U.S. Department of Energy
|Department of Energy|
|Deputy Secretary:||Daniel Poneman|
|Annual budget:||$27.2 billion (2013)|
|Total employed:||14,126 (2011)|
The Department of Energy opened on October 1, 1977, after Congress passed the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977. The department united energy programs and defense programs related to the development of the atomic bomb. The energy crisis of the 1970s caused government officials to form the department to coordinate policy-making and enforcement. During the 1980s the focus changed to researching nuclear power and weapons as the Cold War came to a close. Once the Cold War ended, the department shifted again to non-proliferation agreements and environmental cleanup from weapons testing. In the 2000s, the department developed plans for environmentally friendly energy consumption for the future security of U.S. energy needs.
The Department of Energy website states the mission:
|“||The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.||”|
The current Secretary of Energy is Ernest Moniz.
|Secretaries of Energy Full History|
|Secretary of Energy||Years in office||Nominated by||Confirmation vote|
|James R. Schlesinger||1977-1979||Jimmy Carter||N/A|
|Charles Duncan||1979-1981||Jimmy Carter||95-1|
|James B. Edwards||1981-1982||Ronald Reagan||93-3|
|Donald P. Hodel||1982-1985||Ronald Reagan||86-8|
|John S. Herrington||1985-1989||Ronald Reagan||93-1|
|James D. Watkins||1989-1993||George H.W. Bush||99-0|
|Hazel O'Leary||1993-1997||Bill Clinton||N/A|
|Federico Pena||1997-1998||Bill Clinton||99-1|
|Bill Richardson||1998-2001||Bill Clinton||N/A|
|Spencer Abraham||2001-2005||George W. Bush||N/A|
|Samuel W. Bodman||2005-2009||George W. Bush||N/A|
|Steven Chu||2009-2013||Barack Obama||N/A|
|Ernest Moniz||2009-Present||Barack Obama||97-0|
Note: Votes marked "N/A" represent voice votes or unrecorded votes.
|U.S. Department of Energy Annual Budget|
|Year||Budget (in billions)||% Difference from previous year|
- Note: 2014 only represents the Department's budget request, not an enacted budget.
Employment trends for the department are not available.
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- Official Department of Energy website
- Department of Energy blog
- Official Facebook page
- Official Twitter page
- Official Youtube channel
- Official Flickr account
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Cite error: Invalid
- Energy.gov, "Mission," accessed October 4, 2013
- Best Places to Work in the Federal Government, "Energy Department," accessed October 4, 2013
- Energy.gov, "FY 2013 congressional budget request," accessed October 4, 2013
- Energy.gov, "A Brief History of the Department of Energy," accessed October 7, 2013
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- U.S. Department of Energy, "Budget (Justification & Supporting Documents," accessed February 25, 2014