven Mullins

Rhode Island House of Representatives District 49

See also: Rhode Island state legislative special elections, 2014

Michael Morin defeated Douglas Brown and Mark Chenot in the January 21 Democratic primary. Morin defeated write-in candidates in the special election, which took place on February 25.[43][47][48][49]

The seat was vacant following Lisa Baldelli-Hunt's (D) election as Mayor of Woonsocket.[50]

A special election for the position of Rhode Island House of Representatives District 49 was called for February 25, with a primary on January 21. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was December 13, 2013.[51]

Rhode Island House of Representatives, District 49 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Morin 52.1% 373
Douglas Brown 46.6% 334
Mark Chenot 1.3% 9
Total Votes 716
February 25 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Michael Morin

Virginia House of Delegates District 100

See also: Virginia state legislative special elections, 2014

Robert S. Bloxom, Jr. (R) defeated Willie C. Randall (D) in the special election, which took place on February 25.[43][52][53]

The seat was vacant following Lynwood Lewis's (D) election to the Virginia State Senate on January 7.

A special election for the position of Virginia House of Delegates District 100 was called for February 25. Candidates were nominated by their party rather than chosen through a primary. The nominating deadline for parties was February 10.[54]

Virginia House of Delegates, District 100, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRobert S. Bloxom, Jr. 60.3% 6,810
     Democratic Willie C. Randall 39.7% 4,475
Total Votes 11,285
February 25 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Willie C. Randall
Republican Party Robert S. Bloxom, Jr.

Recent election results

February 4, 2014

CheckedBoxOffset.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 31

See also: Alabama state legislative special elections, 2014

Mike Holmes, Jimmy Collier, Michael Griggs and Frank Bertarelli faced off in the Republican primary.[43][55] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Holmes and Collier - met in the Republican primary runoff on February 4, which Holmes won.[56][57]

The seat was vacant following Barry Mask's (R) appointment as the new chief executive officer of the Alabama Association of Realtors.[58]

A special election for the position of Alabama House of Representatives District 31 was initially called for January 28, with a primary on December 3, 2013. Because no Democratic candidate filed to run, the Republican primary runoff became the special election. Candidates from both major parties had until October 10, 2013, to file certified nomination papers with the Secretary of State.[58] Due to inclement weather, the election was pushed back a week to February 4.[59]

Alabama House of Representatives, District 31 Runoff Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMike Holmes 56.7% 2,028
Jimmy Collier 43.3% 1,550
Total Votes 3,578
Republican Party February 4 GOP runoff:

UncheckedBox.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 53

See also: Alabama state legislative special elections, 2014

Anthony "Alann" Johnson (D) defeated Willie "W.A." Casey (R) in the special election, which took place on April 1.[60][61] Johnson, Arthur D. Shores Lee, Demetrius C. Newton Jr. and Frank Topping faced off in the Democratic primary.[62] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Johnson and Lee - met in the Democratic primary runoff on February 4, which Johnson won.[63] Casey was unopposed in the Republican primary.[43]

The seat was vacant following Demetrius Newton's (D) death on September 11, 2013.[46]

A special election for the position of Alabama House of Representatives District 53 was initially called for January 28, with a primary on December 3, 2013. Because a runoff on January 28, 2014, was required, the special election was scheduled to take place on March 25 instead. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was October 10, 2013.[46] Due to inclement weather, the runoff was pushed back a week to February 4. The special election instead took place on April 1.[64]

Alabama House of Representatives, District 53, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAnthony "Alann" Johnson 68.1% 320
     Republican Willie "W.A." Casey 31.9% 150
Total Votes 470
Democratic Party February 4 Democratic runoff:

CheckedBoxOffset.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 104

See also: Alabama state legislative special elections, 2014

Margie Wilcox (R) defeated Stephen P. Carr, II (D) in the special election, which took place on February 4.[65] Carr was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Susan Hightower, Margie Wilcox, Ralph Carmichael, Nathan Davis and Charlie Plyler faced off in the Republican primary. As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Wilcox and Hightower - met in the Republican primary runoff on December 3, 2013, which Wilcox won.[66][67]

The seat was vacant following Jim Barton's (R) resignation on August 7, 2013, to work for the Kinney Capitol Group.[68]

A special election for the position of Alabama House of Representatives District 104 was initially called for December 3, 2013, with a primary on October 15, 2013.[68] Because a runoff on December 3, 2013, was needed, the special election was scheduled to take place on January 28, 2014, instead. Due to inclement weather, the election was pushed back a week to February 4.[69]

