Tennessee Legislative Powers Regarding Abortion, Amendment 1 (2014)
|Referred by:||Tennessee State Legislature|
|Status:||On the ballot|
- 1 Text of measure
- 2 Background
- 3 Support
- 4 Opposition
- 5 Polls
- 6 Controversies
- 7 Path to the ballot
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 Additional reading
- 11 References
The Tennessee Legislative Powers Regarding Abortion, Amendment 1 is on the November 4, 2014 ballot in the state of Tennessee as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment. The measure, upon voter approval, would insert constitutional language empowering the legislature to enact, amend or repeal state statutes regarding abortion, including for pregnancies resulting from rape or incest or when necessary to protect the mother's mortality.
The amendment was sponsored in the Tennessee General Assembly by US Representative Diane Black (R-6), who was a state senator at the time of introduction, and State Senator Mae Beavers (R-17) as Senate Joint Resolution 127.
In Tennessee, a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment must earn a majority of those voting on the amendment and "a majority of all the citizens of the state voting for governor.”
Text of measure
The official ballot text reads as follows:
|“|| Shall Article I, of the Constitution of Tennessee be amended by adding the following language as a new, appropriately designated section:
Nothing in this Constitution secures or protects a right to abortion or requires the funding of an abortion. The people retain the right through their elected state representatives and state senators to enact, amend, or repeal statutes regarding abortion, including, but not limited to, circumstances of pregnancy resulting from rape or incest or when necessary to save the life of the mother.
|Nothing in this Constitution secures or protects a right to abortion or requires the funding of an abortion. The people retain the right through their elected state representatives and state senators to enact, amend, or repeal statutes regarding abortion, including, but not limited to, circumstances of pregnancy resulting from rape or incest or when necessary to save the life of the mother.|
|“||ESTIMATED FISCAL IMPACT:
In 2000, the Tennessee Supreme Court ruled in Planned Parenthood v. Sundquist that the Tennessee Constitution contained a stronger right to privacy and abortion than even the U.S. Constitution. SJR 127, according to proponents, will modify the state constitution thus allowing the legislature to enact whatever regulations and restrictions permitted by the United States Supreme Court.
- 16,373 abortions were performed in Tennessee in 2010. This is a six percent decrease from a decade ago.
- In 2010, 24.5 percent, or roughly one-in-four, abortions were sought by women from other states. This is a 30 percent increase from a decade ago.
- The age group most likely to seek an abortion are 10-14. However, this does not mean that this age group has the most abortions, just that the group has the most abortions relative to live births.
- The age group with the most abortions, through not the most relative to live births, is 20-24.
- 47.9 percent of all abortions were performed on white patients. 73.8 percent of the total state population is white.
- 52.1 percent of all abortions were performed on non-white patients. 26.2 percent of the total state population is non-white.
The organization leading the campaign in support of the initiative is "Vote Yes Tennessee."
- Former Sen. David Fowler (R-11)
- Tennessee Right to Life
- Alveda King
- Jim Bob Duggar
- Leslie Hunse, the education director for Tennessee Right to Life, argued, “We want our constitution to go back to neutral on the issue of abortion, so we can pass some common sense regulations to protect mothers and children. We are here because there are women who call us everyday who are sad about the abortions that they've had.”
| Total campaign cash |
as of June 30, 2014
As of June 30, 2014, Yes on 1 has received $278,209 in contributions.
|PAC||Amount raised||Amount spent|
|Yes on 1||$278,209||$97,147|
Top 5 contributors:
|Wiley Russell, Jr.||$25,000|
|Willis J. Johnson||$25,000|
|Yes on 1, Inc.||$15,000|
|Tennessee Right to Life Knox County||$13,650|
Tactics and strategies
Run for 1 Life
On June 28, 2014, supporters held a 5 kilometer walk and run in Murfreesboro to support Amendment 1. Known as "Run for 1 Life," all proceeds from the run went to Vote Yes Tennessee. The purpose of the event was to:
|“||[S]pread the word about pro-life legislation and serve as a fundraising platform to put these laws in place. While there is a time and place for debate, it is often felt that too much talking and too little doing goes on around common sense issues. We’re using fun, positive energy like walking and running to pass legislation that will guarantee our children, and grandchildren’s most basic God-given right is protected – the right to life!||”|
—Run for 1 Life, 
The run was sponsored by Family Action of Tennessee, Tennessee Right to Life, Joe Carr for US Senate, Jim Tracy for Congress, Rick Peppers for State Representative, Wil-Ro, Inc., Smoothie King and Chick-fil-A of Smyrna. The event was directed by Tim Hooper.
Vote NO On One Tennessee, Inc. is the organization leading the campaign against the amendment.
Lisa Carter, a political strategist, was hired by the Tennessee Democratic Party to aid their campaign against Amendment 1.
