The Executive Summary: Ghostbusters, pirates and terror-inducing attack ads! Oh, my!

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search


October 31, 2013

Edited by Greg Janetka

Happy Halloween from all of us at The Executive Summary! This edition features governors in costume, the return of Halloween in New Jersey and fear-inducing attack ads. Plus there’s resignations and appointments in Nebraska and Oklahoma, and if you haven’t heard there are elections in New Jersey and Virginia on November 5! We’ve also got the latest 2014 candidate news and - think fast! - how many Illinois governors have gone to jail? We’ll let you know at the end, but first, the Halloween roundup!


It’s that time of year again, when ghost stories rise from the mists of history to sneak up and scare us. And if local legends can be trusted, many governors have been sharing a residence with these haunts for years.

Last year, outgoing first lady Susan Lynch told of strange happenings in New Hampshire’s gubernatorial residence, including towels and tablecloths out of place, piano music playing without a musician and female voices heard in empty rooms.[1] The governor’s mansion in Carson City, Nevada is said to be haunted by a woman and child, believed to be the wife and child of Governor Denver S. Dickerson, the first to live in the residence.[2] In Dover, Delaware, the governor’s mansion is noted as one of the most haunted areas in the state. Reported haunts include Charles Hillyard, the builder of the mansion, and slaves who were harbored in the mansion when it was part of the underground railroad.[3] Down in the Lone Star State, Sam Houston’s spirit is said to inhabit his old room, while Governor Pendleton Murrah's newphew who committed suicide there in 1864 has also taken up residence. Shooting himself after having his marriage proposal turned down, servants refused to enter the room, which was ice cold and had unexplained banging sounds. Sealed by Gov. A.J. Hamilton after the Civil War, it was not reopened until 1952. The boy’s sobbing has been reportedly heard coming from within.[4]

Meanwhile, in verifiable Halloween news:

  • Iowa Governor Terry Branstad (R) told fourth graders that he and his family will be dressing up as characters from the 1980s classic film, “Ghostbusters,” and attending a party at the governor’s mansion. No word on which character Branstad has chosen to portray, but he did say there were lots of decorations, stating, “There are ghosts out front, there are bats flying around — not real bats, but you know.” Last year the Branstad clan dressed as “Star Wars” characters, with the governor portraying Obi-Wan Kenobi.[5]
  • Over in Washington state, Gov. Jay Inslee (D) and his wife will be handing out candy to trick-or-treaters dressed as pirates.[6]
  • Meanwhile, Arkansas Governor Mike Beebe (D) teamed up with Speaker of the House Davy Carter (R) last weekend for the third annual Halloween Scary-Oke benefit for the Open Arms Shelter for abused and neglected children. The cowboy hat clad duo sang George Strait's "Amarillo by Morning" and "Troubador." As one local blogger stated, “I'm disappointed to report no bootleg video has made its way to YouTube yet.” But there’s always hope.[7]
  • New Jersey kids seeking candy have had it rough the last two Halloweens - in 2011 Gov. Chris Christie (R) declared a state of emergency following a huge snowstorm, warning parents to look out for downed power lines if they took their kids trick-or-treating.[8] Last year, with the state once again in a state of emergency due to Hurricane Sandy, Christie issued an executive order postponing Halloween.[9] At a press conference last week, Christie stated, "My children want to know if I just don't like Halloween. That's not true, I'm fine with Halloween.” The only thing close to a warning he issued this year was from his personal experience as a parent - “no matter where you hide the candy, ultimately when they come home they find it.”[10] For his part, the governor joked on NBC’s “Today” show that he would be dressing up as co-host Savannah Guthrie.[11]

2013 elections

Getting back to the actual business of governing, Tuesday is election day. With 2013 being an off year, only four elections are taking place:

While polls indicate that only one of the races will be truly competitive, anything can happen on election night. Check with Ballotpedia on election night as we’ll be updating the results as they come in. Until then, to get the details on all of the races, check out the State executive officials 2013 election preview as well as the 2013 Elections tab below.

"Boo!" Goes the smear campaigns

All politicians in the United States know the best neighborhoods for trick-or-treating are the swing states, such as Virginia and New Jersey. And all candidates within those states know which houses to visit to score the best donations and endorsements: Party Committees, power couples, gun lobbies and Michael Bloomberg. Each of these individuals and organizations are known to give out king-size candy bars at their doors, but first, you must be able to survive the path through their yard, which is riddled with the ghosts of your voting records and failed business ventures, and booby-trapped with short-range firearms that shoot birth control pills at you as you bolt past a scarecrow of your opponent.

This fall, with the New Jersey gubernatorial race already decided for incumbent Chris Christie (who is busy taking fan photos in his Savannah Guthrie costume outside the haunted house that is New Jersey), the trick-or-treat action is all going down in Virginia, where the NRA, the Clintons, the Obamas and various well-endowed PACs are rolling out their best fear-inspiring ads against either of the major party nominees for governor - Terry McAuliffe (D) and Ken Cuccinelli (R) - just in time for Halloween. Below are some of the best and latest scurrilous ads from outside groups which best showcase the scare tactics employed in high-stakes contests like the 2013 gubernatorial election in Virginia, to be decided next Tuesday, November 5, 2013.

Michael Bloomberg’s Independence USA PAC is airing this ad “Endangering,” which flashes images of infamous mass murderers while the narrator emphasizes Cuccinelli’s stance against closing the gun show loophole that allows “anyone can buy a gun without a background check: the dangerously mentally ill, criminals — endangering our families.”

”Stop Ken Cuccinelli” was made by NARAL Pro-Choice America and frames its message about Cuccinelli funneling money to clinics that “lie to pregnant women” about the purpose and efficacy of contraceptives in the style of paranormal activity.

Conservative group “Fight for Tomorrow” released this ad, entitled “Don’t let THEM Detroit Virginia” which espouses McAuliffe’s role in a nationwide liberal conspiracy led by the Gang of Five and makes contemptuous sounding verbs out of the nouns “California,” “Hollywood,” and “Detroit.”

The Official Movie Trailer for “Fast Terry,” from Citizens United, claims to uncover the tragic story of the American town laid to waste by McAuliffe’s failed business investment.

