The Executive Summary: Controversies continue to unfold around Virginia Governor, Utah Attorney General

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July 26, 2013

Edited by Greg Janetka

This jam-packed edition of The Executive Summary features updates on the ongoing controversies surrounding Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell (R) and Utah Attorney General John Swallow (R). Additionally, we take a look at Gov. Rick Snyder's role in Detroit's bankruptcy, the possible elimination of two state executive positions in Wisconsin, and questions surrounding Wyoming Superintendent of Public Instruction Cindy Hill. With appointments, resignations, election updates and a trivia question to get to, there's no time to waste - let's dive in.

McDonnell gifts controversy

Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell

When he assumed office in 2010 as Governor of Virginia, Bob McDonnell was considered a rising star in the Republican Party. Soon after he was chosen to deliver the GOP response to President Obama’s State of the Union,[1] while in 2011 he was named chairman of the National Governor’s Association,[2] and in 2012 he was considered as a vice-presidential running mate to Mitt Romney.[3] Instead of taking off as expected, his public profile plummeted due to a series of revelations that began to emerge this past spring. According to a survey released by Public Policy Polling on July 15, the governor's approval rating has fallen from 44 percent approval in May down to 36 percent approval - a drop of 12 points in the last two months.[4] Additionally, 35 percent of voters said he should resign, though 45 percent said he should remain in office.[5]

Back in late March, it was reported that the FBI was investigating whether McDonnell violated any laws by allowing Jonnie R. Williams Sr., the head of Star Scientific, to pay $15,000 for food and flowers at his daughter's 2011 wedding, which was held at the governor's mansion. When asked why he did not report the spending on his finance reports, McDonnell said the donation was a gift to his daughter, and per state law only gifts to officeholders have to be reported.[6] Since then it has come out that McDonnell accepted some $145,000 from Williams, including a $6,500 Rolex watch, $70,000 to a corporation owned by McDonnell and his sister, and a $50,000 check to the governor’s wife.[7][8]

Virginia elected officials are allowed to accept personal gifts of any value as long as they disclose those that are worth $50 or more. A look at top gift recipients in the state between 2002-2012 shows McDonnell at the top with $303,550. The next on the list, former Governor Tim Kaine, reported $201,595 in gifts, meaning McDonnell accepted over $100,000 more in gifts than any other elected official during the same time period. Also worth noting is a number of the gifts provided by Williams were not included on McDonnell’s financial disclosure forms.[9]

For his part, McDonnell, who has not been charged with any crimes, has denied any wrongdoing. His reputation has clearly taken a hit in the public eye, however, and he is now facing calls for his resignation, some from members of his own party.[10][11]

In a response on Tuesday, McDonnell announced he repaid more than $120,000 in loans to Williams, offering an apology via Twitter: “I am deeply sorry for the embarrassment certain members of my family and I brought upon my beloved Virginia and her citizens. I want you to know that I broke no laws and that I am committed to regaining your sacred trust and confidence. I hope today’s action is another step toward that end.” The repayment was for the $50,000 loan made to McDonnell’s wife, and the $70,000 loan to the company McDonnell co-owns.[12]

McDonnell’s statement did not address any of the gifts from Williams, and while seen as a positive first step, did not silence his critics who continue to argue he should step down. Virginia has had 71 governors. None of them have resigned or been forced to resign.[13][14]

For an in-depth look at what might happen if McDonnell resigns or is forced from office and the steps involved in a forcible removal, see If Gov. McDonnell leaves office before the end of his term, what then?

Swallow under investigation

Utah Attorney General John Swallow

After a Republican House Caucus meeting to discuss impeachment of Utah Attorney General John Swallow (R) on June 19, state lawmakers instead chose to create an investigative committee outside of the impeachment process to determine if the investigations and controversies surrounding the state’s top attorney are hurting the public trust. Swallow has consistently denied any wrongdoing and said he has no plans to resign.[15]

The creation of the committee does not rule out the possibility of future impeachment proceedings. Under the Utah Constitution, the House is responsible for impeaching officials, while the Senate decides if they remain in office.[15] The House approved the creation of the committee on July 3 by a vote of 69-3. It consists of nine members and has subpoena power.[16]

Gov. Herbert called a special session to set the powers of the investigative panel and adjust open meetings laws in order to avoid making meetings public when it could hinder the investigation.[17] The governor added three additional items to the agenda as well, including giving out-of-state attorneys the power to help with the investigation into Swallow.[18][19] Lawmakers set up the committee of five Republicans and four Democrats to investigate Swallow.[20][21] The Utah Democratic Party released a statement critical of the special session's decisions regarding the panel, noting that past ethics panels have been nonpartisan and arguing that the chair should not have the power to grant immunity or close the meetings to the public at will.[22]

