Texas Land Commissioner

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Texas Land Commissioner
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $141,677,361
Term limits:  None
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Texas Constitution, Article 14, Section 1
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

George P. Bush.jpg
Name:  George P. Bush
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 2, 2015
Compensation:  $167,070
Next election:  November 6, 2018
Last election:  November 4, 2014
Other Texas Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralComptrollerAuditorEducation CommissionerAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerLand CommissionerWorkforce CommissionPublic Utility CommissionRailroad Commission
The Texas Land Commissioner is a state executive position in the Texas state government. The land commissioner serves as the elected head of the Texas General Land Office (GLO).

The GLO's mission statement is: "The Texas General Land Office serves the schoolchildren, veterans, and all people of Texas by preserving their history, protecting their environment, expanding economic opportunity, and maximizing state revenue through innovative administration and prudent stewardship of state lands and resources."[1]

Land commissioner is the "oldest, continuous elected position in Texas history."[2] Established in 1836, the office predates the governor and all other state executive positions.

Current office holder

The current officeholder is George P. Bush (R). He was first elected to the office on November 4, 2014. Bush, the son of former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, was sworn in January 2, 2015.[3]


The General Land Office is established in Article 14 of the Texas Constitution.

Article 14, Section 1:

There shall be one General Land Office in the State, which shall be at the seat of government, where all land titles which have emanated or may hereafter emanate from the State shall be registered, except those titles the registration of which may be prohibited by this Constitution. It shall be the duty of the Legislature at the earliest practicable time to make the Land Office self sustaining, and from time to time the Legislature may establish such subordinate offices as may be deemed necessary.


There are no specific qualifications to hold this office.


As a member of the Texas Executive Department, under Article 14 of the state constitution, the land commissioner is elected "by the qualified voters of the State at the time and places of election for members of the Legislature." In Texas, the land commissioner is elected in 2018, 2022 and 2026.

Full history


See also: Texas down ballot state executive elections, 2014

Republican George P. Bush won election on November 4, 2014.

Texas Land Commissioner, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngGeorge P. Bush 60.7% 2,826,751
     Democrat John Cook 35.3% 1,645,696
     Libertarian Justin Knight 2.7% 126,406
     Green Valerie Alessi 1.3% 60,112
Total Votes 4,658,965
Election Results via Texas Secretary of State.

Click here to view a larger-scale image of the Texas General Land Office Organizational Chart as of March 2013.


Under Article 4, Section 12 of the state constitution, "all vacancies in State or district offices, except members of the Legislature, shall be filled unless otherwise provided by law by appointment of the Governor."


See Energy policy in Texas for information on the state's energy portfolio and goals.

1. Superintend, control and direct the official conduct of subordinate officers of the land office
2. Execute and perform all acts relating to public real property of the state or rights of individuals in public real property which is required by law
3. Make and enforce suitable rules consistent with the law; and
4. Give information when required to the governor and the legislature relating to public real property and the land office.


The GLO is organized into five divisions:

  • History and Archives Division
  • Energy and Minerals Division
  • State Lands Division
  • Caring for the Coast Division
  • Veterans Land Board Division[4]

State budget

See also: Texas state budget and finances

The budget for the Texas General Land Office and Veterans' Land Board in Fiscal Year 2013 was $141,677,361.[5]


See also: Compensation of state executive officers


In 2014, the commissioner received a salary of $167,070, according to the Council of State Governments.[6]


In 2013, the commissioner was paid an estimated $145,200. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.[7]


In 2012, the commissioner was paid an estimated $145,200. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.


In 2010, the commissioner was paid an estimated 145,200, according to the Council of State Governments.[8]

Historical officeholders

Since 1840, Texas has had 27 land commissioners.

List of Former Officeholders from 1840-Present
# Name Took office Left office
1 Henry W. Raglin 1840 1841
2 Thomas William Ward 1841 1848
3 George Washington Smith 1848 1851
4 Stephen Crosby 1851 1858
5 Francis M. White 1858 1862
5 Francis M. White 1865 1866
6 Stephen Crosby 1865 1865
6 Stephen Crosby 1866 1867
7 Joseph Spence 1867 1870
8 Jacob Kuechler 1870 1874
9 Johann Jacob Groos 1874 1887
10 Richard M. Hall 1887 1891
11 Andrew Baker 1893 1899
12 Charles Rogan 1899 1903
13 George Finger 1899 1899
14 John Terrell 1903 1909
15 James Robyson 1909 1929
16 James Walker 1929 1937
17 John P. Borden 1937 1940
18 William H. McDonald 1937 1939
19 Bascow Giles 1939 1955
20 James E. Rudder 1955 1956
21 Bill Allcorn 1956 1961
22 Jerry Sadler 1961 1971
23 Bob Armstrong 1971 1983
24 Gary Mauro 1983 1999
25 David Dewhurst 1999 2003
26 Jerry Patterson 2003 2015
27 George P. Bush 2015 Present

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Texas Land Commissioner."

Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.

Texas Land Commissioner - Google News Feed

  • Loading...

Contact information


Texas General Land Office
William B. Travis Building
1701 N. Congress Avenue
Suite 935
Austin, Texas 78701

  • Phone: (512) 463-5001
  • Fax: (512) 475-1558

See also

External links

Suggest a link