In this WSO Virginia ad entitled “Virginia Women Deserve Better than Terry McAuliffe,” the narrator cites the actions of a doctor convicted of manslaughter at a Philadelphia abortion clinic referred to as a “House of Horrors” and equates McAuliffe’s unwillingness to impose stricter regulations on abortions to a “politician” refusing to protect women.
Maryland Attorney General Doug Gansler

Press punishes Gansler after he is busted at party

On October 23, 2013, almost exactly one month after Maryland Attorney General Doug Gansler launched his 2014 campaign for governor, The Baltimore Sun published a photograph featuring the attorney general standing in the midst of a raucous high school party. The photo was taken in June at a high school graduation celebration, co-hosted and attended by Gansler's son, and recently found its way into the public domain via Instagram.[12] It captures a scene containing evidence of underage alcohol consumption, with Gansler standing passively among the shirtless partygoers. In the accompanying written report, the Sun evokes a permissive attitude unbecoming of a top law enforcement official. It reminds readers of the second term AG's past statements of commitment to curtailing underage drinking, using the photo as a visual aid to reinforce the notion Gansler was neglecting his duties in not shutting down a party where, by his own acknowledgement, "For better or worse, the reality is some kids drink alcohol while they're there."[12] After the story broke, Gansler defended his lack of engagement as appropriate from a parental perspective, considering he and a group of other parents had established rules for the party in advance. Responding to claims that his behavior was inappropriate from a law enforcement perspective, Gansler argued that it would have been outside his moral authority to stifle a relatively controlled demonstration of teenage debauchery, as depicted, as well as being outside his office’s purview, since the party took place outside the state of Maryland. One teenager who attended the Delaware beach house celebration that night told an interviewer from the Sun, "I don't remember much, but it was one of the best parties I've been to, hands down," simultaneously affirming Gansler's defense of his responsibilities as a parent within the situation and the critics' charges that Gansler actively ignored his responsibilities as an elected legal official.[13]

Delaware Attorney General Beau Biden’s absence at the scene has not been noted, though perhaps Gansler could use Biden as a hail-mary scapegoat.

Before the Sun published the photo, Gansler's candidacy had already suffered a string of embarrassments, mostly courtesy of the Washington Post, which kicked off its Gansler-expose series in August when it revealed previous comments Gansler had made about the campaign of his opponent, Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown, who is the early frontrunner for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination. "I mean, right now, his campaign slogan is, ‘Vote for me, I want to be the first African American governor of Maryland,’" Gansler told some campaign volunteers, implying Brown was running on gimmick rather than substance.[14] It followed with a number of reports detailing Gansler's unorthodox and questionably-ethical handling of state-issued vehicles, including a piece about his ordering of state troopers to violate traffic laws.[15]

Dan Wolf drops out of Mass gov race

Massachusetts State Sen. Dan Wolf

In August, state Sen. Dan Wolf’s was disqualified from the 2014 governor’s race in Massachusetts by the State Ethics Commission for being a stakeholder in an airline he previously founded, CapeAir, forcing Wolf to suspend his campaign.[16][17] On September 19, the commission granted Wolf a second extension to his compliance deadline, beyond which he would be forced to resign his state senate seat and officially end his campaign for the open governor seat, soon to be vacated by retiring Democratic incumbent Deval Patrick.[18][19][20] The uncertainty about if and when he could resume campaigning resulted in Wolf's decision to officially drop out of the race on October 21, 2013. [21][22][23][18]

Wolf's withdrawal paves the way for a nasty executive vs. executive primary battle between Attorney General Coakley, the current front-runner according to recent polls, and State Treasurer Grossman. Charlie Baker, a venture capitalist who was the Republican nominee for governor in 2010, is the only entrant from his party to date.[24]

Massachusetts being as blue as it is, it's usually a safe bet to say the Democratic nominee will become the next governor. However, in 2014, the GOP could have an edge over whatever nominee emerges - presumably with a severe case of primary battle-fatigue - out of this crowded field of Democrats. This is provided no other prominent Republicans enter the race to split the vote with Baker, who by contrast would enter the general election phase with a fully lined campaign coffer and united, albeit less plentiful, base of voter support from his party.

North Dakota Tax Commissioner resigning

North Dakota Tax Commissioner Cory Fong

Cory Fong, who has served as North Dakota Tax Commissioner since 2005, announced his resignation earlier this month. Fong's last day heading the department will be December 31, when he is leaving to join the public affairs division of Odney Advertising to consult on behalf of businesses.[25]

Fong was first appointed to the post by then-Gov. John Hoeven (R) in 2005 and elected to full terms in 2006 and 2010. In announcing his resignation, Fong stated, "I have enjoyed my time serving as tax commissioner immensely and I have gained immeasurably from the experience, along with the other leadership positions I have had the good fortune to serve in over the years. And, it is this broad foundation of experience that drives my interest in setting new goals and seeking new opportunities outside of government that are aimed at building and growing North Dakota."[26]

Article V, Section 8 of the state constitution addresses vacancies in state executive offices. In the event of a vacancy, the governor nominates a successor who must be confirmed by the state senate. Once confirmed, the individual serves the remainder of the unexpired term. Gov. Jack Dalrymple's spokesman Jeff Zent said Lt. Gov. Drew Wrigley (R) is in charge of receiving letters of intent from those interested in the position. The governor will then interview the finalists.[27]

North Dakota is the only state to have an elected Tax Commissioner.

Newly named Secretary of State Chris Benge

Oklahoma state executive shuffle

Former Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives Chris Benge (R) has been named to take over as Secretary of State beginning November 8. Gov. Mary Fallin (R) made the appointment October 23. Before assuming the role Benge will need to be confirmed by the Oklahoma State Senate. He would be the fourth to serve in the role this year.

Benge takes over for Larry Parman (R), whom Fallin named as both the new director of the state Department of Commerce and as her secretary of commerce earlier this month, both effective November 1.[28] Parman has served as secretary of state since March 1 of this year. He replaced interim officeholder Michelle Day who served for a month following Glenn Coffee's resignation on February 1, 2013.