Soon after his election in 2012, Swallow was beset with a series of controversies that led him to become the subject of federal, state and local investigations involving allegations of election law violations and questionable dealings with a businessman who was also under investigation.[23] On Tuesday, the state elections office announced they had hired the Phoenix-based law firm of Snell & Wilmer to act as special counsel in the investigation. It is expected to cost $200,000 and last up to four months.[24]


Detroit declares bankruptcy

Michigan Governor Rick Snyder

On July 18, 2013, Detroit emergency manager Kevin Orr decided to file for bankruptcy for the city, making it the largest U.S. city to file for bankruptcy protection. Gov. Rick Snyder, who early in his term pressed for increasing the state's ability to intervene in cities and schools that are hurting, resoundingly approved of the move, saying, "We looked through every other viable option."[25]

Snyder previously stated on multiple occasions since his election that the city would not go into bankruptcy.[26] Just two days before the announcement was made, Snyder said, "The goal is not to be in bankruptcy."[27] In the end, however, Snyder summed up the issue, saying, "Here was a problem 60 years in the making. The can was being kicked down the road for far too long. It was time to say enough was enough. Let's stop, let's stabilize, let's grow."[28]

The creation of the emergency manager law was contentious and led, in part, to two unsuccessful attempts to recall Snyder from office. The original legislation, signed into law by Snyder on March 17, 2011, was repealed by voters in a referendum on November 6, 2012.[29] Lawmakers quickly passed a revised version of the law, which Snyder signed in late December.[30][31] Snyder then appointed Orr as Detroit's emergency manager in March 2013.[32]

Snyder is up for re-election in 2014. It is unclear how the declaration will impact his chances for a second term.

Wisconsin legislators seek to eliminate treasurer, secretary of state

If two state representatives have their way, Wisconsin will eliminate the constitutionally elected offices of Secretary of State and Treasurer. Republicans Michael Schraa and Tyler August introduced a constitutional amendment in late June to do away with the positions, arguing they are obsolete and a “pointless” drain of taxpayer resources. Since then they have been circulating the proposal and as of last week had 13 co-sponsors.[33]

Current Secretary of State Doug La Follette (D) has served in the position a combined total of 34 years since 1974. Defending his office, La Follette said the supposed savings from the move are “phony,” arguing that while his salary would be eliminated his staff would simply be transferred to a different department. His own plan of eliminating four or five high-paid appointees, La Follette said, would save at least as much as eliminating the office outright.

Striking a different tone, current Treasurer Kurt Schuller (R) actually campaigned on eliminating the office of treasurer when he was elected in 2010. His office has said they welcome a conversation about the duties of the office, but did point out that the office operates with interest accrued from unclaimed money and thus does not use taxpayer money.[34]

While the legislature in recent years has transferred duties from both offices to other departments, one major role both officials play is serving on the Board of Commissioners of Public Lands, a $925 million trust fund. It is unclear how the board would be restructured if the amendment were to go into effect.[35] In order for that to happen, the amendment has to be passed by two consecutive legislative sessions and then be passed by voters in a statewide referendum.[36]

Wyoming superintendent’s case heads to state supreme court as she comes under investigation

Wyoming Superintendent Cindy Hill

A new law, known as Senate File 104, signed on January 29, 2013 replaced the Wyoming Superintendent of Public Instruction as head of the state Department of Education with a Director of Education appointed by the governor. Superintendent Cindy Hill filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the measure. The position of superintendent remains but is no longer head of the DOE.[37]

After he had finished signing the bill, Superintendent Hill served Governor Matt Mead (R) with a lawsuit arguing the move was unconstitutional as it violates the consent of the people and nullifies their vote.[37] The state Supreme Court is scheduled to begin hearing oral arguments in the case on August 20, 2013.[38]

Meanwhile, the Management Council of the Wyoming State Legislature voted on July 12 to create a special investigative committee to determine whether or not Hill properly managed the state Education Department prior to the legislature removing her as the department's head. The investigation stemmed from a report that alleged Hill's possible misuse of the state airplane, improper spending of federal funds and complaints of a hostile work environment.[39]

The House Rules Committee will serve as the special committee. Hill objected to this move as all 13 members of the committee voted in favor of Senate File 104. The committee is scheduled to start its investigation on August 7.[40][41]

