Steven Palazzo

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Steven Palazzo
Steven Palazzo.jpg
U.S. House, Mississippi, District 4
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorGene Taylor (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$3.89 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$2,006,346
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mississippi State House of Representatives
2007-2010
Education
High schoolSaint Johns High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Southern Mississippi
Master'sUniversity of Southern Mississippi
Military service
Service/branchMississippi Army National Guard
Years of service2007-Present
Service branchUnited States Marine Corps Reserve
Years of service1988-1996
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 21, 1970
Place of birthGulfport, MS
ProfessionAccountant
Net worth$1,123,512
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Steven McCarty Palazzo (b. February 21, 1970, in Gulfport, MS) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Mississippi's 4th Congressional District. Palazzo was first elected to the House in 2010. He won re-election in 2012.

He previously served in the Mississippi State Senate from 2007-2010.[1]

Palazzo ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated challengers Matt Moore (D), Joey Robinson (I), Sarge Jackson (RP), Cindy Burleson (I) and Ed Reich (I) in the general election.[2] He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014, before retaining his seat by winning the general election on November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Palazzo is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Palazzo was born in 1970 in Gulfport, MS. After graduating from St. Johns High School, he went on to earn his B.S. and M.P.A. from the University of Southern Mississippi in 1994 and 1996, respectively. Prior to his political career, Palazzo worked as an accountant and small business owner, starting a CPA firm with his wife.[3] He had also served in both the United States Marine Corps Reserve and the Mississippi Army National Guard, and is a veteran of the Persian Gulf War.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Palazzo's professional and political career:[1]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Palazzo serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Palazzo served on the following House committees:[5]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Palazzo's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

American intervention in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Palazzo signed a letter asking President Obama to "consult and receive authorization from Congress before ordering the use of U.S. military force in Syria." The letter was sent August 28, 2013.[8]

NDAA

Yea3.png Palazzo supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Palazzo supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Palazzo opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Palazzo supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Palazzo supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[11] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[12]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[13] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[14] Palazzo voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[15] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Palazzo voted against HR 2775.[16]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Palazzo supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[17] The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Obamacare

Yea3.png Palazzo supported repealing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Healthcare-Related Provisions in the Healthcare and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[8]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Palazzo supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[19]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[20] Palazzo joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[21][22]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Palazzo voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Steven Palazzo's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Palazzo is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Palazzo received a score of 28 percent on social issues and 86 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]

WWII Memorial

A group of World War II veterans associated with the Mississippi Gulf Coast Honor Flight wanting to pay their respects at the WWII Memorial were denied access to the memorial due to the government shutdown in October 2013. The group instead went around the barriers to gain entry. Many congressional members from both parties spoke their approval of the move, including Sen. Sherrod Brown and Rep. Michele Bachmann. Rep. Steve King and Rep. Palazzo aided the veterans by distracting park police and helping move the gates.[26]

Controversy

Federal aid in Mississippi

In a speech at the Biloxi Visitors Center, Palazzo's opponent in the 2014 Republican primary, Gene Taylor, actively campaigned against Palazzo, attacking him for voting against federal aid after Hurricane Sandy. In his speech, Taylor argued that Mississippi greatly needed federal aid after Hurricane Katrina, highlighting the importance of federal aid for storm relief. Taylor also criticized Palazzo for wanting to cut the military budget, claiming that this would hurt military bases and thereby national defense as a whole.[27]

Club for Growth website

In February 2013, the Club for Growth Action, a fiscally conservative Super PAC, launched a website called "www.PrimaryMyCongressman.com." According to the Club for Growth Action, "the purpose of the website was to raise awareness of Republicans In Name Only (RINOs) who are currently serving in safe Republican seats....The website will offer Club members and the general public the opportunity to recommend primary opponents to the incumbents highlighted by Club for Growth Action, as well as to recommend primary challengers for any Republican member of Congress. Club for Growth Action will rotate liberal Republicans through the website to highlight their failed records on limiting government." Palazzo was one of the first nine incumbent Republicans to be targeted by the site, which gave him a lifetime Club for Growth rating of 69 percent.[28][29]

Campaign themes

2012

The following themes were outlined on Palazzo's campaign website.[30]

  • I Believe

Excerpt: "I believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional Mississippi values and strong national security. The primary role of government is to provide and protect our freedom to pursue Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."