Benge represented Tulsa's District 68 in the Oklahoma House of Representatives from 1998-2010. He was Speaker of the House from February 2008 to November 2010. Leaving the chamber due to term limits, Benge became an advisor to Tulsa Mayor Dewey Bartlett. Since August 2011 he has served as senior vice president of government affairs at the Tulsa Regional Chamber.[29]

Michigan appointees take office Nov. 1

In the wake of state treasurer Andy Dillon’s resignation earlier in the month, a number of shifts had to be made within the Michigan executive cabinet under Gov. Rick Snyder. Two of these changes, the appointment of state insurance commissioner Kevin Clinton as Dillon’s replacement as state treasurer, and department deputy Ann Flood’s appointment to fill Clinton’s consequently vacant place as insurance commissioner, will both become effective Friday, November 1.[30][31][32]

Since treasurer is one of the three constitutional executive department heads that make up the Executive Branch, its vacancy contingencies are clearly addressed in Article V, Section 6 of the state constitution. The section states that the appointment can be rejected if a majority of state senators vote against it, with the window to reject open for "60 session days after the date of such appointment. Any appointment not disapproved within such period shall stand confirmed." In 2013, the Legislature's estimated session will run through December 31. Likewise, Snyder's appointment of Flood to replace Clinton as insurance commissioner is subject to the advice and consent of the state Sente, "if it is in session," according to the Michigan Compiled Laws.[33]

See also: State executive official elections, 2013
State Executive Official Elections Results in 2013
Office Incumbent Incumbent Party Incumbent Running? 2013 Winner Partisan switch?
Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie Ends.png Republican Yes Pending
Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey Kim Guadagno Ends.png Republican Yes Pending
Governor of Virginia Bob McDonnell Ends.png Republican No Pending
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Bill Bolling Ends.png Republican No Pending
Attorney General of Virginia Ken Cuccinelli Ends.png Republican No (running for governor) Pending
Superintendent of Wisconsin Tony Evers Grey.png Nonpartisan Yes Tony Evers No
Mark your calendar
November 5General election in New Jersey and Virginia

There are three states holding state executive official elections in 2013 -- New Jersey, Virginia and Wisconsin. A total of six officials will be elected. The attention-grabbing positions up for election are Governor of New Jersey and Governor of Virginia. Both made The Washington Post’s list of the top five races to watch in 2013.


The first state executive election in 2013 took place in Wisconsin on April 2, 2013. Incumbent Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Evers won re-election to a second term against challenger Don Pridemore.[34] Evers, a career educator, handily defeated Don Pridemore, a Wisconsin State Assemblyman since 2005. Although the Superintendent of Public Instruction is a nonpartisan position, Evers is a Democrat and Pridemore is a Republican.

The race attracted considerable buzz in the lead-up to the election, owing in large part to the controversial education proposals put forth by Gov. Scott Walker (R) in his 2013-2015 budget plan, as well as Pridemore's penchant for provoking the media - with dramatic pronouncements about his campaign agenda or else by creating a blacklist of a number of "liberal"[35] political reporters.[36][37]

Evers received over 61% of the vote, equalling 487,030 votes. This figure points to Evers' growth in popularity since his initial election to the post back in 2009, when he won 439,248 votes and a roughly 15 percentage point victory over a different single challenger, Rose Fernandez.

Below are the official results of the superintendent race, certified by the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board on April 23.[38]

Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction General Election, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngTony Evers Incumbent 61.1% 487,030
     Nonpartisan Don Pridemore 38.7% 308,050
     Scattering Various 0.2% 1,431
Total Votes 796,511
Election Results via Wisconsin Government Accountability Board (dead link).



Current Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell (R) is ineligible to run for re-election in 2013 because of term limits. The term limits Virginia imposes on its governors are more strict than any other state in the country: under the commonwealth's constitution, no governor may serve back-to-back terms. This means that McDonnell, unlike other governors in their first term, is ineligible to run for re-election until a full term has passed.

There are no such term limits on the attorney general, and many were surprised at current AG Ken Cuccinelli's (R) decision to run for governor rather than seek another term. If not for Cuccinelli, Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling would have been the frontrunner for the Republican nomination to succeed McDonnell.[39] Due to the decision by the Republican Party of Virginia Virginia to change their candidate nomination method from open primary election to closed nominating convention starting in 2013, and "tea party darling" Cuccinelli's presence in the race, Bolling withdrew his bid for the GOP nod in November 2012. .[40][41] About the alternative of seeking re-election to his current post, Bolling stated that, “Under normal circumstances, I would be open to the possibility of running for another term as lieutenant governor, but I would not be interested in running on a statewide ticket with Mr. Cuccinelli.”[42] He later said he regretted dropping out of the race as early as he did.[43]

McDonnell had previously pledged his support for Bolling's candidacy- in part because Bolling refrained from challenging McDonnell for governor in 2009. After Bolling bowed out, McDonnell chose to endorse fellow Republican Cuccinelli for his successor, despite Cuccinelli's outspoken opposition to McDonnell's Transportation Initiative, which is considered to be the centerpiece of his gubernatorial legacy. Ironically, Cuccinelli's future general election opponent, former Democratic National Committee Chairman Terry McAuliffe, has been equally outspoken on the issue, but as an advocate and defender of the outgoing governor's approach to amending the state's transportation funding policy.[44][45][46]

In response to the major party picks, the Libertarian Party held a special convention and nominated Robert Sarvis as the party's official gubernatorial candidate.[47]

Like Cuccinelli and Sarvis, McAuliffe faced no primary contest. With October 2013 drawing to a close, McAuliffe is comfortably leading Cuccinelli and Sarvis in polls and fundraising. Aggregated polling data show the Democratic nominee with an average edge of seven percentage points edge over Cuccinelli-- an advantage that can be attributed in large part to female voters' 58-34 preference of McAuliffe, since he and Cuccinelli are almost neck in neck among men.[48][49] The latest campaign finance filings show McAuliffe raising $6.2 million to Cuccinelli's $3.4 million, and holding $1.9 million in cash on hand, which is twice the size of Cuccinelli's warchest. Sarvis was trailing both with a reported $19,110 cash on hand.[50][51][52] Hillary Clinton's decision to come out in support of McAuliffe on October 19 - marking her first campaign event appearance since stepping down as U.S. Secretary of State - further enhanced the Democrat's frontrunner status.[53] Former President Bill Clinton threw in his support soon thereafter, followed by current President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama, who joined the McAuliffe campaign effort in the final week of the election season.[54]

The three contenders will square off in the general election on November 5, 2013.[55]

