The Tuesday Count: Missouri’s Gov. Nixon divides ballot measures between August and November

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May 27, 2014

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Edited by Ryan Byrne

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94 measures for 2014

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Missouri 2014 ballot measures
On May 23, 2014, Missouri Governor Jay Nixon (D) announced the break down of the eight legislatively-referred constitutional amendments set to appear on the state's primary and general election ballots. The Missouri Governor has no role in crafting or approving legislatively referred amendments for the ballot. However, the governor has the ability to determine the date of ballot measure elections.[1] According to Section 2b of Article XII of the Missouri Constitution, the governor may even call a special election for the purpose of addressing a ballot measure. Governor Nixon's office stated that he placed five of the eight measures on the August primary ballot to split up the high number of ballot measures. The three other amendments are set to appear on the November general election ballot.[2]

Five legislatively-referred constitutional amendments are on the August 5, 2014 primary ballot. St. Louis Public Radio commented that the issues on the primary ballot are more oriented towards conservative-leaning constituents than liberal-leaning ones.[1] One such issue is the Right-to-Farm Amendment. The amendment would guarantee farmers and ranchers the right to engage in their livelihoods and produce food for others.[3] Another measure, the Right to Bear Arms Amendment, would establish the unalienable right of citizens to keep and bear arms, ammunition and accessories associated with the normal functioning of such arms, for the purpose of defending one’s person, family, home and property.[4] With the intent of aiding veterans, the Veterans Lottery Ticket Amendment would create a new lottery ticket to fund veterans' programs. If approved, the lottery would be implemented sometime in 2015.[5] A fourth amendment, known as the Electronic Data Protection Amendment, will also be appearing on the August 5 ballot. The measure would add "electronic communications" to the Missouri Constitution's prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures of citizens' persons, homes, papers and effects.[6] One initiative that campaigners were surprised to see moved from the November to the August ballot was the Temporary Sales and Use Tax Increase for Transportation Measure. The constitutional amendment would impose a temporary three-fourths of one percent increase on the state sales and use tax to be used for transportation projects.[7] In response to the measure being moved, Sen. Mike Kehoe (R-6) said, "The problem hasn’t gone away. No matter what date we have it on the ballot, the issue of repairing our roads, safety for our citizens, economic development and the jobs these projects can create, and the ripple effect on our economy is still a significant question."[8]

With Gov. Nixon (D) moving five measures to the primary ballot, three are set to appear on the general election ballot in November. The Evidence in Sexual Crimes Against Minors Amendment, placed on the ballot by legislators in 2013, would allow relevant evidence of prior criminal acts to be admissible in court in prosecutions for sexual crimes involving a victim under 18 years old.[9] The second amendment on the ballot in November is the Gubernatorial Budgetary Recommendations Amendment. The measure would, upon voter approval, prohibit the governor from estimating available state revenues when making budget recommendations to the legislature in situations where estimated available state revenues are determined from proposed, but not yet approved, legislation. The amendment would also prohibit the governor from reducing appropriations for the payment of public debt.[10] The last measure would conflict with a potential initiated constitutional amendment over instituting an early voting period for elections. The Early Voting Period Amendment was placed on the ballot by legislators as a competing measure with the Early Voting Initiative, which is not yet certified for the ballot. While the initiated amendment would create a six-week long early voting period, the referred amendment would create a six-day long period.[11]

Currently, there are eight measures, all legislatively referred, scheduled for 2014 ballots in Missouri. Petitioners for an additional two initiated measures have submitted signatures and are awaiting the approval of the petitions.[12] Missouri, on average, has six measures on even-numbered year ballots. The state already has an above-average number slated for this year and may still gain two more.

