Stephen Lynch

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Stephen Lynch
Stephen Lynch.jpg
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 8
Incumbent
In office
October 16, 2001-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 13
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorMichael Capuano (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$2.43 in 2012
First electedOctober 16, 2001
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,534,709
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Massachusetts State Senate
1996-2001
Massachusetts House of Representatives
1995-1996
Education
High schoolSouth Boston High School
Bachelor'sWentworth Institute of Technology (1988)
Master'sHarvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government
J.D.Boston College (1991)
Personal
BirthdayMarch 31, 1955
Place of birthBoston, Massachusetts
ProfessionAttorney, union leader
Net worth$673,008
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Stephen Lynch campaign logo
Stephen Lynch (b. March 31, 1955, in Boston, MA) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 8th Congressional District. Lynch was first elected to the House in 2001 for Massachusetts' 9th Congressional District, but due to 2010 redistricting won re-election in the 8th District on November 6, 2012. He is currently serving his seventh consecutive term.[1]

Lynch is running for re-election to Massachusetts' 8th Congressional District in 2014. He was unopposed in the primary and will face no major party challenger in the general election.[2]

Prior to his election to the House, Lynch worked as a labor and employment attorney, was a member of the Massachusetts House of Represenatives and a member of the Massachusetts State Senate. He was also a co-founder of the Congressional Labor and Working Families Caucus.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lynch is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Lynch was born and raised in South Boston. A graduate of South Boston High School, he began his professional career as an ironworker. He became the union's youngest president when he assumed the position at age 30.

Lynch received additional education after initially joining the workforce. He earned a B.A. From the Wentworth Institute of Technology in 1988. Lynch received a J.D. from Boston College in 1991 and later attended Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government where he achieved a Master's Degree in Public Administration in 1999.[3]

Career

The following is a bulleted list of Lynch's career:[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Lynch serves on the following committees:[5][6]

2011-2012

  • U.S. House Committee on Financial Services
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Insurance, and Government-Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
  • U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
    • Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service and Labor Policy Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on National Security, Homeland Defense and Foreign Operations
    • Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Lynch's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Lynch voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Lynch voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Lynch voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Neutral/Abstain Lynch did not vote on HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Neutral/Abstain On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Lynch did not vote on the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Lynch joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Lynch voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lynch voted for HR 2775.[21]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Lynch voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[22] The vote largely followed party lines.[23]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Lynch voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[24]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Lynch voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[25]

Previous congressional sessions

Iraq

According to Lynch's official House website, he desired to remove most of the troops from Iraq by 2011.[26]

Some of the bills Lynch introduced include:

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Lynch voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Stephen Lynch's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lynch is a Liberal Populist. Lynch received a score of 40 percent on social issues and 6 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Neutral
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Neutral
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[28]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[30][31] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lynch was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[30][31]

Economy

King Amendment

Lynch signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[32] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[33]. King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.

Issues

Campaign themes

2012

On his campaign website, Lynch listed thirteen issues. They are:[34]

  • Economy

Excerpt: "Lynch believes the Federal government needs to create conditions that will induce the private sector to begin lending to creditworthy developers, businesses, and consumers. "

  • Wall Street

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch opposed the Wall Street bailout, which rewarded bankers and executives for risky behavior that drove our nation into recession. He believes we must hold Wall Street executives accountable for their actions, and he’s fighting for hard reforms to the banking system to ensure that we don’t pay for their mistakes again."

  • Education

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that education is the foundation of opportunity in the United States. He supported the renewal of Head Start, the premiere early education program in the United States for more than 40 years."

  • College Affordability

Excerpt: "The rising cost of attending U.S. colleges and universities is a growing concern as many students are finding that their dream of attending an institution of higher education is out of financial reach. Stephen Lynch is committed to ensuring that all qualified students are given the opportunity to achieve their dream by making college more affordable and more accessible for America’s hard-working families and students."

