Tim Pawlenty

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Tim Pawlenty
Pawlenty.jpg
Former Governor of Minnesota
In office
January 6, 2003 - January 3, 2011
PartyRepublican
Predecessor Jesse Ventura (R)
Prior offices
Minnesota House of Representatives
1993 – 2002
Eagan, Minnesota City Council
1989 – 1993
Education
High schoolSouth Saint Paul High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Minnesota
J.D.University of Minnesota
Personal
BirthdayNovember 27, 1960
Place of birthSt. Paul, Minnesota
ProfessionAttorney
ReligionChristian
Websites
Personal website
Timothy James (Tim) Pawlenty (b. November 27, 1960) is a Republican politician from Minnesota. He was the 39th Governor of Minnesota, starting his first term on January 6, 2003. After winning re-election in 2006, he "downplayed any national ambitions," though he was widely considered a possible running mate for Republican presidential candidate John McCain in 2008, prior to McCain's selection of Sarah Palin.

Pawlenty was considered to be a possible candidate for Mitt Romney's choice of a vice-presidential candidate in 2012, but ultimately was not selected.[1][2]

Biography

Pawlenty was born in St. Paul and raised in South St. Paul. He is one of five children born to a truck driver and a housewife. Raised a Roman Catholic, Pawlenty converted to the Lutheran faith as an adult.[3]He played hockey in high school, and has played recreationally with the Minnesota Wild. He also has has been afforded a weekly one-hour radio show on WCCO-AM, a tradition he inherited from Gov. Ventura.

In 2007, Pawlenty's wife, Mary Pawlenty stepped down from her post as a district court judge in Dakota County, Minnesota. The couple has two daughters, Anna and Mara.[4]

Pawlenty's brother Dan is the Public Works Superintendent for the city of White Bear Lake, a St. Paul suburb. Pawlenty and his brothers Dan and Steve play on a charity hockey team. Pawlenty also likes to run.[4]

Education

  • South Saint Paul High School
  • BA, Political science, University of Minnesota
  • JD, University of Minnesota, 1986

Political Career

Pawlenty entered politics as a City Council Member in the city of Eagan, MN. In 1994, Pawlenty was first elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives, after he chaired Jon Grunseth's losing bid for governor. In 1999, he became the Republican Party Majority Leader when Republicans gained control of the House. As Majority Leader, he was instrumental in passing Gov. Jesse Ventura's tax cuts. He briefly explored a race for governor in 1998. He was elected Governor of Minnesota in 2002 and won re-election in 2006.[4]

Minnesota Governor (2003-2011)

Budget and economy

Pawlenty was elected on a platform of balancing the state's budget without raising taxes. Assessments of his success have been mixed. During his first year as governor, he balanced a $4.3 billion dollar deficit without raising taxes, mainly by reducing the rate of funding increases for state services, and cuts in areas such as local government aid (LGA). As a matter of economics, some argue that the savings Pawlenty claimed to achieve were illusory. In the next biennium budget, for instance, a reduction in state governmental aid to cities pressured many cities to increase local property taxes in addition to the expected reductions in local services. Nonetheless, reducing state costs, and keeping a campaign promise, was a political success.[5]

A more controversial part of his approach to the budget came from his attempts to hold the line on taxes by raising fees instead. As members of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities Board complained, students' share of the cost of tuition increased by double-digit percentages in 2003 and the years following. Some defended the practice by citing increasing tuition at universities nationwide, liberals maintained that Minnesota had a special responsibility to ensure affordable higher education at its public universities.[6]

In 2005, a government shutdown resulted from a deadlock between the governor's office and the split-party legislature on the state budget. Transportation, state parks, and other key infrastructures were threatened with the shutdown, dampening the tourism industry. In keeping his pledge not to raise taxes, Pawlenty made a priority of finding alternative revenue resources for the state. One ambitious proposal was to enhance the Canterbury Park horse track into a "racino," which would be operated in cooperation with Native American tribes from the northern part of the state. This plan was poorly received by the few Native American tribes with casino ties very who already had established casinos in the state (a very small percentage of tribes actually receive any benefit from Native American casinos), some social conservatives who objected to an expansion of gambling on the grounds of immorality, and by others fearful of the social costs of gambling addiction. Democrats feared of losing one of their top organizations for campaign finance. Native American Tribes with existing casino ties spent millions of dollars in 2004 lobbying the legislature.[7]

