|U.S. Senate, Wisconsin|
|January 3, 2013-present|
|January 3, 2019|
|Years in position||1|
|Predecessor||Herb Kohl (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$9.85 in 2012|
|First elected||November 3, 1998|
|Next general||November 2018|
|U.S. House, Wisconsin, District 2|
|Wisconsin State Assembly|
|Board of supervisors, Dane County, WI|
|High school||Madison West High School, WI|
|J.D.||University of Wisconsin Law School|
|Birthday||February 11, 1962|
|Place of birth||Madison, WI|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.1.1 National security
- 4.1.2 Economy
- 4.1.3 Immigration
- 4.1.4 Social issues
- 4.1.5 Previous congressional sessions
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Polls
- 8 Campaign donors
- 9 Personal Gain Index
- 10 Analysis
- 11 Personal
- 12 Recent news
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
- 15 References
She was previously a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Wisconsin's 2nd Congressional District from 1999-2013. She served in the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1993 to 1999.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Baldwin is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.
Baldwin earned her J.D. from the University of Wisconsin Law School and went into private practice. She started her political career as a member of Dane County's Board of Supervisors.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Baldwin's political career:
- 1999-present: U.S. House of Representatives
- 1993-1999: Wisconsin State Assembly
- 1986-1994: Board of Supervisors, Dane County, WI
Baldwin serves on the following Senate committees:
- United States Senate Committee on Budget
- United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
- Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging
- Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety
- United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
- Subcommittee on the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Federal Programs and the Federal Workforce
- Subcommittee on Financial and Contracting Oversight
- Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
- United States Senate Committee on Aging (Special)
Baldwin served on the following House committees:
- Committee on Energy and Commerce
- Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Baldwin's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Baldwin announced her decision in comments delivered on the Senate floor. "The use of chemical weapons is a global atrocity, and it demands a global response," Baldwin said in her floor statement. "That is why I oppose going to war in Syria."
The key for Baldwin was the possibility of acting alone. She described the alleged use of chemical weapons against the Syrian people by President Bashar Assad's regime as morally reprehensible and a serious violation of long-standing international law, adding such weapons are truly barbaric in nature. Baldwin commended Obama for his decision to seek congressional authority before launching a military strike against Syria.
"But, I strongly believe that our response to this situation must not be a unilateral military action," she said. "This is not America's responsibility alone. And it is not in our interests to set the precedent that it is our responsibility alone." Baldwin said a better response was to allow the United Nations or other international institutions to deal with crimes against humanity.
John Brennan CIA nomination
Baldwin voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in if or when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Baldwin joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Baldwin voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Baldwin voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Baldwin voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
Baldwin voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Violence Against Women (2013)
Baldwin voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Previous congressional sessions
Baldwin voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Baldwin is a Hard-Core Liberal. Baldwin received a score of 80 percent on social issues and 4 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Strongly Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Strongly Opposes|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Opposes||Human needs over animal rights||Strongly Opposes|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Favors||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Strongly Opposes|
|Support & expand free trade||Opposes||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Strongly Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Strongly Opposes|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Favors||Expand the military||Opposes|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Strongly Favors||Stay out of Iran||Strongly Favors|
|Privatize Social Security||Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Strongly Opposes|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
Baldwin listed some of her campaign issues on her website:
- "In the proud tradition of Wisconsin’s state motto, 'Forward,' Tammy holds a strong commitment to innovation, research and development. Through investments in clean energy technology, we can strengthen Wisconsin’s economy and lower energy costs for families and businesses. Dedicated to Wisconsin’s progressive traditions and values, Tammy has a long record of fighting for family farms, for clean air and water, working to protect Wisconsin’s environment and preserve our agricultural heritage for future generations."
- "In the Senate, Baldwin will put the middle class first and fight for a fairer economy where hard work is rewarded. She is committed to working with both parties to strengthen Wisconsin’s manufacturing and reduce the tax burden on small businesses so that they can continue to create jobs and drive our economy forward."
Baldwin won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on August 14, 2012. Baldwin then defeated Tommy Thompson (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
Money poured into the Senate primary race from political action groups outside of Wisconsin. $4.5 million was spent on ads about Democratic candidate Baldwin. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce spent $850,000 on ads against her.