  • Working families

Excerpt: "After working 18 years as an ironworker, Stephen Lynch knows you can’t live the American dream without a decent job. He fought for the first minimum wage increase in a decade – to ensure that the minimum wage can be a living wage."

  • America's future

Excerpt: "Too many families today are worried about the burden we are putting on future generations. In order for our children to have the promise of America, we have to get our federal spending under control. Stephen Lynch has fought to end corporate bailouts and misplaced spending. And he supports “pay as you go” legislation that forces Congress to keep its book balanced, just like the rest of us."

  • Afghanistan

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch supports President Obama’s transition plan in Afghanistan, maintaining peace, and bringing our troops home as soon as possible. Having been to Afghanistan eight times, where he has met with Afghan political leaders and U.S. military leaders and soldiers, he has a keen understanding of the conditions on the ground."

  • Renewable Energy

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that the federal government must take an active role in reducing our energy consumption and dependence on foreign oil, and create a secure and sustainable energy future. He supports the American Clean Energy and Security Act, which moves us toward these goals by promoting renewable, clean energy resources, energy efficiency, reducing global warming pollution, and transitioning to a clean energy economy."

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that every American should have access to quality healthcare, regardless of their employment status or income level."

  • Iraq

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch supported the Obama Administration’s removal of U.S. military forces in Iraq. Lynch believes that there is still a role for the U.S. to play as a partner in assisting with Iraq’s continued development."

  • Labor and Working Families

Excerpt: "He believes in equal pay, prevailing wage, and the Employee Free Choice Act."

  • Social Security and Retirement Security

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that it is vital to preserve Social Security for today's retirees and to strengthen it for the future as a cornerstone of the retirement plan for Americans. Social Security is a reflection of the best ideals of our nation. Based on the noble and principled notion of shared sacrifice, it is a program that has provided financial independence for generations of Americans."

  • Veterans

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that one of the most important ways America can show its gratitude to its veterans for their heroic and dedicated service to our nation is by providing them with the finest medical care possible. When the Bush White House tried to close four VA hospitals in the 9th/new 8th District, Lynch successfully led the effort to keep them open. He has been a champion of health care for veterans, and was a strong supporter of the New GI bill."[34]

Elections

2014

See also: Massachusetts' 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Lynch is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on September 9, 2014. He will face no major party opposition in the November general election.[2]

2013

See also: United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013

Lynch sought election to the United States Senate seat vacated by John Kerry, after his confirmation by the U.S. Senate to Secretary of State.[35]

Lynch and Ed Markey participated in six debates. Three were focused on general issues and the each of the remaining three focused on a different topic. One centered on jobs, another on domestic issues and the final one centered on foreign affairs. The debates were held throughout the state with confirmed locations in Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford.[36]

The day before the Democratic U.S. Senate primary, Lynch was sidelined by illness and unable to attend most of his scheduled public events.[37]

Lynch was defeated by challenger Ed Markey in the Democratic primary on April 30, 2013.[38]

Endorsements

  • Massachusetts Building Trades Council
"When we get engaged in a campaign, we’re all in."[39]

2012

See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

Lynch ran for re-election in 2012. He was redistricted and sought re-election in the 8th Congressional District of Massachusetts.[40] He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary.

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngStephen Lynch Incumbent 71% 263,999
     Republican Joe Selvaggi 22.1% 82,242
     N/A All Others 0.2% 570
     N/A Blank Votes 6.7% 24,883
Total Votes 371,694
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Lynch attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Lynch is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Lynch raised a total of $7,534,709 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[47]

Stephen Lynch's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $729,836
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $911,231
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $1,066,677
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $1,170,450
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $1,161,368
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $2,495,147
Grand Total Raised $7,534,709


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lynch’s reports.[48]

