State Legislative Tracker: Two states set sights on NSA

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
SLP badge.png

Donate.png

February 17, 2014

Edited by Joel Williams
This week’s tracker includes a look at efforts in two states to force the National Security Agency (NSA) out.

Weekly highlight

Last week, no new legislative sessions were started. Here is a brief look at issues making headlines across the country:

  • Arizona: With the threat of a voter referendum looming, the Arizona House of Representatives voted this week to undo a sweeping and controversial election law package passed late in the 2013 legislative session. A majority of Republicans voted along party lines on Thursday to repeal Arizona House Bill 2305. The election reform bill, first introduced by State Rep. Eddie Farnsworth (R) in January 2013, included numerous changes to Arizona election law, including establishing the requirement that a political committee filing petitions with the Arizona Secretary of State organize and group signature sheets. The bill also demanded a higher evidentiary standard for any challenger to petition circulators. While proponents of HB 2305 lauded the bill as much needed election reform, opponents of the bill argued that it amounted to little more than a voter suppression tactic. In voting to repeal the bill this week, house Republicans stated that they are complying with the will of the voters. However, some voter-rights groups and Democrats, like Minority Leader Chad Campbell (D), have expressed concern that Republican lawmakers can now turn around and re-enact "piecemeal" provisions of the bill. "A lot of us are concerned. I think we all know this, that once this actually passes there may be an effort down here to put some piecemeal bills together to try to construct a kind of some Frankensteinian version of HB 2305 and allow it to rumble through the village called the state of Arizona," said Campbell. Farnsworth, who also introduced the bill to repeal HB 2305, said that wouldn't be the case. "This is exactly what they've asked for, that 2305 not go into effect. This is exactly what I am giving them. You can challenge me on the trust all you want. But I can guarantee every one of you know that when I tell you what I'm going to do, that's what I'm going to do," he said. A similar repeal bill is currently making its way through the Arizona State Senate. A vote is expected later this week.[1][2][3]
  • Maryland: Maryland’s legislature is considering a bill that would effectively disable the National Security Agency’s presence in the state, but several delegates who initially put their name to the bill have done an about-face. Per language in House Bill 1074, the "Fourth Amendment Protection Act" that was introduced by Del. Michael Smigiel (R), the NSA's data center in Fort Meade would be prevented from accessing public utilities, including water and electricity. The bill has already courted turmoil well before a March 6 hearing in the Judiciary Committee. Last Tuesday, Congressman Dutch Ruppersberger (D) chided the bill as "unnecessarily punitive and ill-informed," and a threat to "so many Maryland jobs." The next day, five of the bill's eight sponsors, all Republicans, dropped their support. Nic Kipke, the House Minority Leader, said that he, Andrew Serafini and Neil Parrott withdrew from the bill because it differed from their initial expectations. Susan McComas and Glen Glass later joined in the reversal. HB 1074 is filed as an emergency bill, meaning that in the event of a three-fifths passage, it would take effect immediately. Similar bills, all based on model legislation by the Tenth Amendment Center, are being considered in 12 states including Utah, which is home to an NSA data center that is estimated to use 1.7 million gallons of water a day, mainly for the purpose of cooling its servers. The NSA has been under scrutiny since the release of documents last summer by former agency contractor Edward Snowden, who remains under asylum in Russia.[4][5][6][7][8]
  • Ohio: On February 13, 2014, Rep. Peter Beck (R) of District 54 was indicted by a grand jury on 53 counts, in addition to the 16 counts that were brought against him last July. Beck is charged with multiple counts of perjury, theft, fraud, money laundering, receiving stolen property and one count of engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity. All 69 charges against Beck are felonies and most of the charges stem from Beck's involvement in an alleged scheme to cheat investors in a software company called C-Tech. While serving as the company's Chief Financial Officer, Beck allegedly cheated investors out of around $200,000. Some of the new charges also relate to campaign contributions and allege that Beck diverted money that he received for investments into his campaign account. After the new indictment, House Speaker William Batchelder (R) stated that Beck will relinquish his leadership position in the Ways and Means Committee effective immediately. Batchelder also said on the new indictment that "[i]t is still my belief that it is in the best interest of Rep. Beck, his family, and the constituents of the 54th House District for him to resign." After the initial indictment, Beck rejected calls to resign, and filed this year to seek re-election. The trial for the initial 16 counts is supposed to begin on April 7, but now may be delayed if the two cases are consolidated. If convicted of the one count of engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity, a first-degree felony, Beck could serve a maximum of 10 years in prison and a $20,000 fine.[9][10][11][12]
  • Utah: Representative Marc Roberts discussed legislation he is preparing to present to the Utah House of Representatives to force a National Security Agency (NSA) data center out of Bluffdale, Utah. Roberts stated that he feels that the NSA is encroaching on citizens' 4th amendment rights and further, he doesn’t expect Congress to fix the problem, leaving it up to the states. The bill, known as the Fourth Amendment Protection Act, would target the NSA’s reliance on local utilities by not allowing the state to provide material support or services to the center, specifically targeting the state’s ability to deliver water to the data center. The NSA center in Bluffdale hosts massive amounts of data on servers in the building that are cooled using water. According to the city of Bluffdale, the center pays $2.05 for 1,000 gallons of water, $1.30 less than other high-volume consumers pay. The center is expected to use up to 1.7 million gallons of water a day once it is fully functional. Utah isn’t the only state looking at limiting the NSA’s activities through a disruption of services as Maryland has introduced similar legislation, while state lawmakers in Washington, California and Arizona have also shown interest.[13][14][15][16]
[edit]

