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Local government in Louisiana consists of:

  • Parishes: Parishes are Louisiana's equivalent to counties in most states. Parishes can have various forms of governments including police jury, parish commission, and consolidated parish/city. These divisions have different sub-types and different rules for petition and establishment.[1]
  • Cities: Any municipality that has a population of 5,000 or more is a city.
  • Towns: Any municipality that has a population of less than 5,000 but more than 1,000 is a town.
  • Villages: Any municipality that has a population of less than 1,000 is a village. These divisions are made in Louisiana Statutes RS 33:341.[2]
  • In addition, there are 97 special districts and 69 independent school districts.[3]

State Statutes establish the right and the process for all Counties and all municipalities to request and adopt a Home Rule Charter.[4]
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