Indiana loses its auditor to state GOP chairmanship

Tim Berry

The office of Indiana Auditor of State is now vacant following the resignation of former officeholder Tim Berry on July 22, 2013. Berry was first elected as state auditor-who serves as Indiana’s chief financial officer-in 2006 and was re-elected to another four-term term in 2010.[42]Berry's second term was not set to end until January of 2015, but he stepped down on Monday in order to become chairman of the Indiana Republican Party. Governor Mike Pence (R) recommended Berry for the post, and he was then confirmed by a vote of the state GOP committee.[43]

Berry's resignation went into effect immediately upon his election as state party chair, thus activating Pence's gubernatorial authority to appoint an interim auditor who will serve out the remainder of Berry's unexpired term.[44] Pence has said that he wants to replace Berry with someone who would run for a full term in 2014.[44]

Before becoming state auditor, Berry served two terms as Indiana State Treasurer, from 1999 to 2007. Prior to that he was Allen County Treasurer from 1990 to 1999. His experiences outside of public service are as an adjunct faculty member at Tri-State University, a member of Fort Wayne Mayor Paul Heimke’s administration and a financial officer for North American Van Lines.[45]

Iowa Utilities Board member resignation is deja vu for Gov. Branstad

Swati Dandekar

Swati Dandekar stepped down from the Iowa Utilities Board on July 22, 2013 to spend more time exploring a bid for Congress in 2014.[46]

Dandekar's resignation from the Iowa Utilities Board, effective July 22, 2013, created an unscheduled vacancy which will have to be filled by appointment. Gov. Terry Branstad (R) originally appointed Dandekar in 2011 for an abbreviated term set to expire in April of 2015. Her appointment was a consequence of another board member who had resigned early, and now Branstad will have to find her a replacement as well.[47]

Dandekar was a Democratic member of the Iowa State Senate, representing District 18, before Branstad appointed her to the nonpartisan utilities board. She had to vacate her state senate seat to accept the appointment. Prior to her departure, the partisan balance of Senate favored Democrats 26-24.[48][49][50]

See also: State executive official elections, 2013
State Executive Official Elections Results in 2013
Office Incumbent Incumbent Party Incumbent Running? 2013 Winner Partisan switch?
Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie Ends.png Republican Yes Pending
Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey Kim Guadagno Ends.png Republican Yes Pending
Governor of Virginia Bob McDonnell Ends.png Republican No Pending
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Bill Bolling Ends.png Republican No Pending
Attorney General of Virginia Ken Cuccinelli Ends.png Republican No (running for governor) Pending
Superintendent of Wisconsin Tony Evers Grey.png Nonpartisan Yes Tony Evers No
Mark your calendar
November 5General election in New Jersey and Virginia

There are three states holding state executive official elections in 2013 -- New Jersey, Virginia and Wisconsin. A total of six officials will be elected. The attention-grabbing positions up for election are Governor of New Jersey and Governor of Virginia. Both made The Washington Post’s list of the top five races to watch in 2013.


The first state executive election in 2013 took place in Wisconsin on April 2, 2013. Incumbent Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Evers won re-election to a second term against challenger Don Pridemore.[51] Evers, a career educator, handily defeated Don Pridemore, a Wisconsin State Assemblyman since 2005. Although the Superintendent of Public Instruction is a nonpartisan position, Evers is a Democrat and Pridemore is a Republican.

The race attracted considerable buzz in the lead-up to the election, owing in large part to the controversial education proposals put forth by Gov. Scott Walker (R) in his 2013-2015 budget plan, as well as Pridemore's penchant for provoking the media with dramatic pronouncements about his campaign agenda or else by creating a blacklist of a number of "liberal"[52] political reporters.[53][54]

Evers received over 61% of the vote, equalling 487,030 votes. This figure points to Evers' growth in popularity since his initial election to the post back in 2009, when he won 439,248 votes and a roughly 15 percentage point victory over a different single challenger, Rose Fernandez.

Below are the official results of the superintendent race, certified by the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board on April 23.[55]

Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction General Election, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngTony Evers Incumbent 61.1% 487,030
     Nonpartisan Don Pridemore 38.7% 308,050
     Scattering Various 0.2% 1,431
Total Votes 796,511
Election Results via Wisconsin Government Accountability Board (dead link).



Current Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell (R) is ineligible to run for re-election in 2013 because of term limits. The term limits Virginia imposes on its governors are more strict than any other state in the country: under the commonwealth's constitution, no governor may serve back-to-back terms. This means that McDonnell, unlike other governors in their first term, is ineligible to run for re-election until a full term has passed.

