State spending by function as a percent of total expenditures

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The table below gives the percentages of the budget spent on various functions by each state in fiscal year 2012. The data come from the State Expenditure Report of the National Association of State Budget Officers.[1] Some highlights of the report were as follows:

  • Total state spending declined in fiscal 2012 for the first time in the 26-year history of the publication, even though spending from state funds hss been increasing slowly. This was due mainly to the fact that federal funds declined rapdily with the ending of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
  • Medicaid has risen as a percentage of total state spending, going from 20.5 percent in fiscal 2008 to an estimated 24.5 percent in fiscal 2013.
  • Kindergarten through 12th grade education remained the largest category in fiscal 2012, representing 34.9 percent of general fund expenditures.
  • Medicaid spending is second highest category with average state spending at 19.3 percent.
  • Higher education state funding decreased 2.6 percent in fiscal 2012 and are estimated to have increased by 3.7 percent in fiscal 2013, while federal funds declined 10.2 percent in fiscal 2012 and declined by an estimated 2.0 percent in fiscal 2013.
  • Public assistance funding decreased by 10.9 percent in fiscal 2012 and estimated 2.0 percent i9n fiscal 2013.
  • Corrections spending increased by 3.3 percent in fiscal 2012. State funds comprise over 96 percent of total corrections expenditures, so they were not affected very much by the slowdown of Recovery Act spending in fiscal 2012.
  • Transportation spending increased by 3.7 percent overall in fiscal 2012 with state funds increasing by 4.4 percent and federal funds growing by 3.7 percent.
  • Capital projects spending increased by 2.4 percent in fiscal 2012 and is estimated to have increased by 5.5 percent in fiscal 2013.

General fund revenues in the states have recovered slowly since the 2008 financial crisis when the total was $670.5 billion. That figure fell to $603.3 billion in fiscal 2009 and $592.8 billion in fiscal 2010. In 2011 revenues began to increase, reaching $647.7 billion. In 2012 they reached $671.1 billion in fiscal 2012 and were estimated to reach $707.5 billion in fiscal 2013.[2]

Full table

Note: Click on a column heading to sort the data.

State spending by function as a percent of total expenditures, FY 2012
State Elementary & secondary education Higher education Public assistance Medicaid Corrections Transportation All other
Alabama 20.9 20.1 0.2 23.3 2.5 6.1 27
Alaska 13.4 9.3 1.1 11.6 3 16.8 44.8
Arizona 20 10.5 1.5 23.7 3.2 7.8 33.3
Arkansas 19 13.5 1 32 3.6 6.4 24.6
California 16.3 16.2 2.1 21.4 2.2 5.8 36
Colorado 19.9 7 3.8 21.6 5.4 6.3 36
Connecticut 25.3 9 0 20.7 2.7 5.4 36.9
Delaware 13.9 10.3 1.4 21.4 2.5 10 40.6
District of Columbia 24.6 4.5 0.3 15.9 3 8.9 42.9
Florida 18.8 7.1 0.3 30.6 4.2 11 28.1
Georgia 24 18.7 0.1 21.5 3.7 5.2 26.8
Hawaii 15.6 11.3 0.9 12.3 2 10 48
Idaho 25.7 8.1 0.3 27.2 3.7 10.9 24.2
Illinois 15.8 5.5 0.1 19.7 2.2 8.5 48.1
Indiana 32.9 6.5 1.5 27.3 2.9 9.3 19.7
Iowa 16.8 25 0.6 19.6 2.7 7.5 27.8
Kansas 25.8 16.9 0.3 18.6 2.5 8.8 27.1
Kentucky 19.8 25.7 0.9 22.5 2.4 8.9 19.8
Louisiana 18.4 9.9 0.6 26.7 2.9 7.1 34.4
Maine 13.1 3.4 2.6 28.8 1.7 8.6 41.8
Maryland 19.5 14.5 3.7 21.5 4.3 9.9 26.5
Massachusetts 10.7 9.3 2.5 20.7 2.1 6.2 48.6
Michigan 27.2 4.1 0.9 26.1 4.7 6.9 30.2
Minnesota 23.8 9.7 1.4 27.6 1.5 8.3 27.7
Mississippi 16.9 16.8 5.8 23.4 1.8 7.5 27.7
Missouri 22.6 4.7 0.7 35 2.6 10.4 23.9
Montana 15.5 9.8 0.5 16.8 3.1 12.7 41.5
Nebraska 15.3 23.5 0.5 16.7 2.3 7.5 34.3
Nevada 23.6 9.7 3.2 25.4 3.8 9.5 24.9
New Hampshire 23.5 2.7 1.9 23.9 2.1 10.1 35.9
New Jersey 24.7 7.8 0.9 21.6 3.2 9.3 32.4
New Mexico 19.7 19.3 0.5 24.7 2 5.9 27.9
New York 19.8 7.6 2.8 29.4 2.3 6.2 31.8
North Carolina 23.2 9 0.5 24.7 4.2 9.9 28.4
North Dakota 13.8 17.7 0.1 12.1 1.9 16.4 38
Ohio 20.6 4.2 1.5 24.4 3.1 5.1 41.2
Oklahoma 16.5 23.1 1 23.9 2.5 7.2 25.8
Oregon 14 2.5 0.7 18.2 3.9 6.7 54.1
Pennsylvania 18.4 2.8 1.9 33.2 3.5 9.3 30.8
Rhode Island 14.2 13.2 1.4 25 2.4 6.5 37.4
South Carolina 15.9 21 0.4 21.7 2.7 6.6 31.7
South Dakota 14.3 17.7 0.8 20.9 2.7 15.9 27.7
Tennessee 17.7 12.8 0.4 30.7 2.7 6.4 29.3
Texas 28.7 15.8 0.1 30.1 3.5 8.1 13.8
Utah 24.7 11.9 0.9 17.5 2 9.2 33.9
Vermont 31.1 1.8 2.1 25.3 2.8 12.8 24.2
Virginia 16 13.1 0.4 16.2 2.9 11.3 40.1
Washington 22.9 17.8 1 12.1 2.7 8.4 35.1
West Virginia 10.8 14.1 0.7 12.7 1 5.8 54.9
Wisconsin 16.7 14.1 0.4 16.5 2.9 6.9 42.5
Wyoming 3.9 5.5 0 9.5 4.6 9.5 66.9
Source: National Association of State Budget Officers

See also

References