Impact of US government shutdown on governor's race

The high profile federal government shutdown has coincided with the home stretch of this year's increasingly expensive and high-profile Virginia governor race, creating a fresh backdrop for the battle between major party nominees Terry McAuliffe (D) and Ken Cuccinelli (R), and providing a brand new context in which to undermine each candidate's character and leadership potential.[56] Each campaign released an ad the aftermath of the shutdown, which arrived on the heels of the candidates' second debate.[57]

With the nation paying close attention to its government in light of the perceived failure of Congress to work together in the best interests of their constituents, McAuliffe and Cuccinelli's ads each highlight features of his opponent which most closely mirror the type of stubbornness displayed by the House and Senate leading up to the shutdown, and to which the general public is, at the moment, so sensitively attuned. That moment, to be more specific, is one month before the general election. As the competition stands, McAuliffe has an overall average lead in the polls of 5.3 points over his Republican foe.[58]

Hoping to use the shutdown to further advance his edge by painting Cuccinelli in with the GOP ideologues in Congress, McAuliffe's ad emphasizes Cuccinelli's strong ties to tea party leader U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), since Cruz is an outspoken supporter both of Cuccinelli and the far-right congressional insurgency which, in seeking to defund Obamacare, is regarded as causing the shutdown. The ad cites Cuccinelli's past effort to defund planned parenthood, apparently bringing the Virginia legislature "to a standstill," as well as claims Cuccinelli was sufficiently opposed to Mark Warner's 2004 budget to call for a shutdown of the state government.[59]

Cuccinelli's ad aims to discredit McAuliffe by referencing articles from The Washington Post and the Richmond-Times Dispatch criticizing McAuliffe's prospective budget plan that he has allegedly threatened to shutdown the government to get passed. The radio spot also accuses him of being "against compromise, against working together to find solutions,” and notes how the Democrat sided with his fellow party members in Congress who had vocally dismissed opportunities to collaborate with the Republicans to avert shutdown.[60][61]

The solo third party candidate in the race, Libertarian Robert Sarvis, may find a unique opportunity in this shutdown atmosphere, where disillusionment with the current standard of government operation runs rampant. If Sarvis is permitted to participate in the third debate with McAuliffe and Cuccinelli, he could potentially attract a substantial number of voters who, already frustrated under Congress' showcase of two-party gridlock, could find themselves more sympathetic than usual to an as-yet untainted non-major party nominee.

"People are looking for other options they don't like what they have to see from those two parties and we're trying to fill that void with principled advocacy for more freedom in our economic sphere and personal lives," stated Sarvis. His passive warning about "obvious dysfunction of our [federal] government" also existing on the state and local level could have an especially profound impact on swing voters and the average 10% of voters polling as undecided.[62][63]

On August 2, 2013, Sen. Charles Grassley (R-IA) revealed government documents implicating McAuliffe in a possible investment fraud being investigated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (S.E.C.). Grassley's findings that McAuliffe received special treatment from a high-ranking immigration official further entrenched the candidate in the controversy surrounding Greentech Automotive, a failed electric car company which he founded. Due to its poor performance and its employment of Hillary Rodham Clinton's brother, who handled the company's capital and is thus the target of the investigation, the now well-publicized environmental venture marks a blemish on the McAuliffe-campaign platform: to reinvigorate the state's economy using his business knowledge and experience as a successful job creator. Developments linking McAuliffe to the suspected fraud has made that blemish more pronounced, though polls continue to disprove initial theories that it would severely threaten his chances of overtaking Cuccinelli in the November general election. Cuccinelli had been the beleaguered candidate of the pair up until the Greentech S.E.C. investigation scandal broke and opened McAuliffe up for criticism regarding his history of "mingling politics and business."[64] Still, the latest polls indicate the Democrat has not lost his edge.

Governor of Virginia: All candidates
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Robert Sarvis (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll/Harper
(October 5-6, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 2-8, 2013)
NBC4/NBC News/Marist Poll
(October 13-15, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(October 20, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 15-21, 2013)
Wenzel Strategies
(October 21-22, 2013)
Old Dominion University Poll
Public Policy Poll (Early voters)
(October 19-20, 26-27, 2013)
Washington Post/Abt-SRBI Poll
(October 24-27, 2013)
AVERAGES 47.11% 37.78% 8.33% 5.78% +/-2.24 946.22
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to
Governor of Virginia: All candidates
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Robert Sarvis (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Roanoke University Poll
(July 8-14, 2013)
Public Policy Polling
(July 11-14, 2013)
Emerson College Poll
(August 23-28, 2013)
League of Women Voters/Public Policy Polling
(August 27-28, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(September 9-15, 2013)
Harper Polling/Conservative Intel
(September 15-16, 2013)
Washington Post-Abt SRBI poll
(September 19-22, 2013)
NBC News/Marist Poll
(September 17-19, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(September 23, 2013)
Christopher Newport Poll
(October 1-6, 2013)
AVERAGES 42.8% 37.7% 8.1% 10.5% +/-2.73 710.7
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Governor of Virginia: Cuccinelli v. McAuliffe (June 2013 - present)
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Undecided/OtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(June 5-6, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(July 11-15, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(August 14-19, 2013)
Internal Poll
(August 13-18, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports
(September 3-4, 2013)
Purple Strategies Poll
(September 6-10, 2013)
Washington Post-Abt SRBI poll
(September 19-22, 2013)
Public Policy Poll/Harper
(October 5-6, 2013)
AVERAGES 46.5% 41% 10.88% +/-3.36 764.88
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to
Governor of Virginia: Cuccinelli v. McAuliffe (February 2013 - May 2013)
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
(Feb. 14-18, 2013)
Roanoke College Poll
(April 8-14, 2013)
Washington Post (Registered Voters)
(April 29-May 2, 2013)
Washington Post (Likely Voters)
(April 29-May 2, 2013)
NBC News/Marist Poll
(April 28-May 2, 2013)
Quinnipiac University
(May 8-13, 2013)
Public Policy Polling
(May 24-26, 2013)
AVERAGES 39.57% 40.71% 19.14% +/-3.49 906.29
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Lieutenant Governor