A more popular strategy was to shift the budget burden onto cigarette smokers. But Pawlenty ran into obstacles as he was pressed between his pledge to not raise taxes and the need, which he acknowledged, for the state to take in more money while facing a $404 million budget deficit. Pawlenty proposed that the state collect 75 additional cents per pack of cigarettes, coined as a "health impact fee." Initially, the reaction of skeptics, including some at the Minnesota Taxpayers League, was that Pawlenty had reneged on his campaign promise, arguing that it was simply a tax increase by another name. The measure carried regardless, but victory was short-lived as the terms of the 1996 tobacco settlement stipulated that the state reserved a right to raise taxes -- but not fees -- on cigarettes. Cigarette wholesalers sued, and on December 21, 2005 a District Court judge struck down the fee. The Minnesota Supreme court later upheld the fee.[8]

On November 30, 2005, a $701 million projected surplus for the 2006-07 biennium was announced, the first budget surplus for the Minnesota state government since 2001. While this figure came as a considerable relief, it came just three weeks before Pawlenty's cigarette fee, or tax, was struck down in court. It also did not include over $700 million for budget deferments owed to the educational system under agreements negotiated during the 2002-04 and 2004-06 biennial budgets.[9]

Pawlenty worked throughout 2006 to fund a Minnesota Twins baseball stadium using tax dollars and signed the resulting Minnesota Twins-Hennepin County ballpark bill at the Hubert Humphrey Metrodome. The legislation exempted the county from a state law which normally required a referendum for any new local taxes.[10]

In June of 2006, Pawlenty signed a $999.9 million public works bill that included funding for additional work on the Northstar Commuter rail line (a change in position from personal reservations about the idea initially), an expanded Faribault prison, a bioscience building at the University of Minnesota and science facilities at Minnesota State University Mankato. The bill also funded a $26 million dollar expansion of the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management.[11]

Education

During his term, Governor Pawlenty created the Minnesota Academic Standards and new graduation requirements; however, due to budget constraints, he was also the first Minnesota governor to reduce education funding. Reductions included $50 million from higher education and $27 million from K-12. Pawlenty's argument was those policies ensured accountability in education, while critics point to education bureaucratization and a push to encourage more privatized schooling.[12]

Pawlenty's choice for state education commissioner, Cheri Pierson Yecke, was met with some controversy. After developing a state-mandated "Profiles in Learning" education standards plan, much of it had to be rewritten after hearing complaints from some teachers and parents. The revised plan was met with further concerns, especially regarding the lack of funding for implementation. Yecke was also criticized for backing the Governor's position on support for private schooling, which some saw as a lack of support for public education by her department. Yecke's reappointment was not renewed by the Minnesota Senate in May, 2004.[13]

In June of 2006, Governor Pawlenty proposed a program that would send the top 25% of high school graduates to college. The program would pay for tuition for the first 2 years (4 years for selected fields such as science, technology, engineering and math) and would cost the state and estimated $112 million per 2-year cycle.[14]

Transportation

During Pawlenty's term, urban traffic congestion came up as a significant concern of voters. He appointed his lieutenant governor, Carol Molnau as transportation commissioner, who attempted to reform the transportation department, Mn/DOT, using concepts such as "design-build." For most of his term, he favored raising fees and imposing toll lanes on roads as the primary means of discouraging excessive traffic, despite local business support for building additional roads and improving infrastructure. During his term, the carpool lane's of Interstate 394 leading into downtown Minneapolis were converted into high-occupancy toll lanes. He did not favor expansion of the metro area's light rail system. However, he changed his position in support of funding for Northstar Commuter Rail in late summer 2006, after polls have shown widespread support for it.[15]

Agriculture

In Washington, D.C., Governor Pawlenty has lobbied Congress to mandate higher ethanol use.[16] Minnesota has mandated a 10% mixture of gasoline and ethanol (gasohol) since 1997, while most cars are designed to safely handle 15%. Pawlenty signed into law in May 2005 a bill that will raise the minimum mandated mixture to 20% in 2013.[17]

Prescription drugs

Governor Pawlenty initially supported importation of less-expensive prescription drugs from Canada, to be used with the state's MinnesotaCare health plan, and also as a means to band together with other states and negotiate lower drug prices. Many Minnesota residents traveled to Canada, as well, to get prescriptions filled and the governor was supportive of their efforts to save money. However, the U.S. government put pressure on Canada to cease these practices and banned the importation of drugs from Canada in 2006.[18]

Foreign relations

Since the 1980s, Minnesota governors have increased their travel abroad with the goal of increasing Minnesota's visibility around the world. For example, Governor Pawlenty took a delegation of nearly 200 Minnesotan business, government, academic and civic leaders on a voyage to China in mid-November, 2005. The objectives of the weeklong trip were to provide a forum for companies to acquire market information, assess market potential, evaluate market entry strategies and identify potential business partners, as well as to promote Chinese investment in Minnesota. Pawlenty also led Minnesota trade delegations to the Czech Republic in 2004 and Canada in 2003.[19]

