State spending by function as a percent of total expenditures
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Glossary of state budget terms
The table below gives the percentages of the budget spent on various functions by each state in fiscal year 2012. The data come from the State Expenditure Report of the National Association of State Budget Officers. Some highlights of the report were as follows:
- Total state spending declined in fiscal 2012 for the first time in the 26-year history of the publication, even though spending from state funds hss been increasing slowly. This was due mainly to the fact that federal funds declined rapdily with the ending of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
- Medicaid has risen as a percentage of total state spending, going from 20.5 percent in fiscal 2008 to an estimated 24.5 percent in fiscal 2013.
- Kindergarten through 12th grade education remained the largest category in fiscal 2012, representing 34.9 percent of general fund expenditures.
- Medicaid spending is second highest category with average state spending at 19.3 percent.
- Higher education state funding decreased 2.6 percent in fiscal 2012 and are estimated to have increased by 3.7 percent in fiscal 2013, while federal funds declined 10.2 percent in fiscal 2012 and declined by an estimated 2.0 percent in fiscal 2013.
- Public assistance funding decreased by 10.9 percent in fiscal 2012 and estimated 2.0 percent i9n fiscal 2013.
- Corrections spending increased by 3.3 percent in fiscal 2012. State funds comprise over 96 percent of total corrections expenditures, so they were not affected very much by the slowdown of Recovery Act spending in fiscal 2012.
- Transportation spending increased by 3.7 percent overall in fiscal 2012 with state funds increasing by 4.4 percent and federal funds growing by 3.7 percent.
- Capital projects spending increased by 2.4 percent in fiscal 2012 and is estimated to have increased by 5.5 percent in fiscal 2013.
General fund revenues in the states have recovered slowly since the 2008 financial crisis when the total was $670.5 billion. That figure fell to $603.3 billion in fiscal 2009 and $592.8 billion in fiscal 2010. In 2011 revenues began to increase, reaching $647.7 billion. In 2012 they reached $671.1 billion in fiscal 2012 and were estimated to reach $707.5 billion in fiscal 2013.
Note: Click on a column heading to sort the data.
|State spending by function as a percent of total expenditures, FY 2012|
|State||Elementary & secondary education||Higher education||Public assistance||Medicaid||Corrections||Transportation||All other|
|District of Columbia||24.6||4.5||0.3||15.9||3||8.9||42.9|
|Source: National Association of State Budget Officers|