  • Mississippi Values

Excerpt: "God, Family, and Country!"

  • Constitution

Excerpt: "When I joined the Marine Corps in 1988, I took an oath to protect and defend the constitution of the United States of America against all enemies both domestic and foreign. That was 22 years ago and I continue to live by that oath as a Mississippi Legislator and Citizen-Soldier."

  • State Legislator

Excerpt: "As a state legislator, I have a proven record of conservatism and fighting for my district on issues important to South Mississippi."

  • Sanctity of Marriage

Excerpt: "Marriage is between a man and a woman. The federal government should not be allowed to change the values set by individual states." [31]

—Steven Palazzo, http://palazzoforcongress.com/issues/

Elections

2014

See also: Mississippi's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014

Palazzo ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Matt Moore (D), Joey Robinson (Libertarian), Sarge Jackson (Reform), Cindy Burleson (I) and Ed Reich (I) in the general election on November 4, 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014.

U.S. House, Mississippi District 4 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteven Palazzo Incumbent 69.9% 108,776
     Democratic Matt Moore 24.3% 37,869
     Libertarian Joey Robinson 2.2% 3,473
     Reform Eli Jackson 0.6% 917
     Independent Cindy Burleson 2.4% 3,684
     Independent Ed Reich 0.6% 857
Total Votes 155,576
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State Official Results
U.S. House, Mississippi District 4 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngSteven Palazzo Incumbent 50.5% 54,268
Gene Taylor 43% 46,133
Tom Carter 4.6% 4,955
Tavish Kelly 1.1% 1,129
Ron Vincent 0.8% 904
Total Votes 107,389
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State - Official Republican primary results

2012

See also: Mississippi's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Palazzo won the election.[32] Palazzo was seeking re-election in 2012.[33] On March 13, he fended off primary challenges from Cindy Burleson and Ron Vincent. He faced Michael Herrington (Democratic), Ron Williams (Libertarian) and Robert W. Claunch (Reform) in the November 2012 general election.[34][35]


Steven Palazzo, "Danger of Defense Cuts"[36]
U.S. House, Mississippi District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Matthew Moore 28.8% 82,344
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteven Palazzo Incumbent 64.1% 182,998
     Libertarian Ron Williams 0.7% 2,108
     Reform Robert W. Claunch 6.3% 17,982
Total Votes 285,432
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Mississippi District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngSteven Palazzo Incumbent 73.9% 60,722
Cindy Burleson 7.4% 6,081
Ron Vincent 18.7% 15,378
Total Votes 82,181

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Palazzo attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Palazzo is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Palazzo raised a total of $2,006,346 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[38]

Steven Palazzo's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 4) Won $926,893
2010 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 4) Won $1,079,453
Grand Total Raised $2,006,346


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Palazzo's reports.[39]

Steven Palazzo (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[40]April 15, 2013$269,796.17$69,750.00$(26,394.66)$313,151.51
July Quarterly[41]July 15, 2013$313,151.51$161,126.13$(38,571.55)$435,706.09
October Quarterly[42]October 15, 2013$435,706.09$37,920.00$(134,764.22)$338,861.87
Year-End Quarterly[43]December 31, 2013$338,861$48,100$(42,917)$344,043
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2014$344,043.90$174,788.33$(116,234.47)$402,597.76
July QuarterlyJuly 15, 2014$279,803$158,715$(314,485)$126,084
Running totals
$650,399.46$(673,366.9)

2012

Palazzo won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Palazzo's campaign committee raised a total of $926,893 and spent $710,074.[45]

Cost per vote

Palazzo spent $3.89 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Palazzo won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Palazzo's campaign committee raised a total of $1,079,453 and spent $1,026,476.[46]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Palazzo's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $607,025 and $1,639,999. That averages to $1,123,512, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Palazzo ranked as the 197th most wealthy representative in 2012.[47] Between 2009 and 2012, Palazzo's calculated net worth[48] increased by an average of 84 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[49]

Steven Palazzo Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$319,452
2012$1,123,512
Growth from 2009 to 2012:252%
Average annual growth:84%[50]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[51]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Palazzo received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Accountants industry.

