Sylvia Mathews Burwell

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sylvia Mathews Burwell
Sylvia Mathews Burwell at April 2013 Senate nomination hearing.jpg
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
PartyDemocratic
Elections and appointments
NominatedApril 10, 2014
ConfirmedJune 5, 2014
Appointed byBarack Obama
Prior offices
Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget
2013-2014
Deputy Director of the OMB
1998-2001
Deputy White House Chief of Staff
1997-1998
Education
Bachelor'sHarvard University, Oxford University
Personal
BirthdayJune 1965
Place of birthHinton, West Virginia
Websites
Office website
Sylvia Mathews Burwell (b. June 1965, in Hinton, West Virginia) is the current U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services. She was nominated on April 10, 2014, following the resignation of Kathleen Sebelius.[1] Burwell was confirmed by the Senate on June 5, 2014, by a vote of 78-17.[2] She took over the department following the troubled Healthcare.gov website rollout. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan was nominated to succeed Burwell as director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB).[3]

She previously served as director of the OMB as well as during both the Obama and Clinton administrations in the Treasury Department and Office of Management and Budget. She also served on President Clinton's staff.[4]

Biography

Burwell was born in Hinton, West Virginia. She attended Harvard University and was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University before beginning her political career.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Burwell's academic, professional and political career:[4][5]

  • 1988-1990: Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University
  • 1990-1992: Associate at McKinsey & Company
  • 1992: Member of the Clinton presidential campaign
  • 1993-1995: Staff Director of the National Economic Council
  • 1995-1997: Chief of Staff for Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin
  • 1997-1998: Deputy Chief of Staff in the White House
  • 1998-2001: Deputy Director of the OMB under Jack Lew
  • 2001-2012: COO then President of the Global Development Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • 2012-2013: President of the Walmart Foundation
  • 2013-2014: Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget
  • 2014-Present: U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services

Confirmation vote

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Burwell was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 5, 2014, by a vote of 78-17.[6]

Sylvia Mathews Burwell Confirmation vote, June 5, 2014
Party Votes for Approveda Votes against Defeatedd Total votes
Democratic Party Democrats 52 0 52
Republican Party Republicans 24 17 41
Independent Independents 2 0 2
Total Votes 78 17 95


Director of the OMB

Burwell was confirmed by the Senate on April 24, 2013, by a vote of 96-0.[7] Prior to her appointment, the OMB position was vacant for over a year after Jack Lew left the position in January 2012.[4]

Sylvia Mathews Burwell Confirmation vote, April 24, 2013
Party Votes for Approveda Votes against Defeatedd Total votes
Democratic Party Democrats 50 0 50
Republican Party Republicans 44 0 44
Independent Independents 2 0 2
Total Votes 96 0 96

FederalAffairsLogo-01.png

Executive Departments of the United States

Executive Departments
Department of DefenseDepartment of StateDepartment of Homeland SecurityDepartment of JusticeDepartment of CommerceDepartment of EducationDepartment of the TreasuryDepartment of AgricultureDepartment of EnergyDepartment of LaborDepartment of TransportationDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of Veterans AffairsDepartment of Housing and Urban Development

Department Secretaries
Chuck HagelJohn KerryJeh JohnsonEric HolderPenny PritzkerArne DuncanJack LewTom VilsackErnest MonizTom PerezAnthony FoxxSally JewellSylvia Mathews BurwellRobert McDonaldJulian Castro

Issues

ACA lawsuits

See also: Obamacare lawsuits

Contraceptive mandate

Burwell was named in the Supreme Court case Burwell v. Hobby Lobby following her confirmation as head of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The case was argued in March 2014, during the tenure of Kathleen Sebelius, but the decision came after Sebelius' resignation. The court ruled 5-4 in favor of Hobby Lobby, providing religious exemption from providing four types of contraceptives under employer mandated healthcare.[8]

Federal exchange tax credits

On July 22, 2014, the D.C. Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Halbig in Halbig v. Burwell. The court determined that the law's written language, allowing tax credits to those using exchanges "established by the State," meant that only those using the state exchanges were eligible for tax credits but not those using the federal exchange. Judge Thomas Griffith, who wrote the opinion of the court, explained the discrepancy, writing, "On its face, this provision authorizes tax credits for insurance purchased on an Exchange established by one of the fifty states or the District of Columbia. See 42 U.S.C. § 18024(d). But the Internal Revenue Service has interpreted section 36B broadly to authorize the subsidy also for insurance purchased on an Exchange established by the federal government under section 1321 of the Act." The decision came in at 2-1.[9] Meanwhile, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit ruled unanimously in favor of Burwell in King v. Burwell, claiming the language was ambiguous, upholding the legality of the tax credits.[10]

Personal

Burwell is married with two children.[5]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Sylvia + Burwell + Health + Human + Services

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Sylvia Burwell News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Kathleen Sebelius
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
2014-Present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Jack Lew
Director of the OMB
2013-2014
Succeeded by
-