Sylvia Mathews Burwell
|Sylvia Mathews Burwell|
|U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services|
|Elections and appointments|
|Nominated||April 10, 2014|
|Confirmed||June 5, 2014|
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget|
|Deputy Director of the OMB|
|Deputy White House Chief of Staff|
|Bachelor's||Harvard University, Oxford University|
|Place of birth||Hinton, West Virginia|
She previously served as director of the OMB as well as during both the Obama and Clinton administrations in the Treasury Department and Office of Management and Budget. She also served on President Clinton's staff.
Burwell was born in Hinton, West Virginia. She attended Harvard University and was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University before beginning her political career.
- 1988-1990: Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University
- 1990-1992: Associate at McKinsey & Company
- 1992: Member of the Clinton presidential campaign
- 1993-1995: Staff Director of the National Economic Council
- 1995-1997: Chief of Staff for Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin
- 1997-1998: Deputy Chief of Staff in the White House
- 1998-2001: Deputy Director of the OMB under Jack Lew
- 2001-2012: COO then President of the Global Development Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- 2012-2013: President of the Walmart Foundation
- 2013-2014: Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget
- 2014-Present: U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
Secretary of Health and Human Services
|Sylvia Mathews Burwell confirmation vote, June 5, 2014|
|Party||Votes for||Votes against||Total votes|
Director of the OMB
Burwell was confirmed by the Senate on April 24, 2013, by a vote of 96-0. Prior to her appointment, the OMB position was vacant for over a year after Jack Lew left the position in January 2012. She was succeeded by Shaun Donovan.
|Sylvia Mathews Burwell confirmation vote, April 24, 2013|
|Party||Votes for||Votes against||Total votes|
- See also: Obamacare lawsuits
Burwell was named in the Supreme Court case Burwell v. Hobby Lobby following her confirmation as head of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The case was argued in March 2014, during the tenure of Kathleen Sebelius, but the decision came after Sebelius' resignation. The court ruled 5-4 in favor of Hobby Lobby, providing religious exemption from providing four types of contraceptives under employer mandated healthcare.
Federal exchange tax credits
On July 22, 2014, the D.C. Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Halbig in Halbig v. Burwell. The court determined that the law's written language, allowing tax credits to those using exchanges "established by the State," meant that only those using the state exchanges were eligible for tax credits but not those using the federal exchange. Judge Thomas Griffith, who wrote the opinion of the court, explained the discrepancy, writing, "On its face, this provision authorizes tax credits for insurance purchased on an Exchange established by one of the fifty states or the District of Columbia. See 42 U.S.C. § 18024(d). But the Internal Revenue Service has interpreted section 36B broadly to authorize the subsidy also for insurance purchased on an Exchange established by the federal government under section 1321 of the Act." The decision came in at 2-1. Meanwhile, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit ruled unanimously in favor of Burwell in King v. Burwell, claiming the language was ambiguous, upholding the legality of the tax credits.
Burwell is married with two children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Sylvia + Burwell + Health + Human + Services
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- New York Times, "Health Secretary Resigns After Woes of HealthCare.gov," April 10, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Senate confirms Burwell as new secretary of HHS," June 5, 2014
- Politico, "Barack Obama to nominate Julián Castro to HUD, Donovan to OMB," May 22, 2014
- Washington Post, "Sylvia Mathews Burwell: Six things to know about the new White House budget director," March 3, 2013
- The White House, "OMB Leadership," accessed January 29, 2014
- GovTrack, On the Nomination: Sylvia Mathews Burwell," June 5, 2014
- GovTrack, "On the Nomination: Sylvia Mathews Burwell," April 24, 2013
- Christian-Science Monitor, "Hobby Lobby 101: explaining the Supreme Court's birth control ruling," July 10, 2014
- The Washington Post, "BREAKING — D.C. Circuit strikes down tax credits in federal exchanges," July 22, 2014
- Reuters, "Separate U.S. appeals court upholds subsidies under Obama health law," July 22, 2014
|U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
| Succeeded by|