- Democratic Party of Tennessee
- Planned Parenthood
- American Civil Liberties Union
- Tennesseans for Preservation of Personal Privacy
Vote NO on One Tennessee, the organization leading the campaign against Amendment 1, argued the following on their website:
|“||Amendment 1 is carefully worded in order to deliberately confuse voters about the real intention and motives of those behind the amendment. The people and organizations supporting Amendment 1 have clearly said that they believe all abortion should be illegal, no matter what. When many people read the Amendment, they believe that there will be guaranteed exceptions for women who are victims of rape or incest, or when a woman’s health is in danger.
In simple terms, Amendment 1 says two things:
—Vote No On 1, Inc., 
Other arguments against the initiative include:
- David Harper, an executive official for the state’s Democratic Party, said, “What it does—the bill is written very deceptively. And the bill effectively turns over all rights to the state legislature. If you look at that bill and look at what it says, it says exactly that. And the way it’s written is very hard to ascertain what it’s about. It’s not only about the abortion… there’s a real distinct difference between the right to birth and the right to life. So we are opposed to that bill in every way. And the reason for that is just simply, we trust people to have good judgments for themselves and we do not think that the state legislature should be the one making those decisions. They’re very personal and they’re very private. And we respect people to have their own judgments. Now we don’t necessarily agree with them—but we respect them, and we do not think that we should turn that over to the government.”
- Rev. Adam Kelchner, pastor at Belmont United Methodist Church, criticized the amendment, saying, “We should turn our hearts and our resources to empowering young people with the education and tools necessary to experience the sacred gift of sexuality with health and wholeness. We should value the rights of women and families to follow their conscience when making important decisions about reproductive health care with health-care professionals. We should work to ensure greater dignity and equity for all Tennesseans. The ballot initiative in November rejects a compassionate and just approach to abortion care and reproductive health. That is why I’ll be voting no on the initiative.”
As of June 30, 2014, Vote No on One Tennessee, Inc. has received $359,305 in contributions.
|PAC||Amount raised||Amount spent|
|Vote No on One Tennessee, Inc.||$359,305||$9,268|
Top 5 contributors:
|Planned Parenthood of Middle and East Tennessee||$189,500|
|Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest||$50,000|
|American Civil Liberties Union||$35,000|
|Community Action Fund of Planned Parenthood of Orange and San Bernardino Counties||$25,000|
|Planned Parenthood Advocates Mid-South||$25,000|
- See also: Polls, 2014 ballot measures
|Tennessee Amendment 1 (2014)|
|Poll||Favor||Oppose||Undecided||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
4/28/2013 - 5/18/2013
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org|
Tennessee Taliban Amendment
Tennesseans for Preservation of Personal Privacy, a pro-choice organization, purchased full-page or nearly full-page ad slots in the state's four largest newspapers. The Tennessean and the Memphis Commercial Appeal declined to publish the image accompanying the ad. The Knoxville News Sentinel and The Chattanooga Times Free Press published the image alongside the ad. The ad's image depicts a man whose head and face are mostly covered by a turban. The turban reads, "Tennessee Legislature." He is holding a scroll, which states, "Amendment #1." He is standing on a woman whose hair says, "Tennessee Women."
The ad was heavily criticized by pro-life and other pro-choice organizations, as well as civil rights groups.
Jennifer Hicks of Yes On 1, the amendment's supporting campaign organization, stated, "It is unfortunate that pro-abortion opponents of Amendment 1 have chosen to open their campaign in such an offensive manner. Taliban rule relates to rape, slavery, murder and brutal degradation of women, not to social policy debates in the state of Tennessee. Those placing the ad should apologize to Tennesseans but especially to those refugees in our state who have been the victims of such cruel regimes." Barbara Moss, treasurer of the group putting out the ad, replied to such criticisms. She argued, "The people that formed this group felt like it was an attempt to control the bodies of women. So that's where they came from with the Taliban part of it."
Jeff Teague, CEO of Planned Parenthood of Middle and East Tennessee, stated, "I think the images are disturbing and offensive, and they don’t have any place in this debate." Abby Ohlheiser, journalist for The Wire, criticized the ad. She said, "The amendment, essentially, would give the legislature the ability to pass laws restricting abortion despite those protections. It should go without saying, but the negative effect this measure could have on abortion rights in the state is hardly comparable to what the Taliban actually does."