Incumbent Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling (R) is not seeking re-election this year. Nine candidates filed to fill the imminently-open executive seat, including two Democrats and seven Republicans. State Sen. Ralph Northam defeated Aneesh Chopra for the Democratic Party's nomination for lieutenant governor in the June 11 primary election.[65] Northam's general election opponent is Republican E.W. Jackson. Jackson was nominated by delegates of the Virginia Republican Party at the party-funded statewide primary convention on May 17-18.[66]

When Virginia voters elected Democrat L. Douglas Wilder, the grandson of slaves, as its 66th Governor in 1989, it was the first time an African-American was elected to the office in the nation's history.[67] Given the state's heritage of trailblazing, it is notable that, until Jackson's convention victory, Virginia Republicans had not nominated an African-American for any statewide office since backing Maurice Dawkins' a quarter of a century ago.[68]

A minister at a non-denominational church and relatively new member of the Republican Party, Jackson edged out six primary opponents by emphasizing his commitment to hallmark conservative issues such as smaller government, gun rights and traditional family values. He appealed to the delegation with the promise, "We will not only win an election in November, we will open the hearts and minds of our people and save this commonwealth and save this country."[69]

Jackson was an unwelcome choice for the state's Republican establishment from the start, notwithstanding his post-convention promise, thanks to his refusal to divert from, or soften the rhetoric of, his "liberty agenda." The agenda contains the issues mentioned above, none of which are earth-shattering stances for a conservative; Jackson is anti-Obamacare, pro-Second Amendment and anti-federal overreach. His approach to delivering these messages, however, has raised more concerns - as well as eyebrows - from the party than was originally anticipated. In August, Jackson referred to the Democratic Party as the "anti-God party" because of its supportive position on same-sex marriage and abortion, cementing his reputation for being impermeable to warnings about how his often inflammatory rhetoric might alienate swing voters or more moderate Republican voters heading into the general election. Then on Sept. 4, The Washington Post reported that his independent streak also extends to his behind the scenes campaign style. Since securing the nomination in May, Jackson has not taken advantage of the Virginia Republican Party's massive pool of campaign resources. He has declined offers to utilize the party's voter databases and related logistical tools in addition to field office venues across the state- a "virtually unheard-of forfeiture of resources for a statewide candidate."[70]

On the Democratic end, Northam, a pediatric neurologist who was first elected to the state legislature's upper chamber in 2008, wants to win the lt. governor's office in order to restore Democratic control over the state senate. His campaign has also focused on improving education and creating jobs in energy efficiency, in addition to reversing the direction the Republican leadership has taken the state on women's health issues. "Their crusades to shut down reproductive health centers and to mandate costly and invasive medical procedures for women seeking abortions have embarrassed the Commonwealth, and have inserted government between doctors and their patients."[71][72]

The most recent campaign finance reporting cycle ended on Aug. 31, with Northam maintaining an ample fundraising lead over Jackson, to add to the consistent edge he has shown in the polls. Jackson's remarkable refusal to accept assistance from the Republican Party has no doubt hindered him from overtaking Northam in money and/or voter support. His proven difficulties adhering to the state board of elections' filing protocols, having twice needed to amend his documentation of loans or donations, likewise does not bode favorably for the GOP nominee heading into the home stretch of the campaign.[73][74]

Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Poll Ralph Northam (D) E.W. Jackson (R)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll
(May 24-26, 2013)
Roanoke University Poll
(July 8-14, 2013)
Public Policy Poll
(July 11-14, 2013)
Christopher Newport Poll
(October 1-6, 2013)
Roanoke University Poll
(September 30 - October 5, 2013)
NBC4/NBC News/Marist Poll
(October 13-15, 2013)
Washington Post/Abt-SRBI Poll
(October 24-27, 2013)
AVERAGES 42% 35% 22.43% +/-3.81 641.71
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Attorney General

In March 2013, Governing magazine rated Virginia's open attorney general seat as "vulnerable" heading into the 2013-2014 elections because incumbent Republican Ken Cuccinelli is not running for re-election.[75]

The race to replace Cuccinelli began at the primary nomination stage; both Republican convention and Democratic election candidates drew primary contests. On May 18, two "strong fiscal and social conservatives"[75] -- state Sen. Mark Obenshain and state Rep. Rob Bell -- competed for delegate votes at the Republican Party of Virginia's closed nominating convention, which Obenshain won.[76] The nominee's late father, GOP politician Richard Obenshain, died in a plane crash during his 1978 campaign for U.S. Senate. Obenshain will square off against state Sen. Mark Herring in the general election. Herring defeated former assistant U.S. Attorney for Virginia Justin Fairfax in the Democratic primary election, which took place on June 11, 2013.[77][75]

Although Obenshain was considered the early front-runner, polls have shown Herring leading by a very slim margin as of late October 2013, a likely effect, or occupational hazard, for Obenshain, of sharing what has become a contaminated GOP ticket. With one week remaining before election day, at least two influential backers - Planned Parenthood and Independence USA PAC - hope to widen the gap with roughly one million dollars worth of media spots lampooning Obenshain for his past support of a "personhood" amendment, which would have banned birth control and abortions regardless of the circumstances," in addition to his stance against increased background checks on prospective gun owners. Independence USA PAC is heavily driven by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, who has already invested millions into ads hammering "far-right" Republican gubernatorial candidate Ken Cuccinelli on similar grounds, mainly emphasizing his affiliation with the National Rifle Assocation (NRA), and the buys against Obenshain seek to lump the lesser-known AG contender together with Cuccinelli, the most recognizable and most troubled candidate appearing on the party's statewide ticket this year. Meanwhile, the NRA is on the counterattack; the organization has unleashed an anti-Herring ad, now airing around Virginia, valued at a reported $500,000.[78][79] The NRA's assistance pales in comparison, however, to the recent $2.6 million infusion from the Republican State Leadership Committee in support of Obenshain, whom the committee views as the only hope for preventing Democrats from scoring a clean sweep of the state-row races this year.[80]

Attorney General of Virginia
Poll Mark Herring (D) Mark Obenshain (R)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll
(May 24-28, 2013)
Roanoke University Poll
(July 8-14, 2013)
Public Policy Poll
(July 11-14, 2013)
Roanoke University Poll
(September 30 - October 5, 2013)
Christopher Newport Poll
(October 1-6, 2013)
Public Policy Poll (Early voters)
(October 19-20, 26-27, 2013)
Washington Post/Abt-SRBI Poll
(October 24-27, 2013)
Garin Hart Young Poll
(October 22-23, 2013)
AVERAGES 41.38% 39.25% 18.88% +/-2.15 840.88
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