Regular sessions

Current sessions capture for the week of February 17, 2014
See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions
Click here to see a chart of each state's 2014 session information.

Currently 38 out of 50 state legislatures are meeting in regular session. One state, Wisconsin, is meeting in special session.

The following states have convened their 2014 regular session:[17]

Special sessions

Snapshot of State Legislatures:
Saturday, September 20, 2014
There are 7,387 Total State Legislators
Total Democratic state legislators 3,424 (46.4%)
Total Republican state legislators 3,818 (51.7%)
There are 99 Total State Legislative Chambers
Total Democratic Party-controlled chambers 41
Total Republican Party-controlled chambers 57
Total tied or nonpartisan chambers 1
2014 Session Information
Total Special Elections 11
Total Special Sessions 1
Wisconsin

Gov. Scott Walker (R) called the legislature into special session on January 22. Walker asked the legislature to find a way to fund $500 million worth of property and income tax cuts.[18]

In recess

As of today, February 17, there are three state legislatures currently in recess:[19]









See also: State legislative elections, 2014

A total of 87 of the 99 chambers will hold state legislative elections on November 4, 2014.

The 87 chambers with elections in 2014 are in 46 states. They are:

The Kansas, Minnesota, New Mexico and South Carolina senates also typically hold elections in odd years. However, senators are elected to 4-year terms in those states and those will not be up for election again until 2015.

1090 of the country's 1,972 state senate seats are up for re-election in November 2014, and 4,958 of the country's 5,415 state house seats are up for re-election. Altogether, 6,048 of the country's 7,387 state legislative seats are up for re-election on November 4, 2014.

Primary Information

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state legislative elections

The state legislative filing deadlines and primary dates are as follows:

Note: Ballot access is a complicated issue. The dates in the table below are primarily for candidates filing for access to the primary. For more detailed information about each state's qualification requirements -- including all relevant ballot access dates for the primary and general election -- click to our detailed pages in the state column.