Remziya Suleyman, Director of Policy and Administration for The American Center for Outreach, said, “Comparing the Tennessee legislature to the Taliban is absurd. What they don’t realize is the image is offensive, unnecessary and violent. If we care about women, why use such scare tactics and demeaning images to get your message across?” The American Center for Outreach is an educational and advocacy organization for Muslims based in Tennessee. Michel Kaplan, an attorney representing Tennesseans for Preservation of Personal Privacy, replied to Suleyman, saying, "No offense was ever intended to the Muslim community. The cartoon was the expression of the Taliban and Taliban’s treatment of women, and the fear that there are those in the legislature who would like to control women’s rights." Barbara Moss further commented, "Before I would sign off on it, I contacted a dear friend of mine who's a Muslim to ask her if she would be offended and she said no... That could be a Christian man. Anybody who's been to the Middle East — Arab culture, Middle Eastern culture, everyone wears a turban. For goodness' sake, I mean the Sikh community wears turbans. So, I think for me it's that the image itself is depicting men, whether you're Muslim, Sikh, Christian, any man in a turban is equated with violence against women."
Path to the ballot
- See also: Amending the Tennessee Constitution
The Tennessee General Assembly was required to approve the amendment in two successive sessions. In the first session, the measure required a simple majority for approval. In the second session, the proposed amendment needed to earn a two-thirds vote for approval. SJR 127 was approved by the Tennessee Senate for a second time on April 18, 2011. The amendment was approved by the Tennessee House of Representatives for a second time on March 20, 2011.
April 18, 2011 Senate vote
|Tennessee SJR 127 Senate Vote|
May 20, 2011 House vote
|Tennessee SJR 127 House Vote|
- Senate Joint Resolution 0127
- The Tennessean's Database: Tennessee Abortion Statistics
- Guttmacher Institute's "State Facts About Abortion: Tennessee"
- Tennessee General Assembly, "Senate Joint Resolution 127," accessed January 22, 2014
- Tennessee Legislature, "Bill Information for SJR0127 (2009)," accessed June 20, 2014
- Tennessee Secretary of State, "Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 1 for the November 4, 2014 General Election Ballot," accessed June 12, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Tennessee General Assembly Fiscal Review Committee, "SJR 127 Fiscal Note," accessed April 12, 2014
- Tennessee Supreme Court, “Planned Parenthood of Middle Tennessee v. Don Sundquist, Governor of the State of Tennessee”, accessed 22, 2014
- Commercial Apparel, "Tennessee Senate advances abortion amendment," April 18, 2011
- The Tennessean, "Tennessee abortion numbers drop in past decade," February 18, 2014
- The Tennessean, "Database: Tennessee Abortion Statistics," April 18, 2012
- Vote Yes Tennessee, "Homepage," accessed June 20, 2014
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- Wall Street Journal, "Abortion Fight Hits Tennessee," November 24, 2013
- USA Today, "Campaigns begin push ahead of Tenn. abortion vote," November 4, 2013
- Knoxville News Sentinel, "Political notebook: Alexander backs proposed amendments on Tennessee ballot," July 21, 2014
- Nashville Public Radio, "Anti-Abortion Amendment to Go on Ballot in 2014," May 20, 2011
- WATE, "Activists launch campaigns for and against Tenn. abortion amendment," November 4, 2013
- Chattanooga Times Free Press, "Sides gear up for November abortion battle vote in Tennessee," July 18, 2014
- Tennessee Right to Live, "Homepage," accessed June 20, 2014
- Life News, "Duggar Family Rallies for Pro-Life Amendment on Abortion in Tennessee," October 9, 2014
- WBIR, "Abortion battle looms in East Tennessee," January 22, 2014
- Tennessee Bureau of Ethics and Campaign Finance, "Registered Referendum Committee," accessed July 21, 2014
- Run for 1 Life, "The Cause," accessed June 27, 2014
- Run for 1 Life, "Sponsors of the 5k Walk / Run June 28," accessed June 27, 2014
- Vote No On One Tennessee, Inc., "Homepage," accessed June 20, 2014
- The Tennessean, "TN Democrats hire strategist for abortion amendment," June 9, 2014
- Chattanooga Times Free Press, "New group will fight Tennessee abortion amendment in 2014," accessed March 11, 2013
- Macon County Times, "‘Yes On 1’ campaign in full swing," January 29, 2014
- American Civil Liberties Union, "I Stand for Reproductive Freedom in Tennessee," accessed June 20, 2014
- The Tennessean, "Ad likening Tennessee legislature to Taliban draws fire," May 27, 2014
- Vote NO on One Tennessee, Inc., "Learn More," accessed July 25, 2014
- The Tennessean, "Abortion services must not vanish," January 21, 2014
- Nashville Scene, "New Ad Opposes 'Tennessee Taliban Amendment,' Draws Criticism," May 27, 2014
- The Wire, "Don't Try to Win the Abortion Debate by Comparing the Other Side to the Taliban," May 27, 2014
- Tennessee Senate Republican Caucus, "SJR 127 to restore the people’s voice on state’s abortion laws receives super majority needed in Senate to be placed on ballot," April 18, 2011
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