U.S. Department of Transportation
|Department of Transportation|
|Deputy Secretary:||John D. Porcari|
|Annual budget:||$122.5 billion (2012)|
|Total employed:||57,703 (2012)|
The Department employs 57,703 employees. The operating budget for fiscal year 2012 was $122.5 billion. Among the agencies run by the Department are the: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Federal Transportation Administration (FTA), Federal Highway Administration (FHA), Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Federal Highway Traffic Safety Administration (FHTSA), the Maritime Administration (MARAD) and more.
The Transportation Department was formed by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1966. Like the U.S. Department of Commerce, the Transportation Department has its roots based on the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Upon its formation, the Department inherited agencies such as the Federal Aviation Administration and gained regulatory power over recent federally constructed roadways and railway programs. Following is a list of important dates throughout the history of the Department:
- 1966: Department of Transportation formed by Public Law 89-670
- 1966: Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority (WMTA) formed
- 1967: Department of Transportation officially operational
- 1968: Federal motor vehicle standards come into effect
- 1970: Amtrak formed
- 1976: Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act passed, allowing "free zones" where railroads can raise and lower fares without federal review
- 1977: Mandates on automatic seatbelts or air bags reinstated starting in 1984
- 1981: 12,000 air traffic controllers go on strike; approximately 11,000 fired by President Reagan
- 1990: Smoking prohibited on domestic flights lasting fewer than six hours
- 1990: National System of Interstate and Defense Highways redesignated the Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways
- 2002: Transportation Security Administration formed then transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- 2007: Interstate 35 bridge across the Mississippi River collapsed
The Department of Transportation website states the mission:
This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
|“||Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.||”|
The current Secretary of Transportation is Anthony Foxx.
|Secretaries of Transportation Full History|
|Secretary of Transportation||Years in office||Nominated by||Confirmation vote|
|Alan Stephenson Boyd||1967-1969||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|John A. Volpe||1969-1973||Richard Nixon|
|Claude Brinegar||1973-1975||Richard Nixon|
|William Thaddeus Coleman, Jr.||1975-1977||Gerald Ford|
|Brock Adams||1977-1979||Jimmy Carter||N/A|
|Neil Goldschmidt||1979-1981||Jimmy Carter||83-0|
|Drew Lewis||1981-1983||Ronald Reagan||98-0|
|Elizabeth Dole||1983-1987||Ronald Reagan||97-0|
|James H. Burnley IV||1987-1989||Ronald Reagan||74-0|
|Samuel K. Skinner||1989-1991||George H.W. Bush||100-0|
|Andrew Card||1992-1993||George H.W. Bush||N/A|
|Federico Pena||1993-1997||Bill Clinton||N/A|
|Rodney Slater||1997-2001||Bill Clinton||98-0|
|Norman Mineta||2001-2006||George W. Bush||100-0|
|Mary Peters||2006-2009||George W. Bush||N/A|
|Ry LaHood||2009-2013||Barack Obama||N/A|
|Anthony Foxx||2013-Present||Barack Obama||N/A|
Note: Votes marked "N/A" represent voice votes or unrecorded votes. Missing votes will be added as they are researched.
Office of the Secretary of Transportation
According to the Department's official website, the Office of the Secretary:
- Oversees national transportation policies
- Negotiates and implements international transportation policies
- Regulates United States airlines
- Issues preventative regulations in transportation policy in regard to drug and alcohol abuse.
The Department of Transportation had a budget of $122.5 billion for the fiscal year 2012. The Department's request for fiscal year 2013 was $74.4 billion, a 39.3% decrease. The 2012 budget included $50 billion for infrastructure repairs that was not included in the 2011 or 2013 budgets.
The Best Places to work in the Federal Government is a website that tracks workforce trends in federal agencies. According to their analysis, from 2008-2012, the Department of Education has lost an average of 896 jobs per year.
Secretary Ray LaHood stated on February 22, 2013, that the Department needed to cut nearly $1 billion which would include furloughs for all FAA employees amounting to one day per pay period.
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- Official Department of Transportation website
- Department of Transportation blog
- Official Facebook page
- Official Twitter page
- Official Youtube channel
- U.S. Department of Transportation, "About DOT," accessed December 31, 2013
- Department of Transportation, "Budget Highlights: Fiscal Year 2013," accessed December 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "Transportation Department," accessed January 2, 2014
- U.S Department of Transportation, "Office of the Historian," accessed January 2, 2014
- U.S. Department of Transportation, "Office of the Secretary," accessed December 31, 2013
- Best Places to Work in the Federal Government, "Department of Transportation," accessed December 31, 2013
- Department of Transportation, "Statement on Sequestration, U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood, 22 February 2013," February 22, 2013