2014 State Legislative Primary Information
State Filing Deadline Primary Date Days from Deadline to Primary
Alabama Red padlock.png 2/7/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 116
Alaska Red padlock.png 6/2/2014[20] Red padlock.png 8/19/2014 78
Arizona Red padlock.png 5/28/2014[21] Red padlock.png 8/26/2014 90
Arkansas Red padlock.png 3/3/2014[22][23] Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 78
California Red padlock.png 3/7/2014[24][25][26] Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 88
Colorado Red padlock.png 3/31/2014[27][28] Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 85
Connecticut Red padlock.png 6/10/2014[29] Red padlock.png 8/12/2014 90
Delaware Red padlock.png 7/8/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 63
Florida Red padlock.png 6/20/2014[30][31] Red padlock.png 8/26/2014 67
Georgia Red padlock.png 3/7/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 74
Hawaii Red padlock.png 6/3/2014[32][33] Red padlock.png 8/9/2014 67
Idaho Red padlock.png 3/14/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 78
Illinois Red padlock.png 12/2/2013 Red padlock.png 3/18/2014 106
Indiana Red padlock.png 2/7/2014 Red padlock.png 5/6/2014 88
Iowa Red padlock.png 3/14/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 81
Kansas Red padlock.png 6/2/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 65
Kentucky Red padlock.png 1/28/2014[34][35] Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 112
Maine Red padlock.png 3/17/2014[36] Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 85
Maryland Red padlock.png 2/25/2014[37] Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 119
Massachusetts Red padlock.png 6/3/2014[38] Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 98
Michigan Red padlock.png 4/22/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 105
Minnesota Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 Red padlock.png 8/12/2014 70
Missouri Red padlock.png 3/25/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 133
Montana Red padlock.png 3/10/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 85
Nebraska Red padlock.png 3/3/2014[34] Red padlock.png 5/13/2014 85
Nevada Red padlock.png 3/14/2014 Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 88
New Hampshire Red padlock.png 6/13/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 88
New Mexico Red padlock.png 2/4/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 119
New York Red padlock.png 7/10/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 61
North Carolina Red padlock.png 2/28/2014 Red padlock.png 5/6/2014 67
North Dakota Red padlock.png 4/7/2014 Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 64
Ohio Red padlock.png 2/5/2014 Red padlock.png 5/6/2014 90
Oklahoma Red padlock.png 4/11/2014 Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 74
Oregon Red padlock.png 3/11/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 70
Pennsylvania Red padlock.png 3/11/2014 Red padlock.png 5/20/2014 70
Rhode Island Red padlock.png 6/25/2014 Red padlock.png 9/9/2014 76
South Carolina Red padlock.png 3/30/2014 Red padlock.png 6/10/2014 72
South Dakota Red padlock.png 3/25/2014 Red padlock.png 6/3/2014 70
Tennessee Red padlock.png 4/3/2014 Red padlock.png 8/7/2014 126
Texas Red padlock.png 12/9/2013 Red padlock.png 3/4/2014 85
Utah Red padlock.png 3/20/2014 Red padlock.png 6/24/2014 96
Vermont Red padlock.png 6/12/2014 Red padlock.png 8/26/2014 75
Washington Red padlock.png 5/17/2014 Red padlock.png 8/5/2014 80
West Virginia Red padlock.png 1/25/2014 Red padlock.png 5/13/2014 108
Wisconsin Red padlock.png 6/2/2014 Red padlock.png 8/12/2014 71
Wyoming Red padlock.png 5/30/2014 Red padlock.png 8/19/2014 81


SLP badge.png
See also: State legislative special elections, 2014

There are no special elections scheduled this week. The next special elections will take place on February 25, with one each in Connecticut, Rhode Island and Virginia.