From 2009-2014, 24.2 percent of Palazzo's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[52]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Steven Palazzo Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,845,453
Total Spent $2,719,368
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Accountants$166,998
Leadership PACs$166,400
Health Professionals$132,800
Defense Aerospace$112,700
Retired$109,697
% total in top industry5.87%
% total in top two industries11.72%
% total in top five industries24.2%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Palazzo is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[53] This was the same rating Palazzo received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[54]

Palazzo most often votes with:

Palazzo least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Palazzo missed 83 of 2,703 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 3.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[53]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Palazzo paid his congressional staff a total of $686,596 in 2011. Overall, Mississippi ranked 41st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[55]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Palazzo ranked 21st in the conservative rankings in 2013.[56]

2012

Palazzo ranked 40th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[57]

2011

Palazzo ranked 54th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[58]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Palazzo voted with the Republican Party 94.6 percent of the time, which ranked 101st among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[59]

2013

Palazzo voted with the Republican Party 95.4 percent of the time, which ranked 146th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[60]

Personal

Palazzo lives in Gulfport, MS, with his wife, Lisa, and their three children.[61] He is a member of St. James Catholic Church.[3]

Palazzo received the HOPE award from the Alabama-Mississippi Chapter of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. This award is the society's highest honor.[62]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Steven + Palazzo + Mississippi + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Steven Palazzo News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Steven Palazzo," accessed December 3, 2011
  2. Politico, "House Election Results," accessed November 17, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Steven Palazzo for Congress, "About Steven," accessed October 14, 2014
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  5. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 3, 2011
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 Project Vote Smart, "Palazzo's Political Summary," accessed September 14, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Palazzo's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 27, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "Palazzo on agriculture," accessed September 27, 2013
  12. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  15. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  16. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Palazzo's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 27, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Palazzo on abortion," accessed September 27, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  21. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Steven Palazzo Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. Huffington Post, "Badass WWII Veterans Storm Memorial On National Mall, Defy Government Shutdown Closure," accessed October 1, 2013
  27. Sun Herald, "Taylor wastes no time going after Palazzo in Mississippi's 4th District," accessed April 3, 2014
  28. Idaho Statesman, "Club for Growth targets Idaho Rep. Simpson for defeat in 2014," accessed February 27, 2013
  29. The New York Times, "Club for Growth Leads Conservative Charge, Sometimes at Republicans," accessed March 13, 2013
  30. Steven Palazzo, "Issues," accessed October 11, 2012
  31. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  32. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Mississippi"
  33. Clarion Ledger, "3 congressmen file to run again," accessed January 13, 2012
  34. WAPT 16, "Unofficial Mississippi Primary Results," accessed March 13, 2012
  35. Mississippi Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  36. YouTube, "Danger of Defense Cuts"
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. Open Secrets, "Steven Palazzo," accessed May 16, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Palazzo 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  40. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  41. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  42. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  43. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12 2014
  44. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
  45. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Steven Palazzo 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 3, 2011
  47. Open Secrets, "Steven Palazzo (R-MS), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  48. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  49. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  51. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Steven Palazzo," accessed September 23, 2014
  53. 53.0 53.1 GovTrack, "Steve Palazzo," accessed July 29, 2014
  54. OpenCongress, "Steven Palazzo," accessed July 29, 2014
  55. LegiStorm, "Steven Palazzo," accessed October 8, 2012
  56. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  57. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  58. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  59. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. Official House Site, "Full Biography," accessed December 3, 2011 (dead link)
  62. Hattiesburg American, "Palazzo named 2013 HOPE Award recipient by National Multiple Sclerosis Society," accessed August 15, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Gene Taylor (D)
U.S. House of Representatives - Mississippi District 4
2011–present
Succeeded by
-