Pawlenty's first term coincided with the deployment of National Guardsmen from numerous states, connected with the War on Terror and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Pawlenty made trips to Bosnia (2003), Kosovo (2004), Poland, Iraq and the Czech Republic visiting Minnesota troops. He also welcomed Mexican President Vicente Fox in 2004 in an effort to strengthen trade. The president announced that his country would open a consulate in Minnesota the next year, removing the need for Mexican residents in the state to travel to Chicago, Illinois for identification papers and other materials.[20]

Early in 2006, after issuing a study that estimated the cost of illegal immigration to the state as approximately $188 million, Pawlenty announced a program for reforming the way the state deals with persons who are in the United States without permission from the federal government. By mid-year he had begun to send Minnesota National Guardsmen to the U.S.-Mexico border at the request of the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Critics have accused Pawlenty of exaggerating the dangers of illegal immigration -- an issue that arguably has more direct implications for southern and southwestern U.S. states than for Minnesota.[21]

Ethanol

In May 2011, while in Iowa, the former Minnesota Gov. Pawlenty called for a phasing out of federal government subsidies for ethanol. Iowa is the nation’s top producer of corn and ethanol is the corn-based fuel additive. The call came during Pawlenty’s presidential campaign kickoff event in downtown Des Moines. He portrayed it as part of his campaign theme to tell people the truth. He said government money isn’t free, and cuts can’t just be to somebody else’s programs.

“America is facing a crushing debt crisis, the likes of which we’ve never seen before,” Pawlenty said. “We need to cut spending, and we need to cut it big time. The hard truth is there are no longer any sacred programs. The truth about federal energy subsidies, including federal subsidies for ethanol, is that they have to be phased out.”[22]

Elections

2012

Pawlenty launched his campaign to run in the 2012 presidential election on May 23, 2011 in Des Moines, Iowa. The launch introduced his first talking points, which include scaling back the role of government in society, such as cutting or eliminating federal programs.[23] After a third-place finish in the Iowa straw poll on August 13, 2011, Pawlenty withdrew from the race.[24]

He was considered a possible 2012 vice-presidential running mate for Mitt Romney, but was not chosen.[25]

2010

In 2010, Pawlenty was eligible to seek a third term in office but chose to not run.[26]

2008

Presidential speculation

Governor Pawlenty was considered a potential candidate for President by some Minnesota bloggers. After formally announcing this candidacy for a second term as Governor of Minnesota, however, Pawlenty announced that he would not seek national office during his term if he were re-elected.

On January 15, 2007, it was announced that Pawlenty would be serving in a lead role for McCain as a national co-chair of his presidential exploratory committee. Prior to McCain's selection of Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, Pawlenty had been mentioned in the press as a possible Republican Vice-Presidential nominee for the 2008 Presidential election.

2006

Pawlenty ran for re-election in 2006. He won the Republican Party gubernatorial straw poll on March 7, 2006[27] and received 88.87% of the vote in the statewide Republican primary election held September 12, 2006. In that election he and his running mate, then-incumbent lieutenant governor Carol Molnau, defeated challengers Sue Jeffers and Ruth Hendrycks.[28]

In the general election, Pawlenty and Molnau defeated Democratic-Farmer-Labor candidates Mike Hatch & Judi Dutcher along with four other sets of challengers, representing the Independence, Green, American and "Quit Raising Taxes" parties.[29]

Governor of Minnesota, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTim Pawlenty and Carol Molnau Incumbent 46.7% 1,028,568
     Democratic Mike Hatch and Judi Dutcher 45.8% 1,007,460
     Independence Party Peter Hutchinson and Maureen Reed 6.4% 141,735
     Green Party Ken Pentel and Danene Provencher 0.5% 10,800
     Quit Raising Taxes Walt E. Brown and Wesley C. Nelson 0.4% 9,649
     American Party Leslie Davis and Gregory K. Soderberg 0.2% 3,776
Total Votes 2,201,988