Connecticut State Senate District 10

See also: Connecticut state legislative special elections, 2014

Gary Holder-Winfield (D) defeated Steven Mullins (R) in the special election, which took place on February 25.[39][40][41]

The seat was vacant following Toni Harp's (D) election as Mayor of New Haven.[42]

A special election for the position of Connecticut State Senate District 10 was called for February 25. Candidates were nominated by their party rather than chosen through a primary. The filing deadline for candidates was January 21.[42]

Connecticut State Senate, District 10, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngGary Holder-Winfield 75.6% 3,236
     Republican Steven Mullins 24.4% 1,045
Total Votes 4,281
February 25 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Gary Holder-Winfield
Republican Party Steven Mullins

Rhode Island House of Representatives District 49

See also: Rhode Island state legislative special elections, 2014

Michael Morin defeated Douglas Brown and Mark Chenot in the January 21 Democratic primary. Morin defeated write-in candidates in the special election, which took place on February 25.[39][43][44][45]

The seat was vacant following Lisa Baldelli-Hunt's (D) election as Mayor of Woonsocket.[46]

A special election for the position of Rhode Island House of Representatives District 49 was called for February 25, with a primary on January 21. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was December 13, 2013.[47]

Rhode Island House of Representatives, District 49 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Morin 52.1% 373
Douglas Brown 46.6% 334
Mark Chenot 1.3% 9
Total Votes 716
February 25 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Michael Morin

Virginia House of Delegates District 100

See also: Virginia state legislative special elections, 2014

Robert S. Bloxom, Jr. (R) defeated Willie C. Randall (D) in the special election, which took place on February 25.[39][48][49]

The seat was vacant following Lynwood Lewis's (D) election to the Virginia State Senate on January 7.

A special election for the position of Virginia House of Delegates District 100 was called for February 25. Candidates were nominated by their party rather than chosen through a primary. The nominating deadline for parties was February 10.[50]

Virginia House of Delegates, District 100, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRobert S. Bloxom, Jr. 60.3% 6,810
     Democratic Willie C. Randall 39.7% 4,475
Total Votes 11,285
February 25 Special election candidates:
Democratic Party Willie C. Randall
Republican Party Robert S. Bloxom, Jr.

Recent election results

February 4, 2014

CheckedBoxOffset.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 31

See also: Alabama state legislative special elections, 2014

Mike Holmes, Jimmy Collier, Michael Griggs and Frank Bertarelli faced off in the Republican primary.[39][51] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Holmes and Collier - met in the Republican primary runoff on February 4, which Holmes won.[52][53]

The seat was vacant following Barry Mask's (R) appointment as the new chief executive officer of the Alabama Association of Realtors.[54]

A special election for the position of Alabama House of Representatives District 31 was initially called for January 28, with a primary on December 3, 2013. Because no Democratic candidate filed to run, the Republican primary runoff became the special election. Candidates from both major parties had until October 10, 2013, to file certified nomination papers with the Secretary of State.[54] Due to inclement weather, the election was pushed back a week to February 4.[55]

Alabama House of Representatives, District 31 Runoff Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMike Holmes 56.7% 2,028
Jimmy Collier 43.3% 1,550
Total Votes 3,578
Republican Party February 4 GOP runoff:

UncheckedBox.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 53

See also: Alabama state legislative special elections, 2014

Anthony "Alann" Johnson (D) defeated Willie "W.A." Casey (R) in the special election, which took place on April 1.[56][57] Johnson, Arthur D. Shores Lee, Demetrius C. Newton Jr. and Frank Topping faced off in the Democratic primary.[58] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Johnson and Lee - met in the Democratic primary runoff on February 4, which Johnson won.[59] Casey was unopposed in the Republican primary.[39]

The seat was vacant following Demetrius Newton's (D) death on September 11, 2013.[42]

A special election for the position of Alabama House of Representatives District 53 was initially called for January 28, with a primary on December 3, 2013. Because a runoff on January 28, 2014, was required, the special election was scheduled to take place on March 25 instead. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was October 10, 2013.[42] Due to inclement weather, the runoff was pushed back a week to February 4. The special election instead took place on April 1.[60]

Alabama House of Representatives, District 53, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAnthony "Alann" Johnson 68.1% 320
     Republican Willie "W.A." Casey 31.9% 150
Total Votes 470
Democratic Party February 4 Democratic runoff:

CheckedBoxOffset.jpg Alabama House of Representatives District 104

See also: Alabama state legislative special elections, 2014

Margie Wilcox (R) defeated Stephen P. Carr, II (D) in the special election, which took place on February 4.[61] Carr was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Susan Hightower, Margie Wilcox, Ralph Carmichael, Nathan Davis and Charlie Plyler faced off in the Republican primary. As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Wilcox and Hightower - met in the Republican primary runoff on December 3, 2013, which Wilcox won.[62][63]

The seat was vacant following Jim Barton's (R) resignation on August 7, 2013, to work for the Kinney Capitol Group.[64]

A special election for the position of Alabama House of Representatives District 104 was initially called for December 3, 2013, with a primary on October 15, 2013.[64] Because a runoff on December 3, 2013, was needed, the special election was scheduled to take place on January 28, 2014, instead. Due to inclement weather, the election was pushed back a week to February 4.[65]

Alabama House of Representatives, District 104, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMargie Wilcox 90.5% 2,932
     Republican Stephen P. Carr, II 9.5% 307
Total Votes 3,239

February 4 Special election candidates:

Democratic Party Stephen P. Carr, II
Republican Party Margie Wilcox Green check mark transparent.png

RunoffArrow.jpgCheckedBoxOffset.jpg Georgia House of Representatives District 2

See also: Georgia state legislative special elections, 2014

Republicans Neal Florence, Steve Tarvin and Doug Woodruff faced off in the special election, which took place on January 7.[39][66][67] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Tarvin and Florence - met in a runoff on February 4, which Tarvin won.[68][69]

The seat was vacant following Jay Neal's (R) resignation to serve as executive director of the Governor’s Office of Transition, Support and Re-entry.[70]

A special election for the position of Georgia House of Representatives District 2 was called for January 7, with a runoff if necessary on February 4. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was November 20, 2013.[71]

Georgia House of Representatives, District 2, Runoff Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteve Tarvin 53.9% 1,925
     Republican Neal Florence 46.1% 1,649
Total Votes 3,574
Georgia House of Representatives, District 2, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteve Tarvin 38.2% 1,073
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngNeal Florence 34.3% 964
     Republican Doug Woodruff 27.5% 774
Total Votes 2,811
February 4 Runoff election candidates:
Republican Party Neal Florence
Republican Party Steve Tarvin Green check mark transparent.png

RunoffArrow.jpgCheckedBoxOffset.jpg Georgia House of Representatives District 22

See also: Georgia state legislative special elections, 2014

Republicans Meagan Biello, Nate Cochran, Jeff Duncan and Sam Moore faced off in the special election, which took place on January 7.[39][72][73] As no candidate received more than fifty percent of the vote, the top-two vote-getters - Moore and Biello - met in a runoff on February 4, which Moore won.[74][75]

The seat was vacant following Calvin Hill's (R) death on October 30, 2013 after a battle with leukemia.[76]

A special election for the position of Georgia House of Representatives District 22 was called for January 7, with a runoff if necessary on February 4. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was November 20, 2013.[77]

Georgia House of Representatives, District 22, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSam Moore 57.7% 1,520
     Republican Meagan Biello 42.3% 1,113
Total Votes 2,633
February 4 Runoff election candidates:
Republican Party Meagan Biello
Republican Party Sam Moore Green check mark transparent.png

Looking ahead

Upcoming special elections include:

  • March 18: Pennsylvania State Senate District 28
  • March 25: Alabama House of Representatives District 53
  • March 25: California State Senate District 23