There are no such term limits on the attorney general, and many were surprised at current AG Ken Cuccinelli's (R) decision to run for governor rather than seek another term. If not for Cuccinelli, Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling would have been the frontrunner for the Republican nomination to succeed current Governor Bob McDonnell. Bolling expressed more disappointment than surprise that Cuccinelli had chose to challenge him in the gubernatorial primary rather than be his lieutenant gubernatorial running-mate, noting "nothing he does surprises me."[56]

Bolling suspended his campaign on November 28, 2012, citing his slim chances beating tea party favorite and attorney general Ken Cuccinelli for the party's nomination. Bolling's withdrawal stems from a decision by Virginia Republicans to change their method for selecting gubernatorial nominees from open primary election to closed nominating convention.[57] Although Bolling was explicit about ending his pursuit of a place on the Republican ticket, he waited until March 12 before ruling out the possibility of running as an independent candidate instead.[58] About the alternative of seeking re-election to his current post, Bolling stated that, “Under normal circumstances, I would be open to the possibility of running for another term as lieutenant governor, but I would not be interested in running on a statewide ticket with Mr. Cuccinelli.”[59] He later said he regretted dropping out of the race as early as he did.[60]

McDonnell had previously pledged his support for Bolling's candidacy- in part because Bolling refrained from challenging McDonnell for governor in 2009. After Bolling bowed out, McDonnell chose to endorse fellow Republican Cuccinelli for his successor, despite Cuccinelli's outspoken opposition to McDonnell's Transportation Initiative, which is considered to be the centerpiece of his gubernatorial legacy. Ironically, Cuccinelli's future general election opponent, former Democratic National Committee Chairman Terry McAuliffe, has been equally outspoken on the issue, but as an advocate and defender of the outgoing governor's approach to amending the state's transportation funding policy.[61][62][63]

In response to the major party nominees, the Libertarian Party held a special convention and nominated Robert Sarvis as the party's official gubernatorial candidate.[64]

Like Cuccinelli and Sarvis, McAuliffe faced no primary contest. The three contenders will square off in the general election on November 5, 2013.[65]

Governor of Virginia
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Robert Sarvis (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll
(July 11-14, 2013)
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Governor of Virginia: Cuccinelli v. McAuliffe
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
(Feb. 14-18, 2013)
Roanoke College Poll
(April 8-14, 2013)
Washington Post (Registered Voters)
(April 29-May 2, 2013)
Washington Post (Likely Voters)
(April 29-May 2, 2013)
NBC News/Marist Poll
(April 28-May 2, 2013)
Quinnipiac University
(May 8-13, 2013)
Public Policy Polling
(May 24-26, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(June 5-6, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(July 11-15, 2013)
AVERAGES 40.44% 40.56% 18% +/-3.39 930.44
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Lieutenant Governor

Incumbent Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling (R) is not seeking re-election this year. Nine candidates filed to fill the imminently-open executive seat, including two Democrats and seven Republicans. State Sen. Ralph Northam defeated Aneesh Chopra for the Democratic Party's nomination for lieutenant governor in the June 11 primary election.[66] Northam's general election opponent is Republican E.W. Jackson. Jackson was nominated by delegates of the Virginia Republican Party at the party-funded statewide primary convention on May 17-18.[67]

Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Poll Ralph Northam (D) E.W. Jackson (R)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll
(May 24-26, 2013)
Public Policy Poll
(July 11-14, 2013)
AVERAGES 38.5% 32% 29.5% +/-3.9 636.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Attorney General

In March 2013, Governing magazine rated Virginia's open attorney general seat as "vulnerable" heading into the 2013-2014 elections because incumbent Republican Ken Cuccinelli is not running for re-election.[68]

The race to replace Cuccinelli began at the primary nomination stage; both Republican convention and Democratic election candidates drew primary contests. On May 18, two "strong fiscal and social conservatives"[68] -- state Sen. Mark Obenshain and state Rep. Rob Bell -- competed for delegate votes at the Republican Party of Virginia's closed nominating convention, which Obenshain won.[69] The nominee's late father, GOP politician Richard Obenshain, died in a plane crash during his 1978 campaign for U.S. Senate. Obenshain will square off against state Sen. Mark Herring in the general election. Herring defeated former assistant U.S. Attorney for Virginia Justin Fairfax in the Democratic primary election, which took place on June 11, 2013.[70][68]