New Jersey

General election

(gov & lt. gov running-mate listed together)


Incumbent Republican Gov. Chris Christie and Democratic state Sen. Barbara Buono faced one challenger each in the primary election on June 4, though ultimately neither presented much of a challenge. Both won their respective party nominations with roughly 90% of the vote.[95][96]

Former Atlantic City Councilman Seth Grossman was the sole Republican to brave a run against the popular first term governor, whose star had long been on the rise and went meteoric in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. Grossman's campaign criticized Christie for being overly moderate, while Buono's opponent Troy Webster, adviser to the mayor of East Orange, believed he was uniquely suited to making New Jersey friendlier to "the working poor and middle class families who have been literally 'thrown under the bus.'"[97] Grossman and Webster were endorsed by the weekly publication NJ Today.[98]

In New Jersey, gubernatorial candidates have 30 days to select a lieutenant gubernatorial running mate to share the ticket with in the general election. Immediately after launching his re-election campaign, Christie secured his current Lt. Gov. Kim Guadagno as his running mate, while Buono waited until July 29 to formally announce her choice of union leader Milly Silva as her running mate. Silva is the executive vice president of 1199 SEIU United Healthcare Workers East.[99][100] The two-woman ticket will be up against incumbent Republican governor/lt. governor pair Chris Christie and Kim Guadagno in addition to a number of third party opponents in the general election contest taking place November 5, 2013.

Christie is heavily favored to win re-election, with his campaign raising nearly double that of Buono's in the primary and maintaining a decisive lead in the polls throughout the election season.[101][102] At three weeks remaining before the general election, Christie boasted a staggering 26.4-point average lead over Buono in the polls.[103] He also has bipartisan support, which is crucial in a state where Democrats outnumber Republicans by over 700,000, according to party registration statistics provided by the New Jersey Department of State.[104]

Since 1977, New Jersey gubernatorial primary and general election candidates can qualify for a public funding program whereby candidates who raise a minimum amount of money are dispensed tax-generated funds, controlled by the state election law enforcement commission, in direct proportion to campaign donations given from the public. In 2013, the qualifying sum for primary gubernatorial candidates is $380,000.[105] The purpose of the program is to lessen the influence of corporate contributions in elections. On February 2, 2013, then-presumptive Democratic nominee Barbara Buono's campaign reported that it had surpassed the $380,000 mark.[106] By that time, Christie's campaign had already raised $2 million. Unlike in 2009, Christie declined to use matching funds in the 2013 primary, but he decided in August to opt into the program for the general election phase. Under the program, Christie is eligible for an additional $8 million, approximately. The terms also state that he must participate in two debates with Buono before Nov. 5.[106][107]

The New Jersey gubernatorial election was rated by the Washington Post as one of the top five races to watch in 2013.[108]

September 26-present

New Jersey Governor's Race 2013
Poll Barbara Buono (D) Chris Christie* (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Monmouth University Poll
(September 26-29, 2013)
Fairleigh Dickenson Poll
(September 30, 2013-October 5, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports
(October 7, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 5-7, 2013)
Stockton Institute Poll
(October 3-8, 2013)
Monmouth University Poll
(October 10-12, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 10-14, 2013)
Rutgers Eagleton Poll (Likely Voters)
(October 7-13, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 21-27, 2013)
Stockton College Poll
(October 23-28, 2013)
AVERAGES 32.4% 59.2% 6.8% +/-3.22 1,037.4
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

April 19-September 22

New Jersey Governor's Race 2013
Poll Barbara Buono (D) Chris Christie* (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University Poll
April 19-22, 2013
NBC News/Marist Poll
April 28-May 2, 2013
Quinnipiac University Poll
July 2-7, 2013
Quinnipiac University Poll
August 1-5, 2013
Monmouth University/Asbury Park Press Poll
August 15-18, 2013
Farleigh Dickinson University PublicMind Poll
August 21-27, 2013
Rasmussen Reports Poll
September 10-11, 2013
Rutgers-Eagleton Poll
September 3-9, 2013
Stockton Poll
September 15-21, 2013
Quinnipiac University Poll
September 19-22, 2013
AVERAGES 30.2% 57.8% 9.9% +/-3.16 1,040.7
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

See also: State executive official elections, 2014

Ballotpedia has counted and is currently tracking a total of 217 state executive positions in 42 states that will be on the ballot next year. That is more than double the number of positions that were elected in 2012, when 94 positions were elected. The eight states that are not holding executive official elections in 2014 are Kentucky, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Utah, Virginia, Washington and West Virginia.

The offices up for election include:

Mark your calendar
December 2Candidate filing deadline in Illinois (major parties)
December 9Candidate filing deadline in Texas (major parties)
January 28, 2014Candidate filing deadline in Kentucky (major parties)

Notable candidates

252px-Question book-3 trans.png

Q.How many Illinois governors have gone to jail?

Former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich, currently in prison for corruption

Answer: Four - Otto Kerner, Dan Walker, George Ryan and Rod Blagojevich

Since 1818, 41 men have served as Governor of Illinois. Six of them have been accused of wrongdoing, with four (all since the 1960s) going to jail.

Len Small, governor from 1921-1929, was indicted on charges of embezzling millions during his time as state treasurer just seven months after assuming the governorship. A five-week trial in 1922 ended with his full acquittal. Eight of the jurors who acquitted Small would end up with state jobs during his time in office. During the 1924 campaign, in the face of blatant corruption, the Chicago Tribune declared him the "worst governor the state ever had," but he was re-elected regardless and never went to jail.[111]

William Stratton, governor from 1953-1961, was indicted for tax evasion but acquitted in 1965.[112]

Otto Kerner, Jr. would be the first Illinois governor sent to jail. Serving as governor from 1961 to 1968, he resigned to become a judge. Convicted of bribery related to his time as governor, he was sentenced to three years in prison and a $50,000 fine.

