State legislatures compared by extent of electoral competitiveness in 2014
|2014 Competitiveness Overview|
| Primary competition (state comparison) |
| Incumbents defeated • Victorious challengers •|
|Major party challengers (state comparison)|
|Candidates with no challenges at all in 2014|
|Open seats (state comparisons)|
| Impact of term limits on # of open seats |
Long-serving senators • Long-serving reps
|Chart Comparing 2014 Results|
|Chart Comparing 2014 Results • Comparisons Between Years|
|Competitiveness Index • Absolute Index|
| 2014 State Legislative Elections|
State legislative incumbent turnover in 2014
|Competitiveness Studies from Other Years|
|2007 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013|
Using the arithmetical averages of each state's scores on "open seats," "incumbent primary contests" and "major party competition," Ballotpedia has ranked the top five states for competitiveness in 2014 state legislative elections.
The top five states include:
The lowest ranking states include:
In each case a lower number, such as 1, represents a more electorally competitive environment, and a higher number, such as 20, represents a less electorally competitive environment.
Under the absolute scenario, 100% of all incumbents facing a primary opponent, 100% of incumbents facing a primary and 100% of all general election seats having Democratic and Republican candidates. Thus, there would be a degree of 100 -- the most competitive (hypothetical) scenario.
The term "competitive" is not used to declare which states are hotly contested between political parties. Instead, the term is used to indicate competitive environment on a ballot access level. The goal of the Competitiveness Index is to capture whether elections are being held for state legislatures where incumbents are being challenged and opportunities for these challenges are being considered by candidates.
Note: California, Louisiana and Washington employ a top-two primary system. In top-two states, two primary candidates from any party can advance to the general election.
States compared by electoral competitiveness
The chart below captures the ranking that a state legislature received on all three factors in this Election Competitiveness Index.
- The first column, "Open Seats," contrasts states based on the percentage of incumbents who ran for re-election in 2014.
- The second column, "Primary Contests," ranks states against each other based on the percentage of incumbents who had a primary challenger.
- The third column, "Major Party Competition," ranks states against each other based on the percentage of major party candidates on the general election ballot with a major party challenger.
- The fourth column, "Overall rank," is an arithmetical average of the state's scores on all three factors.
|States compared by electoral competitiveness|
|State legislature||Open seats||Primary contests||Major party competition||Overall rank|
- State legislative elections, 2014
- Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2014
- 2014 state legislative elections analyzed using a Competitiveness Index
- Incumbents with no primary challenger in the 2014 state legislative elections
- Major party candidates with major party competition in the November 2014 state legislative elections
- Open seats in the 2014 state legislative elections