U.S. Department of Energy

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Department of Energy
Secretary:Ernest Moniz
Deputy Secretary:Daniel Poneman
Annual budget:$27.2 billion (2013)
Total employed:14,126 (2011)
Year created:1977
Official website:http://www.energy.gov/


Executive Departments of the United States

Executive Departments
Department of DefenseDepartment of StateDepartment of Homeland SecurityDepartment of JusticeDepartment of CommerceDepartment of EducationDepartment of the TreasuryDepartment of AgricultureDepartment of EnergyDepartment of LaborDepartment of TransportationDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of Veterans AffairsDepartment of Housing and Urban Development

Department Secretaries
Ashton CarterJohn KerryJeh JohnsonEric HolderPenny PritzkerArne DuncanJack LewTom VilsackErnest MonizTom PerezAnthony FoxxSally JewellSylvia Mathews BurwellRobert McDonaldJulian Castro
The Department of Energy is a United States executive department established in 1977. The department was formed to address energy challenges using scientific solutions.[1][2] The department is led by the current secretary of energy, Ernest Moniz.

The department employed 14,126 employees in 2011.[3] The operating budget for fiscal year 2013 was $27.2 billion.[4]


The Department of Energy opened on October 1, 1977, after Congress passed the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977. The department united energy programs and defense programs related to the development of the atomic bomb. The energy crisis of the 1970s caused government officials to form the department to coordinate policy-making and enforcement. During the 1980s the focus changed to researching nuclear power and weapons as the Cold War came to a close. Once the Cold War ended, the department shifted again to non-proliferation agreements and environmental cleanup from weapons testing. In the 2000s, the department developed plans for environmentally friendly energy consumption for the future security of U.S. energy needs.[5]



The Department of Energy website states the mission:

The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.[6]

—Department of Energy[2]


The current secretary of energy is Ernest Moniz.

Recent Secretaries of Energy
Secretary of Energy Years in office Nominated by Confirmation vote
Bill Richardson 1998-2001 Bill Clinton N/A
Spencer Abraham 2001-2005 George W. Bush N/A
Samuel W. Bodman 2005-2009 George W. Bush N/A
Steven Chu 2009-2013 Barack Obama N/A
Ernest Moniz 2009-Present Barack Obama 97-0

Note: Votes marked "N/A" represent voice votes or unrecorded votes.

Organizational chart

DOEnergy org chart.jpg


Policypedia energy logo.PNG
State energy policy

State fracking policy

Energy policy terms

Fracking in the U.S.

Energy use in the U.S.

Energy policy in the U.S.

State environmental policy

Energy and Environmental News

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Obama administration


U.S. Department of Energy[7] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
  • Note: 2014 only represents the Department's budget request, not an enacted budget.


Employment trends for the department are not available.

Recent news

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See also

External links