Texas State Senate District 28

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Texas State Senate District 28
Current incumbentCharles Perry Republican Party
Race57.1% White, 40.8% Black/Hispanic, 2.1% Other[1]
Ethnicity65.1% Not Hispanic, 34.9% Hispanic
Voting age75.4% age 18 and over
Texas's twenty-eighth state senate district is represented by Republican Senator Charles Perry.

As of the 2010 census, a total of 778,341 civilians reside within Texas's twenty-eighth state senate district.[2] Texas state senators represent an average of 811,147 residents.[3] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 672,640 residents.[4]

About the office

Members of the Texas State Senate serve four-year terms and are not subject to term limits. One-half of the Senate membership is elected every two years in even-numbered years, with the exception that all 31 Senate seats are up for election for the first legislature following the decennial census in order to reflect the newly redrawn districts. After the initial election, the Senate is divided by lot into two classes, with one class having a re-election after two years and the other having a re-election after four years.[5] Texas legislators assume office at the beginning of the legislative session (January).


To be eligible to serve in the Texas State Senate, a candidate must be:[6]

  • A U.S. citizen
  • 26 years old before the general election
  • A five-year resident of Texas before the general election
  • A district resident for 1 year prior to the general election


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Texas Legislature are paid $7,200/year. Legislators receive $150/day per diem which is set by the Ethics Commission.[7]


When calculating a legislators' pension, their normal salary is artificially inflated to $125,000. This goes back to 1981, when lawmakers linked their salaries to those of state judges. Since then, they raised judges' salaries while removing the caps on their own pensions, pushing the maximum benefit up to 100% of a judge's salary.

In 2011, this resulted in an average state employee pension of $17,526 annually. The maximum pension a legislator can earn is $125,000, of which Rep. Tom Craddick (R) will be the first to qualify for when he retires. .[8]


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

If there is a vacancy in the senate, the Governor must call a special election to fill the vacant seat.[9] A Governor's proclamation to a special election must be delivered to local elections authorities representing the vacant seat no later than 36 days before the scheduled election.[10]

The Secretary of State can declare a candidate duly elected in a special election if there is no opposition.[11]



See also: Texas state legislative special elections, 2014

Charles Perry (R) defeated Greg Wortham (D), Jodey Arrington (R), E.M. Garza (R), Delwin Jones (R) and Kerry Douglas McKennon (L) in the special election on September 9.[12][13][14]

The seat was vacant following Robert Duncan's (R) resignation on July 3, 2014, to become Chancellor of Texas Tech University.[15]

A special election for the position of Texas State Senate District 28 was called for September 9, 2014. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was August 1, 2014.[16]

Texas State Senate, District 28, Special Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCharles Perry 53.4% 22,860
     Republican Jodey Arrington 30.3% 12,958
     Democratic Greg Wortham 13.1% 5,616
     Republican Delwin Jones 1.6% 677
     Libertarian Kerry Douglas McKennon 0.8% 358
     Republican E.M. Garza 0.8% 347
Total Votes 42,816


See also: Texas State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Texas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 29, 2012, and a general election on November 6, 2012. Robert Duncan (R) defeated M.J. Smith (L) in the general election. Duncan defeated E.M. Garza in the Republican primary election.[17] In 2012, a total of $980,468 was raised in campaign contributions. Duncan raised $979,768, and Garza raised $700. Smith did not raise any money.[18]

Texas State Senate, District 28, General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRobert Duncan Incumbent 86.4% 183,619
     Libertarian M.J. Smith 13.6% 28,932
Total Votes 212,551
Texas State Senate District 28 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRobert Duncan 85.4% 52,990
E.M. Garza 14.6% 9,069
Total Votes 62,059

Campaign contributions

Since 2002, candidates for Texas State Senate District 28 have raised a total of $3,200,765. Candidates who raised money in contributions earned $457,252 on average. All figures come from Follow the Money.

Campaign contributions, Texas State Senate District 28
Year Amount Candidates Average
2012 $980,468 2 $490,234
2010 $646,730 1 $646,730
2008 $560,022 1 $560,022
2006 $313,553 1 $313,553
2004 $375,765 1 $375,765
2002 $324,227 1 $324,227
Total $3,200,765 7 $457,252

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. For more information on the parameters the U.S. Census Bureau use, please see our Race and Ethnicity on the United States Census page.
  2. Texas Legislative Council, "Senate District 28 - Plans172," accessed September 27, 2013
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census Interactive Population Search," accessed February 14, 2014
  4. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  5. Texas State Legislature, "Texas Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Article 3, Section 3)
  6. Texas Secretary of State, "Qualifications for office," accessed December 18, 2013
  7. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  8. USA Today, "State lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," September 23, 2011
  9. Texas Legislature "Texas Election Code"(Referenced Statute 3.003 (3))
  10. Texas Legislature, "Texas Election Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 3.003 (3)(b)-(c))
  11. Texas Legislature, "Texas Election Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 2.055 (3)(b)-(c))
  12. Texas Secretary of State, "Official candidate list," accessed August 7, 2014
  13. Texas Tribune, "Perry Wins Special Election for Senate Seat," September 9, 2014
  14. Texas Secretary of State, "Official special election results," accessed September 30, 2014
  15. Burnt Orange Report, "Sen. Robert Duncan (R) to Resign from Texas Senate, Become Chancellor of Texas Tech," May 20, 2014
  16. My Fox Lubbock, "Gov. Perry sets date for special election in Dist. 28 Senate seat," July 22, 2014
  17. Office of the Secretary of State, "State of Texas 2012 General Election," November 6, 2012
  18. followthemoney.org, "State of Texas 2012 Senate Candidates," accessed November 27, 2013