Dan Walker would be the second to go to jail. Governor from 1973 to 1977, Walker was involved in the savings and loan scandals and pled guilty to bank fraud. He was sentenced to seven years in jail and served 17 months.[113]

George Ryan, grovernor from 1999 to 2003, was convicted of racketeering, conspiracy, tax fraud and making false statements to the FBI. He began serving a 6 ½ year sentence in 2007. In January 2013 he was moved to home confinement and released in July, his term reduced for good behavior.[114]

The fourth Illinois governor to be sentenced to jail was Rod Blagojevich. Following a three-year battle, Blagojevich was convicted on 18 counts of corruption, including trying to sell Barack Obama’s vacant U.S. Senate seat. In December 2011 he was sentenced to 14 years.[115]


  1. New Hampshire Union Leader, “ Executive mansion ghost tales stir spirited discourse,” December 29, 2012
  2. Yahoo! Voices, “Haunted America: the Ghosts of the Governor’s Mansion in Carson City, Nevada
  3., “ Haunted adventures – The Governor’s mansion in Dover, Delaware,” August 20, 2010
  4., “Ghostly Governors Mansion of Texas,” August 21, 2013
  5. Des Moines Register, “Branstad to don ‘Ghostbusters’ costume for Halloween,” October 29, 2013
  6. KHQ, “Pirates are theme for Wash. governor’s Halloween,” October 25, 2013
  7. Arkansas Times, “Gov. Beebe, Speaker Carter at Scaryoke: Where’s the bootleg?” October 27, 2013
  8. Christian Science Monitor, “ Halloween faces postponement due to scary weather,” October 31, 2011
  9. ABC News, “N.J. Gov. Chrisite Postpones Halloween After Sandy’s Damage,” October 31, 2012
  10. U.S. News, “Does Chris Christie secretly hate Halloween?” October 22, 2013
  11. TV Newser, “Chris Christie’s dressing up as Savannah Guthrie for Halloween,” October 29, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 The Baltimore Sun, "Gansler says breaking up teen party was not his job," October 23, 2013
  13. National Journal, "Democratic Gubernatorial Candidate Pictured at Wild High School Party," October 24, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Gansler said rival Brown relying on race in Maryland governor’s contest," August 12, 2013
  15. The Washington Post, "Attorney General Gansler depicted as reckless passenger by Md. troopers who drove him," October 12, 2013
  16., "Wolf vows to continue campaign despite ethics ruling on his ownership of Cape Air," accessed August 8, 2013
  17. CommonWealth Magazine, "Massachusetts Ethics Commission Ruling," accessed August 8, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 Cape Cod Times, "Ethics Commission considering exemption for Wolf," September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2013
  19. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named wolfsays
  20. Dan Wolf for Governor 2014, "Press release: Resigning and Suspending Campaign Unless Ethics Commission Reconsiders," accessed August 23, 2013
  21. The Boston Herald, "Wolf, citing unresolved ethics complaint, exits gov’s race - See more at:," October 22, 2013
  22. Cape Cod Times, "Wolf bows out of governor's race," October 21, 2013
  23. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bg
  24. The Washington Post, "Republican Charlie Baker announces run for governor," September 4, 2013
  25. Bismarck Tribune, "Cory Fong leaving tax department," October 1, 2013
  26. Prairie Business, "Fong leaving ND Tax Commissioner post," October 1, 2013
  27. Bismark Tribune, "Governor begins search for Fong replacement," October 2, 2013
  28. KTUL, "Okla. governor names Parman to Commerce Dept. post," October 10, 2013
  29. Times Union, "Former OK House Speaker named secretary of state," October 23, 2013
  30. Detroit News Lansing Bureau, "Kevin Clinton becomes Michigan's state treasurer," October 15, 2013
  31. The Insurance-Journal, "Flood appointed Michigan's Insurance Director; Clinton Named State Treasurer," October 16, 2013
  32. The Republic, "Michigan governor names insurance director Clinton as next state treasurer to replace Dillon," October 15, 2013
  33. Michigan Compiled Laws, "500.202 Insurance Commissioner," accessed December 21, 2012
  34. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin April 2 election results," accessed April 3, 2013
  35. The Republic, "GOP education superintendent candidate's campaign blacklists 5 Wisconsin reporters," March 17, 2013
  36. Walworth County Today, "Wisconsin superintendent candidates to debate," March 12, 2013 (dead link)
  37. WisPolitics, "Pridemore Campaign: Pridemore vows to eliminate DPI mascot policy," March 28, 2013
  38. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Canvass Certification: 2013 Spring Election," accessed April 18, 2013
  39. Richmond Times Dispatch, "Bolling on Cuccinelli: 'Nothing he does surprises me'," December 6, 2011
  40. The Washington Post, "GOP Fratricide in Virginia," December 1, 2012
  41. Washington Post, "Bill Bolling decides not to seek GOP nomination for VA governor," November 28, 2012
  42. The Roanoke Times, "Could Bolling run for governor as an independent?," November 28, 2102
  43. The Richmond Times-Dispatch, "Bolling regrets dropping out of the race so soon," April 22, 2013
  44. The Collegian, "Obama victory could cost Democrats Virginia governorship," November 15, 2012
  45. NBC 12- Decision Virginia 2013, "Transportation battle creates awkward political triangle," March 26, 2013
  46. Washington Post, "Cuccinelli vs. McAuliffe: Virginia governor’s race holds the eyes of the nation," March 29, 2013
  47. Independent Political Report, "Robert Sarvis Receives Libertarian Party of Virginia Nomination for Governor in 2013," accessed April 27, 2013
  48. Washington Post, "McAuliffe opens up double digit lead over Cuccinelli in Virginia governor's race," October 28, 2013
  49. The Huffington Post, "HuffPost Pollster: 2013 Virginia Governor: Cuccinelli vs. McAuliffe," accessed September 18, 2013
  50. Politico, "Terry McAuliffe outraises Ken Cuccinelli by $3M," October 15, 2013
  51. The Washington Post, "McAuliffe tops Cuccinelli in fundraising race for Virginia governor," September 17, 2013
  52. The Richmond Times-Dispatch, "McAuliffe maintains cash edge over Cuccineli," September 17, 2013
