Texas House of Representatives District 123

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Texas House of Representatives District 123
Current incumbentVacant
Population175,674
Race23.6% White, 74.4% Black/Hispanic, 2.0% Other
Ethnicity29.4% Not Hispanic, 70.6% Hispanic
Voting age77.3% age 18 and over
Next electionFebruary 17, 2015
Texas's one hundred twenty-third state house district is currently vacant Vacant.

As of the 2010 census, a total of 175,674 civilians reside within Texas's one hundred twenty-third state house district.[1] Texas state representatives represent an average of 167,637 residents.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 139,012 residents.[3]

About the office

Members of the Texas House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are not subject to term limits. Texas legislators assume office at the beginning of the legislative session (January).

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Texas House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[4]

  • A U.S. citizen
  • 21 years old before the general election
  • A two-year resident of Texas before the general election
  • A district resident for 1 year prior to the general election

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Texas Legislature are paid $7,200/year. Legislators receive $150/day per diem which is set by the Ethics Commission.[5]

Pension

When calculating a legislators' pension, their normal salary is artificially inflated to $125,000. This goes back to 1981, when lawmakers linked their salaries to those of state judges. Since then, they raised judges' salaries while removing the caps on their own pensions, pushing the maximum benefit up to 100% of a judge's salary.

In 2011, this resulted in an average state employee pension of $17,526 annually. The maximum pension a legislator can earn is $125,000, of which Rep. Tom Craddick (R) will be the first to qualify for when he retires. .[6]

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

If there is a vacancy in the house, the Governor must call a special election to fill the vacant seat.[7] A Governor's proclamation to a special election must be delivered to local elections authorities representing the vacant seat no later than 36 days before the scheduled election.[8]

The Secretary of State can declare a candidate duly elected in a special election if there is no opposition.[9]

Elections

2015

See also: Texas state legislative special elections, 2015

Melissa Aguillon (D), Diego Bernal (D), Walter Martinez (D), Nunzio Previtera (R), Paul Ingmundson (G) and Roger V. Gary (L) faced off in the special election on January 6, 2015.[10] Since no candidate received more than 50 percent of the vote, the top two vote-getters, Bernal and Previtera, will meet in a runoff election on February 17.[11]

The seat is vacant following Michael Villarreal's (D) resignation to run for Mayor of San Antonio.[12]

A special election for the position of Texas House of Representatives District 123 was called for January 6, 2015. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was December 22, 2014.[12]

2014

See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for all 150 seats in the Texas House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on March 4, 2014. Those candidates who did not receive 50% or more of the vote in their party primary on March 4 faced an additional May 27 primary runoff. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was December 9, 2013. Incumbent Michael Villarreal was unopposed in the Democratic primary. Paul Ingmundson was running as a Green Party candidate. Villarreal defeated Ingmundson in the general election.[13][14][15] In a letter dated November 6, 2014, Villarreal informed Governor Rick Perry that he would not be accepting his seat in the Texas House of Representatives, and would be resigning his seat effective January 15, 2015, in order to run for Mayor of San Antonio, Texas.[16][17]

Governor Perry is able to call for a special election to fill the seat as early as December 2014.[16]


Texas House of Representatives, District 123 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Villarreal Incumbent 86.3% 20,178
     Green Paul Ingmundson 13.7% 3,210
Total Votes 23,388

2012

See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Texas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 29, 2012, and a general election on November 6, 2012. Incumbent Michael Villarreal (D) defeated Chuck Robinson (G) in the general election. Villarreal was unopposed in the Democratic primary election.[18]

Texas House of Representatives, District 123, General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Villarreal Incumbent 87.5% 32,958
     Green Chuck Robinson 12.5% 4,700
Total Votes 37,658

Campaign contributions

Since 2000, candidates for Texas House of Representatives District 123 have raised a total of $1,839,308. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $131,379 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.

Campaign contributions, Texas House of Representatives District 123
Year Amount Candidates Average
2012 $284,907 1 $284,907
2010 $334,724 1 $334,724
2008 $209,382 1 $209,382
2006 $185,014 1 $185,014
2004 $189,321 2 $94,661
2002 $481,303 5 $96,261
2000 $154,657 3 $51,552
Total $1,839,308 14 $131,379

See also

External links

References

  1. Texas Legislative Council, "House District 123 - Planh309," accessed October 1, 2013
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census Interactive Population Search," accessed February 14, 2014
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  4. Texas Secretary of State, "Qualifications for office," accessed December 18, 2013
  5. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  6. USA Today, "State lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," September 23, 2011
  7. Texas Legislature "Texas Election Code"(Referenced Statute 3.003 (3))
  8. Texas Legislature, "Texas Election Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 3.003 (3)(b)-(c))
  9. Texas Legislature, "Texas Election Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 2.055 (3)(b)-(c))
  10. Texas Secretary of State, "Official candidate list," accessed December 25, 2014
  11. Texas Tribune, "Three Elections, No Winners Yet," January 6, 2015
  12. 12.0 12.1 Houston Chronicle, "Perry sets 3 special elections for Jan. 6," December 15, 2014
  13. Texas Secretary of State, "1992 - Current ELECTION HISTORY," accessed December 2, 2014
  14. The Libertarian Party of Texas, "2014 Texas Representative Candidate List," accessed July 30, 2014
  15. Green Party of Texas, "Greens Release Candidate List," accessed July 30, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 John Reynolds The Texas Tribune, "Villarreal Resigning to Run for San Antonio Mayor," November 10, 2014
  17. Michael Villarreal's Resignation Letter to Governor Rick Perry, November 6, 2014
  18. Office of the Secretary of State, "State of Texas 2012 General Election," November 6, 2012