Steve Southerland II

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Steve Southerland II
Steve Southerland II.jpg
U.S. House, Florida, District 2
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PredecessorAllen Boyd (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$9.79 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next primaryAugust 26, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,115,028
Term limitsN/A
High schoolA. Crawford Mosley High School (1983)
Bachelor'sTroy State University
Associate'sJefferson State Junior College[1]
BirthdayOctober 10, 1965
Place of birthNashville, Tennessee
ProfessionBusinessman, Mortician
Net worth$584,001.50
Office website
Campaign website
Steve Southerland II campaign logo
William Steve Southerland, II (b. October 10, 1965, in Nashville, TN) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Southerland was elected by voters from Florida's 2nd Congressional District.

Southerland was first elected in 2010 and was re-elected in 2012.[2]

He is running in 2014 for re-election to the U.S. House, representing the 2nd Congressional District of Florida. Southerland is seeking the Republican nomination in the primary.

He is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program and a signer of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[3][4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Southerland is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.


Southerland is a lifelong resident of Panama City, Florida. He is the fourth generation of five in his family to live in Bay County.


  • 1983: A. Crawford Mosley High School
  • Jefferson State Junior College, A.A. degree in Mortuary Science
  • Troy State University, B.S. degree in Business Management


Below is a summary of Southerland's professional achievements:[5]

  • Current Co-Owner and President of Southerland Family Funeral Homes, founded in 1955
  • Two term member of the Florida Board of Funeral Directors (Gubernatorial Appointment)
  • Two term Chairman of the Florida Board of Funeral Directors
  • Founding partner in Genesis Granite and Stone, LLC
  • Founding partner in K & B Land and Timber Company, LLC
  • Past Member of the Florida Funeral Directors Association
  • Past Member of the National Funeral Directors Association
  • Member of the Leaders Network (personal and professional growth organization)

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Southerland serves on the following committees:[6][7]


Key votes

113th Congress

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Southerland's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Southerland voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[14]


Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[15]


Farm bill

Voted "No" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[17][18] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[18] Southerland voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[19][20] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[20] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[21] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Southerland voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[19]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[22] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[23] Southerland voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[24]

Voted "No" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[25] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Southerland voted against HR 2775.[26]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[27]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[28]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in favor of and co-sponsored HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[29]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Southerland voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Southerland voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]


On The Issues Vote Match

Southerland's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Southerland is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Souterhland received a score of 27 percent on social issues and 85 percent on economic issues.[32]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[33]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: June 17, 2014.[34]

National security

American response in Syria

See also United States involvement in Syria

Southerland was opposed to attacking Syria.[35]

“While Syria’s Bashar al-Assad is a tyrant and a threat to his people’s freedoms, I share the concerns of many Americans who are weary of launching a mission that is currently undefined and lacks a clear end game,” Southerland said in a statement on September 3, 2013.[35]

Southerland’s office said as many as 95 percent of his constituents who have voiced an opinion stood with him.[35] “I look forward to hearing from my constituents and bringing their perspectives to the table when Congress reconvenes,” Southerland said in his statement.[35]


Statement on government shutdown

Southerland called the fight in Congress regarding the shutdown a "moral issue." He also said the Democratic-controlled Senate’s rejection of a proposal and refusal to negotiate is setting a dangerous precedent for the country.[36]

“That is a glaring statement to America that we know you’re in pain, we know you’re hurting, but we don’t have to step down in your pain with you,” Southerland said. “That is unacceptable.”[36]

He went on to cite Harry Reid’s actions as a refusal to believe in the principles of democracy and the nation at large. “I think it’s very germane to the existence of our republic that no one receive special treatment and we hold everyone to the same standard,” he said. “I think this is very critical to how we move forward in this country.”[36]


Campaign funds used to maintain home

Southerland reportedly used campaign funds to improve and maintain a Panama City home he inherited in 2005. He used the home for his headquarters during two campaigns before selling it for $550,000 in June 2013.[37]

Between 2010 and June 2013, when the property was sold, Southerland’s congressional campaign paid him $42,000 in rent and owes him another $36,000. The campaign also covered at least $6,273 in maintenance and upkeep on the home, including fees for lawn services, trash removal, repair of the home’s air conditioning and water filter service and repairs. It also paid utilities for the home.[37]