Alabama House of Representatives, District 104, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMargie Wilcox 90.5% 2,932
     Republican Stephen P. Carr, II 9.5% 307
Total Votes 3,239

February 4 Special election candidates:

Democratic Party Stephen P. Carr, II
Republican Party Margie Wilcox Green check mark transparent.png

RunoffArrow.jpgCheckedBoxOffset.jpg Georgia House of Representatives District 2

See also: Georgia state legislative special elections, 2014

Republicans Neal Florence, Steve Tarvin and Doug Woodruff faced off in the special election, which took place on January 7.[43][70][71] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Tarvin and Florence - met in a runoff on February 4, which Tarvin won.[72][73]

The seat was vacant following Jay Neal's (R) resignation to serve as executive director of the Governor’s Office of Transition, Support and Re-entry.[74]

A special election for the position of Georgia House of Representatives District 2 was called for January 7, with a runoff if necessary on February 4. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was November 20, 2013.[75]

Georgia House of Representatives, District 2, Runoff Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteve Tarvin 53.9% 1,925
     Republican Neal Florence 46.1% 1,649
Total Votes 3,574
Georgia House of Representatives, District 2, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteve Tarvin 38.2% 1,073
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngNeal Florence 34.3% 964
     Republican Doug Woodruff 27.5% 774
Total Votes 2,811
February 4 Runoff election candidates:
Republican Party Neal Florence
Republican Party Steve Tarvin Green check mark transparent.png

RunoffArrow.jpgCheckedBoxOffset.jpg Georgia House of Representatives District 22

See also: Georgia state legislative special elections, 2014

Republicans Meagan Biello, Nate Cochran, Jeff Duncan and Sam Moore faced off in the special election, which took place on January 7.[43][76][77] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Moore and Biello - met in a runoff on February 4, which Moore won.[78][79]

The seat was vacant following Calvin Hill's (R) death on October 30, 2013 after a battle with leukemia.[80]

A special election for the position of Georgia House of Representatives District 22 was called for January 7, with a runoff if necessary on February 4. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was November 20, 2013.[81]

Georgia House of Representatives, District 22, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSam Moore 57.7% 1,520
     Republican Meagan Biello 42.3% 1,113
Total Votes 2,633
February 4 Runoff election candidates:
Republican Party Meagan Biello
Republican Party Sam Moore Green check mark transparent.png

Looking ahead

Upcoming special elections include:

  • March 18: Pennsylvania State Senate District 28
  • March 25: Alabama House of Representatives District 53
  • March 25: California State Senate District 23
  • April 1: Massachusetts State Senate Fifth Middlesex District
  • April 1: Massachusetts House of Representatives Fourth Hampden District
  • April 1: Massachusetts House of Representatives Second Suffolk District
  • April 1: Massachusetts House of Representatives Thirteenth Suffolk District
  • April 1: Massachusetts House of Representatives Sixteenth Suffolk District