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2014 Count
Number: 94 measures
States: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, Wisconsin, West Virginia and Wyoming

Quick hits

South Carolina may vote to make adjutant general appointed: South Carolina voters may face a choice this November as to whether the elected executive office of Adjutant General should be made into a gubernatorial appointment. The present authority of the office comes from Section 7 of Article VI of the South Carolina Constitution. If this measure is approved, the General Assembly would provide by law for the qualifications for office, the office’s term, duties and compensation, the procedures for appointment and the procedures for removal from office. The adjutant general currently serves as the head of the Military Department of the state and is in charge of the South Carolina Army and Air National Guard, Emergency Management Division, the State Guard, Youth Challenge and AmeriCorps. South Carolina is the only state to elect their top military officer in general elections.[13][14]

Pharmacy ownership initiative re-proposed in North Dakota: Five years after their original proposal, proponents of a North Dakota pharmacy ownership initiative are once against seeking a place for their measure on the ballot. The measure, if approved, would remove the requirement that majority ownership in pharmacies be held by registered pharmacists. This requirement has been part of the North Dakota Century Code since 1963. The measure was first proposed in 2009 but failed to make the ballot due to a judicial ruling regarding signature petitions. In 2011, the initiative was proposed a second time, but it still failed to make the ballot.[15][16][17]

Illinois General Assembly considers two advisory questions for November: The Illinois General Assembly is considering advisory questions regarding a minimum wage increase and a millionaire tax increase for education for the general election ballot. Both measures were introduced by Speaker of the House Michael J. Madigan (D-22), passed by the House and sent to the Senate Executive Committee. The minimum wage question is scheduled to have executive hearings on May 27 and 28. No meetings for the tax for education have been scheduled, yet.[18][19]


David Beckham 2012.jpg
A sketch of the proposed additions to Museum Park in Miami

David Beckham supports a voter referendum on proposed soccer stadium in Miami:

David Beckam, one of the most renowned and highly paid soccer players in the world, is backing an effort to build a soccer stadium in Miami, Florida, which may require a citywide referendum to go forward. In 2012, Major League Soccer Commissioner Don Garber announced the league's revived interest in an expansion franchise in Miami. Beckham, who was offered the chance to purchase an MLS team for $25 million in 2007, stepped forward as an investor and backer of the project. His investment group, Miami Beckham United, which includes Beckham's business partner Simon Fuller and Bolivian businessman Marcelo Claure, began scouting suitable locations. The group considered the Southwest corner of Port Miami. After harsh opposition from some residents and activists, however, Miami-Dade County Commissioners rejected the proposal. Now, Beckham's group is considering the construction of the proposed 100-foot-tall, 20,000-seat, $250 million stadium on top of the Florida East Coast Railway slip, which the group would fill in at no cost to the city. The proposal would drastically alter Museum Park by removing 4.2 acres of the park and adding 8.5 additional acres, for a net gain of 4.3 acres in park space. Miami Mayor Tomás Regalado stated that a citywide referendum would be required for the project to proceed on the publicly owned Museum Park site.[20][21]

Beckham stated, “I’ve always said that our team will be the people’s club – another downtown amenity that makes the entire Miami-Dade community proud. By expanding Museum Park with new public spaces anchored by world-class art and science museums and a world-class soccer club, we’ll be activating the waterfront on a year-round basis.”[22]

Marcelo Claure said that, once a referendum is confirmed for the ballot, Beckham will be on the streets of Miami campaigning for affirmative referendum votes. Claure said, "You will see that a lot. You will see that very soon. David says this is one of the most important projects of his life. If you look at his career, David has been a success on and off the field, there are no failures."[23]

Next week, local California voters decide important issues on everything from taxes to the future of the San Francisco waterfront:

Over one hundred local measures will be presented to voters across California on June 3, 2014. Many measures seek to approve parcel taxes or bond issues for schools, city road repair, emergency medical services and more. Others are more unique and will have a more drastic effect on the lives of residents.