“There are zero violations or compliance issues whatsoever, and Rep. Southerland is proud of a campaign that he’s run in a responsible, transparent manner,” Southerland's spokesperson Matt McCullough said.[37]

Using campaign money to fund and fix a headquarters, even if it is owned by the candidate, is permissible under campaign finance law, provided the expenditures are in line with local rental rates.[37]

McCullough wrote that “when Rep. Southerland inherited the family home, he was diligent in ensuring the home’s valuation and the campaign’s monthly rent were fair and representative of the local market. He worked with a certified real estate broker to tour other properties and requested a comparative market analysis before the rates were set.”[37]

Campaign themes


Southerland's website highlighted the following campaign themes:[38]

  • Fixing the Economy by Empowering Job Creators
Excerpt: "The problem today is that too many Washington politicians believe they can fix our economy. In reality, what government needs to do is get out of the way. Only by unleashing our job creators to do what they do best can we truly ignite a long term economic recovery. As a small business owner, Steve understands this all too well. He’s met a payroll and created local jobs. And he’s brought that small business common sense to Washington."
  • Lowering Taxes So You Can Keep More of Your Money
Excerpt: "If there is one area where almost all Floridians can agree that we’ve had enough, it is in the enormous tax burden weighing down families and small businesses. We must drastically reduce taxes in order to stimulate this economy."
  • Keeping The Commitment To Our Seniors
Excerpt: "Steve believes the federal government must honor the commitments that have been made to our seniors. As Congress debates the future of Medicare and Social Security, Americans who are at or near retirement age deserve the peace of mind in knowing that they will receive their Medicare and Social Security benefits, while ensuring the solvency of both programs for future generations. That’s exactly what Steve is fighting to do."
  • Shrinking Spending and Reducing the Size of Government
Excerpt: "For years, both Democrat and Republican politicians contributed to America’s crippling national debt. With little concern for our children and grandchildren, both parties became addicted to wasteful Washington spending. Well, times have finally changed."
  • Family: The Foundation of America
Excerpt: "Without question, the basic fundamental unit of any civil society is the family. Other than personal individual freedoms, no issue is more critical than issues concerning the family. There is no greater commitment that can be made than the commitment between a husband and wife. It is from that union that the family is birthed and the next generation of American citizens is born."



See also: Florida's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Southerland is running for re-election to the U.S. House, representing the 2nd Congressional District of Florida. Southerland is seeking the Republican nomination in the primary. The general election takes place on November 4, 2014.

He is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[39] He has also been listed by the House Majority PAC as a target in 2014.[40][41][42]


See also: Florida's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Southerland ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Florida's 2nd District. Southerland ran on the Republican ticket. Leonard Bembry, Jay Liles, Alvin Peters, and Alfred Lawson ran as Democrats, while Nancy Argenziano ran as an Independent. Primary elections were held on August 14, 2012. Southerland ran unopposed in the Republican primary. He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[43]

U.S. House, Florida District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSteve Southerland II Incumbent 52.7% 175,856
     Democratic Al Lawson 47.2% 157,634
     Independent Floyd Patrick Miller 0.1% 228
Total Votes 333,718
Source: Florida Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Southerland is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Southerland raised a total of $3,115,028 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 3, 2013.[45]

Steve Southerland II's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House, (Florida, District 2) Won $1,823,957
2010 U.S. House, (Florida, District 2) Won $1,291,071
Grand Total Raised $3,115,028


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Southerland's reports.[46]

Steve Southerland (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[47]April 15, 2013$101,781.70$53,658.68$(55,162.33)$10,027.14
July Quarterly[48]July 15, 2013$100,278.14$464,990.62$(88,528.75)$476,740.01
October Quarterly[49]October 13, 2013$476,740.01$254,271.68$(76,355.46)$654,656.23
Year-end[50]January 24, 2014$654,656.23$263,966$(78,681)$839,941
April Quarterly[51]April 15, 2014$839,941$512,601$(168,368)$1,184,174
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Southerland's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Southerland won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Southerland's campaign committee raised a total of $1,823,957 and spent $1,722,317.[52] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[53]

Cost per vote

Southerland spent $9.79 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Southerland's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Southerland won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Southerland's campaign committee raised a total of $1,291,071 and spent $1,290,929.[54]

