States with a full-time legislature
The full-time state legislatures are:
- California State Legislature
- Illinois State Legislature
- Massachusetts State Legislature
- Michigan State Legislature
- New Jersey State Legislature
- New York State Legislature
- Ohio State Legislature
- Pennsylvania General Assembly
- Wisconsin State Legislature
Defining a full-time state legislature
Number of staffers
In general, full-time legislatures have larger staffs than other legislatures. A few exceptions to this rule are Florida and Texas, whose part-time legislatures have larger staffs than a number of full-time legislatures. This means that not all work at the State Capitol. Some states with full-time legislatures have district offices.
Among all fifty states, each state averages 682 staff members. The nine full-time legislatures average 1,418 staff members each. The other 41 legislatures average 520 staff members each.
When looking at salary, the National Conference of State Legislatures measures the overall salary of a legislator and not just the base salary alone. This includes per diem payments, housing allowances in-session, mileage and expense reimbursements, and other necessary payments. Also, the length of the legislative session takes into account how much a legislator is paid including factors if the legislature is called in special session which could increase a legislator's salary.
Time spent on the job
When the National Conference of State Legislatures defines how much time is devoted to state legislatures, it is considered not the amount of time that is spent on the legislative floor but also other activities too. This includes committee hearings, listening sessions, constituent service, and also time spent during a campaign.
The following states have legislators who devote 80% of a full time job to their legislative duties. On average, each legislator is paid $68,599 and has 9 staff members.
- New Jersey
- New York
The following states have legislators who devote 70% of a full time job to their legislative duties. On average, each legislator is paid $35,326 and has 3 staff members.
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
The following states have legislators who devote 54% of a full time job to their legislative duties. On average, each legislator is paid $15,984 and has 1 staff members.
- New Hampshire
- New Mexico
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
- Comparison of state legislative salaries
- Population represented by state legislators
- State legislative sessions
- Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, "Part-time Legislature initiative generating buzz", December 6, 2009
- ncsl.org, "Staff Change Chart," accessed February 20, 2014
- ncsl.org, "2013 Legislator Salary," accessed February 20, 2014
- NCSL, "Full and Part-Time Legislatures," accessed February 20, 2014(See Table 2. Average Job Time, Compensation and Staff Size by Category of Legislature)