Stephen Lynch (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[49]April 15, 2013$760,206.10$72,781.12$(796,668.20)$36,319.02
July Quarterly[50]August 17, 2013$36,319.02$140,475.48$(30,912.51)$145,881.99
October Quarterly[51]October 15, 2013$145,881.99$8,165.04$(51,803.97)$102,243.06
Year-end[52]January 31, 2014$102,243$21,012$(49,972)$73,282
April Quarterly[53]April 15, 2014$73,282$59,112$(84,493)$47,902
Running totals
$301,545.64$(1,013,849.68)

2013

2012

Lynch won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Lynch's campaign committee raised a total of $729,836 and spent $642,217.[54]

Cost per vote

Lynch spent $2.43 per vote received in 2012.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lynch's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $12,018 and $1,333,998. That averages to $673,008, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Lynch ranked as the 244th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2004 and 2012, Lynch's calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 3 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Stephen Lynch Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$860,525
2012$673,008
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-22%
Average annual growth:-3%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lynch is a "rank-and-file Democrat," as of August 4, 2014. This was the same rating Lynch received in June 2013.[60]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[61]

Lynch most often votes with:

Lynch least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lynch missed 385 of 9,293 roll call votes from October 2001 to August 2014, which is 4.1% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[62]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lynch paid his congressional staff a total of $1,053,822 in 2011. He ranked 87th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 112th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2013

Lynch ranked 123rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.[64]

2012

Lynch ranked 129th in the liberal rankings in 2012. This was the most conservative ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.[65]

2011

Lynch ranked 123rd in the liberal rankings in 2011.[66]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Lynch voted with the Democratic Party 90.8 percent of the time, which ranked 150th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[67]

2013

Lynch voted with the Democratic Party 91.7 percent of the time, which ranked 138th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[68]

Personal

Lynch is married to Margaret Shaughnessy. They have one daughter.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Stephen + Lynch + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Stephen Lynch News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Stephen Lynch


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts," accessed 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Politico, "2014 Massachusetts House Primaries Results," accessed September 9, 2014
  3. Stephen Lynch Official House Website, "About," accessed on August 25, 2011
  4. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Stephen Lynch," accessed September 25, 2013
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Stephen Lynch's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 25, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Stephen Lynch's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 25, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Stephen Lynch's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 25, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Lynch on abortion," accessed September 25, 2013
  26. Stephen Lynch Official House Website, "Iraq," accessed on August 25, 2011
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Stephen Lynch Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  32. Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill," accessed September 23, 2013
  33. Time.com, "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates," accessed September 18, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 Stephen Lynch for Congress, "Issues," accessed August 16, 2012
  35. ABC News, "Rep. Stephen Lynch Runs for Massachusetts Senate Seat; Scott Brown’s Decision Still Unknown," accessed January 31, 2013
  36. Boston Herald, "Markey, Lynch agree to 6 debates," accessed February 25, 2013
  37. The Washington Post, "Lynch cancels most campaign events, citing illness," accessed April 29, 2013
  38. WCVB, "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed April 30, 2013
  39. MassLive.com, "Massachusetts Building Trades Council endorses Democratic Senate candidate Stephen Lynch," accessed February 21, 2013
  40. Boston Herald, "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff," accessed January 22, 2012
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. Our Campaigns, "MA District 9 - Special Election," accessed May 27, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Stephen F. Lynch," accessed May 16, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Stephen Lynch Summary Report," accessed July 26, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Stephen Lynch April Quarterly," accessed July 26, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Stephen Lynch July Quarterly," accessed August 17, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Stephen Lynch October Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  54. Open Secrets, " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  55. OpenSecrets, "Lynch (D-MA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. GovTrack, "Stephen Lynch," accessed August 4, 2014
  61. OpenCongress, "Stephen Lynch," accessed August 4, 2014
  62. GovTrack, "Stephen Lynch," accessed August 4, 2014
  63. LegiStorm, "Stephen Lynch," accessed 2012
  64. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 4, 2014
  65. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  66. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  67. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  68. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Capuano
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts District 8
2013-Present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Joe Moakley
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts District 9
2001-2013
Succeeded by
William Keating (D)