Texas House of Representatives District 52

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Texas House of Representatives District 52
Current incumbentLarry Gonzales Republican Party
Race54.3% White, 39.8% Black/Hispanic, 5.9% Other
Ethnicity70.1% Not Hispanic, 29.9% Hispanic
Voting age68.8% age 18 and over
Next electionNovember 4, 2014
Texas's fifty-second state house district is represented by Republican Representative Larry Gonzales.

As of the 2010 census, a total of 165,994 civilians reside within Texas's fifty-second state house district.[1] Texas state representatives represent an average of 167,637 residents.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 139,012 residents.[3]

About the office

Members of the Texas House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are not subject to term limits. Texas legislators assume office at the beginning of the legislative session (January).


To be eligible to serve in the Texas House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[4]

  • A U.S. citizen
  • 21 years old before the general election
  • A two-year resident of Texas before the general election
  • A district resident for 1 year prior to the general election


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Texas Legislature are paid $7,200/year. Legislators receive $150/day per diem which is set by the Ethics Commission.[5]


When calculating a legislators' pension, their normal salary is artificially inflated to $125,000. This goes back to 1981, when lawmakers linked their salaries to those of state judges. Since then, they raised judges' salaries while removing the caps on their own pensions, pushing the maximum benefit up to 100% of a judge's salary.

In 2011, this resulted in an average state employee pension of $17,526 annually. The maximum pension a legislator can earn is $125,000, of which Rep. Tom Craddick (R) will be the first to qualify for when he retires. .[6]


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

If there is a vacancy in the house, the Governor must call a special election to fill the vacant seat.[7] A Governor's proclamation to a special election must be delivered to local elections authorities representing the vacant seat no later than 36 days before the scheduled election.[8]

The Secretary of State can declare a candidate duly elected in a special election if there is no opposition.[9]



See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Texas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 29, 2012, and a general election on November 6, 2012. Incumbent Larry Gonzales (R) defeated Lillian Martinez Simmons (L) in the general election. Gonzales was unopposed in the Republican primary election.[10]

Texas House of Representatives, District 52, General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLarry Gonzales Incumbent 70.3% 31,991
     Libertarian Lillian Martinez Simmons 29.7% 13,526
Total Votes 45,517

Campaign contributions

Since 2000, candidates for Texas House of Representatives District 52 have raised a total of $5,055,959. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $252,798 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.

Campaign contributions, Texas House of Representatives District 52
Year Amount Candidates Average
2012 $130,702 1 $130,702
2010 $2,234,045 5 $446,809
2008 $1,956,495 4 $489,124
2006 $370,725 4 $92,681
2004 $186,621 2 $93,311
2002 $108,079 2 $54,040
2000 $69,292 2 $34,646
Total $5,055,959 20 $252,798

See also

External links