|U.S. House, Nevada, District 4|
|January 3, 2013-present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||1|
|Majority Leader, Nevada State Senate|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$14.16 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Nevada State Senate, Clark 4|
|High school||Clark High School|
|Bachelor's||University of Nevada, Reno (did not earn degree)|
|Birthday||April 29, 1973|
|Place of birth||Las Vegas, NV|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Polls
- 8 Campaign donors
- 9 Personal Gain Index
- 10 Analysis
- 11 Scorecards
- 12 Personal
- 13 Recent news
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Horsford is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Horsford was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. He graduated from Clark High School and went on to study political science at the University of Nevada, Reno. After dropping out in order to support his family, he struggled and defaulted on loans, and failed to appear in court. He attributed much of this to a car accident and has since settled all of his debts.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Horsford's academic, professional and political career:
- 2001-Present: Executive Director, Culinary Training Academy of Las Vegas
- 2004-2012: Nevada State Senate
- 2009-2012: Majority leader of the Nevada State Senate
- 2013-present: U.S. Representative for Nevada's 4th Congressional District
Horsford serves on the following committees:
- United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
- Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation, and Regulatory Affairs
- Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care, and Entitlements
- United States House Committee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies
- United States House Committee on Natural Resources
- Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources
- Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation
In the 2011-2012 legislative session, Horsford served on the following committees:
In the 2009-2010 legislative session, Horsford served on the following committees:
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Horsford's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Horsford supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Horsford voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Horsford voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Horsford supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
- See also: United States Farm Bill 2013
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Horsford voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Horsford voted for HR 2775.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Horsford voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Horsford has voted against several attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Horsford voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Horsford is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Horsford received a score of 60 percent on social issues and 19 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Strongly Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Unknown|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Opposes||Human needs over animal rights||Unknown|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Favors||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Unknown||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Strongly Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Unknown|
|Prioritize green energy||Favors||Expand the military||Strongly Opposes|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Neutral||Stay out of Iran||Opposes|
|Privatize Social Security||Strongly Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Unknown|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
American intervention in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Horsford released the following statement on September 11, 2013: "I commend President Obama for continuing to pursue a dialogue about the situation in Syria that is transparent and open. His decision to engage Congress has resulted in a comprehensive discussion of choices facing our country.
"To start, there were no good options regarding Syria. I have repeatedly voiced concern over the use of military force without a multinational coalition of partners, the costs of a potential strike, and the long-term ramifications of any action.
"Now there appears to be an opening for a potential diplomatic solution, working with the Russians and the international community, to secure Syrian chemical weapons. I support negotiations to the extent they help achieve that end. Pressure from the United States will likely prove to be the linchpin of any final agreement, and I support the President in his efforts to divest the Assad regime of its chemical weapons through international means."
"Pay to play" donations
In August 2010, Horsford sent an email to potential supporters of 2010 Democratic candidates, offering exclusive receptions and dinners with himself and other Democratic leaders in return for campaign contributions. For example, the email stated, "Organizations or individuals that contribute $25,000 or more will receive a private dinner with the Senate majority leader and chairs of all the standing committees... The dinner will permit up to 10 invited guests to accompany the Victory Leadership Circle Member."
|U.S. House, Nevada District 4 Democratic Primary, 2014|
|Steven Horsford Incumbent||84.3%||16,269|
|Source: Nevada Secretary of State - Official Election Results|
Horsford ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Nevada's 4th District. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on June 12, 2012. Dan Schwartz, Kenneth Wegner, Barbara Cegavske and Danny Tarkanian faced one another in the June 12, 2012, Republican primary.
The Las Vegas Sun reported that in early October, the FDIC began seizing property in Nevada belonging to the Tarkanian family. The land was collateral for a real estate investment in California that fell through during the economic crisis. Since the land had greater value in 2007 than it did in 2012, the Tarkanians owed some 17 million dollars on the deal. Candidate Danny Tarkanian insisted that the family would settle this matter in court, and that they would not need to file bankruptcy.
The Tarkanian debt became an issue in Steven Horsford's campaign against Danny Tarkanian in the new 4th Congressional District. The Sun reported that after the debt development,Tarkanian attacked Horsford's personal financial record, claiming that he repeatedly failed to pay his bills as a young man. Tarkanian insisted that his family's struggles were a direct result of the huge financial downturn of 2008.
|U.S. House, Nevada District 4 General Election, 2012|
|Libertarian||Joseph P. Silvestri||3.9%||9,341|
|Independent American Party of Nevada||Floyd Fitzgibbons||3.9%||9,389|
|Source: Nevada Secretary of State "U.S. House of Representatives Results"|
Horsford announced in October 2011 that he would not recuse himself from the map-drawing process should the legislature be called into special session. His campaign could have potentially been impacted by the ultimate makeup of the districts.
|Nevada State Senate, Clark 4 District (2008)|
|Steven Horsford (D)||25,943||73.81%|
|Nevada State Senate, Clark 4 District (2004)|
|Steven Horsford (D)||22,060||71.82%|
|Danny Tarkanian vs. Steven Horsford|
|Poll||Danny Tarkanian||Steven Horsford||Other||Undecided||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
(September 20, 2012)
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org|
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Horsford attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Horsford is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Horsford raised a total of $1,718,991 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 18, 2013.