U.S. House, Florida District 2, 2010 - Steve Southerland II Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,291,071
Total Spent $1,290,929
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $2,690,989
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $3,814,064
Top contributors to Steve Southerland II's campaign committee
Gac Contractors$12,050
Associated Builders & Contractors$10,000
Every Republican is Crucial PAC$10,000
Freedom Project$10,000
Southerland Family Funeral Home$8,250
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$95,466
Leadership PACs$91,650
Misc Business$90,020
Real Estate$37,752

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Southerland's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,005 and $1,166,998. That averages to $584,001.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Southerland ranked as the 254th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2009 and 2012, Southerland's calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 27 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Steve Southerland Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-81%
Average annual growth:-27%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Southerland is a "moderate Republican follower," as of June 10, 2013.[60]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[61]

Southerland most often votes with:

Southerland least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Southerland missed 4 of 1,695 roll call votes from January 2011 to March 2013. This amounts to 0.2 percent, which is better than the median of 2.2 percent among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[62]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Southerland paid his congressional staff a total of $802,265 in 2011. He ranks 50th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranks 57th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Florida ranks 36th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Southerland is one of nearly 25% of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Southerland's staff was given an apparent $24,500.00 in bonus money.[64]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Southerland ranked 34th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[65]


Southerland ranked 40th in the conservative rankings.[66]

Voting with party

Steve Southerland II voted with the Republican Party 98.8 percent of the time, which ranked 20th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[67]


Southerland and Susan, his wife of 24 years, met in the first grade and have spent most of their formative years together. Steve and Susan have 4 daughters, Samantha (20), Stephanie (18), Allison (14), and Abby (12).[68][5] They reside in Panama City, Florida.[68]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Steve + Southerland + Florida + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Steve Southerland News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. Southerland Family Funeral Homes and Crematory:About Us:Staff, "Steve Southerland II," accessed October 17, 2011
  2. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  3. Americans for Tax Reform, "113th Congress," accessed June 11, 2013
  4. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," accessed April 22, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Southerland for Congress, "About Steve Southerland," accessed October 17, 2011
  6., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Congressman Steve Southerland, "Committee Assignments" accessed October 17, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "Amendment - Amendment Rejected (House) (176-239) - May 22, 2013(Key vote)," accessed September 18, 2013
  13. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - Authorizes Military Sexual Assault Victims to Decide who Determines Their Case - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013
  16. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  24. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013 - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013
  30. [ Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act - Key Vote," accessed September 18, 2013]
  31. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  32. On The Issues "Vote Match Result for Souterland," accessed June 17, 2014
  33. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  34. On The Issues, "Steve Southerland Vote Match," accessed June 17, 2014
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 NWF Daily News, "Miller, Southerland voice their opinions on Syria," accessed September 9, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 News Herald, "Southerland: Shutdown fight a ‘moral issue’," accessed October 7, 2013
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 Florida Center for Investigative Reporting, "Steve Southerland’s Campaign Paid For Upkeep And Rent On Congressman’s Home," accessed September 16, 2013
  38. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  39. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," accessed April 22, 2013
  40. Roll Call, "House Majority PAC Announces Top 2014 GOP Incumbent Targets," accessed July 16, 2013
  41. The Hill, "Dem super PAC hitting nine House Republicans on shutdown," accessed October 4, 2013
  42. KWTV, "Democratic Group Airs Shutdown Ads Targeting GOP Lawmakers," accessed October 4, 2013
  43. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Steve Southerland II," accessed April 3, 2012
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Steve Southerland II Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 18, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 18, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Year End," accessed January 27, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 19, 2014
  52. Open Secrets, "Steve Southerland 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 13, 2013
  53. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Steve Southerland 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 9, 2011
  55. OpenSecrets, "Southerland, (R-Fl), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. GovTrack, "Southerland" accessed June 10, 2013
  61. OpenCongress, "Rep. Steve Southerland," accessed July 31, 2013
  62. GovTrack, "Steve Southerland," accessed March 29, 2013
  63. LegiStorm, "Steve Southerland," accessed 2012
  64. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  65. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed February 27, 2013
  66. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  67. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  68. 68.0 68.1 Congressman Steve Southerland, "Full Biography," accessed October 17,2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Allen Boyd
U.S. House of Representatives - Florida District 2
Succeeded by