The University of Virginia's Center for Politics published an article called Sabato's Crystal Ball on March 22, 2012, detailing the eight races in the Senate in 2012 that would decide the political fate of which party would end up with control in 2013. The seat rated a toss-up. According to the article, "Given the current state of these toss ups, it’s not a stretch to think that a Thompson victory in Wisconsin could end up giving Republicans their 51st Senate seat."
|U.S. Senate, Wisconsin, General Election, 2012|
|Independent||Nimrod Allen III||0.5%||16,326|
|Source: Wyoming Secretary of State "Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|Tammy Baldwin vs. Tommy Thompson|
|Poll||Tommy Thompson||Tammy Baldwin||Another Candidate||Not sure||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
|Rasmussen Poll (July 25, 2012)||41%||48%||5%||6%||+/-4.5||500|
|Rasmussen Poll (August 15, 2012)||54%||43%||1%||3%||+/-4.5||500|
|Quinnipiac University (August 23,2012)||50%||44%||1%||4%||+/-2.8||1,190|
|Rasmussen Poll (October 28,2012)||48%||47%||2%||4%||+/-4.5||500|
|Rasmussen Reports (November 2, 2012||48%||48%||1%||2%||+/-4||750|
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org|
Comprehensive donor information for Baldwin is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Baldwin raised a total of $23,684,545 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.
|Tammy Baldwin's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. Senate (Wisconsin)||$14,643,868|
|2010||US House (Wisconsin, District 2)||$1,194,114|
|2008||US House (Wisconsin, District 2)||$1,471,567|
|2006||US House (Wisconsin, District 2)||$1,565,234|
|2004||US House (Wisconsin, District 2)||$1,709,070|
|2002||US House (Wisconsin, District 2)||$1,289,943|
|2000||US House (Wisconsin, District 2)||$1,810,749|
|Grand Total Raised||$23,684,545|
Cost per vote
Baldwin spent $9.85 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. Senate, Wisconsin, 2012 - Tammy Baldwin Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$9,585,823|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$9,582,888|
|Top contributors to Tammy Baldwin's campaign committee|
|University of Wisconsin||$95,500|
|League of Conservation Voters||$95,308|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
According to an Open Secrets report, Baldwin ranked among the top ten Senate candidates receiving out-of-state donations during the 2012 election cycle. She received $4,564,389, or 72.7%, of her donations from outside of Wisconsin.
Baldwin won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Baldwin's campaign committee raised a total of $1,194,114 and spent $1,081,311.
|U.S. House of Representatives, Wisconsin, 2nd District, 2010 - Tammy Baldwin Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$124,126|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$123,860|
|Top contributors to Tammy Baldwin's campaign committee|
|National Cable & Telecommunications Assn||$10,000|
|Operating Engineers Union||$10,000|
|Painters & Allied Trades Union||$10,000|
|University of Wisconsin||$9,750|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Building Trade Unions||$40,000|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The K-Street Metric
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Baldwin's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $517,004 to $1,080,000. That averages to $798,502, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senate members in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Baldwin ranked as the 70th most wealthy senator in 2012. Between 2004 and 2012, Baldwin‘s calculated net worth decreased by an average of 5 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Tammy Baldwin Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2004 to 2012:||-43%|
|Average annual growth:||-5%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Baldwin most often votes with:
Baldwin least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Baldwin missed 0 of 94 roll call votes from January 2013 to April 2013. This amounts to 0 percent, which is better than the median of 1.7 percent among current senators as of April 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Baldwin paid her congressional staff a total of $1,044,671 in 2011. Overall, Wisconsin ranks 32nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
According to an analysis by CNN, Baldwin was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Baldwin's staff was given an apparent $1,915.47 in bonus money.
Voting with party
Baldwin voted with the Democratic Party 96.3 percent of the time, which ranked 14th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.
Baldwin had a domestic partner for 15 years until they separated in 2010.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tammy + Baldwin + Wisconsin + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Tammy Baldwin enters race for open Senate seat," accessed January 6, 2012
- Huffington Post, "Tammy Baldwin Sworn In To Senate, Becomes First Openly Gay Senator," January 3, 2013
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Tammy Baldwin," accessed November 18, 2011
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Tammy Baldwin," accessed July 5, 2013
- Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
- Official House website, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed November 18, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Journal Sentinel Online, "Sen. Tammy Baldwin, Sen. Ron Johnson take different tacks on Syria," accessed September 11, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- On The Issues, "Baldwin Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Campaign website, "Issues"
- Real Clear Politics, "Wisconsin's GOP Senate Hopefuls Cozy Up to Walker," June 7, 2012
- ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012
- iWatch News, "Outside spending helps make Wisconsin Senate primary a tossup," accessed August 16, 2012
- Center for Politics, "Tilting the Toss Ups – the Eight Races That Will Decide the Senate," accessed April 9, 2012
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Donor history for Tammy Baldwin," accessed April 25, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Baldwin 2012 Election Cycle," accessed July 5, 2013
- OpenSecrets, "More than 60 Lawmakers Relied Mostly on Out-of-State Money," May 7, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Tammy Baldwin 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 18, 2011
- OpenSecrets, "Baldwin, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenCongress, "Tammy Baldwin," accessed August 8, 2013
- GovTrack, "Baldwin," accessed April 11, 2013
- LegiStorm, "Tammy Baldwin," accessed September 7, 2012
- CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- WQOW, "Wis. congresswoman separates from longtime partner," May 28, 2010
Herb Kohl (D)
|U.S. Senate - Wisconsin
| Succeeded by|
|U.S. House of Representatives - Wisconsin, 2nd District
| Succeeded by|
Mark Pocan (D)
State of Wisconsin
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