|Steven Horsford's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (Nevada, District 4)||$1,718,991|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,718,991|
|Steven Horsford (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$13,781.31||$173,550.14||$(155,709.05)||$31,622.40|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$31,622.40||$131,859.10||$(142,259.97)||$21,221.53|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$21,221.53||$171,922.31||$(75,461.70)||$117,682.14|
|Year-End Quarterly||December 31, 2013||$117,682||$143,000||$(88,096)||$167,941|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$167,941.58||$220,331.76||$(100,956.19)||$287,317.15|
Cost per vote
Horsford spent $14.16 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Nevada District 4, 2012 - Steven Horsford Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$1,261,004|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$1,234,212|
|Top contributors to Steven Horsford's campaign committee|
|MGM Resorts International||$53,000|
|Nevada Heart & Vascular Center||$23,500|
|University of Nevada||$14,100|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Public Sector Unions||$81,000|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
In 2008, Horsford collected $417,250 in donations.
His five largest contributors in 2008 were:
|Nevada State Education Association||$12,000|
|Nevada Democratic Party||$11,877|
|Clark County Education Association||$10,000|
|Nevada Heart and Vascular Center LLP||$10,000|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The K-Street Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Horsford's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $29,015 and $260,000. That averages to $144,507.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Horsford ranked as the 367th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Horsford's calculated net worth decreased by an average of 20 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Steven Horsford Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||-20%|
|Average annual growth:||-20%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Horsford received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.
From 2011-2014, 25.4 percent of Horsford's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Steven Horsford Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Public Sector Unions||$129,500|
|Building Trade Unions||$118,500|
|% total in top industry||6.47%|
|% total in top two industries||12.01%|
|% total in top five industries||25.4%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Horsford most often votes with:
Horsford least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Horsford missed 158 of 1,104 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 14.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Horsford ranked 83rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Horsford voted with the Democratic Party 93.0 percent of the time, which ranked 107th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.
Horsford voted with the Democratic Party 94 percent of the time, which ranked 123rd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
Nevada Policy Research Institute
The Nevada Policy Research Institute, a Nevada-based conservative-libertarian think tank, releases a "Legislative Report Card" evaluating members of the Nevada State Legislature on "each lawmaker's voting record on legislation impacting the degree of economic freedom and education reform." Bills determined by the Institute to be of greater significance are weighted accordingly. According to the Institute, "a legislator with a score above 50 is considered to be an ally of economic liberty".
Horsford and his wife, Sonya, have three children. He is affiliated with the Baptist church.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Steven + Horsford + Nevada + Senate" Steven Horsford News Feed
- United States House of Representatives
- Nevada's 4th Congressional District
- Nevada's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
- National Journal, "Nevada, 4th House District: Steven Horsford (D)," accessed November 7, 2012
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 23, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Horsford's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 29, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Horsford on agriculture," accessed September 29, 2013
- New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Horsford's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 29, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Steven Horsford's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed September 29, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Horsford on abortion," accessed September 29, 2013
- On The Issues, "Steven Horsford Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- House.gov, "Horsford Press Release on Syria," accessed September 16, 2013
- Nevada News Bureau, "Nevada Senate Democrats Offer Access In Exchange For PAC Contributions, GOP Criticizes ‘Pay To Play’," accessed June 19, 2013
- Pahrump Valley Times, "Schwartz, Wegner join four-way GOP race for Congress," accessed February 4, 2012 (dead link)
- Las Vegas Sun, "FDIC sets out to seize Tarkanian family’s Nevada assets," accessed October 18, 2012
- Las Vegas Sun, "Horsford-Tarkanian bout for Congress dominated by debt issues," accessed October 18, 2012
- Nevada Appeal, "Horsford won't recuse himself from redistricting," accessed October 14, 2011
- Nevada Secretary of State, "2008 General Election Results," accessed May 25, 2010
- Nevada Secretary of State, "2004 General Election Results," accessed May 25, 2010
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Steven Horsford," accessed April 18, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Horsford 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
- FEC, "Steven Horsford April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
- FEC, "Steven Horsford July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
- FEC, "Steven Horsford October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
- FEC, "Steven Horsford Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
- FEC, "Steven Horsford April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Steven Horsford 2012 Election Cycle," accessed June 19, 2013
- Follow The Money, "2008 contributions to Steven Horsford," added June 17, 2010
- Open Secrets, "Steven Horsford (D-NV), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Steven Horsford," accessed September 25, 2014
- GovTrack, "Steven Horsford," accessed July 30, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Steven Horsford," accessed July 30, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 30, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- Nevada Policy Research Institute, "The 2011 Nevada Legislative Session Review & Report Card," accessed May 5, 2014
- The Pew Forum, "The religious affiliation of each member of Congress," accessed October 13, 2014
|United States House of Representatives - Nevada District 4
| Succeeded by|
|Nevada Senate, Clark 4 District
| Succeeded by|