See also

References

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  2. The Toledo Blade, "Wife to run as primary stand-in for state Rep. Damschroder," February 21, 2014. Accessed February 21, 2014
  3. CentralOhio.com, "Damschroder's wife to act as placeholder in primary," February 21, 2014. Accessed February 21, 2014
  4. The News-Messenger, "Damschroder out of race, for now," February 14, 2014. Accessed February 21, 2014
  5. The Toledo Blade, "Faulty petitions cause Damschroder to withdraw candidacy for re-election," February 13, 2014. Accessed February 21, 2014
  6. “Cache Valley Daily”, “Utah lawmakers considering dozens of air-quality bills,” February 19, 2014, accessed February 20, 2014
  7. “Salt Lake City Tribune”, “Bipartisan group pushes Utah clean air bill,” January 23, 2014, accessed February 20, 2014
  8. “Salt Lake City Tribune”, “Poll: Utahns favor stricter air quality standards for industry,” January 21, 2014, accessed February 20, 2014
  9. “Salt Lake City Tribune”, “Bill allowing tougher air standards barely advances,” February 11, 2014
  10. “Radio West”, “Lawmakers Unveil Air Quality Bills”, January 24, 2014, accessed February 20, 2014
  11. thenewstribune.com, "Legislature approves immigrant financial aid bill," accessed February 20, 2014
  12. blog.seattlepi.com, "State DREAM Act passes House, heads for governor’s desk," accessed February 20, 2014
  13. q13fox.com, "Legislature passes ‘Dream Act’ to expand student financial aid to children of illegal immigrants," accessed February 20, 2014
  14. kentreporter.com, "Dream Act a reality in the state," accessed February 20, 2014
  15. Journal Sentinel, "Legislative push launched to end Wisconsin's gay marriage ban," February 13, 2014
  16. Huffington Post, "Wisconsin State Lawmakers Launch Effort To Repeal Gay Marriage Ban," February 13, 2014
  17. River Towns, "Democrats facing uphill fight on nixing gay marriage ban; elusive leak leaves Neillsville dry; 10 more state stories," Februray 14, 2014
  18. The Daily Cardinal, "Wisconsin Assembly Democrats propose constitutional amendment to legalize gay marriage," February 17, 2014
  19. WSAU, "GOP repeal of Wisconsin's gay marriage ban unlikely," February 17, 2014
  20. Stateside Associates, " Session Calendar 2014," accessed February 24, 2014
  21. Stateside Associates, " Session Calendar 2014," accessed February 24, 2014
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  36. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named hi
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  44. nhregister.com, "Holder-Winfield wins 10th District state Senate race," February 25, 2014
  45. newhavenindependent.org, "Holder-Winfield Clobbers Mullins By 3-1 Margin; “Sex Predator,” Pretend-Tax Attacks Fell Flat," February 26, 2014
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.3 governor.ct.gov, "Gov. Malloy: Special Election For State Senator In New Haven And West Haven To Be Held February 25," January 10, 2014
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  50. ripr.org, "Baldelli-Hunt To Be Inaugurated As New Mayor Of Woonsocket," December 3, 2013
  51. turnto10.com, "State sets special election for Woonsocket House seat," December 4, 2013
  52. Washington Post, "Bloxom wins special election to fill Va House seat," February 26, 2014
  53. Virginia Board of Elections, "Official special election results," accessed March 14, 2014
  54. dailyprogress.com, "Feb. 25 set for Va. House special election," January 29, 2014
  55. al.com, "Mike Holmes, Jimmy Collier qualify for Republican runoff in Alabama House District 31," December 3, 2013
  56. al.com, "Mike Holmes defeats Jimmy Collier in special election in Alabama House District 31," February 4, 2014
  57. Official special election results submitted to Ballotpedia by Brandon Walters from the Alabama Secretary of State's Office on May 7, 2014
  58. 58.0 58.1 therepublic.com, "Special election timeline announced for vacant Ala. House District 31 seat," October 1, 2013
  59. al.com, "Citing inclement weather forecast, governor delays special election set for Mobile House seat," January 27, 2014
  60. blog.al.com, "'This is a launching pad': Johnson, winner of state House special election, not worried about brief term," April 1, 2014
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  62. abc3340.com, "Johnson, Lee in runoff for Alabama House 53," December 3, 2013
  63. al.com, "In District 53 Democratic runoff, Anthony 'Alann' Johnson defeats Arthur Shores Lee in last-minute win (updated)," February 4, 2014
  64. al.com, "Citing inclement weather forecast, governor delays special election set for Mobile House seat," January 27, 2014
  65. Official special election results submitted to Ballotpedia by Brandon Walters from the Alabama Secretary of State's Office on May 7, 2014
  66. al.com, "Hightower, Wilcox to face off in GOP primary for state House seat (updated, photos)," October 15, 2013
  67. therepublic.com, "Wilcox defeats Hightower in Alabama House District 104 runoff," December 3, 2013
  68. 68.0 68.1 timesdaily.com, " Special elections set for Ala. House districts," August 8, 2013
  69. al.com, "Citing inclement weather forecast, governor delays special election set for Mobile House seat," January 27, 2014
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  72. Dalton Daily Citizen, "Tarvin wins runoff for state House seat," February 4, 2014
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  74. daltondailycitizen.com, "Neal appointment means special election coming up," November 2, 2013
  75. sos.ga.gov, "Secretary of State Kemp Sets Qualifying Dates for the Special Elections in State House District 2 and State House District 22," November 12, 2013
  76. canton-ga.patch.com, "State House District 22 Candidates Headed for Special Election Runoff," January 8, 2014
  77. Georgia Secretary of State, "Official special election results," accessed January 22, 2014
  78. Cherokee Tribune, "Moore wins District 22 runoff," February 4, 2014
  79. Georgia Secretary of State, "Official runoff election results," accessed March 14, 2014
  80. ajc.com, "Rep. Calvin Hill passes away," October 30, 2013
  81. sos.ga.gov, "Secretary of State Kemp Sets Qualifying Dates for the Special Elections in State House District 2 and State House District 22," November 12, 2013