Attorney General of Virginia
Poll Mark Herring (D) Mark Obenshain (R)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll
(May 24-28, 2013)
Public Policy Poll
(July 11-14, 2013)
AVERAGES 35.5% 34% 29.5% +/-3.9 636.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

New Jersey

Incumbent Republican Gov. Chris Christie and Democratic state Sen. Barbara Buono faced one challenger each in the primary election on June 4, though ultimately neither presented much of a challenge. Both won their respective party nominations with roughly 90% of the vote.[71][72]

Former Atlantic City Councilman Seth Grossman was the sole Republican to brave a run against the popular first term governor, whose star has long been on the rise but turned meteoric in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. Grossman's campaign criticized Christie for being overly moderate, while Buono's opponent Troy Webster, adviser to the mayor of East Orange, believed he was uniquely suited to making New Jersey friendlier to "the working poor and middle class families who have been literally 'thrown under the bus.'"[73] Grossman and Webster were endorsed by the weekly publication NJ Today.[74]

In New Jersey, gubernatorial candidates have 30 days to select a lieutenant gubernatorial running-mate to share the ticket with in the general election. Christie has already secured his current Lt. Gov. Kim Guadagno as his running-mate, and Buono is expected to make her pick soon. Buono and Christie, along with several third party and independent candidates, will compete in the general election on November 5, 2013.

Christie is heavily favored to win re-election, with his campaign raising nearly double that of Buono's so far and averaging a 30% edge over his Democratic competitor in the latest polls.[75][76] He also has bipartisan support, which is crucial in a state where Democrats outnumber Republicans by over 700,000, according to party registration statistics provided by the New Jersey Department of State.[77]

The New Jersey gubernatorial election was rated by the Washington Post as one of the top five races to watch in 2013.[78]

General election

(gov & lt. gov running-mate listed together)


See also: State executive official elections, 2014

Ballotpedia has counted and is currently tracking a total of 215 state executive positions in 42 states that will be on the ballot next year. That is more than double the number of positions that were elected in 2012, when 94 positions were elected. The eight states that are not holding executive official elections in 2014 are Kentucky, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Utah, Virginia, Washington and West Virginia.

The offices up for election include:

Notable candidates

  • Maryland House Delegate Heather Mizeur[95] entered the Democratic primary field for Governor of Maryland in 2014, giving term-limited early front-runner Anthony Brown some competition. If elected, either one of them would make history: Brown would be the first lieutenant governor and first African-American to be elected governor of Maryland since the lieutenant governor's office was created in 1970,[96] while Mizeur would be the state's first female governor, as well as the country's first openly gay governor.[97]

252px-Question book-3.jpg

Q. How many states have no term limit provisions for their state executive offices?

Answer: While term limits vary from state to state and office to office, a total of 12 states do not have term limits for any of their state executives. These include Connecticut, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington and Wisconsin.[98]

For the office of governor, 14 states have no term limit provisions in place. These consist of the 12 states above along with Idaho and Massachusetts.