See also

References

  1. azcentral.com, "Arizona House approves bill to repeal election-law changes," February 13, 2014
  2. azdailysun.com, "House repeals 2013 election law that angered many," February 13, 2014
  3. insidetusconbusiness.com, "If it's repealed, good parts of HB 2305 election omnibus should be passed again," February 13, 2014
  4. Baltimore Sun, "House bill takes aim at NSA data collection," February 11, 2014. Accessed February 13, 2014
  5. CapitalGazette.com, "Kipke, other delegates withdraw support of proposal to cut off NSA utilities," February 12, 2014. Accessed February 13, 2014
  6. U.S. News and World Report, "Lights Out for NSA? Maryland Lawmakers Push to Cut Water, Electricity to Spy Agency Headquarters," February 10, 2014. Accessed February 13, 2014
  7. Motherboard, "
  8. Motherboard, "A Grassroots Campaign Wants to Use the Fourth Amendment to Shut Off the NSA’s Water Supply," accessed February 13, 2014
  9. www.dispatch.com, "State Rep. Peter Beck indicted on 53 additional charges," accessed February 13, 2014
  10. www.seattlepi.com, "OH lawmaker facing new counts yields chairmanship," accessed February 13, 2014
  11. www.fox19.com, "State Rep. Peter Beck indicted on 53 more counts," accessed February 13, 2014
  12. www.upi.com, "Ohio state representative indicated on 69 counts," accessed February 13, 2014
  13. “U.S. News”, “Some NSA Opponents Want to ‘Nullify’ Surveillance with State Law,” accessed February 13, 2014
  14. “The Daily Herald”, “Legislation targets NSA data center,” accessed February 13, 2014
  15. “Federal Times”, “Maryland state lawmakers want to cut off NSA data center resources,” accessed February 13, 2014
  16. “The Verge”, “Maryland lawmakers want to cripple the NSA’s headquarters,” accessed February 13, 2014
  17. Stateside Associates, " Session Calendar 2014," accessed February 17, 2014
  18. Wisconsin Governor's Office, "Governor Scott Walker Calls Special Session, Calls on Legislators to Pass the Blueprint for Prosperity," January 23, 2014
  19. StateNet, " Daily Session Summary," accessed February 17, 2014
  20. Alaska Statutes, "Section 15.25, Nomination of Candidates," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Secretary of State Website, "2014 Election Important Dates," accessed November 4, 2013
  22. Running for Public Office, "A 'Plain English' Handbook for Candidates," 2012 Edition, accessed October 21, 2013
  23. Arkansas Code of 1987, "Title 7, Elections," accessed October 30, 2013
  24. Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for the Office of State Senator, Member of the Assembly, "June 3, 2014, Primary Election," accessed October 21, 2013
  25. California Elections Code, "Section 8100-8107," accessed October 28, 2013
  26. California Secretary of State Website, "Key Dates and Deadlines," accessed October 21, 2013
  27. Colorado Secretary of State Website, "Major Political Parties FAQs," accessed October 31, 2013
  28. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Elections," accessed October 31, 2013
  29. Connecticut Secretary of State Website, "Frequently Asked Questions, Nominating Papers," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. Florida Department of State Division of Elections, "2013-2014 Dates to Remember," accessed November 6, 2013
  31. 2013 Florida Statutes, "Section 99.061," accessed December 2, 2014
  32. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named hi
  33. Hawaii State Legislature, "HRS §12-6 Nomination papers: time for filing; fees", accessed May 22, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 2014 Kentucky Election Calendar, accessed November 12, 2013
  35. Kentucky State Board of Elections "Candidate Qualifications and Filing Fees" accessed November 26, 2011
  36. Maine Secretary of State "State of Maine 2014 Candidate's Guide to Ballot Access," accessed February 11, 2014
  37. The State Board of Elections, "Candidacy," accessed November 5, 2013
  38. 2014 Massachusetts State Primary and State Election Schedule, accessed December 2, 2013
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 39.4 39.5 39.6 New Haven Register, "New Haven’s Holder-Winfield now faces West Haven’s Mullins in Senate race," January 17, 2014