  53. The Hill, "Hillary Clinton to campaign in Virginia with McAuliffe (Video)," October 14, 2013
  54. Washington Post, "Obama, Biden to hit the trail for McAuliffe Va. governor bid, first lady cuts radio ad," October 29, 2013
  55. Associated Press -, "Terry McAuliffe qualifies for Virginia June Democratic primary ballot," March 27, 2013
  56. Politico, "Virginia governor race 2013: Shutdown roils contest," October 4, 2013
  57. The Washington Post, "Five things to watch in the Cuccinelli-McAuliffe debate," September 25, 2013
  58. RealClearPolitics, "Virginia Governor - Cuccinelli vs. McAuliffe," accessed October 7, 2013
  59. The Washington Post, "In Virginia governor’s race, McAuliffe calls on Cuccinelli to denounce shutdown, Cruz," October 7, 2013
  60. Terry McAuliffe for Governor YouTube Channel, "Terry McAuliffe Radio Ad: Cuccinelli and the Architect," October 5, 2013
  61. CuccinelliPress YouTube channel, "Shutdown," accessed October 7, 2013
  62. Real Clear Politics, "Virginia Governor 3-Way," accessed October 7, 2013
  63., "Robert Sarvis: I'm giving voters a better option," October 5, 2013
  64. The New York Times, "Clouds Spread to Democratic Side of Virginia Governor’s Race," August 2, 2013
  65. Blue Virginia, "Virginia Primary Election Results Live Blog," June 11, 2013
  66. The Washington Post, "Va. GOP settles on Cuccinelli, Obenshain and Jackson for November ballot," May 19, 2013
  67. Encyclopedia Virginia, “L. Douglas Wilder (1931- ), accessed August 7, 2013
  68., "Virginia GOP Nominates Conservative Black Minister for Lt. Gov.," May 19, 2013
  69. The Washington Post, "Virginia GOP picks staunch conservatives as statewide candidates," May 18, 2013
  70. The Washington Post, "Jackson keeps GOP establishment at arm's length in Va. lieutenant governor campaign," September 4, 2013
  71. Official Campaign Website, "Issues," accessed March 20, 2013
  72. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named demprim
  73. The Washington Post, "McAuliffe tops Cuccinelli in fundraising race for Virginia governor," September 17, 2013
  74. The Richmond Times-Dispatch, "McAuliffe maintains cash edge over Cuccineli," September 17, 2013
  75. 75.0 75.1 75.2 Governing, "The 2013-2014 Attorneys General Races: Who's Vulnerable?," March 25, 2013
  76. The Washington Post, "Va. GOP settles on Cuccinelli, Obenshain and Jackson for November ballot," May 19, 2013
  77. Blue Virginia, "Virginia Primary Election Results Live Blog," June 11, 2013
  78. Politico, "Michael Bloomberg hits Virginia attorney general candidate," October 29, 2013
  79. Politico, "Planned Parenthood targets Mark Obenshain in ad," October 29, 2013
  80. Washington Post, "National Republican group gives an additional $660K to Obenshain campaign for Virginia AG," October 26, 2013
  81. New Jersey Division of Elections, "Candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor - Official List," August 8, 2013
  82. 82.0 82.1 Quinnipiac University, "Booker Is Strongest Dem To Face Christie, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Voters Say Show Me The Money Before Tax Cut Vote," October 17, 2012
  83., "Democrat Barbara Buono running for governor in NJ," December 11, 2012
  84. 84.0 84.1 84.2 84.3 84.4 New Jersey State Board of Elections, "Primary candidate list for 2013 Governor," accessed April 4, 2013 (dead link)
  85. The Associated Press, "Governor Christie Announces Re-Election Bid," November 26, 2012
  86. Politico, "Report: Cory Booker may take on Chris Christie," August 24, 2012
  87. The New York Times, "," December 20, 2012
  88. The Star-Leger, "Sen. Richard Codey says he won't run for governor after weighing a campaign," accessed January 25, 2013
  89. West Deptford Patch, "Steve Sweeney Won’t Run for Governor in ’13," January 28, 2013
  90. The Star-Ledger, "Sen. Sweeney to run for governor if Cory Booker declines, sources say," November 28, 2012
  91. The Huffington Post, "Steve Sweeney Considering Race For Governor Of New Jersey Against Chris Christie," December 6, 2012
  92., "Sen. Buono raises almost $250K in first month of campaigning," January 2, 2013
  93. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named quinpolll
  94. Rutgers-Eagleton Poll, November 27, 2012
  95. NJToday, "Primary election results," accessed June 5, 2013
  96., "Christie and Buono wrap yawner primary season," June 4, 2013
  97. Elect Troy Webster Official Campaign Website, "Biography," accessed June 4, 2013 (timed out)
  98. NJ Today, "EDITORIAL: Troy Webster For Governor," April 14, 2013
  99., "Barbara Buono picks union leader Milly Silva as running mate," July 25, 2013
  100. Barbara Buono and Milly Silva 2013 Official Campaign website, "Press Releases: Buono Names Milly Silva Candidate for Lieutenant Governor," July 29, 2013 (timed out)
  101. PolitickerNJ, "Christie and Buono wrap yawner primary season," June 4, 2013
  102. ‘’NJ News 12 “Poll: Christie remains popular in NJ” Accessed April 15, 2013
  103. RealClearPolitics, "New Jersey Governor - Christie vs. Buono," accessed October 21, 2013
  104. New Jersey Department of State Elections Division, "Statewide Voter Registration Summary," May 7, 2013
  105., "Sen. Buono raises almost $250K in first month of campaigning," January 2, 2013
  106. 106.0 106.1 The Star-Ledger, "Buono qualifies for public matching funds in N.J. governor's race," February 4, 2013
  107., "Christie campaign participating in public financing program," August 20, 2013
  108. Washington Post, "The 5 best races of 2013," November 30, 2012
  109. 90.9wbur - Boston's NPR news station, "Coakley Aide Announces Run For Mass. Attorney General," October 21, 2013
  110. Huffington Post, "Ted Nugent To Serve As Co-Chairman, Treasurer Of Sid Miller's Campaign In Texas," October 23, 2013
  111. Chicago Tribune, “Len Small: Perhaps the dirtiest Illinois governor of them all,” June 19, 2011
  112. Yahoo News, “Blagojevich could be fourth Illinois governor to go to prison, June 28, 2011 (dead link)
  113. ABC7, “Illinois’ storied past with governor scandals,” December 10, 2008
  114. Huffington Post, “ George Ryan Released from Custody: Former Illinois Governor Now a Free Man,” July 3, 2013
  115. FOX News, “Blagojevich Sentenced to 14 years in prison,” December 7, 2011