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  2., "McDonnell takes to national stage," August 15, 2011
  3. USA Today, "Romney's VP pick likely to go to safest candidate," July 14, 2012
  4. Huffington Post, "Poll: Bob McDonnell's Approval Rating Falls," July 15, 2013
  5. Politico, "Poll: More than one-third of voters want Bob McDonnell to resign," July 15, 2013
  6. The Atlantic Wire, "The Governor, His Wife, Their Cook, and the FBI," April 30, 2013
  7. Washington Post, "Donor bought Rolex watch for Virginia Gov. McDonnell, people familiar with gift say," June 25, 2013
  8. Washington Post, "McDonnell’s corporation, wife allegedly benefited from $120,000 more from donor," July 9, 2013
  9. Washington Post, “ The perks of politics: A decade of gift-giving,” June 13, 2013
  10. Richmond Times Dispatch, "Schapiro: Even McDonnell’s friends bracing for the worst," July 16, 2013
  11. Bacon's Rebellion, "Will McDonnell Be Impeached?," July 16, 2013
  12. Washington Post, “McDonnell apologizes, repays loans,” July 23, 2013
  13. National Governors Association, " Former governors of Virginia," accessed June 13, 2013
  14., To Quit or Not to Quit, July 10, 2013
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  17. The Salt Lake Tribune, "Legislature to meet in special session to define powers of panel on Swallow<' july 12, 2013
  18. Deseret News, "More added to Legislature's special session agenda," July 15, 2013
  19. Deseret News, "Legislative leaders expect little debate at special session," July 16, 2013
  20. Salt Lake Tribune, "Nine lawmakers chosen in special session may decide Swallow’s fate," July 17, 2013
  21. Salt Lake Tribune, "Legislature repeals bill to limit feds’ law powers," July 17, 2013
  22. KCSG, "Utah Democrats React to Swallow Special Session Votes," July 18, 2013
  23. KSL, "Alliance for a Better Utah calls for A.G.'s resignation," June 9, 2013
  24. Deseret News, “State appoints law firm to investigate Utah Attorney General John Swallow,” July 23, 2013
  25. KYPost, "Detroit bankruptcy: Michigan Governor Rick Snyder says Motor City made right choice," July 22, 2013
  26. BuzzFeed, "Michigan Governor Rick Snyder Vowed Detroit Wouldn’t Go Bankrupt," July 19, 2013
  27. My FOX Detroit, "Detroit avoiding bankruptcy is the goal, Snyder says," July 16, 2013
  28. NBC News, "Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder on Detroit: 'Enough was enough'," July 21, 2013
  29. Huffington Post, "Michigan Proposal 1 Results: State Emergency Manager Law Fails," November 7, 2012
  30. Huffington Post, "New Emergency Manager Law Signed By Michigan Governor Rick Snyder," December 27, 2012
  31. Detroit Free Press, "Snyder signs emergency manager bill; new law will take effect in spring," December 27, 2012
  32. Huffington Post, "Detroit Emergency Manager: Gov. Rick Snyder Announces State Financial Takeover," March 14, 2013
  33. GazetteXtra, “Wisconsin bill would eliminate treasurer, secretary of state,” July 16, 2013 (dead link)
  34. Wisconsin Radio Network, “ Push to abolish Secretary of State, treasurer,” June 28, 2013
  35. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, “ Time to eliminate offices of Treasurer, Secretary of State,” July 8, 2013
  36. TH Online, “Two Wisconsin lawmakers propose eliminating Treasurer, Secretary of State,” June 27, 2013
  37. 37.0 37.1 Wyoming Star Tribune, "Wyoming Gov. Mead signs superintendent bill into law; Hill sues," January 29, 2013
  38. K2 Radio, "Hill Lawsuit Argues Education Powers," July 23, 2013
  39. Casper Star Tribune, "Wyoming legislators authorize Cindy Hill special investigation," July 13, 2013
  40. Casper Star Tribune, "Wyoming schools chief Cindy Hill gets a court date, investigations panel," July 19, 2013
  41. Wyoming Tribune Eagle, " Hill investigation panel ready to go," July 23, 2013
  42. Indiana Secretary of State, "Election Report - State of Indiana," accessed December 14, 2012
  43. Indiana Public Media, "Tim Berry Confirmed As Republican Party Chair," July 23, 2013
  44. 44.0 44.1 NWI Politics, "Governor seeks 'best' state auditor," July 11, 2013
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  46. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named resigns
  47. DeMoines Register, "Swati Dandekar resigns from Iowa Utilities Board, perhaps hinting at Congressional candidacy," July 9, 2013
  48. Stateline, "Iowa Senate control at stake in November special election," September 19
  49. Governor Terry Branstad, "Special Election Proclamation," September 19, 2011
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  54. WisPolitics, "Pridemore Campaign: Pridemore vows to eliminate DPI mascot policy," March 28, 2013
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  59. The Roanoke Times, "Could Bolling run for governor as an independent?," November 28, 2102
  60. The Richmond Times-Dispatch, "Bolling regrets dropping out of the race so soon," April 22, 2013
  61. The Collegian, "Obama victory could cost Democrats Virginia governorship," November 15, 2012
  62. NBC 12- Decision Virginia 2013, "Transportation battle creates awkward political triangle," March 26, 2013
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  65. Associated Press -, "Terry McAuliffe qualifies for Virginia June Democratic primary ballot," March 27, 2013
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  72., "Christie and Buono wrap yawner primary season," June 4, 2013
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  76. ‘’NJ News 12 “Poll: Christie remains popular in NJ” Accessed April 15, 2013
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  80. 80.0 80.1 Quinnipiac University, "Booker Is Strongest Dem To Face Christie, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Voters Say Show Me The Money Before Tax Cut Vote," October 17, 2012
  81., "Democrat Barbara Buono running for governor in NJ," December 11, 2012
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  83. The Associated Press, "Governor Christie Announces Re-Election Bid," November 26, 2012
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