  40. nhregister.com, "Holder-Winfield wins 10th District state Senate race," February 25, 2014
  41. newhavenindependent.org, "Holder-Winfield Clobbers Mullins By 3-1 Margin; “Sex Predator,” Pretend-Tax Attacks Fell Flat," February 26, 2014
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 governor.ct.gov, "Gov. Malloy: Special Election For State Senator In New Haven And West Haven To Be Held February 25," January 10, 2014
  43. Providence Journal, "Morin defeats 2 primary challengers to gain hold on Woonsocket House seat," January 21, 2014
  44. ctpost.com, "Morin wins Woonsocket election for RI House seat," February 26, 2014(Archived)
  45. Rhode Island Secretary of State, "Official Primary election results," accessed March 26, 2014
  46. ripr.org, "Baldelli-Hunt To Be Inaugurated As New Mayor Of Woonsocket," December 3, 2013
  47. turnto10.com, "State sets special election for Woonsocket House seat," December 4, 2013
  48. Washington Post, "Bloxom wins special election to fill Va House seat," February 26, 2014
  49. Virginia Board of Elections, "Official special election results," accessed March 14, 2014
  50. dailyprogress.com, "Feb. 25 set for Va. House special election," January 29, 2014
  51. al.com, "Mike Holmes, Jimmy Collier qualify for Republican runoff in Alabama House District 31," December 3, 2013
  52. al.com, "Mike Holmes defeats Jimmy Collier in special election in Alabama House District 31," February 4, 2014
  53. Official special election results submitted to Ballotpedia by Brandon Walters from the Alabama Secretary of State's Office on May 7, 2014
  54. 54.0 54.1 therepublic.com, "Special election timeline announced for vacant Ala. House District 31 seat," October 1, 2013
  55. al.com, "Citing inclement weather forecast, governor delays special election set for Mobile House seat," January 27, 2014
  56. blog.al.com, "'This is a launching pad': Johnson, winner of state House special election, not worried about brief term," April 1, 2014
  57. Official special election results submitted to Ballotpedia by Brandon Walters from the Alabama Secretary of State's Office on May 7, 2014
  58. abc3340.com, "Johnson, Lee in runoff for Alabama House 53," December 3, 2013
  59. al.com, "In District 53 Democratic runoff, Anthony 'Alann' Johnson defeats Arthur Shores Lee in last-minute win (updated)," February 4, 2014
  60. al.com, "Citing inclement weather forecast, governor delays special election set for Mobile House seat," January 27, 2014
  61. Official special election results submitted to Ballotpedia by Brandon Walters from the Alabama Secretary of State's Office on May 7, 2014
  62. al.com, "Hightower, Wilcox to face off in GOP primary for state House seat (updated, photos)," October 15, 2013
  63. therepublic.com, "Wilcox defeats Hightower in Alabama House District 104 runoff," December 3, 2013
  64. 64.0 64.1 timesdaily.com, " Special elections set for Ala. House districts," August 8, 2013
  65. al.com, "Citing inclement weather forecast, governor delays special election set for Mobile House seat," January 27, 2014
  66. wrcbtv.com, "Northwest Georgia special election results," January 7, 2014
  67. Georgia Secretary of State, "Official special election results," accessed January 22, 2014
  68. Dalton Daily Citizen, "Tarvin wins runoff for state House seat," February 4, 2014
  69. Georgia Secretary of State, "Official runoff election results," accessed March 14, 2014
  70. daltondailycitizen.com, "Neal appointment means special election coming up," November 2, 2013
  71. sos.ga.gov, "Secretary of State Kemp Sets Qualifying Dates for the Special Elections in State House District 2 and State House District 22," November 12, 2013
  72. canton-ga.patch.com, "State House District 22 Candidates Headed for Special Election Runoff," January 8, 2014
  73. Georgia Secretary of State, "Official special election results," accessed January 22, 2014
  74. Cherokee Tribune, "Moore wins District 22 runoff," February 4, 2014
  75. Georgia Secretary of State, "Official runoff election results," accessed March 14, 2014
  76. ajc.com, "Rep. Calvin Hill passes away," October 30, 2013
  77. sos.ga.gov, "Secretary of State Kemp Sets Qualifying Dates for the Special Elections in State House District 2 and State House District 22," November 12, 2013