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Voter identification laws by state

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As of January 2015, 31 states enforced voter identification requirements. A total of 15 states required voters to present photo identification while 16 accepted other forms of identification. In some states, a voter who is unable to present valid identification may still be permitted to vote without casting a provisional ballot. In others, such voters are required to cast provisional ballots.[1][2]

Valid forms of identification differ by state. Commonly accepted forms of identification include:[1][2]

  • a driver's license
  • a state-issued identification card
  • a military identification card

Generally speaking, proponents of voter identification requirements maintain that these laws are necessary in order to prevent voter fraud. Critics, meanwhile, contend that voter fraud is very rare and identification requirements "unduly restrict the right to vote."[1][2]

State-by-state breakdown

As of January 2015, the following 15 states required voters to present photo identification at the polls.[1][2]

As of January 2015, the following 16 states accepted other forms of identification:[1][2]

The table below breaks down voter identification requirements by state. Requirements are divided into four categories:[1]

  1. Photo ID: The state requires voters to present photo identification at the polls.
  2. Non-photo ID: The state requires voters to present some form of identification at the polls. This identification does not necessarily have to include a photograph.
  3. Strict: The state requires a voter who does not have a valid form of identification to cast a provisional ballot.
  4. Non-strict: The state may allow a voter without valid identification to cast a regular ballot.
Voter identification by state
State Photo ID Non-photo ID Strict Non-strict
Alabama
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Alaska
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Arizona
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Arkansas
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{{{1}}}
California
Colorado
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{{{1}}}
Connecticut
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{{{1}}}
Delaware
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{{{1}}}
Florida
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Georgia
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Hawaii
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Idaho
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Illinois
Indiana
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Iowa
Kansas
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{{{1}}}
Kentucky
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Louisiana
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
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{{{1}}}
Minnesota
Mississippi
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{{{1}}}
Missouri
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{{{1}}}
Montana
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Ohio
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Oklahoma
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
South Carolina
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
South Dakota
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Tennessee
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Texas
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{{{1}}}
Utah
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{{{1}}}
Vermont
Virginia
{{{1}}}
{{{1}}}
Washington
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{{{1}}}
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Source: National Conference of State Legislatures, "Voter Identification Requirements|Voter ID Laws," October 31, 2014

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See also

References