Texas' 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

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Texas' 1st Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
May 29, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Louie Gohmert Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Louie Gohmert Republican Party
Louie Gohmert.jpg

Texas U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14District 15District 16District 17District 18District 19District 20District 21District 22District 23District 24District 25District 26District 27District 28District 29District 30District 31District 32District 33District 34District 35District 36

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Texas.png
The 1st Congressional District of Texas held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Incumbent Louie Gohmert (R) won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
March 9, 2012
May 29, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Texas has an open primary system, in which any registered voter can choose which party's primary to vote in, without having to be a member of that party. Texas also scheduled a primary runoff for July 31, 2012.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by April 30.[2] For the July 31, 2012, the vote registration deadline was July 2. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 9.[3]

See also: Texas elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Louie Gohmert (R), who was first elected in 2004. He won re-election on November 6, 2012.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. Texas' 1st Congressional District was located in the eastern portion of the state, and included Harrison, Panola, Gregg, Smith, Wood, Upshur, Rusk, Shelby, Sabine, San Augustine, Angelina, and Nacogdoches counties.[4]

* Redistricting note: Due to legal turmoil in the redistricting process, filing deadlines were changed twice and the primary was changed once. The original filing deadline was December 12th.[5] That deadline was first moved to December 15th and then December 19th by a federal court due to delays caused by redistricting legal challenges. When a final map was issued, the December 19th deadline was once again moved to March 9 to allow candidates more time to file in light of the delays and map ambiguities. The primary date was first moved from March 6 to April 3, 2012 before finally settling on May 29.[6]

The 1st Congressional District of Texas, prior to the 2010-2011 redistricting process.

Candidates

General election candidates

Democratic Party Shirley McKellar
Republican Party Louie GohmertGreen check mark transparent.png
Libertarian Party Clark Patterson


May 29, 2012, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Libertarian Party Libertarian Convention

Election results

General election

U.S. House, Texas District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLouie Gohmert Incumbent 71.4% 178,322
     Democratic Shirley J. McKellar 26.9% 67,222
     Libertarian Clark Patterson 1.6% 4,114
Total Votes 249,658
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Texas

The 1st District was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district is composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[9][10]

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Texas' 1st District's partisanship was unaffected by redistricting.[11]

  • 2012: 27D / 73R
  • 2010: 27D / 73R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. Texas' 1st Congressional District has a PVI of R+21, which is the 18th most Republican district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by John McCain (R), 69-31 percent over Barack Obama (D). In 2004, George W. Bush won the district 70-30 percent over John Kerry (D).[12]

Campaign contributions

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2012 elections season. Below are candidate reports.

Shirley McKellar

Shirley McKellar (2012) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[13]April 17, 2012$5$27,235$(26,421.25)$868.75
Pre-Primary[14]May 25, 2012$643.75$2,675$(2,909.66)$409.09
Running totals
$29,910$(29,330.91)

Louie Gohmert

Louie Gohmert (2012) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[15]April 9, 2012$208,600.14$74,101.50$(79,674.63)$203,027.01
Pre-Primary[16]May 15, 2012$203,027.01$46,405$(46,217.60)$203,214.41
Running totals
$120,506.5$(125,892.23)

District history

Candidate Ballot Access
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Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.

2010

On November 2, 2010, Louie Gohmert won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives, defeating Charles F. Parkes III (L).[17]

U.S. House of Representatives General Election, Texas, Congressional District 1, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLouie Gohmert Incumbent 89.7% 129,398
     Libertarian Charles F. Parkes III 10.3% 14,811
Total Votes 144,209

See also

External links

References