Local government in Louisiana consists of:
- Parishes: Parishes are Louisiana's equivalent to counties in most states. Parishes can have various forms of governments including police jury, parish commission, and consolidated parish/city. These divisions have different sub-types and different rules for petition and establishment.
- Cities: Any municipality that has a population of 5,000 or more is a city.
- Towns: Any municipality that has a population of less than 5,000 but more than 1,000 is a town.
- Villages: Any municipality that has a population of less than 1,000 is a village. These divisions are made in Louisiana Statutes RS 33:341.
- In addition, there are 97 special districts and 69 independent school districts.
State Statutes establish the right and the process for all Counties and all municipalities to request and adopt a Home Rule Charter.
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