U.S. Department of Homeland Security

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Department of Homeland Security
US Department of Homeland Security Seal.svg
Secretary:Jeh Johnson
Deputy Secretary:Alejandro Mayorkas
Annual budget:$59.0 billion (2013)
Total employed:240,000
Year created:2002
Official website:http://www.dhs.gov/

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Executive Departments of the United States

Executive Departments
Department of DefenseDepartment of StateDepartment of Homeland SecurityDepartment of JusticeDepartment of CommerceDepartment of EducationDepartment of the TreasuryDepartment of AgricultureDepartment of EnergyDepartment of LaborDepartment of TransportationDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of Veterans AffairsDepartment of Housing and Urban Development

Department Secretaries
Chuck HagelJohn KerryJeh JohnsonEric HolderPenny PritzkerArne DuncanJack LewTom VilsackErnest MonizTom PerezAnthony FoxxSally JewellSylvia Mathews BurwellJulian Castro
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a United States executive department formed in 2002 in order to "ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards," according to its official website.[1] Tom Ridge was the first Director of Homeland Security. He was appointed by President George W. Bush in 2001, and he was the first to become Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security after its official formation in 2002.[2] The current secretary is Jeh Johnson, who was confirmed to the post on December 16, 2013. The previous Secretary, Janet Napolitano, resigned on September 6, 2013.[3]

The Department of Homeland Security currently employs over 240,000 people.[4] Among the agencies overseen by the Department are the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol, U.S. Immigration and Citizenship Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Coast Guard, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Secret Service and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).[5]

History

The Office of Homeland Security was formed by President George W. Bush 11 days after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack.[2] The office worked with the White House to coordinate a national strategy to protect against and respond to future terrorist acts. On November 19, 2002, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 passed through Congress and was signed into law by President Bush on November 25, 2002.[6][7] The law resulted in 22 agencies being re-assigned into the Department, the largest such change since the consolidation of the armed forces into the Department of Defense under President Truman.[8]

In 2005, under Secretary Michael Chertoff, the Department underwent changes to improve efficiency. Agencies such as FEMA and ICE were given more independence within the organization, though there were some in Congress who believed they should be independent of the organization.[8]

Structure

Mission

According to its official website, the Department has five missions:

  • Prevent terrorism and enhancing security
  • Secure and manage our borders
  • Enforce and administer our immigration laws
  • Safeguard and secure cyberspace
  • Ensure resilience to disasters[1][9]

Leadership

The secretary of the Department oversees efforts to carry out its mission. The current secretary is Janet Napolitano.

Note: Votes marked "N/A" represent voice votes or unrecorded votes. Missing votes will be filled as they are researched.

Organizational chart

DHS org chart.jpg

Issues

Cybersecurity

The inspector general released a report on December 2, 2013, claiming the Department did not properly maintain cybersecurity measures. Regular scans for threats were not conducted and systems were not patched. Per an executive order issued in February 2013, the Department was charged with working alongside private sector organizations to improve digital defenses.[10]

Analysis

Budget

Obama administration

U.S. Department of Homeland Security[11] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
2014$48.5-3.19%
2013$50.1-16.08%
2012$59.78.94%
2011$54.8-2.14%
2010$56.06.26%
2009$52.7N/A
  • Note: 2014 only represents the Department's budget request, not an enacted budget.

Employment

The Best Places to work in the Federal Government is a website that tracks workforce trends in federal agencies. According to their analysis, from 2005-2011, the Department of Homeland Security has added an average of 3,159 jobs per year.[12]

Sequester

According to Secretary Napolitano, sequestration resulted in a loss of 5% of the Department's budget, which is about $2.95 billion.[13]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term Department + Homeland + Security

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Department of Homeland Security News Feed

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See also

External links

References