2002

Pawlenty was first elected Governor of Minnesota in 2002, though he was initially discouraged by party leaders from running for the office. He lost the statewide gubernatorial straw poll to Brian Sullivan,[30] but was nominated at a drawn-out statewide Republican Party Convention, after which Sullivan conceded.[31] Pawlenty and his running mate, Carol Molnau, defeated Leslie Davis and Pete Wagner in the Republican primary and faced two strong opponents in the general election. His main rival was veteran DFL state Senator Roger Moe, but former Democratic Congressman Tim Penny ran on the Independence Party ticket, with polls at times suggesting a very tight three-way race. Pawlenty campaigned on a pledge not to raise taxes to balance the state's budget deficit, to require visa expiration dates on driver's licenses, a 24 hour waiting period on abortions, implementing a conceal-carry gun law, and to the state's education system. We and Molnau captured 44.37% of the vote to win the general election.[32]

Governor of Minnesota, 2002
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTim Pawlenty and Carol Molnau 44.4% 999,473
     Democratic Roger Moe and Julie Sabo 36.5% 821,268
     Independence Tim Penny and Martha Robertson 16.2% 364,534
     Green Ken Pentel and Rhoda Gilman 2.2% 50,589
     Independent Booker T. Hodges IV and Kamal Buchanan 0.4% 9,689
     Socialist Workers Kari Sachs and Samuel Farley 0.1% 3,026
     Constitution Lawrence Aeshliman and Tamara Ann Houle 0.1% 2,537
     Write-in Write-in candidates 0.1% 1,340
Total Votes 2,252,456

See also

External links

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References

  1. Boston.com, "Mitt Romney chooses Paul Ryan as running mate," August 11, 2012
  2. USA Today, "Romney's VP pick likely to go to safest candidate," July 14, 2012
  3. Adherents, "Religious affiliation of US governors," accessed July 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Biography.com, "Tim Pawlenty biography"
  5. Wall Street Journal, "Projected State Deficit Shadows Pawlenty's Bid," June 2, 2011
  6. Minnesota Independent, "Pawlenty Undersells Cost of Tuition Program," August 24, 2006
  7. Minnesota Public Radio, "Session 2005: State Shutdown," accessed July 21, 2012
  8. Reason.com, "Minnesota's Misguided Cigarette Tax," July 8, 2011
  9. Minnesota Public Radio, "State predicts $2 billion budget surplus over next three years," November 29, 2006
  10. Real Clear Politics, "Stadium Deal Could Test Pawlenty's Fiscal Purity," June 16, 2011
  11. Minnesota Public Radio, "Pawlenty signs $1 billion bonding bill," June 1, 2006
  12. PolitiFact, "Mark Dayton says Gov. Tim Pawlenty cut education spending," July 29, 2010
  13. NEAT, "Pioneer Press: Senate refuses Yecke," May 16, 2004
  14. Minnesota Office of Higher Education, "Pawlenty Proposes Free College Tuition for Top Students," June 27, 2006
  15. Minnesota Public Radio, "As traffic congestion grows, tension boils over at Capitol," November 5, 2003
  16. Politico, "Wall Street Journal praises Tim Pawlenty on ethanol," May 24, 2011
  17. The Economist, "Tim Pawlenty's crusade for truth," May 25, 2011
  18. On the Issues, "Tim Pawlenty on Healthcare," accessed July 27, 2012
  19. Minnesota Public Radio, "Pawlenty leaves on trade mission to China, Japan," September 9, 2010
  20. Minnesota National Guard, "Minnesota Troops Visited by Gov. Pawlenty and Lt. Gen. Blum"
  21. Minnesota Public Radio, "Pawlenty targets illegal immigration," January 7, 2008
  22. "Pawlenty calls for end to ethanol subsidies while in No. 1 corn-producing state," By Lynn Campbell, IowaPolitics.com, May 23, 2011
  23. "Tim Pawlenty announces 2012 presidential run as Republican field begins to take shape," Washington Post, May 23, 2011
  24. NY Times, "After Iowa, Republicans Face a New Landscape," August 14, 2011
  25. New York Times, "Would Pawlenty Put Minnesota Within Romney’s Reach?," July 20, 2012
  26. Daily Kos, "MN Guv Tim Pawlenty not running for third term," June 2, 2009
  27. Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State, "2006 Election results: Gubernatorial straw poll," accessed July 17, 2012
  28. Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State, "Official results primary," October 16, 2006
  29. Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State, "Official results general election," December 13, 2006
  30. Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State, "Unofficial results gubernatorial preference ballot," accessed July 18, 2012
  31. Minnesota Public Radio, "Campaign 2020: Brian Sullivan (GOP)," accessed July 18, 2012
  32. Minnesota Secretary of State, "Unofficial results: General election - Governor and lieutenant governor," May 23, 2003
Political offices
Preceded by
Jesse Ventura (R)
Governor of Minnesota
2003-2011
Succeeded by
Mark Dayton (D)