If approved, a unique initiative, spearheaded by Santa Barbara County Supervisor Peter Adam, would require the county to maintain all county-owned roads, parks and buildings in the same or better condition. This measure, Measure M, would cost the county an estimated $18 million to $44 million per year. Proponents say the county should already be doing this and that the measure will catalyze budget reform - especially with regard to pensions - since it will be a step towards realistic, prioritized spending from the county. Critics argue that requiring the county to spend millions more per year without authorizing any kind of additional revenue stream will result in higher taxes or the neglect of more important services, such as police and fire safety.[24][25]

Perhaps the most notable measure on the June 3, 2014 ballot is being voted on in San Francisco, where voters will see a question that would, if approved, require a citywide affirmative vote to authorize any construction project on the waterfront exceeding current height zoning limits. This measure would require voter approval in a November referendum before arena projects proposed by the Giants and the Golden State Warriors could go forward. It would also delay or prevent several proposed hotel and condo development projects. The prospect of such a delay and the possibility of voter-rejection motivated the Golden State Warriors to abandon their project on Piers 30-32, moving the site of their new arena to the Mission Bay neighborhood instead.[26][27]

See also

2014 ballot measures
Tuesday Count2014 Scorecard


  1. 1.0 1.1 St. Louis Public Radio, "Proposed Transportation Tax To Join Pro-Gun And 'Pro-Farm' Proposals on August Ballot," May 23, 2014
  2. The Kansas City Star, "Gov. Jay Nixon sets election dates for Missouri ballot measures,” May 23, 2014
  3., "Lawmakers send 'right-to-farm' measure to 2014 ballot," May 15, 2013
  4. Missouri Senate, "Senate Joint Resolution No. 36," accessed May 7, 2014
  5., "Missourians to Vote on New Veterans Lottery Ticket," May 15, 2014
  6., "Missouri lawmakers back electronic privacy efforts," May 24, 2014
  7. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, "McCaskill backs Missouri transportation sales tax," May 21, 2014 (dead link)
  8. Missourinet, "Senate sponsor OK with transportation tax on August ballot,” May 26, 2014
  9. Missouri House of Representatives, "House Joint Resolution No. 16," accessed May 27, 2014
  10. Missouri House of Representatives, "HJR 72 Bill Summary," accessed May 27, 2014
  11. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, "Nudged by petition effort, Missouri might pass limited early voting proposal," April 17, 2014
  12. Fox 2, "Teacher tenure, early voting measures submitted," May 4, 2014
  13. WLTX 19, "No More Electing the Adjutant General?," May 20, 2014
  14. South Carolina General Assembly, "Bill 3541 Text," accessed May 21, 2014
  15. The Bismarck Tribune, "Pharmacy petition under review," May 22, 2014
  16. North Dakota Legislature, "North Dakota Century Code Chapter 43-14: Pharmacists," accessed May 23, 2014
  17. The Bismarck Tribune, "Foes of ND pharmacy owner rule seek repeal again," July 6, 2011
  18. Illinois General Assembly, "Bill Status of HB3814 98th General Assembly," accessed May 27, 2014
  19. Illinois General Assembly, "Bill Status of HB3816 98th General Assembly," accessed May 27, 2014
  20. Miami Herald, "Referendum appears increasingly likely for David Beckham’s proposed Miami soccer stadium," May 14, 2014
  21. Miami Herald, "David Beckham’s latest Miami stadium plans revealed after earlier site scratched," May 23, 2014
  22. Fox Sports, "David Beckham moves forward with new stadium plans in Miami," May 24, 2014
  23. Reuters, "Beckham to campaign in referendum for Miami soccer stadium," May 22, 2014
  24. Pacific Coast Business Times, "Editorial: Measure M sets stage for urgent pension reform in SB County," May 23, 2014
  25. Santa Maria Times, "Measure M means no new jail, higher taxes," April 27, 2014
  26. Golden State Warriors, "Arena Development Project Announcements," accessed February 4, 2014
  27. San Francisco Chronicle, "Signatures for SF Waterfront Height Limit," February 4, 2014